Demographics of Norway: Wikis

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Norway, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Contents

Genetics

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Y-chromosome DNA

Y-Chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) represents the male lineage, The Norwegian Y-chromosome pool may be summarized as follows where haplogroups R1 & I comprise generally more than 85% of the total chromosomes.[1]

  • I ~ 55%
  • R1 ~ 35%
  • NOP ~ 5%
  • Other Haplogroups ~ 5%

Mitochondrial DNA

Mitochondrial DNA mtDNA represents the female lineage, Haplogroup H represent about 40% of the Norweigan mitochondrial DNA lineages[2]

  • H ~ 40%
  • JT ~ 23%
  • UK ~ 22%
  • IWX ~ 5%
  • V ~ 5%
  • Other lineages ~ 5%

Ethnicity

COB data Norway.PNG

Ethnically, the residents of Norway are predominantly ethnic Norwegians who are of North Germanic / Nordic descent, although there are communities of the Scandanivian native people Sami who settled the area around 8,000 years ago, probably from continental Europe through the Norwegian coast and through Finland along the inland glaciers. The national minorities of Norway include Scandinavian Romani, Roma (“Gypsy”), Jews, and Kvener, as well as a small Finnish community.

In recent years, Norway has become home to increasing numbers of immigrants, foreign workers, and asylum-seekers from various parts of the world (mostly from Europe and Asia). Norway had a steady influx of immigrants from Pakistan, East Asia (mainly the Chinese and Filipinos), Eastern Europe (i.e. Russians from Russia), Southern Europe (Greeks, Albanians from Kosovo, and former Yugoslavians), and Middle Eastern countries (Arabs, especially Iraqis and Palestinians), as well as Somalis, Turks, Moroccans, and some Latin Americans. After ten Eastern European countries joined the EU in 2004, there has also been an influx of workers from Poland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

Ethnicity Population[3] Percent
Norwegians 4,025,208 83.8%
Arabs 74,507 1.5%
Swedes 71,465 1.4%
Danes 52,510 1.0%
Poles 48,826 1.0%
Germans 36,700 0.7%
Britons 34,279 0.7%
Pakistanis 33,360 0.6%

Religion

The Lutheran Church of Norway is the state church and the vast majority remain at least nominal members. Other religions do, however, enjoy religious freedom and have prospered with immigration in recent years, particularly Islam and Roman Catholicism. Saint Olaf is the patron saint of Norway. He is regarded by some as the eternal king and has a reputation and place in history unchallenged by any other Norwegian King for the last 1000 years.

Official statistics (2003): Lutheran 86% (state church), other Christian 4.5% (mainly Protestant [3.5%] and Roman Catholic) [1%]), Islam 2%, other religions (Buddhism, Sikhism, Hinduism and Judaism) 1%, Human Ethical 1.5%, none and unknown 5%.

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

Historical populations
Year Pop.  %±
1665 440,000
1769 723,618 64.5%
1801 883,603 22.1%
1825 1,051,318 19.0%
1835 1,194,827 13.7%
1855 1,490,047 24.7%
1875 1,813,424 21.7%
1900 2,240,032 23.5%
1910 2,391,782 6.8%
1920 2,649,775 10.8%
1930 2,814,194 6.2%
1946 3,156,950 12.2%
1950 3,278,546 3.9%
1955 3,408,161 4.0%
1960 3,570,554 4.8%
1965 3,708,609 3.9%
1970 3,866,468 4.3%
1975 3,997,525 3.4%
1980 4,078,900 2.0%
1985 4,145,845 1.6%
1990 4,233,116 2.1%
1995 4,348,410 2.7%
2000 4,478,497 3.0%
2060? 6,882,000 53.7%
Source: Statistics Norway [1] [2].


The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Age and sex distribution

Age structure

(2005 est.)
0–14 years: 19.7% (male 466,243; female 443,075)
15–64 years: 65.6% (male 1,234,384; female 1,486,887)
65 years and over: 14.7% (male 285,389; female 392,331)

Eastern Norway and Trøndelag

(2005 est.)
0–14 years: 19.0% (male 267,080; female 253,552)
15–64 years: 65.7% (male 906,232; female 889,751)
65 years and over: 15.1% (male 178,092; female 236,967)

Western- and Southern Norway

(2005 est.)
0–14 years: 20.7% (male 156,121; female 149,094)
15–64 years: 64.9% (male 488,196; female 466,142)
65 years and over: 14.3% (male 89,295; female 120,912)

Northern Norway

(2005 est.)
0–14 years: 18.9% (male 44,848; female 42,315)
15–64 years: 65.5% (male 156,476; female 147,465)
65 years and over: 15.6% (male 32,017; female 40,304)

Sex ratio

(2004 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15–64 years: 0.83 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female

Population

4,681,100 (1 January 2007)

Population - comparative

slightly larger than British Columbia, but slightly smaller than Singapore and Eritrea.

Population growth rate

  • Norway:0.341% (in 2009)

Population growth rate - comparative

slightly larger than Arkansas and Samoa, but slightly smaller than Liechtenstein and New Zealand.

Births and deaths

Births Deaths Birth rate Death rate
1900 66,229 35,345 29.7 15.8
1950 62,410 29,699 19.1 9.1
1970 64,551 38,723 16.6 10.0
1990 60,939 46,021 14.4 10.9
2000 59,229 44,225 13.2 9.8
2006 58,500 41,200 12.5 9

Total fertility rate

1.90 children born/woman (2006)

TFR for Norwegian residents by country of birth in 2004: Norway (1.8), Somalia (4.4), Iraq (4.3), Morocco (3.6), Pakistan (3.2), Turkey (2.3), Iran (1.6), Vietnam (2.0), Sri Lanka (2.7), India (1.8), and Bosnia and Herzegovina (1.7). [3]

Infant mortality rate

(2005)
total: 3.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth

(2005)
total population: 79.25 years
male: 77.7 years
female: 82.5 years

Migration

Net migration rate

1.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)

Language

Official languages

Norwegian (the written standards Bokmål and Nynorsk).
Five Finno-Ugric languages - Finnish, South Sami, Lule Sami, North Sami and the Kven language, are additional official languages of some municipalities.

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 100%
male: NA%
female: NA%

See also

References

  1. ^ Helgason et al. 2000, Zerjal et al. 2001, Passarino et al. 2002, Rootsi et al. 2004, Dupuy et al. 2006, Lindqvist et al. 2006
  2. ^ Passarino et al. 2002, Loogväli et al. 2004, Tambets et al. 2004, Lappalainen et al. 2006
  3. ^ Statistics Norway - Persons with immigrant background by immigration category, country background and sex. 1 January 2009 (Immigrants and Norwegian-norn to immigrant parents + Other immigrant background)

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