Demographics of Swaziland: Wikis


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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Swaziland, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Swazi people dancing in a cultural village show.

The majority of Swaziland's population is ethnic Swazi, mixed with a small number of Zulus and white Africans, mostly whites of British and Afrikaner descent. This population also includes a small segment within it that is mixed with any number of these ancestries.

Traditionally Swazis have been subsistence farmers and herders, but most now work in the growing urban formal economy and in government. Some Swazis work in the mines in South Africa. Swaziland also received Portuguese settlers and black refugees from Mozambique. Christianity in Swaziland is sometimes mixed with traditional beliefs and practices. Most Swazis ascribe a special spiritual role to the Swazi Royal Family.

The country's official languages are Siswati (a language related to Zulu) and English. Government and commercial business is conducted mainly in English. Asians, Afrikaners, Portuguese, and black Mozambicans speak their own languages.

Demographics of Swaziland, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.


CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.


1,161,219 (July, 2003 est.), 1,083,289 (July, 2000 est.)
note: Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.

The 2007 Census put the nation's population at 912,229. This number is lower than the 1997 Census, which gave 929,718 residents. The small difference is believed to be the result of massive emigration of Swazis to South Africa in search of work. [1]

Age structure

0-14 years: 41.4% (male 242,762; female 238,141) (2003 est.), 46% (male 245,626; female 247,825) (2000 est.)
15-64 years: 55.1% (male 317,526; female 321,709) (2003 est.), 52% (male 270,308; female 291,884) (2000 est.)
65 years and over: 3.5% (male 18,040; female 23,041) (2003 est.), 2% (male 11,357; female 16,289) (2000 est.)

Median age

total: 18.5 years
male: 18.2 years
female: 18.8 years (2002)

Population growth rate

-0.46% (2009 est.)

Birth rate

26.6 births/1,000 population (2008 est.), 40.64 births/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate

30.7 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.), 20.4 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female (2003 est.), 1.03 male(s)/female (2000 est.)
under 15 years: 0.99 male(s)/female (2003, 2000 est.)
15-64 years: 0.99 (2003 est.), 0.93 male(s)/female (2000 est.)
65 years and over: 0.78 (2003 est.), 0.7 male(s)/female (2000 est.)
total population: 0.99 (2003 est.), 0.95 male(s)/female (2000 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 67.44 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.), 108.95 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.)
female: 63.99 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
male: 70.79 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)

total population: 39.47 years male: 41.02 years female: 37.87 years (2003 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 33.22 (2005 est.), 39.47 (2003 est.),
male: 32.49 (2005 est.), 39.54 years (2000 est.)
female: 33.98 (2005 est.), 37.87 (2003 est.)

Total fertility rate

3.92 children born/woman (2003 est.), 5.87 children born/woman (2000 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate

26.1% (2007 est.) [1]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

190,000 (2007 est.) [1]

HIV/AIDS - deaths

12,000 (2001 est.)


noun: Swazi(s)
adjective: Swazi

Ethnic groups

Black 97%, White 3%


Christianity 57%, Zionist (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship) 40%, other faiths (Muslim, Bahá'í) 3% (see Religion in Swaziland)


English (official, government business conducted in English), siSwati (official)


definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 81.6% (2003 est.), 76.7% (1995 est.)
male: 82.6% (2003 est.), 78% (1995 est.)
female: 80.8% (2003 est.), 75.6% (1995 est.)


  1. ^ a b Swaziland statistics: HIV prevalence rate 2007 ages 15-49, UNICEF,  

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