This article is about the demographic features of the population of Eritrea, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Eritrea's population comprises nine ethnic groups, most of which speak Semitic or Cushitic languages. The Tigrinya and Tigre make up four-fifths of the population and speak different, but related and somewhat mutually intelligible, Semitic languages. Tigrinya and Arabic are the most frequently used languages for commercial and official transactions, but English is widely spoken and is the language used for secondary and university education. In general, most of the Christians live in the highlands, while Muslims and adherents of other beliefs live in the lowland regions.
The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.
0-14 years: 42.9% (male 1,085,116/female 1,072,262)
15-64 years: 53.5% (male 1,332,349/female 1,355,494)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 88,068/female 95,186) (2008 est.)
Population growth rate: 2.447% (2008 est.)
Birth rate: 33.62 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate: 9.15 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate: NA (2008 est.) * 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.93 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 44.22 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 60.05 years
male: 58.29 years
female: 61.87 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate: 4.84 children born/woman (2008 est.)
Planning Office, Ministry of Education, Asmara, Eritrea (1996): Tigrinya 50%, Tigre 31.0%, Saho 5.0%, Afar 5.0%, Hedareb (Beja) 2.5%, Rashaida 2.4%, Bilen 2.0%, Kunama 2.0%, and Nara 1.5%.
Languages: Afar, Arabic (spoken by the Rashaida), Beja (spoken by the Hedareb), Blin, Kunama, Nara, Saho, Tigre, Tigrinya, English as a second language. Tigrinya and Arabic are the foremost second languages.
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 58.6%
female: 47.6% (2003 est.)