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The ceremonial counties of England, colour-coded to show population. The City of London is not included.

The demography of England has conventionally been acquired through the census in the United Kingdom since 1801, and is marked by centuries of population growth and urbanisation. Due to the lack of authoritative contemporary sources, estimates of the population of England for dates prior to the first census in 1801 vary considerably.

Contents

Population

The population at the time of the 2001 census was 49,138,831

Some of the figures in this table are taken from that in the external link (marked #)

  • 1066 - 1,100,000 at the time of the Norman invasion[2]
  • 1215 - 2,500,000 at the time of Magna Carta
  • 1348 - 3,750,000 at the time of the Black Death[2]
  • 1350 - 2,500,000 just after the Black Death
  • 1570 - 4,800,000
  • 1603 - 5,800,000 at the end of the Tudor period. # has 1630 for this figure
  • 1700 - 6,500,000
  • 1801 - 8,308,000 at the time of the first (one off) census (probably underestimated) Census officials estimated at the time that there had been an increase of 77% in the preceding 100 years. In each county women were in the majority.[3]
  • 1811 - 9,496,000
  • 1821 - 11,158,000
  • 1831 - 12,993,000
  • 1841 - 14,866,000 (beginning of regular censuses)
  • 1851 - 16,769,400
  • 1861 - 18,776,300
  • 1871 - 21,298,000
  • 1881 - 24,402,700
  • 1891 - 27,231,200
  • 1901 - 30,515,000
  • 1911 - 33,651,600
  • 1921 - 35,230,200
  • 1931 - 37,359,000
  • 1951 - 41,042,200
  • 1961 - 43,983,300
  • 1971 - 45,870,100
  • 1981 - 46,623,500
  • 1991 - 48,067,300
  • 2001 - 49,138,831[4]
  • 2002 - 49,652,000[5]
  • 2003 - 49,866,000[5]
  • 2004 - 50,111,000[5]
  • 2005 - 50,466,000[6]
  • 2006 - 50,762,900[7]
  • 2007 - 51,092,000[8]
  • 2008 - 51,456,400[9]
  • 2009 - 51,710,302(december)[10]

Place of birth

  • England 87.4%
  • UK: 90.7%
  • EU elsewhere: 2.3%
  • Outside EU: 7.0%

Age

The data below is based on the 2001 census, so the age of any given respondent will naturally have risen by 9.[11]. The mean age of England's population was 38.60 years old in 2001, the median age was 37.00 years old.

Age group (years) Population Percentage of population
0 - 4 2,926,238 5.96
5 - 7 1,838,668 3.74
8 - 9 1,283,861 2.61
10 - 14 3,229,047 6.57
15 623,767 1.27
16 - 17 1,231,266 2.51
18 - 19 1,177,571 2.40
20 - 24 2,952,719 6.01
25 - 29 3,268,660 6.65
30 - 44 11,127,511 22.65
45 - 59 9,279,693 18.88
60 - 64 2,391,830 4.87
65 - 74 4,102,841 8.35
75 - 84 2,751,135 5.60
85 - 89 637,701 1.30
90+ 316,323 0.64

Life expectancy at birth[12]

  • January 2001 - December 2003
    • Males: 76.24 years
    • Females: 80.72 years
  • January 2002 - December 2004
    • Males: 76.55 years
    • Females: 80.91 years
  • January 2003 - December 2005
    • Males: 76.92 years
    • Females: 81.14 years

Ethnicity

The 2001 census and 2007 estimates state the following ethnic groups:

Ethnic group 2001 population 2001 percentage 2007 population 2007 percentage
White: British 42,747,136 86.99% 42,736,000 83.6%
White: Irish 624,115 1.27% 570,500 1.1%
White: Other 1,308,110 2.66% 1,776,300 3.5%
Asian or Asian British: Indian 1,028,546 2.09% 1,316,000 2.6%
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani 706,539 1.44% 905,700 1.8%
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi 275,394 0.56% 353,900 0.7%
Asian or Asian British: Other South Asian 237,810 0.48% 339,200 0.7%
Black or Black British: Caribbean 561,246 1.14% 599,700 1.2%
Black or Black British: African 475,938 0.97% 730,600 1.4%
Black or Black British: Other 95,324 0.19% 117,600 0.2%
Mixed 643,373 1.31% 870,000 1.7%
Chinese or Other: Chinese 220,681 0.45% 400,300 0.8%
Chinese or Other: Other 214,619 0.44% 376,100 0.7%
Total 49,138,831 100% 51,092,000 100%

These groups are often combined into broader categories:

Ethnic group 2001 population 2001 percentage 2007 population 2007 percentage
White 44,679,361 90.92% 45,082,900 88.2%
Asian or Asian British 2,248,289 4.58% 2,914,900 5.7%
Black or Black British 1,132,508 2.30% 1,447,900 2.8%
Mixed 643,373 1.31% 870,000 1.7%
Chinese, including British Chinese 220,681 0.45% 400,300 0.8%
Other 214,619 0.44% 376,100 0.7%
Source: KS06 Ethnic group: Census 2001, Key Statistics for local Authorities and KS06 Ethnic group: Estimates 2007.

Religion

Source: UK census - Table KS07 Religion.

See also

Lists:

External links

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b Josiah C Russel, Medieval Demographics, 1984.
  3. ^ Notes for 1801 taken from Kent 1800-1899 - A Chronicle of the Nineteenth Century Bob Ogley (Froglets Publications 2003) ISBN 1-872337-51-1
  4. ^ National Statistics, 2001 Census
  5. ^ a b c [2]
  6. ^ National Statistics, UK population grows to more than 60m (2006-08-24)
  7. ^ [3]
  8. ^ [4]
  9. ^ [5]
  10. ^ [6]
  11. ^ - Age of English people in 2001
  12. ^ - Life Expectany at Birth for City of London, London, England
  13. ^ Respondents who gave their religion as "Jedi" were counted in the "No Religion" category. Source: "Christianity is main religion in Britain" (HTML). National Statistics. 2004-10-11. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/CCI/nugget.asp?ID=954&Pos=1&ColRank=2&Rank=224. Retrieved 2006-11-27. "No religion includes people who ticked 'None' at the religion question plus those who wrote in Jedi Knight, Agnostic, Atheist and Heathen and those who ticked 'Other' but did not write in any religion."  
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