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Denville, New Jersey
—  Township  —
Denville Township highlighted in Morris County. Inset map: Morris County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Denville, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°53′10″N 74°29′18″W / 40.88611°N 74.48833°W / 40.88611; -74.48833
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Morris
Incorporated April 14, 1913
Government
 - Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 - Mayor Ted Hussa (2011)
 - Administrator Marie Goble[1]
Area
 - Total 12.6 sq mi (32.7 km2)
 - Land 12.1 sq mi (31.4 km2)
 - Water 0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2)
Elevation [2] 505 ft (154 m)
Population (2007)[3]
 - Total 16,528
 Density 1,307.1/sq mi (504.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07834
Area code(s) 973
FIPS code 34-17650[4][5]
GNIS feature ID 0882204[6]
Website http://www.thedenvillehub.com

Denville is a township in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township population was 15,824. Denville is known as the "Hub of Morris County" for its location along major transportation routes at the center of the county.[7] In 1988, as part of the town's 75th anniversary celebration, a time capsule was buried that contained "artifacts" from that era.

Denville was formed as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 14, 1913, from portions of Rockaway Township.[8]

Contents

History

Native Lenape Native Americans were known to travel the Minisink Trail for centuries before Europeans arrived in New Jersey. Part of that trail cut across what is now southern Denville, roughly following the course of Route 10 and Mount Pleasant Turnpike. Some research has indicated that there was a Lenape campsite along the trail in Denville, on or near the Ayres / Knuth Farm Historic Site along Route 10.

When Dutch and English settlers began to arrive in the new world in the early 17th century, the Minisink Trail was the likely route they traveled to explore the interior. Daniel Denton, one of the purchasers of what is known as the Elizabethtown Tract in 1664, led an expedition into the interior of northern New Jersey. In 1670, he wrote the first English language description of the area. Some researchers would later conclude that it was Denton who lent his name to the naming of Denville.

Some researchers have suggested that European settlers began to come to the Denville area as early as 1690. These early settlers were primarily Dutch and English from Long Island, Quakers from Philadelphia, and Germans. William Penn and several other proprietors began to survey and stake out lands in the Denville area around 1715. These surveys are the first documentation of Denville. Between 1730 and 1760, several forges and mills were erected in Denville along the Rockaway River and the Denbrook. A number of communities associated with the forges and mills began to emerge. Ninkey and Franklin in southern Denville developed around the forges there of the same names. Denville village developed around the Job Allen Iron Works. Early developers of Denville, such as the Hussa family and A.B Crane & Co., were intrinsic in shaping the residential and lake communities.

A letter from early Denville settler John Hinchman in the year 1800, recounts some of the oral history of Denville from 50 years earlier, as stated to him by some of the elders of the time. Hinchman explains in his letter that the naming of Denville can be traced to a "den" of wild animals located in the swampy regions along the Denbrook and Rockaway River. The animals would bask on a knoll that juts out into the meadows where they were hunted by the native Lenape. This "den", Hinchman states, was the basis for the name of Denville and the Denbrook.

Geography

Broadway, Denville's main street.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 12.6 square miles (32.7 km²), of which, 12.1 square miles (31.4 km²) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km²) of it (4.12%) is water.

Part of the The Tourne county park is in Denville.

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Community

Denville has eleven named bodies of water within township limits. The four major residential lake communities are Cedar Lake, Indian Lake, Rock Ridge, and Lake Arrowhead (including Great Bay and Bay of Deep Waters). Estling Lake is a private summer community, which has some full year residents. The three minor lakes are Cooper Lake, Hollstein Lake, and Openaki Lake. The town also has Cooks Pond, which is a recreational lake available for public use by membership.

Most residents of Denville live in the non-lake communities in town, including Bald Hill, Union Hill, Beacon Hill, and Denville Farms communities among others.

The game of American Flag Rugby was first played in Denville, introduced to the town by resident Tom Feury.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1930 2,162
1940 3,117 44.2%
1950 6,055 94.3%
1960 10,632 75.6%
1970 14,045 32.1%
1980 14,380 2.4%
1990 13,812 −3.9%
2000 15,824 14.6%
Est. 2007 16,528 [3] 4.4%
Population 1930 - 1990.[9]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 15,824 people, 5,990 households, and 4,312 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,307.1 people per square mile (504.5/km²). There were 6,178 housing units at an average density of 510.3/sq mi (197.0/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 92.64% White, 1.14% African American, 0.08% Native American, 4.64% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.64% of the population.

There were 5,990 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the township, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $76,778, and the median income for a family was $90,651. Males had a median income of $63,413 versus $42,392 for females. The per capita income for the township was $38,607. About 1.7% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Local government

Denville's town clock with sign for Route 53 visible.

Denville Township is governed under the Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council) system of municipal government.[10] Denville is governed by a mayor and a seven-member Township Council, all elected to four-year terms of office. Four council members are elected from each of four wards. Two years later, the three at-large and the mayoral seats are up for election.

As of 2008, the Mayor of Denville Township is Ted Hussa, whose term of office ends December 31, 2011.[11] Members of the Denville Township Council are Howard Shaw (At-Large; 2011), Deborah Smith (At-Large; 2011), Nick Stecky (At-Large; 2011), Tom Andes (Ward 1; 2009), Gerard "Jerry" LaMonte (Ward 2; 2009), Robert Grant (Ward 3; 2009) and Chris Dour (Ward 4; 2009).[12]

Mayor Feyl decided not to run for re-election after winning a seat last fall on the Board of Chosen Freeholders. In the June 5, 2007 Republican primary councilman P. Ted Hussa defeated the Township's business administrator, Ellen Sandman, with no Democratic Party opposition on the ballot, and took office on January 1, 2008.[13]

Federal, state and county representation

Denville Township is in the Eleventh Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 25th Legislative District.[14]

New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District, covering western portions of Essex County, all of Morris County, and sections of Passaic County, Somerset County and Sussex County, is represented by Rodney Frelinghuysen (R, Harding Township). New Jersey is represented in the Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

For the 2010-2011 Legislative Session, the 25th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Anthony Bucco (R, Boonton) and in the Assembly by Michael Patrick Carroll (R, Morris Plains) and Tony Bucco (R, Boonton).[15] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham).[16] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[17]

Morris County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected to three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two or three seats up for election each year.[18] As of 2008, Morris County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Margaret Nordstrom,[19] Deputy Freeholder Director Gene F. Feyl,[20] Douglas R. Cabana,[21] William J. Chegwidden,[22] John J. Murphy, James W. Murray[23] and Jack J. Schrier.[24][25]

Chamber of Commerce

Saint Clare's Hospital, Denville's largest employer.

The chamber is focused on making the community and business districts a better place for businesses, residents and visitors. Each year a pair of teenagers are crowned as Mr. and Miss Denville. They are participants in a winter holiday parade and weekend-long celebration. They are chosen for their volunteer work in Denville, and overall hard work.

Mr. and Miss. Denville 2006

Christina Kovacs

Brian Ott

Mr. and Miss. Denville 2008

Erika Zois

Connor Bennett

Mr. and Miss. Denville 2009

Laura Ketchum

Kevin Horne

Education

The Denville Township School District serve public school students in Kindergarten through eighth grade. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[26]) are Lakeview School (808 students) and Riverview School (503) for grades K-5, and Valleyview Middle School (617) for grades 6-8.

Public school students in grades 9 - 12 attend Morris Knolls High School, which is located in Denville, but has a Rockaway address.[27] The high school is part of the Morris Hills Regional High School District, which also serves the residential communities of Rockaway Borough, Rockaway Township and Wharton.

St. Mary’s Prep is an elementary school, and Morris Catholic High School is a four-year comprehensive Roman Catholic regional high school that was founded in 1957, both of which are operated as part of the Diocese of Paterson.[28]

Transportation

The Denville station on New Jersey Transit's Morristown Line and the Montclair-Boonton Line, with service to Hoboken Terminal or to Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan via Midtown Direct. Denville is actually two stations located within the same property. The Morristown Line station is two platforms located on a curve while the Montclair-Boonton Line station is a single platform next to the closed Denville Tower. Newark Liberty International Airport, is located 27.5 miles (44.3 km) southeast of Denville in Newark, New Jersey.[29]

Route 10, Route 53, U.S. Route 46 and Interstate 80 pass through the Township.

Popular culture

Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of Denville include:

References

  1. ^ Contact Us, Denville Township. Accessed September 4, 2008.
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Township of Denville, Geographic Names Information System, accessed January 4, 2008.
  3. ^ a b Census data for Denville township, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 6, 2007.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Denville profile, Daily Record (Morristown), accessed April 22, 2007. "Known as the "hub" of Morris County -- because of its central geographic location and spot along major transportation routes -- this township is home to one of the most traditional town centers in the county."
  8. ^ "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 192.
  9. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed March 1, 2007.
  10. ^ 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 116.
  11. ^ Mayor P. Ted Hussa, Denville Township. Accessed September 4, 2008.
  12. ^ Township Council Members, Denville Township. Accessed September 4, 2008.
  13. ^ Jennings, Rob. "Denville mayoral hopeful concedes: Business administrator says she won't contest results of the primary", Daily Record (New Jersey), June 8, 2007. Accessed June 14, 2007. "Ellen Sandman conceded the Republican mayoral primary to Ted Hussa on Thursday after a review of provisional ballots gave Hussa a nine-vote lead.... Sandman didn't say whether she would seek to stay on as business administrator if Hussa -- who is unopposed in the November general election --becomes mayor."
  14. ^ 2008 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters, p. 56. Accessed September 30, 2009.
  15. ^ "Legislative Roster: 2010-2011 Session". New Jersey Legislature. http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/members/roster.asp. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  16. ^ "About the Governor". New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/about/. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  17. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/lt/. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  18. ^ What is a Freeholder?, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed February 6, 2008.
  19. ^ Margaret Nordstrom
  20. ^ Gene F. Feyl
  21. ^ Douglas R. Cabana
  22. ^ William J. Chegwidden
  23. ^ James W. Murray
  24. ^ Jack J. Schrier
  25. ^ Meet the Freeholders, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed February 6, 2008.
  26. ^ Data for the Denville Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 26, 2008.
  27. ^ Guidance, Morris Knolls High School. Accessed July 26, 2008. "Located in Morris County, Morris Knolls serves the residential communities of Denville and Rockaway Township which offer a fine combination of cosmopolitan living in a suburban atmosphere, 35 miles west of New York City."
  28. ^ Morris County Elementary / Secondary Schools, Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson. Accessed July 26, 2008.
  29. ^ Google Maps: Denville, NJ to EWR, Google Maps. Accessed October 27, 2007.
  30. ^ Walker, Leslie. "Comics Looking to Spread A Little Laughter on the Web", The Washington Post, June 16, 2005. Accessed July 30, 2008. "Abrams, based in Denville, N.J., is among the dozen or more cartoonists who earn their living full time by creating Web comics."
  31. ^ A Personal Story of Interest to Business Men and Accountants, Monroe Calculators. Accessed October 27, 2007. "Mr. Baldwin passed away at his home in Denville, New Jersey, April 8, 1925, within two days of reaching his 87th birthday."
  32. ^ Seegers, Sandy. "Enjoying life inside ropes: Pro wrestling has provided Denville native rich experience", Daily Record (Morristown), August 27, 2008. Accessed August 28, 2008. "A co-worker, Brandi Wine, asked Fyfe, a native of Denville, if she'd like to train with her and become a professional wrestler. Soon, Fyfe, known as MaryBeth Bentley during her days at Morris Knolls High School, was in the ring."
  33. ^ MOST JERSEY REPRESENTATIVES HAVE EDGE IN FUND RAISING, The New York Times abstract, August 12, 1984. Accessed May 7, 2007. "Senator Bill Bradley, a Democrat from Denville..."
  34. ^ Laura San Giacomo interview by Chet Cooper, Ability Magazine, accessed December 20, 2006.

External links

Coordinates: 40°53′32″N 74°28′39″W / 40.89222°N 74.4775°W / 40.89222; -74.4775


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