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Dermatan sulfate
Systematic (IUPAC) name
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Identifiers
CAS number 24967-94-0
ATC code B01AX04
PubChem  ?
Chemical data
Formula  ?
Mol. mass  ?
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability  ?
Metabolism  ?
Half life  ?
Excretion  ?
Therapeutic considerations
Pregnancy cat.  ?
Legal status
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Dermatan sulfate is a glycosaminoglycan (formerly called a mucopolysaccharide) found mostly in skin, but also in blood vessels, heart valves, tendons, and lungs.

It is also referred to as chondroitin sulfate B, [1] although it is no longer classified as a form of chondroitin sulfate by most sources.

Contents

Function

Dermatan sulfate may have roles in coagulation, cardiovascular disease, carcinogenesis, infection, wound repair, and fibrosis.

Pathology

Dermatan sulfate accumulates abnormally in several of the mucopolysaccharidosis disorders.

An excess of Dermatan Sulfate in the Mitral Valve is characteristic of myxomatous degeneration of the leaflets leading to redundancy of valve tissue and ultimately, Mitral Valve Prolapse (into the Left atrium) and insufficiency. This chronic prolapse occurs mainly in women over the age of 60, and can predispose the patient to mitral annular calcification. Mitral valve insufficiency can lead to eccentric (volume dependent or dilated) hypertrophy and eventually Left Heart failure if untreated.

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References

  1. ^ Trowbridge, JM; Gallo, RL (September 2002). "Dermatan sulfate: new functions from an old glycosaminoglycan". Glycobiology 12 (9): 117R–25R. doi:10.1093/glycob/cwf066. PMID 12213784.  
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