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Coin of Demetrius III.
Obv: Diademed head of Demetrius III.
Rev: Figure of Atargatis, veiled, holding flower, barley stalks at each shoulder. Greek legend ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ ΘΕΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ "King Demetrius, God, Father-loving and Saviour".

Demetrius III (d. 88 BC), called Eucaerus ("well-timed" possibly a misunderstanding of the derogative name Akairos, "the untimely one") and Philopator, was a ruler of the Seleucid kingdom, the son of Antiochus VIII Grypus.

By the assistance of Ptolemy IX Lathyros, king of Egypt, he recovered part of his father's Syrian dominions ca 95 BC, and held his court at Damascus, from where he tried to enlarge his dominions. To the south he defeated the Maccabean king Alexander Jannaeus in battle, but the hostility of the Jewish population forced him to withdraw. While attempting to dethrone his brother, Philip I Philadelphus, he was defeated by the Arabs and Parthians, and taken prisoner. He was kept in confinement in Parthia by Mithridates II until his death in 88.

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Demetrius III Eucaerus
Born: Unknown Died: 88 BC
Preceded by
Seleucus VI Epiphanes
Seleucid King
95 BC
with Antiochus X Eusebes
Antiochus XI Epiphanes
Philip I Philadelphus
Succeeded by
Philip I Philadelphus or Antiochus XII Dionysus
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