Democratic Party of Hawaii: Wikis

  
  
  

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Democratic Party of Hawaii
Democratic Party of Hawaii logo.png
Chairman Brian Schatz [1]
Senate Leader Colleen Hanabusa
House Leader Calvin Say
Founded April 30, 1900
Headquarters Honolulu, Hawaii
Ideology American Liberalism
Progressivism
Nationalism
Laborism
Center-left
National affiliation Democratic Party
Color(s) Blue
Website HawaiiDemocrats.org

The Democratic Party of Hawaii is an arm of the Democratic Party of the United States. Based in Honolulu, Hawaii, the party is a central organization established for the promotion of the party platform as it is drafted in convention every other year. It is also charged with registering voters and delivering voter turnout through four major county organizations for Hawaii, Kauaʻi, Maui and the City & County of Honolulu. The Hawaii Democratic Party maintainted control of the State government in Hawaii for over forty years, from 1962 to 2002.

Contents

Early years

David Kawānanakoa was a Prince and second in line to the throne after Liliuokalani. Unusually, while the majority of his house went to the Republican Party, who had gained power after overthrowing the monarchy, he continued to resist forming the Democratic Party.
John H. Wilson was a civil engineer who, five years prior to the formation of the party, joined the Hawaiian insurgency and served as a smuggler bringing guns and ammunition to the resistance fighters of the exiled kindom.
Charles J. McCarthy served in the Hawaiian Legislature and the Honolulu Rifles which had switched its allegiance from the Kingdom to the forerunner of the Republican Party, he opposed the overthrow.

The Democratic Party of Hawaiʻi was formed in the wake of a plague quarantine in Honolulu, on the afternoon of April 30, 1900 by men who supported the queen and the monarchy. The meeting brought together five men: John H. Wilson, son of Marshal of the Kingdom Charles B. Wilson; John S. McGrew, a doctor and supporter of Kalākaua; Charles J. McCarthy, a saloon owner and former Honolulu Rifle; David Kawānanakoa, prince of the House of Kawānanakoa; and Delbert Metzger, an engineer from Kaua'i; they established the Democratic Party of Hawaii. The intention of the party was to promote Jeffersonian philosophy and oppose the former Missionary Party that had turned into the Hawaii Republican Party. The first convention of the Democratic Party of Hawaii was held May 16 that year and was attended by 500 people. later Kawānanakoa attended the 1900 Democratic National Convention in Kansas City becoming the first royal attendee. The party managed to be elected to Mayor and positions but maintained a weak reputation throughout the territorial years. The party received small boosts when a Democratic governor was appointed by the president.

Burns Machine

At that time of a local movement to empower laborers in Hawaii, an oligarchy of powerful sugar corporations called the Big Five effectively controlled government in the Hawaiian Islands. The oligarchy of Castle & Cooke, Alexander & Baldwin, C. Brewer & Co., Amfac, and Theo H. Davies & Co. worked in favor of the Hawaiʻi Republican Party, crediting it for the successful overthrow of the monarchy and delivery of annexation which in turn drove sugar profits into the hundreds of millions of dollars. The 1932 Massie-Kahahawai Case was also a seminal event that fortified the political will of Territorial citizens against the administration of a Republican governor, who commuted the sentence of socialite Grace Fortescue, convicted of manslaughter in the death of Joseph Kahahawai to one-hour of exchanging pleasantries in his executive chambers. Honolulu Police Department officer John A. Burns began organizing the plantation laborers, especially the Japanese Americans and Filipino Americans he came to know while on his police beats. He began what would be know as the Burns Machine, he believed grassroots organizing and the power of elections could overturn the corruption and unfairness of the Republicans in power. The movement got its biggest boost when Burns successfully influenced Japanese American veterans who fought in World War II to get involved, notably incumbent Daniel Inouye. Burns' efforts culminated in his election to the governorship after attaining statehood, heralding a forty year era of Democratic rule in Hawaiʻi.

Political position

Liberalism

The Democratic Party is has been cosiered center-left and promoted multiculturalism. In 1997 the reciprocal beneficiary registration gives recognition to same-sex couples and some rights such as spousal benefices in insurance and workers compensation and hospital visits, it was attempted to be surpassed by House Bill 444. Abortion in Hawaii has been legal since 1970 when a 101 year old ban on birth control (repealed in 1915?) and abortion, Penal Code 1869; Section 4129, was repealed. Under the conditions of repealing the abortion ban; abortions must be performed by a licensed physician in a hospital, or under approved conditions by the Hawaii Medical Association, but not if the fetus is viable outside the womb, except for birth defects certified by the Hawaii Medical Association.

Progressivism

Since Revolution of 1954, the Democratic Party became able to build up Hawaii’s infrastructure. It has been claimed The developments were responsible for prosperity and opportunity beyond to plantations after the revolution. Hawaii has a distinguished health care record of 95%, attributed to the Prepaid Health Care Act, making it mandatory for employers to offer healthcare for employees working 20 or more hours a week.

Nationalism

Nationalism has been one of the Democratic Party’s founding principles. The Democrats advocated for the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act which passed the U.S. Congress on July 9, 1921. The Office of Hawaiian Affairs (OHA) was formed during the 1978 Hawaii State Constitutional Convention. Part Hawaiian Senator Daniel Akaka proposed the Native Hawaiian Government Reorganization Act (Akaka Bill) to create a native government. Other nationalist groups have accused the Party of being too mild.

Laborism

The Democratic Party has asserted itself as Hawaii’s Labour Party since gaining support from unions and platation workers in the 1950’s.

Other issues:

Economics

See Laborism
The Democratic Party holds a strong stance in support of worker’s rights. The government is closely involved with the tourism industry. The government shows high regulation for big companies because of the relatively small market place and because of past experiences with monopolies and oligopolies. In particularly are the shipping and airline industries.

Environment

The Democracy Party has favored conservational efforts such as wildlife sanctuaries and reserves. Republicans favor pollution reduction initiatives, that Democratic have given bipartisan support.

Health care

Democrats have been involved with healthcare issues and supportive of non-profit healthcare providers.

Religion

Religion in Democratic Party varies among individuals. In an anti-communist speech, Governor Ingram Stainback warned that communist influence would threaten to “take the Christian religion out of public schools.” Later Governor John A. Burns, a devout Roman Catholic allowed Hawaii to become the first state to legalize abortion. Initially he vowed to void bill, but resolved his conflict by putting his personal beliefs aside as a public official. Not vetoing the bill “...reflects my best judgment as Governor, ...not the private and personal whim of John A. Burns.” Former Governor Ben Cayetano supports the Separation of church and state in an interview on civil-unions.

See also

External links








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