Demographics of Serbia: Wikis

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Serbia, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Serbia is populated mostly by Serbs. Significant minorities include Albanians (who are a majority in Kosovo), Hungarians, Bosniaks, Roma, Croats, Slovaks, Bulgarians, Romanians, etc. Serbia consists of three territories: the province of Kosovo, the province of Vojvodina and Central Serbia. The two provinces are ethnically diverse, which is a result of the division of the country between the Muslim Ottoman Empire in the south and Catholic Austro-Hungarian Empire in the north.

The northern province of Vojvodina is the most developed part of the country in terms of economic strength. Together with the former Yugoslav republics of Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, Vojvodina was under the administration of Austria-Hungary before the First World War. Vojvodina is one of the most ethnically diverse territories in Europe, with more than 25 different national communities.

Hungary has praised Serbia's treatment of minorities, commending the cultural autonomy and use of minority languages in Serbia.[1]

Contents

Ethnic composition of Serbia (2002 census)

Ethnic map of Serbia, based on municipality data

Serbia has a mixed population that varies in the three regions, Kosovo, Vojvodina and Central Serbia. Serbs are the largest ethnic group in Central Serbia and Vojvodina while they are a minority in Kosovo. In Central Serbia, Serbs represents 89.5 percent of the population, and Bosnian-Serbs are the second largest minority with 2.5 percent, followed by Roma-Serbs and Albanian-Serbs. In Vojvodina, Serbs represent 65 percent of the population while Hungarian-Serbs are the second largest ethnic group, representing 14% of provincial population. Kosovo is mainly populated by ethnic Albanians who make up 87 percent of the population. Serbs are the second largest ethnic group in Kosovo with seven percent of the population, while Gorani, Roma, and Turks, represents six percent of the population combined.

Serbia (excluding Kosovo) in 2002
Serbs
  
82.9%
Hungarians
  
3.9%
Bosniaks
  
1.8%
Roma
  
1.4%
Yugoslavs
  
1.1%
other
  
8.9%
Central Serbia in 2002
Serbs
  
89.5%
Bosniaks
  
2.5%
Roma
  
1.4%
Albanians
  
1.1%
other
  
5.5%
Vojvodina in 2002
Serbs
  
65.1%
Hungarians
  
14.3%
Slovaks
  
2.8%
Croats
  
2.8%
Yugoslavs
  
2.4%
Montenegrins
  
1.6%
Romanians
  
1.5%
Roma
  
1.4%
other
  
8%
Kosovo (2000 estimate)
Albanians
  
87%
Serbs
  
7%
Gorani
  
3%
Roma
  
2%
Turks
  
1%

Ethnic composition of Central Serbia and Vojvodina (2002 census)

Hungarians are the second largest ethnic group in Vojvodina with a population of 290,207.

The ethnic composition of Central Serbia and Vojvodina, according to the 2002 census[2]:

Serbia (excluding Kosovo) Central Serbia Vojvodina
Number % Number % Number %
TOTAL 7,498,001 100 5,466,009 100 2,031,992 100
Serbs 6,212,838 82.86 4,891,031 89.48 1,321,807 65.05
Montenegrins 69,049 0.92 33,536 0.61 35,513 1.75
Yugoslavs 80,721 1.08 30,840 0.56 49,881 2.45
Albanians 61,647 0.82 59,952 1.1 1,695 0.08
Bosniaks 136,087 1.82 135,670 2.48 417 0.02
Bulgarians 20,497 0.27 18,839 0.34 1,658 0.08
Bunjevci 20,012 0.27 246 0 19,766 0.97
Gorani 4,581 0.06 3,975 0.07 606 0.03
Croats 70,602 0.94 14,056 0.26 56,546 2.78
Macedonians 25,847 0.35 14,062 0.26 11,785 0.58
Muslims (by nationality) 19,503 0.26 15,869 0.29 3,634 0.18
Roma and Sinti 108,193 1.44 79,136 1.45 29,057 1.43
Vlachs of Serbia 40,054 0.53 39,953 0.73 101 0
Romanians of Serbia 34,576 0.46 4,157 0.08 30,419 1.5
Germans 3,901 0.05 747 0.01 3,154 0.16
Ruthenes 15,905 0.21 279 0.01 15,626 0.77
Russians 2,588 0.03 1,648 0.03 940 0.05
Slovaks 59,021 0.79 2,384 0.04 56,637 2.79
Slovenes 5,104 0.07 3,099 0.06 2,005 0.1
Czechs 2,211 0.03 563 0.01 1,648 0.08
Ukrainians 5,354 0.07 719 0.01 4,635 0.23
Hungarians 293,299 3.91 3,092 0.06 290,207 14.28
Others (i.e. Armenians, Serbian Jews, Greeks, Turks and Egyptians). 11,711 0.16 6,400 0.12 5,311 0.26
Unspecified 107,732 1.44 52,716 0.97 55,016 2.71
Unknown 75,483 1.01 51,709 0.95 23,774 1.17

Demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

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Population

10,159,046 (2008 est.)

Median age

  • total: 37.5 years
    • male: 36.1 years
    • female: 39 years

Life expectancy at birth

  • total population: 75.3 years
    • male: 72.7 years
    • female: 78 years (2008 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.69 children born/woman (2008 est.)

Nationality

  • noun: Serb(s)
  • adjective: Serbian

Religions

(2002 census)

Languages

Literacy

(includes data for Montenegro)

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

  • total population: 96.4%
    • male: 98.9%
    • female: 94.1% (2002 est.)

Number of liveborn children and deaths in Serbia (excluding Kosovo)

Births Deaths Birth rate Death rate
1998 76,330 99,376 10.09 13.13
1999 72,222 101,444 9.58 13.45
2000 73,764 104,042 9.81 13.84
2001 78,435 99,008 10.45 13.20
2002 78,101 102,785 10.41 13.70
2003 79,025 103,946 10.56 13.90
2004 78,186 104,320 10.48 13.98
2005 72,180 106,771 9.74 14.41
2006 70,997 102,884 9.58 13.88
2007 67,483 102,805 9.17 13.93
2008 69,083 102,711 9.42 14.00

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.b92.net/eng/news/politics-article.php?yyyy=2010&mm=03&dd=13&nav_id=65772
  2. ^ (Serbian) Official Results of Serbian Census 2003–PopulationPDF (441 KiB), pp. 12-13

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