Derwentside: Wikis

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Coordinates: 54°52′01″N 1°45′36″W / 54.867°N 1.760°W / 54.867; -1.760

Derwentside
Motto: Donec Defluet Amnis (Until the river ceases to flow)
Derwentside
Shown within ceremonial County Durham
Geography
Status District
1974 [1] area 66,944 acres (270.91 km2)
HQ Consett
ONS code 20UD
History
Created 1974
Abolished 2009
Succeeded by County Durham
Demography
1973[1] population 91,460
1992[2] population 87,200
2001[3] population 85,074
Politics
Governance Durham County Council
Coat of arms of Derwentside District Council

Derwentside was, from 1974 to 2009, a local government district in County Durham, England.

The district took its name from the River Derwent, which made up part of the northern border of the district. Its main towns were Consett and Stanley, with the district council offices on Consett's Medomsley Road. The rest of the district was semi-rural, with numerous former pit villages running into one another.

Contents

Formation

The district was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, which reorganised local administration throughout England and Wales. The district was a merger of three abolished districts:[1]

  • Consett Urban District
  • Stanley Urban District
  • Lanchester Rural District.

Derwentside was one of eight districts into which County Durham was divided in 1974. It was bounded on the east by Chester-le-Street District, to the south-east by the City of Durham and to the south and west by Wear Valley District. To the north the district was bounded by the Metropolitan County of Tyne and Wear and to the north west by Northumberland.[1]

Economy

Derwentside's economy was traditionally based on the steel industry and coal mining. With the loss of these industries, the district struggled with unemployment, although European Union funding provided a boost to local businesses and visitor attractions.

Elections and political control

The first election to Derwentside District Council took place on 7 June 1973, with the 55 councillors elected forming a shadow authority until 1 April 1974.[1][4] Elections of the whole council were next held in 1976, and every four years thereafter.[5] Throughout the council's existence it was controlled by the Labour Party, initially with very large majorities. The main opposition group were the Derwentside Independents. At the final election prior to abolition, held in 2007, Labour's majority was reduced to only three seats.[6]

Year Conservative Labour Liberal/
Liberal Democrat
Independent Other
1973[4] 1 45 3 3 3
1976[5] 2 (+1) 39 (-6) 5 (+2) 9 (+3) 0
1979[7] 6 31 3 15 0
1983[8] 4 (-2) 36 (+3) 2 12 (-1) SDP 1
1987[9] 3 (-1) 43 (+5) 0 (-1) 9 (-2) SDP 0 (-1)
1991[10] 2 39 0 14 0
1995[11] 0 (-2) 50 (+11) 0 5 (-9) 0
1999[12] 0 47 0 8 0
2003[13] 0 38 1 (+1) 16 (+8) 0
2007[6] 0 29 (-11) 2 (+1) 24 (+10) 0

Coat of arms

Derwentside District Council were granted armorial bearings by the College of Arms in 1975. The letters patent were dated 8 May 1975, and the arms were blazoned as follows:[14]

Barry wavy of eight Argent and Azure an Eagle displayed wings inverted Or gorged with a Mural Crown proper pendent therefrom by a ring a Cross of St. Cuthbert and charged on each wing with a like Cross Azure.
Crest: On a wreath of the colours In front of Flames a Miner's Pick head upwards in pale and two Swords points upwards in Saltire proper hilts and pomels Or pendent from the Pick by a Chain Argent a Roman Shield Sable charged with a Thunderbolt and on a Bordure Or ten Pellets.
Badge:A Fountain charged with an Eagle as in the Arms.

The shield had a field of silver and blue waves, representing the Rivers Derwent, Deerness and Browney. On top of this was placed a Roman eagle, for the Roman settlements at Ebchester, Lanchester, Dere Street and Stanley. About the eagle's neck was a mural crown representing a city wall, and thus local government. On the eagle's breast and wings were three crosses of Saint Cuthbert, patron saint of Durham: these suggested the union of three County Durham councils in one.[14]

Upon a helm with torse and mantling was the crest. The swords and flames stood for the steel industry and the pickaxe for coalmining. Hanging from the axe was a Roman shield bearing a thunderbolt for the broadcasting station at Pontop Pike.[14]

The Latin motto was Donec Defluet Amnis or Until the river ceases to flow. It was adapted from the writings of the Roman poet Horace.[14]

Town Twinning

Derwentside district was twinned with Werdohl in Germany.

Abolition

The district was abolished as part of the 2009 structural changes to local government in England. On 1 April 2009 the two-tier system of administration in County Durham was replaced, with a unitary Durham County Council replacing both the existing county council and district councils.[15]

Electoral wards

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Local government in England and Wales: A Guide to the New System. London: HMSO. 1974. p. 46. ISBN 0117508470.  
  2. ^ Office of Population and Census Studies Key Population and Vital statistics 1992
  3. ^ "Derwentside". Census 2001. Office of National Statistics. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/pyramids/pages/20ud.asp. Retrieved 2009-04-19.  
  4. ^ a b "Final poll result may lie with Independents". The Times. 8 June 1973.  
  5. ^ a b "Heavy Labour losses in district polls". The Times. 8 May 1976.  
  6. ^ a b "Results: Election 2007.". The Times: p. 83. 5 May 2007.  
  7. ^ Whitaker's Almanack 1980. London: Joseph Whitaker. 1980. ISBN 085021114X.  
  8. ^ "How votes were cast in local government elections". The Times: p. 4. 7 May 1983.  
  9. ^ "Results in Thursday's local elections". The Times. 9 May 1987.  
  10. ^ "Complete round-up of results from Thursday's local council elections". The Times. 4 May 1991.  
  11. ^ "Complete list of results from Thursday's council elections". The Times: p. 10. 6 May 1995.  
  12. ^ "How Britain voted: Council Election Results". The Independent: p. 12. 8 May 1999.  
  13. ^ "English councils: Non-metropolitan districts". The Times: p. 47. 3 May 2003.  
  14. ^ a b c d The Armorial Bearings of the Derwentside District Council, information sheet published by the council, undated.
  15. ^ "The County Durham (Structural Change) Order 2008". Office of Public Sector Information. 2008. http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2008/uksi_20080493_en_1. Retrieved 2009-04-18.  

External links

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