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Demographics of Saint Helena: Wikis


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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Saint Helena, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Saint Helena has a small population of a few thousand inhabitants, mainly descended from British settlers, East India Company employees and indentured labourers from the South Asian sub-Continent, East Indies, Madagascar and China.[1]

The language spoken in St. Helena is English.


CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[2]



According to a 2005 estimate, the St. Helenian population is 3,800. By 2000 estimates, per one thousand population: the birth rate is 13.73 births, the death rate is 6.1 deaths, and the rate of net migration is zero. In the same year, it was estimated that the rate of population growth was 0.76%.

The estimated infant mortality rate for 2000 was 23.23 deaths per 1,000 live births, with 1.53 children born per woman at that time. In 2000, it was also estimated that the life expectancy at birth for the entire population was 76.83 years, 73.95 years for male children, and 79.85 for female children.

The following tables describe age structure and human sex ratio, as estimated in 2000.

Age structure
Age range (years)  % of population Of which male Of which female
0-14 19 705 691
15-64 72 2,691 2,472
65+ 9 274 379
Sex ratio
Age range (years) Ratio male/female
at birth 1.06
0-14 1.02
15-64 1.09
65+ 0.72
Total 1.04

Ascension Island has no native inhabitants officially. A transient population of approximately 3,000 live on the Island, made up mainly of members of the American and British militaries, supporting civilian contractors who serve on the joint Anglo-American airbase, and members of their families (a few of whom were born on the island).

Tristan da Cunha has a population of about three hundred inhabitants of mainly British and Italian descent.

(Note, the 2009 CIA Factbook shows a total population for Saint Helena, Ascension Island, and the Tristan da Cunha island group of 7637.)


See also British nationality law.

The people of St. Helena are St. Helenians; that which is of St. Helena is described as St. Helenian. The citizens of Saint Helena and its Dependencies hold British Overseas Territories citizenship. On 21 May 2002 they were granted access to full British citizenship by the British Overseas Territories Act 2002. 50% of the population of St. Helena is Black or African, 25% is Chinese, and a further 25% is white.

In Tristan da Cunha, Christianity is the main religion, with the largest denominations being Anglican and Roman Catholic.


The majority of St. Helenians are Anglican. Other religions in St. Helena include (in alphabetic order): The Bahá'í Faith[1], The Baptist church, Buddhism, Roman Catholicism, and Seventh-day Adventism.

According to the statistics in the 2009 yearbook of Jehovah's Witnesses, Saint Helena has the largest proportion of Jehovah's Witnesses of any country or territory in the world: one person in thirty-five, using en estimated population of 4000 for Saint Helena alone. (an average of 113 "publishers", or active Jehovah's Witnesses).


Where being literate is defined as being of age 20 or over and able to read and write, 97% percent of the total population is literate, according to estimates from 1987. 97% of males and 98% of females of St. Helena are literate under this definition by the same estimates.



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