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Derren Brown
Born 27 February 1971 (1971-02-27) (age 39)
Purley, London, England
Nationality British
Occupation Psychological Illusionist, Mentalist, Artist
Website
www.derrenbrown.co.uk, official blog

Derren Victor Brown (born 27 February 1971) is an English illusionist, mentalist, painter and sceptic.

Brown has also given performances relating to mind-reading.[1] Shortly after, he was commissioned to do a pilot for his Channel 4 television series, Mind Control. Much of his work is written in collaboration with Andy Nyman.

Contents

Early life

Brown was born in Purley, South London, educated at Whitgift School, where his father coached swimming,[2] and studied Law and German[3] at the University of Bristol.[4] While there, he attended a show by the hypnotist Martin Taylor, which inspired him to turn to illusion and hypnosis as a career.[5] Whilst an undergraduate, he started working as a conjuror, practising the traditional skills of close-up magic. In 1992, he started performing stage hypnosis shows at the University of Bristol under the stage name Darren V. Brown.[6]

Television shows

Mind Control

Since the first broadcast of his Channel 4 show Derren Brown: Mind Control in 2000, Brown has become increasingly well known for his "mind-reading" act. Brown states at the beginning of his Trick of the Mind programmes that he achieves his results using a combination of "magic, suggestion, psychology, misdirection and showmanship". Using his knowledge and skill, he appears to be able to predict and influence people's thoughts with subtle suggestion, manipulate the decision making process and read the subtle physical signs or body language that indicate what a person is thinking.

He began his television work with three sixty-minute specials over two years which led up to the six part series Mind Control, which incorporated new footage with the best of the hour long shows. Selected highlights from the first series are available on DVD and video entitled Derren Brown — Inside Your Mind.

Trick of the Mind

Trick of the Mind was the title for Brown's next series, which ran for three consecutive series. Unlike Mind Control it is all completely new material. The second series started on E4 on 11 April 2005 and was repeated on Channel 4. The third series started on 26 March 2006. Trick of the Mind series 1 and 2 are also available to buy on DVD.

Waking Dead

In June 2005, a clip from the second series was widely circulated on the internet.[citation needed] In this clip, Brown claims to have created a video game he calls "Waking Dead" which "is able to put roughly 1/3 of the people who play it into a catatonic trance". In this episode, he places the video game in a pub to lure a supposedly unsuspecting patron into playing the game. He then "kidnaps" the catatonic "victim" and places him in a real-life recreation of the video game, having him fire an air gun at actors, pretending to be zombies and outfitted with explosive squibs.

The episode raised considerable controversy. Mick Grierson, credited in the episode as "Zombie Game Designer", put up a website linking to various articles about the episode.[7]

Trick or Treat

Trick or Treat started on Channel 4 in 2007. The focus of the show is on one volunteer that either receives a good experience or a bad experience. The experience the volunteer receives is decided by which card they choose. If they choose the card that says 'Trick' they receive a bad experience and if they choose the card that says 'Treat' they receive a good experience. In the first series of 'Trick or Treat', the volunteer had no choice over the matter as the cards were ambigrams; however, in the second series, they were replaced by two more clearly defined cards which were no longer ambigrams.

Episodes of Trick or Treat are not preceded by Brown's usual claim that no actors or stooges were used in the filming of the shows. Indeed, some participants (such as the ambulance crew in the last episode) are declared to be actors.

The second series of "Trick or Treat" began on 2 May 2008 at 22.00 on Channel 4. The third episode showed a slight change from the previous format, as actor David Tennant became the first celebrity to be used for the show. The two had met at a party where Tennant expressed interest in Brown's work. While writing the second season Brown "thought it would be fun if one of the participants was well-known".[8]

The last episode of the second series featured all volunteers of the series who had previously received a trick or treat. This episode highlighted the belief of superstition, and the degree to which it will be applied.

Mind Control with Derren Brown

On 26 July 2007, the US based SCI FI Channel began showing six one-hour episodes of a series titled Mind Control with Derren Brown. Andrew O'Connor was executive producer, and the show was produced by Simon Mills who had produced the two previous series of Trick Or Treat as well as The Heist and The System for Objective Productions. Journalists in New York at the press announcement were shown preview clips of Brown "manipulating human behaviour" and given the promise of more surprises to come. Sci Fi's press release described the show as an "original US produced version". The show was a mix of new segments filmed in the US and older clips shown in earlier UK TV shows. The first showing release schedule was:

  • Episode 1: "Shopping Mall Carpark" 26 July
  • Episode 2: "Lying Car Salesman" 2 August
  • Episode 3: "Exotic Dancers" 8 August
  • Episode 4: "Receptive Children" 15 August (with Simon Pegg as a guest star)
  • Episode 5: "Assault Course" 22 August
  • Episode 6: "Disappearing Sun" 29 August

Derren Brown: The Events

Filmed for Channel 4 in front of a live studio audience, this new series, (the first episode of which aired on 11 September 2009 at 21:00[9]) was made up of four one-hour specials, during which Brown attempted what he described as "some of the most incredible feats to date". The show consists of a mixture of pre-recorded location pieces connected by theatre-based segments, with each of the four one-hour programmes building up to a major stunt performance. The first teasers broadcast were shown backwards. When played forwards, Brown explained that in his new series he would be revealing the "Inner workings" of his tricks and "Showing you how to get away with it". Stunts included a live TV broadcast in which he suggested that he had successfully predicted the winning National Lottery, and incapacitating viewers, making them feel that they are stuck to their sofa, using a subliminal video. He has also projected an image into viewers' minds and had them draw it on paper. His final event was an attempt to predict the outcome of a roulette wheel, staking £5,000 of a chosen viewer's money in the outcome. The ball landed in the pocket numbered 30 just next to Brown's choice of 8.

Television specials

Derren Brown Plays Russian Roulette Live (2003)

On 5 October 2003, Brown performed Russian roulette, live on Channel 4. The stunt was performed at an undisclosed location, supposedly in Jersey, due to laws in mainland Britain banning the possession of handguns. The majority of the episode focused upon the nomination of the final volunteer, James, who was chosen from 12,000 who applied for the task, and whittled down to five by the day of the stunt. As a prize, James was chosen to be the only person in the room when Derren performed the stunt. James was required to load a single shot into a revolver with six numbered chambers.

The programme was initially condemned by senior British police officers, apparently fearful of copycat acts. Brown himself defended the programme, saying, "It probably sounds odd. But as a magic-related performer, to have that even being asked: Was it real? Was it not real? That lifts it to a level that I'm very comfortable with. What's left is the fact that it was a terrific piece of television."[10] Some tabloid newspapers reported that Channel 4 had admitted that the stunt used blank ammunition without Brown's knowledge, but this was not an official statement made by Channel 4.[citation needed] Even blanks, however, can be fatal at such close range.

Derren Brown: Séance (2004)

Brown's next project, Derren Brown: Séance, aired on Channel 4 on 31 May 2004. In Séance, he brought students from Roehampton University together for a live séance. He held the event at Elton Hall in East London, claiming the location had a history of paranormal activity after 12 people killed themselves in a suicide pact in 1974. Brown then proceeded to demonstrate the methods used by spiritualists.

The show attempted to involve the television audience with interactive activities, the first being to identify one of the members of the suicide pact by looking at photographs. The 12 pictures were shown on screen in a set pattern, with half of them in colour and half black and white. The viewer was instructed to choose one of the colour images that they "feel a connection with". Brown then directed the viewers in a movement pattern between the photographs (for example, move left or right to one of the adjacent black and white photographs). The positioning and movement instructions were carefully planned to ensure that no matter which photograph was initially chosen the viewer would finish on the picture of "Jane". Ten of the students also chose Jane. During the following Ouija board scene, the "spirit" guided the students to spell the name Jane.

Two of the students, along with the television viewers, were asked to write the name of a city. Both students chose London.

The final scene, the séance itself, saw the group "contact" Jane. One of the students spoke as if she were Jane, giving details of her life. A letter and short film confirmed the accuracy of the details.

Brown went on to explain some of the manipulations he had used, including the photograph positioning/instructions and the use of the ideomotor effect during the Ouija board scene. The suicide pact had not taken place and "Jane" was introduced to the students at the end of the show. In his book, Tricks of the Mind, Brown reveals that, contrary to claims when the show was aired, Séance did not go out live. He said it was necessary to make people believe that it did at the time.[11]

Channel 4 received 700 complaints, most before the episode was aired. Viewers who felt "something unusual" were invited to call a phone number, and callers were told that the show was carefully planned, and that no paranormal activities were taking place. Brown also warned viewers about the impending Ouija board scene, advising those who objected for "religious reasons or otherwise" to stop watching the show.[11]

Derren Brown: Messiah (2005)

Shown on 7 January 2005, Brown traveled to the United States to try to convince five leading figures that he had powers in their particular field of expertise: Christian evangelism, alien abduction, psychic powers, New Age theories and contacting the dead.

Using a false name each time, he succeeded in convincing all of the "experts" that he had powers, and four openly endorsed him as a true practitioner. The fifth expert, the Christian evangelist Curt Nordhielm, whilst impressed by Brown's performance, asked to meet him again before giving an endorsement. The concept of the show was to highlight the power of suggestion with regard to beliefs and people's abilities, and failure to question them. Brown made it quite clear with each experiment that if any of the subjects accused him of trickery he would immediately come clean about the whole thing, a rule similar to one of the self-imposed rules of the perpetrators of the Project Alpha hoax. His conclusion was that people tend to hear only things that support their own ideas and ignore contradictory evidence; this is known in psychology as confirmation bias.

Derren Brown: The Gathering (2005)

The Gathering was a specially recorded as-live show at a secret location (hidden from the audience) with an invited audience of students from Roehampton University, celebrities, psychologists, psychics, taxi-drivers and magicians. It was filmed on 18 May 2005 and broadcast on 29 May. As part of the show Brown recalled streets, page numbers and grid references from the Greater London A-Z map. Also pseudo-psychic "mind reading" and "remote viewing" activities were recreated. During the show, Brown hypnotised the audience as a group and convinced them that for approximately half an hour after leaving the room, they would have no memory of the events. Furthermore, the word "forget" was intermittently flashed very briefly on the backdrop throughout the performance. A variety of audience members were interviewed afterwards; some of them couldn't recollect anything (but were nevertheless very impressed); brief clips of these interviews were shown. One of the most memorable stunts was getting a London taxi driver to choose a street in London and then choose and mentally drive a random route. This was achieved by drawing a line on a map of London made of stuck together A-Z pages. An envelope, which had been visible onstage throughout the entire show was then opened. This contained a card listing the page number and coordinate of the destination, an acetate with the route marked on it and a receipt for £8 (the estimated cost of the journey by the driver). He started in Buckingham Palace and ended up in Shepherd's Bush Green, the street in which the secret performance took place.

Derren Brown: The Heist (2006)

The Heist was shown on 4 January 2006 at 21:00, on Channel 4. In the show, Brown used his skills on selected participants who answered an advertisement. Under the guise of a "motivational seminar" (where they would allegedly learn Brown's skills) Brown recruited a number of participants, eventually manipulating a number of them into robbing a security van in broad daylight. "The Heist" has been described by Derren Brown as one of the stunts he is proudest of.[12]

The robbery involved holding up a security van and guard (played by an actor) using a realistic-looking toy pistol that Brown had given them earlier, and stealing a case filled with real money. Four people were selected to carry out the robbery from an initial field of thirteen, with three of them actually carrying out the "robbery". The idea was that after the conditioning they received, they would voluntarily rob the van of their own accord. There was no mention of the 'crime' to the participants, and they were not (directly) instructed to do it. The three that did it did so as a result of the conditioning and their own choice, not instructions from any third party including Brown.

Brown associated colour, music and phrases to build the participants into a highly-motivated state, converging all of those psychological empowerment tools into a single set up. The seminar subliminally anchored freedom, childhood, opportunity and romance into various criminal acts. After having previously been convinced to steal sweets from a shop based in Codicote High Street in Hertfordshire, they were shown the euphoria that could be gained from criminal acts.

This programme also contained a re-enactment of the Milgram experiment carried out by Stanley Milgram in the 1960s with the aim of selecting four of the most obedient of the group. 65% of the subjects in this experiment were willing to administer lethal electric shocks to another person on the instruction of an authoritative figure (unbeknown to the subjects, the electric shocks were not actually real); these were the same results as Milgram himself found.

Derren Brown: The System (2008)

The System, a Channel 4 special in which Brown shared his "100 per cent guaranteed" method for winning on the horses, was first shown on 1 February 2008.[13]

The show was based around the idea that a system could be developed to "guarantee a winner" of horse races. Cameras followed an ordinary member of the public, Khadisha, as Brown anonymously sent her correct predictions of five races in a row, before encouraging her to place as much money as she could on the sixth race.

To demonstrate the system to the viewer, Brown tossed a coin showing ten heads in a row to prove it was not impossible, just highly improbable.

After Brown had placed a bet of £4,000 of Khadisha's money on a horse in the final race, he explained that The System did not really exist. He had started by contacting 7,776 people and split them into six groups, giving each group a different horse. As each race had taken place 56 of the people had lost and were dropped from the system. Far from Brown knowing which horse would win, he had a different person backing each horse in each race, and it was simple logic that meant that one individual, who happened to be Khadisha, won five times in a row. This was similar to the coin flipping earlier: rather than having a predictive technique, Brown had simply tossed a coin repeatedly until ten heads had come up in a row, taking over nine hours to produce the required film. Brown expressed the opinion that the principle behind The System (essentially confirmation bias) is what is behind belief in spiritualism or homeopathic and alternative medicine.

After the selected horse in the final race lost, and Khadisha was convinced that she had lost all her borrowed money, Brown told Khadisha to look again at the betting slip in her hand. The ticket showed the winning horse's name, meaning Khadisha kept her stake and received winnings of £13,000. Brown claimed that he had decided to bet for a different horse when he got to the booth.

Other television appearances

An interview with Brown[14] was featured in Richard Dawkins' two part documentary series The Enemies of Reason. Brown explained various psychological techniques used by alleged psychics and spiritual mediums to manipulate their audience. The most notable is cold reading, a technique which Brown talked extensively about in his book Tricks of the Mind. Some video footage was also used from Brown's TV special Messiah.

As part of Channel 4's 3D season, Brown presented Derren Brown's 3D Magic Spectacular, a program in 3D.[15][16] The show was not a new special from Brown. Brown was the presenter for a number of other magicians and clips that were shown. However, he did perform one effect in which he found an object hidden in a Town centre by a volunteer.

Stage shows

Derren Brown Live

Brown's first live stage show was Derren Brown Live, which he performed in the UK in 2003. The tour was then extended into 2004.

Something Wicked This Way Comes

Brown's second live stage show, Something Wicked This Way Comes, toured around the UK following its success in the West End. The tour began in March 2005 at the Cambridge Theatre and finished in May at the Hammersmith Apollo. The run was then once more extended into the following year, being performed and filmed for a final time at the Old Vic Theatre in mid-June 2006.

A 90-minute edit of this show was broadcast on 29 December 2006 and 10 June 2007, on Channel 4, on 10 May 2008 and 17 Jan 2009 on E4 and once more on 17 June 2008 on Channel 4; a longer, unedited version was released on DVD in May 2008. The show won the Laurence Olivier Award for Best Entertainment Show 2006. The show was co-written and directed by his long time collaborator Andy Nyman. The title is a direct quote from William Shakespeare's Macbeth; Act 4, scene 1, line 45.

Mind Reader – An Evening of Wonders

Brown's third live stage show which toured around the United Kingdom in 2007 and 2008. Titled, "Derren Brown, Mind Reader — An Evening of Wonders", it started its first run on 29 April 2007 in Blackpool, ending on 17 June in Bristol.

The show toured again from February until April 2008 throughout the UK, and concluded with a West End run at the Garrick Theatre during May and early June. The West End run was a strictly limited season of 32 performances only. A performance from the last week of the tour at the Garrick theatre was filmed for Channel 4 and aired on 13 January 2009.

Derren Brown – Enigma

Enigma is the name of Brown's 2009 stage tour, directed by Andy Nyman. It began in Chatham on Friday 17 April 2009, visiting various UK towns before ending in London with a month at the Adelphi Theatre starting Monday 15 June 2009. The show includes hypnosis, where Derren attempts to hypnotise the entire audience. At the end of the show Derren pleads with audience members, particularly reviewers and the press, not to reveal the shows secrets and surprises to others so as to avoid spoiling the fun. The show is touring the UK again during the first half of 2010. Enigma has been nominated for an Olivier award on the 8th of February 2010, this will be his second nomination for an Olivier, following his 2006 show Something Wicked This Way Comes for which he won an Olivier.[17]

Other productions and publications

Brown has written three books on magic: Absolute Magic, Pure Effect, and Tricks of the Mind; another is planned.[13] The first two books he penned are intended solely for practitioners of magic and mentalism, whilst his book Tricks of the Mind is aimed at the general public. The two magic books are out of print; they and the two magic video products are useful only to those who already possess a solid and knowledgeable foundation in the theory and practice of magic.

Absolute Magic, subtitled A Model for Powerful Close-Up Performance, is not so much about magical methodology as about how magicians can make their performances magical; it is written in a variety of styles: sometimes humorous, sometimes serious. He warns against an act that conveys the feeling of "Here are some tricks I've bought" and urges magicians to make their performances experiential and memorable by involving the audience. In some respects a lot of what he says is evocative of the content of Darwin Ortiz's Strong Magic but his book expresses it in the context of his experiences, performance style and theories of how performance should be. (Out of print)

Pure Effect is a more traditional book of trickery and technique and offers an insight into some of the methods that Brown employs, and offers a starting point for development for the reader's own use. (Out of print)

Tricks of the Mind is Brown's first book intended for the general public. It is a wide-ranging book in which Brown reveals some of the techniques he uses in his performances, delves into the structure and psychology of magic and discusses hypnosis. He also applies his insight to the paranormal industry, looking at the structure of beliefs and how psychology can explain why people become 'true believers'. He also offers autobiographical stories about his own experiences as a former Christian, and discusses his scepticism about religion, allegedly 'psychic' mediums and sundry other belief systems.

Brown has recorded some audio extracts from Tricks of the Mind. In them he expounds on the three subjects essential to his performance—Magic, Memory and Hypnosis. The extracts last around 40 minutes each, disclosing tips and techniques Brown uses in his acts (as well as day-to-day) and narrating the highlights of his book.

The Devil's Picturebook is a near 3 hour home-made video. The first half explains in detail some classic card routines from his earlier career as a conjurer, all of which rely on sleight of hand, misdirection and audience management. The second looks at psychological card routines and shows a distinct move towards mentalism, for which he is now known. It is an instructional video for aspiring magicians and not an entertainment piece. For this reason, it was available only to practitioners through a password-protected "magicians only" area of his website; as of the redesign of his website in mid-2009, the magician-exclusive area is no longer accessible, and—thus—nor is The Devil's Picturebook, which is suspected to be out-of-print. It is unknown how many copies are currently in circulation.

International Magic Presents: The Derren Brown Lecture is an 80-minute lecture DVD of close-up mentalism and subsequent discussion of various aspects of Brown's performance. Again, this product is not intended for general consumption but is directed at magicians and mentalists only.

In 2007, Brown performed in the short film Medium Rare.[18]

In 2008, Brown made a guest acting appearance in BBC Four's Crooked House as Sir Roger Widdowson.[19]

In 2009, a book, Portraits, was released containing a selection of Brown's paintings and bizarre caricatures of celebrities.

In 2008, Brown provided caricatures for "The QI "F" annual".

DVD releases

Title Release Date Information
Derren Brown: Inside Your Mind 6 October 2003 (re-released 16 April 2007) Footage and some unused footage from Brown's Mind Control series.
Trick of the Mind: Series 1 25 April 2005 The first series of the Channel 4 show Trick of the Mind.
Trick of the Mind: Series 2 27 March 2006 The second series of the Channel 4 show Trick of the Mind
Something Wicked This Way Comes 5 May 2008 A DVD release of the stage show with the same name, including segments not shown on Channel 4.
Derren Brown: The Specials 3 November 2008 A collection of four of Derren Brown's one-off television specials: The Heist, The System, Séance and Russian Roulette.
Derren Brown: An Evening Of Wonders 18 May 2009 A DVD release of the stage show with the same name.

Criticism

In a Daily Telegraph article published in 2003 Simon Singh criticised Brown's early TV appearances, arguing that he presented standard magic and mentalism effects—such as the classic Ten Card Poker Deal trick—as genuine psychological manipulation.[20] On Brown's television and live shows he often appears to show the audience how a particular effect was created—claiming to use subliminal imagery, body language reading and so on. Singh's suggestion is that these explanations are dishonest. Furthermore, Singh took exception to the programme's website being categorised under Channel 4's "Science" section. The minisite was moved to Entertainment for later series. In his book Tricks of the Mind, Brown writes,

I am often dishonest in my techniques, but always honest about my dishonesty. As I say in each show, 'I mix magic, suggestion, psychology, misdirection and showmanship'. I happily admit cheating, as it's all part of the game. I hope some of the fun for the viewer comes from not knowing what's real and what isn't. I am an entertainer first and foremost, and I am careful not to cross any moral line that would take me into manipulating people's real-life decisions or belief systems.

Brown claims to never use actors or "stooges" in his work. In Tricks of the Mind, Brown writes that such a ploy is "artistically repugnant and simply unnecessary"; furthermore, he "would not want any participant to watch the TV show when it airs and see a different or radically re-edited version of what he understood to have happened".[11]

Methods

Brown uses a variety of methods to achieve his illusions including traditional magic/conjuring techniques, memory techniques, hypnosis, body language reading, cognitive psychology, cold reading and psychological, subliminal (specifically the use of 'pwa' perception without awareness) and ideomotor suggestion.

Psychological illusions

In an interview published in New Scientist, Brown says that he first developed many of his "psychological illusion" skills through his training in hypnotherapy before he was involved in learning close-up magic. When asked how he was able to produce various psychological illusions such as apparent mind-reading, lie detection and hypnotic induction, Brown claimed to be able to read on subtle cues such as a micro-muscle movements that indicate to him if someone is lying or holding something back. He also states that his participants are carefully selected based on their suggestibility and responsiveness which is common in stage hypnosis. He believes that the presence of a television camera also increases responsiveness.[21]

Neuro-linguistic programming

Several authors have claimed that Brown uses neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) in his act which "consists of a range of magical 'tricks', misdirection and, most intriguing, setting up audiences to provide the response that he wishes them to provide by using subtle subliminal cues in his conversation with them."[22] In response to the accusation that he unfairly claims to be using NLP whenever he performs, Brown writes "The truth is I have never mentioned it". Brown does have an off-stage curiosity about the system, and discusses it in the larger context of hypnotism and suggestion.[11][23] In his book "Tricks of the Mind" he mentions that he attended an NLP course with Richard Bandler, co-creator of NLP and mentor of Paul McKenna, but suggests that the rigid systems of body language interpretation employed by NLP are not as reliable as its practitioners imply. He also mentions the NLP concept of eye accessing cues as a technique of "limited use" in his book "Pure Effect".[24] The language patterns which he uses to suggest behaviours are very similar in style to those used by Richard Bandler and by the hypnotist from whom Bandler learned his skill, Milton H. Erickson. Brown also mentions in his book 'Tricks of the Mind' that NLP students were given a certificate after a four-day course, certifying them to practice NLP as a therapist. A year after Brown attended the class, he received a number of letters saying that he would receive another certificate, not for passing a test (as he discontinued practicing NLP following the course), but for keeping in touch. After ignoring their request, he later received the new certificate for NLP in his mailbox, unsolicited.

Personal life

Brown is the Patron of the National Parrot Sanctuary, situated near Skegness.[25]

Brown publicly came out as gay in 2007 in The Independent's 'I Believe' article. Brown told the paper: "I believe you should always come out; life is so much easier. People generally aren't as bothered by your intimate secrets as you are. It took me being in a relationship with a guy for a month before I told anyone I was thus inclined. If anything, I was disappointed to learn it wasn't much of a surprise. Possibly my penchant for interior decor had given the game away."[26]

Brown was a former evangelical Christian; he states that he became an atheist in his twenties. This is discussed by Brown in the Messiah special, and in his book Tricks of the Mind.[11] In an interview with Professor Richard Dawkins, Brown explained he sought to strengthen his belief and provide answers to common criticisms of religion by reading the Bible and other Christian religious texts, but upon doing so found none of the answers he sought and realised his belief had no basis.[27]

Brown was named as "Weird Crush of the Year 2009" in Heat magazine.[citation needed]

Brown is banned from every casino in Britain.[28]

References

  1. ^ "Derren Brown's First TV Appearance". Ian Rowland Website. http://www.ianrowland.com/ItemsToBuy/ColdReading/DBEarlyTV.html. Retrieved 2008-03-12. 
  2. ^ David Jenkins (2009-06-09). "Derren Brown interview". Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/5475664/Derren-Brown-interview.html. Retrieved 2009-09-04. 
  3. ^ "Derren Brown Interviews". Loaded Magazine. http://www.derrenbrowninfo.co.uk/loaded_interview.php. Retrieved 2009-09-04. 
  4. ^ Bristol Uni Alumni, 2007-01-05, http://www.bristol.ac.uk/alumni/featured/social-sciences/, retrieved 2008-03-11 
  5. ^ Fleckney, Paul (18 February 2008). "Be careful what you think — it's Derren Brown". Your Local Guardian. http://www.yourlocalguardian.co.uk/leisure/2053382.be_careful_what_you_think_its_derren_brown/. Retrieved 2008-03-11. 
  6. ^ "Derren Brown". http://www.tv.com/derren-brown/person/166156/summary.html. Retrieved 2008-09-09. 
  7. ^ http://www.mickgrierson.co.uk/?p=12
  8. ^ It's Sure To Be A Treat, 2008-04-26, http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/entertainment/entertainment-catch-all/2008/04/26/it-s-sure-to-be-a-treat-86908-20395072/, retrieved 2008-11-25 
  9. ^ "The Events « Derren Brown Blog". Derrenbrownart.com. 2009-08-12. http://derrenbrown.co.uk/blog/2009/08/events/. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  10. ^ "Magician defends gun stunt fake". CNN.com. 8 October 2003. http://www.cnn.com/2003/SHOWBIZ/TV/10/08/handgun.stunt/. Retrieved 2006-12-03. 
  11. ^ a b c d e Brown, Derren (2006), Tricks of the Mind, London: Channel 4, ISBN 9781905026265 
  12. ^ "Derren Brown Interview". Tv.sky.com. 2009-09-10. http://tv.sky.com/derren-brown-interview. Retrieved 2010-03-01. 
  13. ^ a b "Derron Brown: The System", The Telegraph, 26 January 2008, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/3670756/Derron-Brown-The-System.html, retrieved 2008-03-12 
  14. ^ "Derren Brown Interview — Richard Dawkins". Youtube.com. http://www.youtube.com/view_play_list?p=55A986E56B106611. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  15. ^ "Channel 4 plans 3D shows, The Queen, Derren Brown - ''macworld.co.uk''". Macworld.co.uk. 2009-08-24. http://www.macworld.co.uk/digitallifestyle/news/index.cfm?RSS&NewsID=26984. Retrieved 2010-03-01. 
  16. ^ "The Events - ''DerrenBrown.co.uk''". Derrenbrown.co.uk. 2009-10-02. http://derrenbrown.co.uk/blog/2009/10/events-3/. Retrieved 2010-03-01. 
  17. ^ "ENIGMA nominated for second Olivier! « Derren Brown Blog". Derrenbrown.co.uk. 2010-02-08. http://derrenbrown.co.uk/blog/2010/02/enigma-nominated-olivier/. Retrieved 2010-03-01. 
  18. ^ Medium Rare the Short Film, http://www.mediumraretheshortfilm.com/, retrieved 2008-03-12 
  19. ^ Interview with Mark Gatiss about Crooked House, http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/proginfo/tv/wk52/feature_crookedhouse.shtml, retrieved 2008-12-20 
  20. ^ Singh, Simon (10 June 2003), "I'll bet £1,000 that Derren can't read my mind", The Daily Telegraph, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/science-news/3309267/Ill-bet-1000-that-Derren-cant-read-my-mind.html, retrieved 2008-03-12 
  21. ^ Clare Wilson. "The great pretender." New Scientist. London: 30 Jul-5 Aug 2005. Vol. 187, Iss. 2510; p. 36, 2 pages
  22. ^ John Ozimek. Journal of Database Marketing & Customer Strategy Management. London: Apr 2007. Vol. 14, Iss. 3; p. 161, 3 pages
  23. ^ "Does NLP work? Is it the basis of Derren Brown's "mind control" act?", The Straight Dope, 20 November 2007, http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/2272/does-nlp-work, retrieved 2008-03-12 
  24. ^ Brown, Derren (2000), Pure Effect, p. 108 
  25. ^ The National Parrot Sanctuary. "Dedicated Psittacine Zoo & Parrot Rescue". United Kingdoms National Sanctuary. http://www.parrotsanctuary.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  26. ^ The Independent (2007-09-30). "Derren Brown: I Believe". http://img.photobucket.com/albums/v160/LooSee/article.jpg. 
  27. ^ 'The Enemies of Reason', Channel 4
  28. ^ http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/tv_and_radio/article3233325.ece

External links


Simple English

File:Derren Victor
Derren Brown

Derren Victor Brown (born 27 February 1971) is an English magician, psychological illusionist, mentalist, and painter. He was born in Croydon, South London. Brown learned law and German at the University of Bristol.[1]

In 1996, he started doing stage shows at the University he was going to. Trick of the Mind, Trick or Treat and The System are just some of his television programmes shown on channel 4.

References

Other websites








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