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The Deputy Prime Minister of India is a member of the Indian cabinet in the Indian government. The post is not a constitutional post and seldom carries any specific powers. Generally a Deputy PM also holds other key portfolios like Home minister or Finance Minister. Though the Indian Constitution does not specify the position and with the Prime Minister himself being treated as "first among equals" in the cabinet, the position of DPM is sometimes used by governments to bring political stability and strength by including a powerful individual, or in times of national emergency, when a proper chain of command is necessary. The first Deputy Prime Minister was Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. The last person to hold this post was Lal Krishna Advani of the previous government. The current government does not have a Deputy Prime Minister.

The Deputy Prime Minister in reality has no power except chairing the Cabinet meetings in the absence of the PM. Only if the PM is taken ill seriously, incapacitated or in the event of his death, does the DPM take the same level of responsibility.

List of Deputy Prime Ministers of India


Indian National Congress
Janata Party
Janata Dal
Bharatiya Janata Party
Name Portrait Entered office Left office Date of Birth and Death Political party
1 Sardar Patel 15 August 1947 15 December 1950 * 31 October 1875 – 15 December 1950 Indian National Congress
2 Morarji Desai Morarji Desai 1978.jpg 21 March 1967 6 December 1969 ** 29 February 1896 – 10 April 1995 Indian National Congress
3 Choudhary Charan Singh 28 July 1977 9 October 1979 ** 23 December 1902 - 29 May 1987 Janata Party
4 Jagjivan Ram 9 October 1979 10 December 1979 5 April 1908 - 6 July 1986 Janata Party
5 Yashwantrao Chavan 10 December 1979 14 January 1980 ** 12 March 1913 - 25 November 1984 Congress (Urs)
6 Chaudhari Devi Lal Devilal.jpg 19 October 1989 21 June 1991 23 July 1914 - 14 November 2001 Janata Dal
7 Lal Krishna Advani Advani.jpg 29 June 2002 20 May 2004 8 November 1927 - alive Bharatiya Janata Party
  • * Died in Office
  • ** Resigned


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