Demographics of Angola: Wikis


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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Angola, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Angola, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

The demographics of Angola consist of three main ethnic groups, each speaking a Bantu language: Ovimbundu 37%, Mbundu 25%, and Bakongo 13%. Other groups include Chokwe (or Lunda), Ganguela, Nhaneca-Humbe, Ambo, Herero, and Xindunga. In addition, mixed race (European and African) people amount to about 2%, with a small (1%) population of whites, mainly ethnically Portuguese. As a former overseas territory of Portugal (until 1975), the Portuguese make up the largest non-African population, with about 100,000[1] (though many other native-born Angolans can claim Portuguese nationality under Portuguese law). In 1975, 250,000 Cuban soldiers arrived in Angola to help the MPLA forces during the civil war. The largest denomination is Roman Catholicism, but there are also followers of Protestantism, increasingly Pentecostal communities, and African Initiated Churches. As of 2006, one out of 221 people were Jehovah's Witnesses. Blacks from Mali, Nigeria, and Senegal are mostly Muslims. By now few Angolans retain African Traditional Religion following different ethnic faiths.


CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.



Population pyramid for Angola

There are 12,799,293 Angolan citizens as of July 2009, which ranks 70th in the world.

However the results of the voters' registration of 2007-2008, 8.256.000 adults (from 18 years onwards) combined with the data from 2000/2001 that show that only about 45% of the population is in adult age (Multi-Indicator Cluster Survey, INE/UNICEF), give a total population of at least 18,3 million in 2008.The population of the capital Luanda is about 5,3 million.

Population distribution

The population is predominately quite young, with 43.7% between the ages of less than one and 14 years old, 2,678,185 males and 2,625,933 females. 53.5% of the population is between the ages of 15 and 64 years old, with 3,291,954 males and 3,195,688 females. 2.8% are 65 years and over, 148,944 males and 186,367 females as of 2006. The median age for males and females is 18 years old.

Population growth

The population is growing by 2.184% annually. There are 44.51 births and 24.81 deaths per 1,000 citizens. The net migration rate is 2.14 migrants per 1,000 citizens. The fertility rate of Angola is 6.27 children born per woman as of 2006. The infant mortality rate is 184.44 deaths for every 1,000 live births with 196.55 deaths for males and 171.72 deaths for females for every 1,000 live births. Life expectancy at birth is 37.63 years; 36.73 years for males and 38.57 years for females.

Age Structure

  • 0-14 years: 43.5% (male 2,812,359/female 2,759,047)
  • 15-64 years: 53.7% (male 3,496,726/female 3,382,440)
  • 65 years and over: 2.7% (male 153,678/female 195,043) (2009 est.)

Sex ratio

There are 1.05 males for every female with 1.02 males to female for those under the age of 15, 1.03 males for the 15 to 64 age bracket, 0.79 males for the 65 years and over bracket and 1.02 males to female for the total population as of a 2009 estimate.


The adult prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS infection is 3.9% as of 2003. There are 240,000 citizens living with AIDS and 21,000 die annually. The risk of contracting disease is very high. There are food and waterborne diseases, bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever; vectorborne diseases, malaria, African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness); respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis, and schistosomiasis, a water contact disease, as of 2005.

Ethnic groups

Ethnic groups of Angola

37% of Angolans are Ovimbundu, 25% are Kimbundu, 13% are Bakongo, 2% are mestiço, 1% are Portuguese, and other ethnicities make up 22% of Angola's population.


Angola is a majority Christian country, with 53% of citizens professing the religion. Most Angolan Christians are Roman Catholic, 38%, or Protestant, 15%. 46.8% of Angolans practice indigenous beliefs.


Portuguese is the official language of Angola, but Bantu and other African languages are also widely spoken. Literacy is quite low, with 67.4% of the population over the age of 15 able to read and write in Portuguese. 82.9% of males and 54.2% of women are literate as of 2001.


  1. ^ (Portuguese) Portugueses em Angola quadruplicaram, Jornal de Notícias (March 10, 2009)


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