The Full Wiki

Demographics of Texas: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Texas Population Density Map
Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1850 212,592
1860 604,215 184.2%
1870 818,579 35.5%
1880 1,591,749 94.5%
1890 2,235,527 40.4%
1900 3,048,710 36.4%
1910 3,896,542 27.8%
1920 4,663,228 19.7%
1930 5,824,715 24.9%
1940 6,414,824 10.1%
1950 7,711,194 20.2%
1960 9,579,677 24.2%
1970 11,196,730 16.9%
1980 14,229,191 27.1%
1990 16,986,510 19.4%
2000 20,851,820 22.8%

The center of population of Texas is located in Bell County, in the town of Holland [1].

As of 2005, the state has an estimated population of 22.8 million—an increase of 388,419 (1.7%) from the prior year and an increase of 2 million (9.6%) since the year 2000. In all three subcategories—natural (births less deaths), net immigration, and net migration—Texas has seen an increase in population. The natural increase since the last census was 1,155,182 people (1,948,398 births minus 793,216 deaths), immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 663,161 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 218,722 people. The state passed New York in the 1990s to become the second-largest U.S. state in population (after California). On December 23, 2009 the US Census announced that Texas has gained around 4 million residents between 2000 and 2009 or a percent increase of about 20%. This is the highest population increase by number of people for any US state during that time period. The large population increase can somewhat be contributed to how Texas did not suffer much from the US Housing Bubble.

As of 2004, the state has 3.5 million foreign-born residents (15.6% of the state population), of which an estimated 1.2 million are illegal immigrants (illegal immigrants account for more than one-third of the foreign-born population in Texas and 5.4% of the total state population).

Census data reports 7.8% of Texas's population as under 5 years old, 28.2% under 18, and 9.9% over 64 years. Females made up 50.4% of the population.

According to the 2000 U.S. Census, 68.76% of the population aged 5 and older speak only English at home, while 27.00% speak Spanish. Other languages spoken include Vietnamese by 0.63%, Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese, and Min Nan) by 0.48%, German (including Texas German) by 0.42%, and French (including Cajun French) by 0.32% [2].

Contents

Race and ethnic origins

Demographics of Texas (csv)
By race White Black AIAN* Asian NHPI*
2000 (total population) 84.54% 12.09% 1.09% 3.13% 0.16%
2000 (Hispanic only) 31.14% 0.42% 0.40% 0.13% 0.06%
2005 (total population) 84.14% 12.09% 1.10% 3.62% 0.17%
2005 (Hispanic only) 34.16% 0.52% 0.42% 0.15% 0.06%
Growth 2000–05 (total population) 9.10% 9.62% 10.56% 27.02% 21.27%
Growth 2000–05 (non-Hispanic only) 2.59% 8.66% 8.69% 27.07% 17.81%
Growth 2000–05 (Hispanic only) 20.26% 36.40% 13.80% 25.99% 27.72%
* AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native; NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

As of the 2006 US Census estimates, the racial distribution in Texas are as follows: 71.5% White American, 11.6% African American, 3.3% are Asian American, 0.6% are American Indian, and 13% are of Some other Race (presumably Mestizo).

The largest reported ancestry groups in Texas include: Mexican (25.3%), German (10.9%), African American (10.5%), English (7.2%), and Scots-Irish (7.2%). Descendants from some of these ancestry groups is underreported.

Much of east, central, and north Texas is inhabited by Texans of White Protestant heritage, primarily descended from ancestors from the British Isles. Much of central and southeast-central Texas is inhabited by Texans of German descent. African Americans, who historically made up one-third of the state population, are concentrated in those parts of East Texas where the cotton plantation culture was most prominent prior to the American Civil War, as well as in the Dallas-Fort Worth and Houston metropolitan areas.

Other population groups in Texas also exhibit great diversity. Frontier Texas saw settlements of Germans, particularly in Fredericksburg and New Braunfels. After the European revolutions of 1848, many thousands of Dutch, other German from Switzerland and/or Austria, Polish, Russian, Swedish, Norwegian, Czech, Slovak, Italian and the most numerous: French or French-Canadian immigration grew, and continued until World War I or the 1920s. The influence of the diverse immigrants from Europe survives in the names of towns, styles of architecture, genres of music, and varieties of cuisine. Lavaca County is predominantly Czech, Seguin has a large Slovak community, and Nederland was settled by Dutch immigrants from the Netherlands.

More than one-third (36% in 2007) of Texas residents are of Hispanic origin and some are recent arrivals from Mexico, Central America, or South America, while others, known as Tejanos in English, have ancestors who have lived in Texas since before Texan independence, or at least for several generations. Tejanos are the largest ancestral group in southern Duval County and among the largest in and around Bexar County, where San Antonio with over one million Hispanics alone is located. The Hispanic population in Texas is increasing as more immigrants (including illegal aliens) from Latin America—primarily from Mexico—look for work in Texas. The state has the second-largest Hispanic population in the United States—California has the largest Hispanic population. Numerically, Hispanics dominate south, south-central, and west Texas and are a significant part of the residents in the cities of Dallas, Houston, and Austin. This influx of immigrants is partially responsible for Texas having a population younger than the union average. Hispanic births have outnumbered Anglo ones since early 1990-s. In 2007, for the first time since early 19th century, Hispanics accounted for more than half of all births (50.2%), 34.3% of all new-borns were non-Hispanic White.

African Americans, who historically made up one-third of the state population during the 19th century, are concentrated in the parts of East Texas where the cotton plantation culture was most prominent before the American Civil War, as well as in Dallas and Houston. African-Americans are over 20 percent of city populations in Fort Worth and about 10 percent in Austin and San Antonio, while they form a majority in sections of Southern Dallas, East Fort Worth and South Houston. Because of a strong labor market, from 1995–2000, Texas is one of three states in the South that are receiving the high numbers of black college graduates in a New Great Migration.[1]

In recent years, the Asian American population in Texas has grown, especially in Houston with its' newly developed Chinatown, in Fort Bend County, which has the largest concentration of Asian Americans in the southern United States, and in suburbs in western and northern Dallas, and Arlington near Fort Worth. People with ancestry from Vietnam, Pakistan, China, the Philippines, Korea, and Japan make up the largest Asian American groups in Texas. The Gulf Coast has the largest number of Asian-Americans in the state, due to the shrimp fishing industry attracted tens of thousands of Vietnamese, Filipinos and Chinese from the South China sea coasts in the late 1970s and 1980's.

American Indian tribes who once lived or resettled inside the boundaries of present-day Texas include the Alabama, Apache, Atakapan, Bidai, Caddo, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Comanche, Coushatta, Hueco, the Karankawa of Galveston, Kiowa, Lipan, Muscogee, Natchez, Quapaw, Seminole, Tonkawa, Wichita, and many others. Currently, there are three federally recognized Native American tribes that reside in Texas: the Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas with their reservation in the state's eastern part, the Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas in the Rio Grande Valley, and the Ysleta Del Sur Pueblo of El Paso, Texas.

Religion

Lakewood Church interior

Texas is a part of the strong socially conservative Evangelical Protestant, Bible Belt, and has the highest percentage people with a religious affiliation in the nation.[2] Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas is home to three major evangelical seminaries and several of America's largest megachurches, including the Potter's House pastored by T.D Jakes and Prestonwood Baptist pastored by Jack Graham. Houston is home to the largest "church" in the nation, Lakewood Church, pastored by Joel Osteen. Lubbock, Texas has the most churches per capita in the nation.[2]

In 2000, The religious demographics of Texas were:[3]

The largest single denominations by number of adherents in 2000 were the Catholic Church 4,368,969, the Southern Baptist Convention 3,519,459 and the United Methodist Church 1,022,342[3]. Evangelical Protestant Christian influence had a strong impact in social/cultural and political implications in Texas throughout its' history, but not all Texans share this view of Christian religious doctrine. Austin, the state capital is perceived as a more secular and liberal community.

Other religious groups are also found in Texas, such as Jewish Texans a unique subculture of the American Jewish community with the majority of the state's estimated 128,000 Jews live in or around Dallas and Houston.[3] Figures further note that there are approximately 400,000 Muslims in Texas.[4]

Cities and towns

Houston
San Antonio
Dallas

As of 2000, six incorporated places in Texas had populations greater than 500,000, of which two are global cities: Houston and Dallas.[5] Texas has a total of 25 metropolitan areas, with four having populations over 1 million and two over 5 million. According to the List of United States cities by population, Texas has 3 of the 9 cities in the US with populations greater than 1 million; more than any other state. Austin, Fort Worth, and El Paso are also among the top 25 largest U.S. cities. The Texas Urban Triangle is a region defined by three interstate highwaysI-35 to the west (Dallas-Fort Worth to San Antonio), I-45 to the east (Dallas to Houston), and I-10 to the south (San Antonio to Houston). The region contains most of the state's largest cities and metropolitan areas, as well as nearly 75 percent of Texas' total population.[6]

References

  1. ^ William H. Frey, "The New Great Migration: Black Americans' Return to the South, 1965-2000", May 2004, The Brookings Institution, p.1, accessed 19 Mar 2008
  2. ^ a b Connolly, Ceci (2003-01-21), Texas Teaches Abstinence, With Mixed Grades, Washington Post, p. A01, http://portal.unesco.org/education/en/ev.php-URL_ID=12589&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html, retrieved 2008-04-28  
  3. ^ a b "State Membership Report - Texas". Association of Religion Data Archives. http://www.thearda.com/mapsReports/reports/state/48_2000.asp. Retrieved 2008-02-12.  
  4. ^ "Turning Muslim in Texas". Faith and Belief. Channel4.com. http://www.channel4.com/culture/microsites/C/can_you_believe_it/debates/texas1.html. Retrieved 2008-04-28.  
  5. ^ "Inventory of World Cities". Globalization and World Cities Research Network. 2008. http://www.lboro.ac.uk/gawc/citylist.html. Retrieved 2008-04-28.  
  6. ^ Texas Urban Triangle – Southwest Region University Transportation Center (SWUTC)
Advertisements

Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

Texas Population Density Map

The center of population of Texas is located in Bell County, in the town of Holland [1].

As of 2005, the state has an estimated population of 22.8 million—an increase of 388,419 (1.7%) from the prior year and an increase of 2 million (9.6%) since the year 2000. In all three subcategories—natural (births less deaths), net immigration, and net migration—Texas has seen an increase in population. The natural increase since the last census was 1,155,182 people (1,948,398 births minus 793,216 deaths), immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 663,161 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 218,722 people. The state passed New York in the 1990s to become the second-largest U.S. state in population (after California).

As of 2004, the state has 3.5 million foreign-born residents (15.6% of the state population), of which an estimated 1.2 million are illegal immigrants (illegal immigrants account for more than one-third of the foreign-born population in Texas and 5.4% of the total state population).

Census data reports 7.8% of Texas's population as under 5 years old, 28.2% under 18, and 9.9% over 64 years. Females made up 50.4% of the population.

According to the 2000 U.S. Census, 68.76% of the population aged 5 and over speak only English at home, while 27.00% speak Spanish. Other languages spoken include Vietnamese by 0.63%, Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese, and Min Nan) by 0.48%, German (including Texas German) by 0.42%, and French (including Cajun French) by 0.32% [2].

Race and ethnic origins

The largest reported ancestry groups in Texas include: Mexican (25.3%), German (10.9%), African American (10.5%), English (7.2%), and Scots-Irish (7.2%). Descendants from some of these ancestry groups is underreported.

Much of east, central, and north Texas is inhabited by Texans of White Protestant heritage, primarily descended from ancestors from the British Isles. Much of central and southeast-central Texas is inhabited by Texans of German descent. African Americans, who historically made up one-third of the state population, are concentrated in those parts of East Texas where the cotton plantation culture was most prominent prior to the American Civil War, as well as in the Dallas-Fort Worth and Houston metropolitan areas.

Other population groups in Texas also exhibit great diversity. Frontier Texas saw settlements of Germans, particularly in Fredericksburg and New Braunfels. After the European revolutions of 1848, German, Polish, Swedish, Norwegian, Czech and French immigration grew, and continued until World War I. The influence of the diverse immigrants from Europe survives in the names of towns, styles of architecture, genres of music, and varieties of cuisine. Lavaca County is predominantly Czech.

More than one-third of Texas residents are of Hispanic origin and are predominantly White, Mestizo, or Amerindian, although other racial groups may be included. Some are recent arrivals from Mexico, Central America, or South America, while others, known as Tejanos in English, have ancestors who have lived in Texas since before Texan independence, or at least for several generations. Tejanos are the largest ancestral group in southern Duval County and among the largest in and around Bexar County. The Hispanic population in Texas is increasing as more illegal immigrants from certain Latin American countries—primarily from Mexico—look for work in Texas. The state has the second-largest Hispanic population in the United States—California has the largest Hispanic population. Numerically, Hispanics dominate south, south-central, and west Texas and are a significant part of the residents in the cities of Dallas and Houston. This influx of immigrants is partially responsible for Texas having a population younger than the union average.

In recent years, the Asian American population in Texas has grown, especially in Houston and in Dallas. People with ancestry from Vietnam, India, China, the Philippines, Korea, and Japan make up the largest Asian American groups in Texas.

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Demographics of Texas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

This article uses material from the "Demographics of Texas" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message