Demographics of Uganda: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Uganda, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Ethnolinguistic map of Uganda.


Ethnic Groups

Africans of three main ethnic groups – Bantu, Nilotic, and Central-Sudanic (traditionally called Nilo-Hamitic) – constitute most of the population.

The Bantu are the most numerous and include the Baganda in the central area (17%), Basoga in the south-eastern area (8%), Banyankole in the south-western area (8%), Bakiga in the most south-western area (8%), Banyoro in the mid-western area (3%), Batooro in the mid-western area (3%), Bagisu in the eastern area, Bahima in the south-western area (2%), Bafumbira in the south-western area (6%), and other much smaller ethnic groups.

Residents of the north, largely Nilotic, are the next largest group, including the Langi, 6%, and the Acholi, 4%. In the northwest are the Lugbara, 4%. The Karamojong, 2%, occupy the considerably drier, largely pastoral territory in the northeast. Europeans, Asians, and Arabs make up about 1% of the population with other groups accounting for the remainder.

More than half of the population is under the age of 15 – more than any other country in the world. Uganda's population is predominantly rural, and its density population highest in the southern regions.

South Asians and Arabs

See also: Indian diaspora in East Africa

During the Uganda Protectorate period, the British colonialists used South Asian immigrants as intermediaries. Following independence they constituted the largest non-indigenous ethnic group in Uganda, at around 80,000 people, and they dominated trade, industry, and the professions. This caused resentment among the Black majority, which was exploited by post-Independence leaders. After Idi Amin came to power in 1971, he declared "economic war" on the Indians, culminating in the Expulsion of Asians in Uganda in 1972. Since Amin's overthrow in 1979 some Asians have returned. There are about 12,000 in Uganda today, nearly all in the capital Kampala.

There are also about 3,000 Arabs of various national origins in Uganda.

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Demographics of Uganda (2005 FAO data; number of inhabitants in thousands)


note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 estimate)

Age structure

0-14 years: 50% (male 8,152,830; female 8,034,366)
15-64 years: 47.9% (male 7,789,209; female 7,703,143)
65 years and over: 2.1% (male 286,693; female 403,317) (2009 estimate)

Population growth rate

2.69 (2009 est.)

Birth rate

48.15 births/1,000 population (2008 estimate)

Death rate

12.32 deaths/1,000 population (2008 estimate)

Net migration rate

-8.83 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 estimate)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2009 estimate)

Infant mortality rate

64.82 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 estimate)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 52.72 years
male: 51.66 years
female: 53.81 years (2009 estimate)

Total fertility rate

6.77 children born/woman (2009 estimate)


adult prevalence rate: 5.4% (2007 estimate)
people living with HIV/AIDS: 940,000 (2007 estimate)
deaths: 77,000 (2007 estimate)


noun: Ugandan(s)
adjective: Ugandan

Ethnic groups

Baganda 16.9%, Banyankole 9.5%, Basoga 8.4%, Bakiga 6.9%, Iteso 6.4%, Langi 6.1%, Acholi 4.7%, Bagisu 4.6%, Lugbara 4.2%, Bunyoro 2.7%, Other 29.6% (2002 census)


Roman Catholic 41.9%, Anglican 35.9%, Pentecostal 4.6%, Seventh-day Adventist 1.5%, Muslim 12.1%, Other 3.1%, None 0.9% (2002 census)


English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Bantu languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic


  • Information from the CIA World Factbook 2009.

Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address