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Delray Beach
—  City  —
Location within Palm Beach County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 26°27′33″N 80°4′59″W / 26.45917°N 80.08306°W / 26.45917; -80.08306Coordinates: 26°27′33″N 80°4′59″W / 26.45917°N 80.08306°W / 26.45917; -80.08306
Country  United States
State  Florida
County  Palm Beach
Incorporated (city) 1911
Government
 - Type Commission-Manager
 - Mayor Nelson S. "Woodie" McDuffie
 - City Manager David T. Harden
Area [1]
 - Total 15.89 sq mi (41.2 km2)
 - Land 15.37 sq mi (39.8 km2)
 - Water .53 sq mi (1.4 km2)
Elevation [2] 9 ft (5 m)
Population (2007 est.)[3]
 - Total 64,112
 Density 3,905.6/sq mi (1,507.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip Code 33444-33448, 33482-33484
Area code(s) 561
FIPS code 12-17100[4]
GNIS feature ID 0281485[5]
Website http://www.mydelraybeach.com

Delray Beach is a city in Palm Beach County, Florida, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 60,020. As of 2004, the population estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau is 64,150.[6]

Contents

History

The early years

The history of Delray Beach effectively begins with the construction of the Orange Grove House of Refuge in 1876. The house derived its name from the grove of mature sour orange and other tropical fruit trees found at the site chosen for the house of refuge, but no record or evidence of who planted the trees has survived. Indians presumably lived or passed through the area at various times, and hunters, trappers, and runaway slaves may also have lived or passed through the area in the 18th and 19th centuries, but there is no record or evidence of them.

Settlement began around 1884, when African-Americans from the Panhandle of Florida purchased land a little inland from the Orange Grove House of Refuge and began farming. By 1894 the Black community was large enough to establish the first school in the area.

In 1894 William Seelye "Steel Cut" Linton, postmaster of Saginaw, Michigan, bought a tract of land just west of the Orange Grove House of Refuge, and began selling plots in what he hoped would become a farming community. Initially, this community was named after Linton. In 1896 Henry Flagler extended his Florida East Coast Railroad south from West Palm Beach to Miami, with a station at Linton.

The Linton settlers began to achieve success with truck farming of winter vegetables for the northern market. A hard freeze in 1898 was a setback, and many of the settlers left, including William Linton. Partly in an attempt to change the community's luck, or to leave behind a bad reputation, the settlement's name was changed in 1901 to Delray, after the Detroit neighborhood of Delray ("Delray" being the anglicized spelling of "Del Rey," which is Spanish for "of the king"), which in turn was named after the Mexican-American War's Battle of Molino del Rey).

By 1910, Delray had a population of 250. In 1911 Delray was chartered by the State of Florida as an incorporated town. In the same year pineapple and tomato canning plants were built in Delray. Pineapples became the primary crop of the area. This is reflected in the name of the present day Pineapple Grove neighborhood near downtown Delray Beach. By 1920 Delray's population had reached 1,051.

The Delray School, built in 1913, now houses the Cornell Museum, part of Old School Square in Delray Beach.
The John and Elizabeth Shaw Sundy House is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Cason Cottage, built in 1915, is operated as a museum by the Delray Beach Historical Society.

In the 1920s drainage of the Everglades west of Delray lowered the water table, making it harder to grow pineapples, while the extension of the Florida East Coast Railway to Key West resulted in competition from Cuban pineapples for the markets of the northern United States.

The Florida land boom of the 1920s brought renewed prosperity to Delray. Tourism and real estate speculation became important parts of the local economy. Delray issued bonds to raise money to install water and sewer lines, paved streets, and sidewalks. Several hotels were built. At that time Delray was the largest town on the east coast of Florida between West Palm Beach and Fort Lauderdale. The collapse of the land boom in 1926 left Delray saddled with high bond debts, and greatly reduced income from property taxes.

Delray was separated from the Atlantic Ocean beach by the Florida East Coast Canal (now part of the Intracoastal Waterway). In 1923 the area between the canal and the ocean was incorporated as Delray Beach. In 1927 Delray and Delray Beach merged into one town named Delray Beach.

Recent years

In recent years, Downtown Delray, located in the eastern part of the city, along Atlantic Avenue, east of I-95 and stretching to the beach, has undergone a large scale renovation. This area is now home to several upscale restaurants and several different assorted shops. Major driving factors in this renovation have been the business brought to the area by the Delray Beach Tennis Center, which has hosted several major international tennis events such as the April 2005 Fed Cup (USA vs. Belgium), the April 2004 Davis Cup (USA vs. Sweden), the Delray Beach International Tennis Championships (ATP Event), and the Chris Evert / Bank of America Pro Celebrity. Concurrent with the new construction of the Tennis Center, several local historic landmark structures were renovated during the last decade of the 20th century. These include Old School Square, formerly Delray Elementary School and Delray High School, since turned into a thriving cultural center; and the Colony Hotel. Old School Square comprises the Crest Theatre, a venue for the performing arts, in the former High School building; the 1925 Gymnasium, restored to maintain its appearance, which has since become a popular venue for local events such as wedding receptions and dances; the Cornell Museum of Art and History, built in the restored Elementary School; and a recently constructed outdoor entertainment pavilion, which serves as a venue for musical performances and has also been used for events such as political rallies. More recently, the historic home of teacher/principal Solomon D. Spady was renovated and turned into the Spady Cultural Heritage Museum. The Spady Museum houses a black archives and hosts exhibits and programs designed to recognize the efforts of blacks who were instrumental in shaping Delray Beach and Palm Beach County.[7] As of 2007 the museum is being expanded with the renovation of a 1935 cottage as a Kid's Cultural Clubhouse, and the construction of a 50-seat amphitheater named for C. Spencer Pompey, a pioneer black educator.[8]

Atlantic Community High School was rebuilt in 2005 on a different site from the previous school, a plan which was met with much contention.[9][10]

Other notable recent Delray Beach projects are:

  • Expansion of the South County Courthouse, which has more than doubled in size and will potentially hold jury trials in the future.[citation needed]
  • New Delray Beach Public Library building, which is adjacent to the South County Courthouse and also share a high-capacity parking garage facility.[citation needed]

The current mayor of Delray Beach is former vice mayor Woodie McDuffie.[11]

http://www.palmbeachpost.com/politics/content/local_news/epaper/2009/03/11/0311delrayelection.html

In 2007, Delray Beach was labeled as the drug recovery capital of the United States because it had one of the country’s largest recovery community and relative number of halfway houses.[3] However, as of July 7, 2009, Mayor Woodie McDuffle and the city commisioners have approved four ordinances that change the status of Delray Beach as the recovery capital, making it illegal for sober houses and other transient rentals to operate in the area. [4] These ordinances may be tested in the courts in the future. [5]

Geography

Delray Beach is located at 26°27′33″N 80°04′59″W / 26.459101°N 80.083038°W / 26.459101; -80.083038.[12] It lies directly north of Boca Raton, Florida and directly south of Boynton Beach, Florida. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.9 mi² (41.2 km²), of which 15.4 square miles (40 km2) is land and .53 square miles (1 km2) is water (3.34%). Delray Beach's location in South Palm Beach County is in the middle of Florida's Southeast Economic Region, within 30 minutes of two international airports and two seaports.

Climate

Delray Beach has a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen climate classification Af).

Climate data for Delray Beach
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 75
(23.9)
76
(24.4)
79
(26.1)
82
(27.8)
86
(30)
89
(31.7)
90
(32.2)
90
(32.2)
89
(31.7)
85
(29.4)
80
(26.7)
76
(24.4)
83
(28.3)
Average low °F (°C) 57
(13.9)
58
(14.4)
62
(16.7)
65
(18.3)
70
(21.1)
74
(23.3)
75
(23.9)
75
(23.9)
75
(23.9)
71
(21.7)
66
(18.9)
60
(15.6)
67
(19.4)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.75
(95.3)
2.55
(64.8)
3.68
(93.5)
3.57
(90.7)
5.39
(136.9)
7.58
(192.5)
5.97
(151.6)
6.65
(168.9)
8.10
(205.7)
5.46
(138.7)
5.55
(141)
3.14
(79.8)
61.39
(1,559.3)
Source: [13] 2009-08-14

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 60,020 people, 26,787 households, and 15,081 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,905.6/mi² (1,507.7/km²). There were 31,702 housing units at an average density of 2,062.9/mi² (796.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 66.49% White (61.8% were Non-Hispanic White,)[14] 26.63% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.55% from other races, and 3.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.97% of the population.

There were 26,787 households out of which 18.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.7% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city the population was spread out with 18.2% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 25.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,371, and the median income for a family was $51,195. Males had a median income of $33,699 versus $28,469 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,350. About 8.2% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2000, speakers of English as a first language accounted for 75.44% of all residents, while French Creole accounted for 11.73%, Spanish consisted of 7.02%, French was at 1.87%, Italian at 0.88%, and German made up 0.75% of the population.[15]

As of 2000, Delray Beach had the sixteenth highest percentage of Haitian residents in the US, with 10.50% of the population.[16]

Sister cities

Delray Beach has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:[17]

Downtown

Downtown Delray Beach is a retail, cultural, and residential hub. The area offers a multitude of upscale restaurants, retail, nightclubs, and art galleries. The city has a distinct pedestrian friendly atmosphere, which is aided by the prevalence of parallel parking. In addition, there are many free municipal parking lots and garages[6]. Recently, expansion of the Downtown Delray Beach Arts District was established that features some of the best galleries, & cultural organizations in South Florida that have existed in Delray for more than 20 years along the Atlantic Avenue and the connecting side streets that has contributed into shaping Delray Beach into an "Art Destination City" hotspot.

Events

The Delray Affair, a three day long art and street fair, in the Downtown Delray Arts District annually.

The Delray Beach Garlic Fest is a three day music, food, and art festival held annually on the grounds of Old School Square. Originally held in November, in 2006 it was moved to the second weekend of February.

Art & Jazz on the Avenue, held six times a year, is produced by the Delray Beach Downtown Marketing Cooperative. It is enhanced by The Artists' Guild Artwalk (originally formed by The Artists' Guild of the Boca Museum of Art and brought to Delray's Downtown Arts District).

Gallery Walk held every Friday nights 7pm to 10pm where all the downtown galleries, art studios, and showrooms open their doors to the public for an evening of art, music, & refreshments along Atlantic Avenue in the Downtown Delray Arts District.

Delray Beach International Tennis Championships (ITC)is an ATP World Tour 250 series men's tennis tournament held every year in Delray Beach, Florida, and played on hard courts. The event was held in Coral Springs from 1993–1999; in 1999, it was relocated to the Delray Beach Tennis Center. American Todd Martin won the first ever ITC in 1993.

Location

In earlier years downtown Delray was centered along Atlantic Avenue as far west as Swinton Avenue and as far east as the intracoastal waterway. Downtown is expanding very rapidly, however. Downtown Delray now extends as far west as I-95 and as far east as the Atlantic Ocean; The north-south boundaries extend roughly two blocks north and south of Atlantic Avenue.

Economy

Pet Airways has its headquarters in Delray Beach.[18]

Notable landmarks and buildings

Recent development

Downtown Delray has grown tremendously in recent years and had a building boom from roughly 2003-2008. Many new mixed-use development projects have recently been constructed in the areas immediately north and south of Atlantic Avenue. To accommodate the anticipated growth the city has also built two new municipal parking garages. Government officials have made it even easier to request information or lodge a complaint with the City of Delray Beach. Through establishing a dedicated phone line and instituting the QAlert citizen service management software online, Delray Beach residents can simply visit www.mydelraybeach.com or call (561) 243-7012.

Notable people born in Delray Beach

  • Mike Rumph, retired NFL free safety for the Washington Redskins.

Notable residents

  • Rod MacDonald, singer-songwriter-guitarist.
  • Frank McKinney, daredevil real estate artist, best selling author, extreme ultra-marathoner, and philanthropist

Transportation

  • Delray Beach (Tri-Rail station)
  • The Downtown Roundabout: A FREE shuttle that connects the Tri-Rail Station to Downtown Delray Beach. With two routes, and 22 stops throughout the downtown, the Downtown Roundabout is available 7 days a week. For more information, visit [7]

Points of interest

References

  1. ^ "Florida by place Population, Housing Units, Area and Density:2000". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/GCTTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=04000US12&-_box_head_nbr=GCT-PH1&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U&-format=ST-7. Retrieved 2007-07-23. 
  2. ^ "Delray Beach, US Profile". Falling Rain Genomics. http://www.fallingrain.com/world/US/12/Delray_Beach.html. Retrieved 2007-08-06. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the population for the Incorporated Places of Florida" (XLS). US Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-ES. Retrieved 2007-08-15. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2004-04-12.xls
  7. ^ "Exhibit explores America’s first free black community". Broward Times. July 5, 2007. Found at [1] URL retrieved July 5, 2007
  8. ^ Slire, Erika. (2007) "Spady Cultural Heritage Museum in Delray Beach adds facilities". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. July 15, 2007. P. PC-1. Also at [2]
  9. ^ City of Delray Beach FAQ on relocation of Atlantic High - URL retrieved December 10, 2006
  10. ^ Palm Beach Post editorial on moving the school - URL retrieved December 10, 2006
  11. ^ "Delray Beach voters return incumbents to office". Palm Beach Post. http://www.palmbeachpost.com/politics/content/local_news/epaper/2009/03/11/0311delrayelection.html. 
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ "Average weather for Delray Beach". Weather.com. http://www.weather.com/outlook/travel/businesstraveler/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USFL0112?from=36hr_bottomnav_business. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  14. ^ "Demographics of Delray Beach, FL". MuniNetGuide.com. http://www.muninetguide.com/states/florida/municipality/Delray_Beach.php. Retrieved 2007-12-03. 
  15. ^ "MLA Data Center Results for Delray Beach, Florida". Modern Language Association. http://www.mla.org/map_data_results&state_id=12&county_id=&mode=place&zip=&place_id=17100&cty_id=&ll=&a=&ea=&order=r. Retrieved 2007-12-03. 
  16. ^ "Ancestry Map of Haitian Communities". Epodunk.com. http://www.epodunk.com/ancestry/Haitian.html. Retrieved 2007-12-03. 
  17. ^ "Online Directory: Floruda, USA". Sister Cities International. http://sister-cities.org/icrc/directory/usa/FL. Retrieved 2007-08-06. 
  18. ^ "How to contact us." Pet Airways. Retrieved on March 2, 2010.
  19. ^ About the Colony Hotel

Sources

External links


Simple English

Delray Beach is a city of Florida in the United States.


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