This article is about the demographic features of the population of Kenya, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Kenya has a very diverse population that includes most major ethnic and linguistic groups of Africa. Traditional pastoralists, rural farmers, Muslims, Christians, and urban residents of Nairobi and other cities contribute to the cosmopolitan culture. The standard of living in major cities, once relatively high compared to much of Sub-Saharan Africa, has been declining in recent years. Most city workers retain links with their rural, extended families and leave the city periodically to help work on the family farm. About 75 % of the work force is engaged in agriculture, mainly as subsistence farmers. The national motto of Kenya is Harambee, meaning "pull together." In that spirit, volunteers in hundreds of communities build schools, clinics, and other facilities each year and collect funds to send students abroad.
The seven state universities enroll about 40,000 students, representing some 25 % of the Kenyan students who qualify for admission.
The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.
note: estimates for this country, explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
2.57 % (2006 est.) 1.53
39.72 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
14.02 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (on ave.) note: according to the UNHCR, by the end of 2005 Kenya was host to 233,778 refugees from neighbouring countries, including Somalia 153,627, Sudan 67,556, Ethiopia 12,595 (2006 est.)
59.26 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
4.91 children born/woman (2006 est.)
The percentage indicates the tribe's proportion of the population of Kenya.
Other non-Kenyan ethnic groups resident in Kenya for many generations are:
45 %, Roman Catholic 33 %, indigenous
beliefs 10 %, Muslim
10 %, Bahá'í Faith about 1% Buddhism 0.3 %, other
note: a large majority of Kenyans are Christian, but estimates for the percentage of the population that adheres to Islam or indigenous beliefs vary widely
1989 KENYA POPULATION CENSUS http://www.cbs.go.ke/ www.minorityrights.org/download.php?id=147