|Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport|
|FAA airport diagram|
|IATA: DTW – ICAO: KDTW – FAA: DTW|
|Owner||Wayne County, Michigan|
|Operator||Wayne County Airport Authority|
|Elevation AMSL||645 ft / 197 m|
|Source: Federal Aviation Administration|
Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport (IATA: DTW, ICAO: KDTW), usually called Detroit Metro Airport, Metro Airport locally, or simply DTW, is a major international airport in Romulus, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. It is Michigan's busiest airport.
Detroit is the second-largest hub for Delta Air Lines, and serves as the airline's primary gateway to Asia. It is also one of SkyTeam's major Midwestern hubs. It is also the second-largest base for Spirit Airlines, where the airline was founded and once operated its largest hub. Operated by the Wayne County Airport Authority, the airport is one of the nation's most-recently expanded and modernized airports, with six major runways, two terminals, 145 in-service gates, and an on-site Westin Hotel and conference center. The McNamara Terminal Concourse A is the world's second-longest airport terminal building at one mile (1.6 km) It is just surpassed by the 1.06-mile [1.7 km] long Kansai International Airport). The airport has maintenance facilities capable of servicing and repairing aircraft as large as the Boeing 747.
In 2008, Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport was the 13th-busiest airport in the United States and the 24th busiest airport in the world in terms of passenger traffic. Through August 2008, the airport remained one of the top ten U.S. international gateway airports. Metro Airport also serves the Toledo, Ohio, area, which is located approximately 47 miles (76 km) south of the airport, and the city of Windsor, Ontario and Southwestern Ontario in nearby Canada. The airport serves over 160 destinations in Canada, the USA, Mexico, the Caribbean, Europe, the Middle East, and Far East Asia.
Wayne County authorities began planning for a new airport in the western portions of the county as early as 1927, and the county acquired one square mile of land for an aviation facility, to be called Wayne County Airport, at the corner of Middlebelt and Wick Roads on the northeastern corner of today's airport, the following year. Construction was completed in 1929, and the first official landing took place on February 22, 1930. That same year, Thompson Aeronautical Corporation, a forerunner of American Airlines, inaugurated service from Wayne County. From 1931 until 1945, the airport housed Michigan National Guard operations gained by the Army Air Force. It was also named Romulus Army Airfield during the war. The original runway (14/32) was later decommissioned. However, parts of it remain today as Taxiways M-4 and P-4, transversing from southeast of Runway 3R/21L through Runway 9L/27R and ending northwest of Runway 3L/21R.
Between 1947 and 1950, county officials expanded the small airport to become Detroit's primary airport. The airport was renamed Detroit-Wayne Major Airport in 1947 and over the next three years expanded in size threefold as three more runways were built. In 1949, runways 3L/21R and 9L/27R were built and in 1950 runway 4R/22L was added. During this time, most commercial traffic shifted from small Detroit City Airport (now Coleman Young International Airport) northeast of downtown Detroit to the larger Willow Run Airport over twenty miles (32 km) west of the city, and ten miles (16 km) west of Wayne County Airport.
During the early 1950s, Pan-Am and BOAC began operations at Detroit-Wayne Major. 1956 marked a major turning point in the history of the growing airport. American Airlines agreed to shift operations to Detroit-Wayne, doing so two years later, accompanied by four other carriers. Also, the Civil Aviation Administration (now the FAA) announced that year the inclusion of Detroit-Wayne in the first group of American airports to receive new long-range radar equipment, enabling the airport to become the first inland airport in the United States certified for jet aircraft operations. Also in 1958, the L.C. Smith (South) Terminal was completed to accommodate the new carriers, and the airport was given its present name.
During the next decade, the remaining passenger traffic at Willow Run gradually shifted to Metro Airport, and the North Terminal (later renamed the Davey Terminal) opened in 1966 to accommodate the new arrivals. Growing international traffic necessitated the building of a third terminal, the Michael Berry International Terminal, in 1974. The last of its original three parallel runways (3R/21L) was completed in 1976. A new parallel cross winds runway (9R/27L) opened in 1993.
Republic Airlines began hub operations in 1984, and its merger with Northwest Airlines in 1986 expanded the hub greatly. Transpacific operations began in 1987 with non-stop flights to Tokyo. The last of Metro's six runways (4L/22R) was completed in December 2001 in preparation for the opening of the mile-long, 122-gate, $1.2 billion McNamara Terminal in the airport midfield in 2002.
The present Runway 3L/21R has held four different identifier names. When opened in 1949, it was simply Runway 3/21. With the opening of the new west side Runway 3L/21R in 1950, the original 3/21 was renamed 3R/21L. With the opening of the new east side Runway 3R/21L in 1976, it was renamed 3C/21C. With the opening of Runway 4L/22R in December 2001 and the consequent splitting of the field into two sectors (3/21 on the east and 4/22 on the west) Runway 3C/21C was renamed Runway 3L/21R.
Metro Airport has recently been said to be planning a project which would include an airport rail system, a new runway, and terminal expansions. The FAA projects that air traffic will grow 67% at Detroit Metro over the next 20 years, which would equate to 60 million passengers. The rail system would connect the existing McNamara Terminal and the new North Terminal together via tram. It would also connect an anticipated consolidated rental car facility and a planned regional rail system. Also, the airport is considering lengthining Concourses B and C in the McNamara Terminal. In order to pay for these projects, the Airport Authority has asked Congress to raise the current $4.50 passenger facility fee to $7.00. Former hub carrier Northwest Airlines had opposed utilizing the passenger facility fee to fund the airport rail system (the airline later merged with Delta).
The Wayne County Airport Authority's latest FAA Master Plan includes a number of proposed future developments to be considered at such time as demand warrants and funding is available. Perhaps the most controversial element of this plan is the proposed new parallel runway. This runway will add to the airports' already 4 parallel runways and alleviate future congestion.
The McNamara Terminal, formerly also known as The Northwest WorldGateway, opened on February 25, 2002. It was designed by SmithGroup. It was the replacement for the aged Davey Terminal, which was the principal hub for Northwest Airlines until its closing in 2002. During development, the terminal was known as the Midfield Terminal.
The terminal is used exclusively by Delta and its SkyTeam partners, except for Continental Airlines (which currently uses several gates at McNamara but will relocate to the North Terminal in Spring 2010). It has three concourses, "A", "B", and "C", which house 121 gates with shopping and dining in the center of "A" concourse (known as "the link"), as well as throughout the concourses. In addition to moving walkways spaced along the length of each concourse, the "A" concourse has a people mover, the ExpressTram, that gets passengers from one end of the mile-long (1.6 km) Concourse A to the other, arriving at three different boarding stations, "Terminal Station" (in the center), "North Station" and "South Station", in a little over three minutes. Trams arrive almost simultaneously at the Terminal Station and depart in opposite directions; one to the North Station and one to the South Station. The McNamara Terminal opened a new baggage sorting facility in October 2008, which has improved the screening of baggage through 14 different x-ray machines with bomb detection devices implemented on the conveyor system. Northwest Airlines says that it has reduced the amount of lost baggage, and it has improved the timeliness of bags getting to their correct flight.
A Westin hotel is directly connected to the terminal. Additionally, overnight guests at the hotel who are not flying can obtain a pass to enter the concourses to visit shops and restaurants. Called the Airport Access Authorization to Commercial Establishments Beyond the Screen Checkpoint (AAACE), registered guests must undergo thorough background checks to pass through security. Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport is the only other airport participating in this program.
The "A" concourse holds 64 gates with 12 gates being used for international departures and arrivals processing. The "A" concourse is intended for all but the smaller regional aircraft and all international arrivals. There is a large, black granite water feature designed by WET in the center of the concourse. The concourse holds over 1.5 miles (2.4 km) of moving walkways. English and Japanese signage is found mostly throughout the terminal (because of regular flights to and from points in Japan), as well as other languages located in central areas.
The twelve international gates have dual jetbridges for a quicker deplaning time. They also contain two exit configurations depending on the arriving flight. Domestic arrivals follow the upper path directly into the terminal while international arrivals proceed downstairs to customs and immigration screening. The Customs and Border Protection processing center located in the terminal's lower level is designed to accommodate as many as 3,200 passengers per hour. The exit from screening center leads back into the lobby of the "A" concourse.
The "B" and "C" concourses currently have fifty-eight gates. The gates are used for Delta's smaller aircraft as well as Continental flights. Nearly all regional flights have jetbridges, eliminating the need for outdoor boarding.
The "B" and "C" concourses are connected to the main terminal building and the "A" Concourse by a pedestrian walkway under the tarmac. This walkway, known as the Light Tunnel, features an elaborate multi-colored light show behind sculpted glass panels extending the entire length of the walkway, as well several moving walkways. The light patterns are synchronized with an original musical score. This installation, one of the first, large scale uses of color changing LED lighting in the States, was produced by Mills James Productions and has won multiple lighting design awards including the prestigious Guth Award of Merit.
The North Terminal opened on September 17, 2008. It is the replacement for the aged Berry and Smith Terminals, which housed all non-SkyTeam airlines. As of October 2009, the North Terminal's name has not yet been finalized as its naming rights have been put up for to bid.
The terminal houses all non-SkyTeam airlines serving the airport. It is considered to be the "D" Concourse of the airport as the McNamara Terminal has Concourses A, B, and C. The concourse holds 26 gates, two of which opened in Summer 2009 to accommodate international widebody flights to and from the terminal. The two gates could not be opened at the same time as the rest of the terminal due to its extremely close proximity to Smith Terminal's C Concourse. The concourse was demolished after flights moved to the new terminal. It features four long stretches of moving walkways on the departures level and another stretch below for international arriving passengers to access the Federal Inspection Services area.
The North Terminal houses two 6-lane security checkpoints in a design that allows smooth operation and screening of passengers. The terminal also has Customs & Immigration facilities located on the lower level for arriving international flights.
On January 29, 2010, the North Terminal was named winner of the "Build Michigan" award project.
|Air Canada Jazz||Toronto-Pearson [resumes May 1]||North|
|Air Canada operated by Air Georgian||Toronto-Pearson [ends April 30]||North|
|Air France||Paris-Charles de Gaulle||McNamara|
|AirTran Airways||Atlanta, Orlando||North|
|American Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare [resumes April 6], Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami||North|
|American Eagle||Chicago-O'Hare, New York-LaGuardia||North|
|Continental Express operated by ExpressJet Airlines||Houston-Intercontinental, Newark||McNamara1|
|Delta Air Lines||Albany [resumes April 5], Amsterdam, Anchorage [seasonal], Appleton, Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, Cancún [seasonal], Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Cozumel [seasonal], Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Frankfurt, Grand Cayman [seasonal], Grand Rapids, Green Bay, Hartford/Springfield, Hong Kong [begins June 2], Honolulu [resumes June 2], Houston-Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo [seasonal], Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Las Vegas, Lexington [begins September 24, ends October 11], London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madison, Manchester (NH), Manila, Mazatlan [seasonal], Memphis, Mexico City, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montego Bay, Mumbai [ends March 27], Nagoya-Centrair, Nashville, Nassau [seasonal], New Orleans [seasonal], New York-JFK, New York-LaGuardia, Newark, Orange County, Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pittsburgh [resumes April 6], Portland (OR) [seasonal], Providence, Puerto Vallarta [seasonal], Punta Cana [seasonal], Raleigh/Durham, Rome-Fiumicino [seasonal], Sacramento [begins April 7], St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Francisco, San Juan, Sarasota/Bradenton [seasonal], Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul-Incheon [resumes June 1], Shanghai-Pudong, Tampa, Tokyo-Narita, Vancouver [seasonal], Washington-Reagan, West Palm Beach||McNamara|
|Delta Connection operated by Comair||Birminghgam (AL) [resumes May 2], Burlington, Chicago-Midway, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Charleston (SC), Columbus (OH), Dayton, Evansville, Fort Wayne, Greensboro (NC), Hartford/Springfield, Louisville, Montréal-Trudeau, New York-JFK, Norfolk, Omaha, Philadelphia, Portland (ME), Providence, Rochester (NY)||McNamara|
|Delta Connection operated by Compass Airlines||Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Dallas/Fort Worth, Grand Rapids, Kansas City, Louisville, Monterrey, Myrtle Beach, Nashville, Newark, Pittsburgh, St. Louis, San Antonio, Washington-Dulles, Washington-Reagan||McNamara|
|Delta Connection operated by Freedom Airlines||Burlington, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Cleveland, Columbus, Dayton, Fayetteville (AR), Greensboro, Harrisburg, Kansas City, Knoxville, Lexington, Louisville, Nashville, Rochester (NY), Syracuse||McNamara|
|Delta Connection operated by Mesaba Airlines||Alpena, Appleton, Austin, Champaign/Urbana, Charleston (WV), Charlottetown [resumes June 17], Chicago-O'Hare, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Cleveland, Dallas/Fort Worth, Des Moines, Erie, Escanaba, Flint, Fort Wayne, Grand Rapids, Halifax [resumes April 6], Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Kalamazoo, Lexington, London (ON), Manchester (NH), Marquette, Milwaukee, Moline/Quad Cities, New Orleans [seasonal], Newark, Norfolk, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Pellston, Peoria, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Providence, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, Sault Saint Marie, Savannah, Sioux Falls, South Bend, Syracuse, Toledo, Wausau, White Plains||McNamara|
|Delta Connection operated by Pinnacle Airlines||Albany, Allentown, Akron/Canton, Appleton, Asheville, Bangor, Binghamton, Birmingham (AL), Bloomington/Normal, Burlington (VT), Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Charleston (SC), Charleston (WV), Charlottesville, Chicago-Midway, Cleveland, Columbia (SC), Columbus (OH), Dayton, Des Moines, Duluth, Elmira/Corning, Erie, Evansville, Fayetteville (AR), Flint, Fort Wayne, Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Harrisburg, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Ithaca (NY), Jackson (MS), Kalamazoo, Kansas City, Knoxville, La Crosse (WI), Lansing, Lexington, Moline/Quad Cities, Montréal-Trudeau, Nashville, Newburgh, Norfolk, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ottawa, Pellston, Peoria, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Quebec City, Richmond, Roanoke, Rochester (MN), Rochester (NY), Savannah, St. Louis, South Bend, State College (PA), Toronto-Pearson, Traverse City, Tri-Cities, Tulsa, Wausau, Wichita [resumes May 1], Wilkes-Barre/Scranton||McNamara|
|Frontier Airlines operated by Republic Airlines||Denver||North|
|Ryan International Airlines||Charters||North|
|Southwest Airlines||Baltimore, Chicago-Midway, Denver, Nashville, Orlando [begins March 20], Phoenix, St. Louis||North|
|Spirit Airlines||Atlantic City [seasonal], Cancún, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Las Vegas, Los Angeles [seasonal], Myrtle Beach, New York-LaGuardia, Orlando, Tampa, West Palm Beach [seasonal]||North|
|United Express operated by ExpressJet Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Washington-Dulles||North|
|United Express operated by GoJet Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Washington-Dulles||North|
|United Express operated by Mesa Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Washington-Dulles||North|
|United Express operated by SkyWest Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Denver||North|
|United Express operated by Trans States Airlines||Washington-Dulles||North|
|US Airways||Charlotte, Philadelphia, Phoenix||North|
|US Airways Express operated by Air Wisconsin||Philadelphia, Washington-Reagan||North|
|US Airways Express operated by Mesa Airlines||Charlotte||North|
|US Airways Express operated by Republic Airlines||Charlotte, Philadelphia||North|
|ABX Air||Wilmington, Rochester|
|FedEx Express||Memphis, Indianapolis, Newark|
|FedEx Feeder operated by CSA Air||Findlay|
|UPS Airlines||Louisville, Philadelphia, Rockford|
|Volga-Dnepr||Various Asian and European destinations|
The Berry Terminal, named for a former airport commissioner, was designed by Detroit architect Louis G. Redstone, and was opened in 1974. This was the former international terminal at DTW. It was decommissioned on September 17, 2008 and replaced by the North Terminal, though, the airport authority voted on May 20, 2009 to renovate the terminal to house their offices. All international passengers would arrive at this terminal, go through customs and immigrations, and continue on to their connecting flights by bus to adjacent terminals.
Originally containing six gates (two of which were removed in 2003 to allow for construction of an adjacent Northwest Airlines maintenance hangar), the terminal was later used for scheduled and charter flights. There were still several international scheduled flights on low cost carriers to destinations in the Caribbean and other warm-weathered places in the early 2000s, including flights from Champion Air, Ryan International Airlines and USA3000 Airlines. There were also four charter airlines that used this terminal.
The Smith Terminal, named for Detroit-Wayne Major airport visionary Leroy C. Smith, was built in 1957. Though cited as the oldest of Metro Airport's terminals, that designation belongs to the Executive Terminal building located near Middlebelt Road and Lucas Drive, 1/4 mile east. It was built in the late 1920s and is still in operation today as home to Signature, a flight support company.
The Smith Terminal's thirty-two gates originally housed Northwest Orient Airlines, Allegheny Airlines (forerunner to US Airways), Eastern Airlines, and Pan-Am, among others. A control tower was included in the construction, and served its purpose until the late 1980s, when a new control tower was built near where the new McNamara Terminal would be constructed.
In later years, Smith Terminal hosted North American airlines other than Northwest, Continental, and later Delta, which was relocated to the McNamara Terminal after its 2002 completion.
State of the art for its time, the Smith Terminal eventually fell victim to airline expansion. The design of the building did not allow for physical expansion of the ticketing area. To accommodate additional airlines, ticketing counters were constructed on the sides of the lobby in areas that previously held lounges and retail. In contrast, the North Terminal was constructed with future expansion in mind.
Spirit Airlines, which operated out of many of the gates once used by Northwest, had done few upgrades to the gate areas in those parts of the terminal. The Northwest Airlines display boards near check-in counters at each gate remained in place, with the Northwest logos removed, and a Spirit information board simply affixed over the old display board.
On September 10, 2008, the Detroit News reported that Smith Terminal itself will not be demolished due to the airport authority offices remaining on the upper floors and mezzanine. However, the Detroit Free Press of October 9, 2008 stated that maintaining the terminal in its present condition would cost upwards of $4 million annually in utilities, a sore spot for airlines at DTW who foot the bill in part through airport landing fees; the airlines were hoping for a greater cost savings once the Smith and Berry Terminals were decommissioned.  On May 20, 2009, the airport authority formally voted to totally vacate the Smith Terminal, while retaining and renovating the Berry Terminal for their offices.
Discussions were also raised regarding proposed construction of a new building to house the Airport Authority offices and Airport Police, with a preliminary price tag of $31.5 million. Meanwhile, Hollywood producers have expressed an interest in using the empty terminal for filming. 
The Davey Terminal was built in 1966 and was first known as "Terminal 2" or the "North Terminal". It was renamed the "J. M. Davey Terminal" in 1975 in honor of former airport manager James M. Davey. It originally contained three concourses labeled C thru E, as well as a Marriott hotel. In the early 1980s, a separate ticketing area was constructed to the north of the Davey Terminal, along with Concourses F and G to eventually accommodate Northwest Airlines' regional jet fleet.
Over time, the terminal and concourse began showing its age due to its layout and poor maintenance, hastened further by increased aircraft traffic, which it was not designed to handle efficiently. Despite this, more gates were added to Concourse C in a short-term expansion project in the early 1990s, making it 26 gates in length. This concourse was considered the worst by most travelers due to its long distance from the center of the terminal, and for its length.
The Davey Terminal was originally the principal base of operations for Republic Airlines, which merged with Northwest Orient Airlines into Northwest Airlines by 1986. Upon relocation of Northwest operations to the McNamara Terminal, the Davey Terminal was mothballed for three years before demolition of the ticketing area and Concourse G began on October 17, 2005 in preparation for the North Terminal project. All concourses of the Davey Terminal and adjoining Marriott hotel, except gates 1 thru 11 of Concourse C, were subsequently demolished in 2005-06 (the remaining gates were in use by Spirit Airlines until the new North Terminal opened on September 17, 2008).
The McNamara Terminal Parking Structure is an 89-acre (36-ha) 10-level facility, which opened in February 2002. It is one of the largest parking structures in the world. It includes a ground transportation center, pedestrian bridge, two luggage check-in locations, conveyors and bridges to transport luggage, six restrooms, three offices for parking officials, and two electrical substations. The structure can park 11,489 cars in seven user groups. Parking for the North Terminal is offered in a garage known as the Big Blue Deck. Two additional outdoor lots, named "yellow" and "red," serve as overflow parking. It was noted in the October 9, 2008 Detroit Free Press that one of the two latter lots (not identified specifically) could be closed in the near future due to airport budget constraints. Four additional, privately owned parking lots are located outside airport grounds (Airlines Parking, Park 'N' Go, Qwik Park, U.S. Park). Motorcycle parking is free at the airport. Motorcycles can be parked in a separate covered area from cars at the McNamara Terminal Parking Structure.
The airport is accessible from I-94, which is the closest entrance to the Berry and Smith Terminals, and from I-275 via Eureka Road, which is closer to the McNamara Terminal. John D. Dingell Drive (named after John D. Dingell) is an expressway that runs from I-94 to Eureka Road. This expressway was built in 1999 for access to the McNamara Terminal. Many other local roads (including Goddard Road, Northline Road, Ecorse Road, Middlebelt Road, Merriman Road, and Wick Road) all have access to the airport and its surrounding property.
The Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation (SMART) provides bus routes 125 (Fort Street - Detroit) and 280 (Middlebelt Road), one per hour, that connect the airport with the rest of Metro Detroit. Terminal To Terminal shuttles provide free transport between the McNamara and North Terminals. Robert Q. Airbus also provides independent shuttle services, and most hotels located within the airport parameter provide their own shuttle services as well.
The McNamara and North Terminals also have cell phone lots. The McNamara Terminal cell phone lot is located on the south side of Eureka Road between I-275 and the airport entrance ramp. The North Terminal cell phone lot is located near I-94 at the Middlebelt Road exit and near the on-airport car rental facilities. Both cell phone lots are clearly marked and unattended vehicles are prohibited.
Metro Airport has also introduced a new system (1>2>3 PARK) which enables travelers to pay by swiping their credit or debit card. This new system is simple because it does not need a parking stub to know the duration of the travelers' stay. As of now, the "Big Blue Deck", the surface parking lots, and the McNamara Terminal parking structure currently have and use this new system.
There is a Ground Transportation Center which is directly across from the North Terminal near the current "Big Blue Deck" parking structure, which has been expanded to include a further 800 parking spaces.
Besides its official name, Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, the airport is known as