The Full Wiki

More info on Detroit Tigers

Detroit Tigers: Wikis

  
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Detroit Tigers

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For current information on this topic, see 2010 Detroit Tigers season.
Detroit Tigers
Established 1894
Detroit Tigers logo.svg
Team logo
Detroit Tigers Insignia.svg
Cap Insignia
Major league affiliations
Current uniform
ALC-Uniform-DET.PNG
Retired Numbers 2, 5, 6, 16, 23, 42, Cobb
Colors
  • Navy Blue, White, Orange               [1]
Name
  • Detroit Tigers (1901–present)
Other nicknames
  • The Bengals
    The Motor City Kitties
Ballpark
Major league titles
World Series titles (4) 1984 • 1968 • 1945 • 1935
AL Pennants (10) 2006 • 1984 • 1968 • 1945
1940 • 1935 • 1934 • 1909
1908 • 1907
Central Division titles (0) None*

(Did Not Join the AL Central until 1998.)

East Division titles (3) 1987 • 1984 • 1972

(Divisions were not created until 1969.)

Wild card berths (1) 2006
Owner(s): Michael Ilitch
Manager: Jim Leyland
General Manager: David Dombrowski

The Detroit Tigers are a Major League Baseball team based in Detroit, Michigan. One of the American League's eight charter franchises, the club was founded in Detroit in 1894. The Tigers have won four World Series championships (1935, 1945, 1968 and 1984) and have won the American League pennant 10 times. Since 2000, the team has played at Comerica Park.

The Tigers constructed Bennett Park at the corner of Michigan Avenue and Trumbull Avenue and began playing there in 1896. In 1912, the team moved into Navin Field, which was built on the same location. It was almost completely rebuilt in 1938 and renamed Briggs Stadium. It was renamed Tiger Stadium in 1961 and the Tigers played there until moving to their current park, Comerica Park in 2000.

Contents

Franchise history

The club is a charter member of the American League, one of four clubs (with the Boston Red Sox, Chicago White Sox and Cleveland Indians) still located in its original city. Detroit is also the only member of the Western League, the AL's minor league predecessor, that remains in its original city under its original name. It was established as a charter member in 1894.

Early baseball in Detroit

Detroit's first major league entry was the Detroit Wolverines, a member of the National League from 1881 through 1888. The nickname, now associated with the University of Michigan, came from Michigan's nickname, "The Wolverine State".

The Wolverines' best year was 1887. They won the National League pennant and an exhibition World Series, defeating the American Association champion St. Louis Browns, 10 games to 5. All fifteen scheduled games of the series were played, as the clubs toured ten different cities.

The leading players were Hardy Richardson, Jack Rowe, Deacon White, Charlie Getzein and Hall of Famers "Big Sam" Thompson and Dan Brouthers. Thompson won the 1887 NL batting championship, making him the only NL batting winner from the traditionally AL city.

Despite the championship, the team did not draw enough fans to stay solvent at the major league level, as Detroit was at the time one of the smallest cities in the National League and its rapid industry-fueled growth was still several years in the future. Hall of Fame manager Ned Hanlon played all eight seasons in center field but there was high turnover otherwise. After the 1888 season, the team disbanded and the city was relegated to minor league status. One new club formed and joined the International League in 1889, and promptly won the league championship. Their fans' joy came to an abrupt end when the league temporarily disbanded in mid-1890 and took the team with it. An attempt was made to revive the old Northwestern League in 1891, but it also collapsed in mid-season, and Detroit professional baseball took a short hiatus.

Another Detroit club was a charter member when the Western League reorganized for the 1894 season. They originally played at Boulevard Park, sometimes called League Park, at the corner of East Lafayette and Helen near Belle Isle. In 1895, owner George Vanderbeck decided to build Bennett Park at the corner of Michigan and Trumbull Avenues, which would remain their base of operations for the next 104 seasons. The first game at the corner was an exhibition on April 13, 1896. The team, now occasionally called the "Tigers," beat a local semi-pro team, known as the Athletics, by a score of 30–3. They played their first Western League game at Bennett Park on April 28, 1896, defeating the Columbus Senators 17–2. (Richard Bak, A Place for Summer: A Narrative History of Tiger Stadium, 1998, pp. 58–59)

When the Western renamed itself the American League for 1900, it was still a minor league, but next year it broke with the National Agreement and declared itself major, openly competing with the National League for players, and for fans in three contested cities. For a few years there were rumors of abandoning Detroit to compete for Cincinnati or Pittsburgh but the two leagues made peace in 1903 after similar moves into St. Louis and New York.

The Tigers played their first game as a major league team at home against the Milwaukee Brewers on April 25, 1901, with 10,000 fans at Bennett Park. (Richard Bak, A Place for Summer: A Narrative History of Tiger Stadium, 1998, pp. 73–74) After entering the ninth inning behind 13–4, the team staged a dramatic comeback to win 14-13. That team finished third in the eight-team league.

Detroit's blue laws prevented baseball from being played at Bennett Park on Sundays. Owner James D. Burns built a ballpark on his own property named Burns Park where the Tigers played their Sunday home games for the 1901 and 1902 seasons.

Eleven years later, an elegant stadium was constructed on the site of Bennett Park and named Navin Field for owner Frank Navin. In 1938 it was improved and named Briggs Stadium and renamed "Tiger Stadium" in 1961. Tiger Stadium was used by the Tigers until the end of the 1999 season; from 2000 they have played in Comerica Park.

The Tigers

Tiger Stadium, home of the Detroit Tigers from 1912–1999 at the corner of Michigan and Trumbull in the Corktown district of Detroit.

There are various legends about how the Tigers got their nickname. One involves the orange stripes they wore on their black stockings. Tigers manager George Stallings took credit for the name; however, the name appeared in newspapers before Stallings was manager. Another legend concerns a sportswriter equating the 1901 team's opening day victory with the ferocity of his alma mater, the Princeton Tigers.

Richard Bak, in his 1998 book, A Place for Summer: A Narrative History of Tiger Stadium, pp. 46–49, explains that the name originated from the Detroit Light Guard military unit, who were known as "The Tigers". They had played significant roles in certain Civil War battles and in the 1898 Spanish-American War. The baseball team was still informally called both "Wolverines" and "Tigers" in the news. The earliest known use of the name "Tigers" in the media was in the Detroit Free Press on April 16, 1895. Upon entry into the majors the ballclub sought and received formal permission from the Light Guard to use its trademark and from that day forth it is officially the Tigers.

The Cobb era (1905–1921)

Ty Cobb in 1913.

In 1905, the team acquired Ty Cobb, a fearless player with a mean streak, who came to be regarded as one of the greatest players of all time, and was also known for his racist demeanor. The addition of Cobb to an already talented team that included Sam Crawford, Hughie Jennings, Bill Donovan and George Mullin quickly yielded results, as the Tigers won their first American League pennant in 1907.

1907 American League Champions

Cobb and the Tigers lost in the 1907 Fall Classic against the Chicago Cubs. With the exception of Game 1, which ended in a rare tie, the Tigers failed to score more than one run in any game and lost four straight.

1908 American League Champions

The Cubs would deny Detroit the title again in '08, holding Detroit to a .209 batting average for the series, which the Cubs again won in five games.

1909 American League Champions

It was hoped that a new opponent in the 1909 Series, Pittsburgh, would yield different results, but the Tigers were blown out 8–0 in the decisive seventh game at Bennett Park.[2]

1915

In 1915, the Tigers won a then-club record 100 games but narrowly lost the American League pennant to the Boston Red Sox who won 101 games. The 1915 Tigers were led by an outfield consisting of Ty Cobb, Sam Crawford, and Bobby Veach that finished #1, #2, and #3 in RBIs and total bases. Cobb also set a stolen base record with 96 steals in 1915 that stood until 1962. Baseball historian Bill James has ranked the 1915 Tigers outfield as the greatest in the history of major league baseball. The only team in Tigers' history with a better winning percentage than the 1915 squad was the 1934 team that lost the World Series to the St. Louis Cardinals.

1916–1920

In the teens and twenties, Cobb remained the marquee player on many Tigers teams that would remain mired in the middle of the American League. Cobb himself took over managerial duties in 1921, but during six years at the helm, his Tigers never had a record better than 86–68.

1921

In 1921, the Tigers amassed 1724 hits and a team batting average of .316—the highest team hit total and batting average in American League history. (The Elias Book of Baseball Records, 2008, p. 88) That year, outfielders Harry Heilmann and Ty Cobb finished #1 and #2 in the American League batting race with batting averages of .394 and .389. As early proof of the baseball adage that good pitching beats good hitting, the downfall of the 1921 Tigers was the absence of good pitching. The team ERA was 4.40, and they allowed nine or more runs 28 times. Without pitching to support the offense, the 1921 Tigers finished in sixth place in the American League, 27 games behind the Yankees with a record of 71–82.

The Tigers break through (1922–44)

1922–1933

The Tiger teams of the 1930s were consistently among the league's best with "Black Mike" Mickey Cochrane behind the plate, slugger Hank Greenberg at first, and consistent Charlie Gehringer, "The Mechanical Man", at second.

1934 American League Champions

They would lose again in the 1934 World Series in seven games to the Gashouse Gang St. Louis Cardinals. Again, when the chips were down in the deciding game, Detroit folded, giving up seven third-inning runs and losing Game Seven 11–0 at Navin Field (Tiger Stadium). The game was marred by an ugly incident. After spiking Tiger third baseman Marv Owen in the sixth inning, the Cardinals' Joe "Ducky" Medwick had to be removed from the game for his own safety by Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis after being pelted with fruit and garbage from angry fans in the large temporary bleacher section in left field.

1935 World Series Champions

The Tigers eventually won the World Series the following year, defeating the Cubs 4 games to 2 to win the 1935 World Series, which concluded with Goose Goslin's dramatic game-ending single, scoring Cochrane to seal the victory.

1936–1940

Despite being forecast to win the American League title again in 1936[3] the Tigers returned to the middle of the American League standings in the late 1930s. At the close of the 1938 season, however, the Tigers presciently held out doubts about a pennant in 1939, but figured that 1940 would be their year.[4]

1940 American League Champions

The Tigers won the American League Championship and reached the World Series once again. But, the Tigers lost the World Series to the Cincinnati Reds.

1945 World Series Champions

With the end of World War II and the timely return of Hank Greenberg and others from the military, the Tigers took the 1945 American League pennant. With Virgil Trucks, Hal Newhouser and Dizzy Trout on the mound and Greenberg leading the Tiger bats, Detroit responded in a Game 7 for the first time, staking Newhouser to a 5–0 lead before he threw a pitch en route to a 9–3 victory over the Cubs. Because many baseball stars had not yet returned from the military, some baseball scholars have deemed the '45 Series to be among the worst-played contests in Series history. For example, prior to the Series, Chicago sportswriter Warren Brown was asked who he liked, and he answered, "I don't think either one of them can win it!" (The Chicago Cubs, by Warren Brown, 1946) But the Cubs had no answer to Greenberg, and the Series went Detroit's way.

1946–67

1946–60

After their 1945 Series win, the Tigers sank back to the middle of the pack in the American League for most of the 1950s. Notwithstanding Detroit's fall in the standings, the decade saw the debut of outfielder Al Kaline. He would hit over .300 nine times in his career, and featured one of the league's best arms in right field. But the Tigers suffered on the field because they were the 15th of the then-16 MLB teams to field an African-American player – in the Tigers' case, an Afro-Caribbean player, Ozzie Virgil, Sr., who integrated the Tigers in 1958. Only the Boston Red Sox trailed the Tigers in integrating their roster.

1961

However, Detroit began its slow ascent back to success with an outstanding 1961 campaign, which saw them win 101 games. They still finished eight games behind the Yankees, one of the few times a team had failed to reach the postseason despite winning over 100 games. First baseman Norm Cash had the best batting average in the American League, a remarkably high .361. He never hit over .286 before or after the '61 season. The 1961 club featured two nonwhite starters, Jake Wood and Bill Bruton, and later in the 1960s, black players such as Willie Horton, Earl Wilson, and Gates Brown would contribute to Detroit's rise in the standings. Pitchers Mickey Lolich and Denny McLain also entered the rotation during the middle of the decade.

1962–66

As this winning nucleus developed, Detroit repeatedly posted winning records throughout the 1960s. The team even managed a third-place finish during a bizarre 1966 season, in which manager Chuck Dressen and acting manager Bob Swift were both forced to resign their posts because of health problems. Both men died during the year – Dressen in August because of a kidney infection, Swift in October due to cancer. Thereafter, Frank Skaff took over the managerial reins until the end of the season. Skaff was replaced by Mayo Smith in 1967, perhaps the last step before World Series contention.

1967

Indeed, in 1967 the Tigers were involved in one of the closest pennant races in history. They needed to sweep a doubleheader from the California Angels on the last day of the season to force a one-game playoff with the Boston Red Sox. They won the first game but lost the second, giving the Red Sox the flag with no playoff. Detroit finished the season at 91–71, a single game behind Boston.

1968–72

Glory in '68 (1968 World Series Champions)

The Tigers finally returned to the World Series in 1968. The team grabbed first place away from the Baltimore Orioles on May 10 and would not relinquish the position, clinching the pennant on September 17 and finishing with a 103–59 record. In a year that was marked by dominant pitching, starter Denny McLain went 31–6 (with a 1.96 ERA), the first time a pitcher had won 30 or more games in a season since the St. Louis Cardinals' Dizzy Dean accomplished the feat in 1934; no pitcher has accomplished it since. McLain was unanimously voted American League Most Valuable Player and Cy Young Award winner for his efforts.

In the 1968 World Series, the Tigers met the defending World Series champion St. Louis Cardinals, led by starter Bob Gibson (who had posted a record 1.12 ERA during the regular season) and speedy outfielder Lou Brock. In Game 1, Gibson completely shut down the Detroit lineup, striking out 17 batters, still a World Series record. However, due in no small part to pitcher Mickey Lolich's victories in Games 2 and 5, the Tigers climbed back into the Series and forced a seventh game. Many fans believe the turning point in the Series came in Game 5, when Willie Horton threw out Lou Brock from left field (who tried to score standing up), and catcher Bill Freehan blocked the plate. The Tigers, who had been behind, came back to win that game. In Game 7 at Busch Memorial Stadium, Lolich faced Gibson on just two days' rest, and both men pitched brilliantly, putting zeros up on the scoreboard for much of the game. In the bottom of the sixth inning, the Cardinals looked to take the lead as Lou Brock singled to lead off the inning, only to be promptly picked off first base by Lolich. One out later, Curt Flood followed with another single, and was also picked off first base by Lolich. However, in the top of the seventh, an exhausted Gibson finally cracked, giving up singles to Norm Cash and Willie Horton. Jim Northrup then struck the decisive blow, lashing a triple to center field that scored both Cash and Horton; Northrup himself was then brought home by a Bill Freehan double. Detroit added an insurance run in the ninth, and a home run by Mike Shannon was all the Cardinals could muster against Lolich as the Tigers took the game, 4–1, and the Series, 4–3. For his three victories that propelled the Tigers to the World championship, Lolich was named the World Series Most Valuable Player.

1969–71

1969 saw both leagues realign into two divisions, and the Tigers were placed in the American League East. That year, Detroit failed to defend its '68 title, finishing second in the division to a very strong Baltimore team which had won 109 games. Smith was let go after the 1970 season, to be replaced by Billy Martin. The Tigers had another second-place finish in 1971.

1972 AL East Champions

In 1972, the Tigers captured their first AL East title in 1972. Oddities of the schedule due to an early-season strike allowed the Tigers to win the division by just ½ game, just as they had in 1908.

In the 1972 American League Championship Series, Detroit faced the American League West division champion Oakland Athletics, who had become steadily competitive ever since the 1969 realignment. In Game 1 of the ALCS in Oakland, Lolich, the hero of '68, took the hill and went nine innings. Al Kaline hit a solo homer to break a 1-1 tie in the 11th inning, only to be charged with an error on Gonzalo Marquez's game-tying single that allowed Gene Tenace to score the winning run. Blue Moon Odom shut down Detroit 5–0 in Game 2. As the series shifted to Detroit, the Tigers caught their stride. Joe Coleman held the A's scoreless on seven hits in Game 3, a 3–0 Tiger victory. In Game 4, Oakland scored two runs in the top of the 10th and put the Tigers down to their last three outs. Detroit pushed two runs across the plate to tie the game before Jim Northrup came through in the clutch again. His single off Dave Hamilton scored Gates Brown and evened the series at 2 games apiece. A first-inning run on a Gene Tenace passed ball gave Detroit an early lead in the deciding fifth and final game in Detroit but Reggie Jackson's steal of home in the 2nd tied it up. A Gene Tenace single to left field gave Oakland a 2–1 lead in the fourth inning, and thanks to four innings of scoreless relief from Vida Blue, they took the American League pennant and a spot in the World Series.

A slow decline (1973–78)

Martin did not survive the 1973 season as manager and the Tigers spent much of the next decade in the middle or lower ranks of the AL East. In 1974, Ralph Houk, who managed the dominant Yankee teams of the early 1960s, was named manager of the Tigers. "The Major" served in that capacity for five full seasons, through the end of the 1978 season. The roster of players who played under Houk were mostly aging veterans from the 1960s, whose performance had slipped from their peak years. Perhaps the biggest signal of decline for the Tigers was the retirement of Kaline following the 1974 season, after he notched his 3000th career hit. Kaline finished with 3007 hits and was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility in 1980.

1976

Tiger fans were provided a glimmer of hope when rookie Mark Fidrych made his debut in 1976. Fidrych, known as "the Bird", was a colorful character known for talking to the baseball and other eccentricities. During a game against the Yankees, Graig Nettles responded to Fidrych's antics by talking to his bat. After making an out, he later lamented that his Japanese-made bat didn't understand him. Fidrych was the starting pitcher for the American League in the All Star Game played that year in Philadelphia to celebrate the American Bicentennial. He finished the season with a record of 19–9 and an American League-leading ERA of 2.34. Fidrych, the AL Rookie of the Year, was the lone bright spot that year with the Tigers finishing next to last in the AL East in 1976.

The "Bless You Boys" Era (1979–87)

From 1979 to 1995, the team was managed by George "Sparky" Anderson, one of baseball's winningest managers. When Sparky came on board, he made the bold move of predicting a pennant winner within 5 years. (Retrospective article about Anderson in Sports Illustrated, "One of a Kind", June 28, 1993.)

1984 World Series Champions

The first major news of the 1984 season actually came in late 1983, when broadcasting magnate John Fetzer, who had owned the club since 1957, sold the team to Domino's Pizza founder and CEO Tom Monaghan. (Richard Bak, A Place for Summer, 1998, p. 332) The sale of the franchise caught everyone by surprise, as the negotiations culminating in the sale of the franchise were conducted in total secrecy. There were no rumors or even speculation that Fetzer had put the franchise up for sale.

The 1984 team started out at a record 35–5 pace (including Jack Morris throwing a no-hitter early in the season against Chicago en route to the Tigers' 9-0 start) and cruised to a franchise-record 104 victories. They featured the great double play combination of shortstop Alan Trammell and second baseman Lou Whitaker; the duo would play together a record 19 seasons. The team also included Darrell Evans, Dave Bergman, Kirk Gibson, Lance Parrish, Chet Lemon, Tom Brookens, Larry Herndon, Jack Morris, Dan Petry, Dave Rozema, Johnny Grubb, Aurelio Lopez ("Señor Smoke") and relief ace Willie Hernandez, who won the 1984 American League Cy Young Award and Most Valuable Player just one year after pitching on the Philadelphia Phillies' National League championship club.

The Tigers faced the Kansas City Royals in the American League Championship Series, which would prove to be no contest, not surprising given the fact the Royals won 20 fewer games during the season. In Game 1, Alan Trammell, Lance Parrish and Larry Herndon went deep to crush the Royals 8–1 at Royals Stadium (now Kauffman Stadium). In Game 2, the Tigers scored twice in the 11th inning when Johnny Grubb doubled off the late Royals closer Dan Quisenberry en route to a 5–3 victory. The Tigers completed the sweep at Tiger Stadium in Game 3. Marty Castillo's third-inning RBI fielder's choice would be all the help Detroit would need. Milt Wilcox outdueled Charlie Leibrandt and after Hernandez got Darryl Motley to pop up to third, the Tigers were returning to the World Series. (Note: At that time, the team with home field advantage in the ALCS and NLCS, played the first two games on the road. This changed in 1985 when the format was changed from best-of-five to best-of-seven.)

In the NLCS, a San Diego rally from 2–0 down prevented a fifth Cubs-Tigers series and meant the Tigers would open the 1984 World Series against the San Diego Padres in Trammell's hometown (had the Cubs won the NLCS, Detroit would have been awarded home-field advantage in the World Series, as NBC insisted on all midweek games starting at night, something that would have been impossible at the time at Wrigley Field).

In Game 1, Larry Herndon hit a two-run home run that gave the Tigers a 3-2 lead. Morris pitched a complete game with 2 runs on 8 hits, and Detroit drew first blood. The Padres evened the series the next night despite pitcher Ed Whitson being chased after pitching two-thirds of an inning and giving up three runs on five Tiger hits. Tiger starter Dan Petry exited the game after four and one-third innings when Kurt Bevacqua's three-run homer gave San Diego a 5–3 lead they would hold onto.

When the series shifted to the Motor City, the Tigers took charge. In Game 3, a two-out rally in the second inning led to four runs and the yanking of Padre starter Tim Lollar after one and two-thirds innings. The Padres, plagued by poor starting pitching throughout the series, never recovered and lost 5–2. Eric Show continued the parade of bad outings in Game 4, getting bounced after two and two-thirds innings after giving up home runs to Series MVP Trammell in his first two at-bats. Trammell's homers held up with the help of another Morris complete game, and the Tigers held a commanding lead.

In Game 5, Gibson's two-run shot in the first inning would be the beginning of another early end for the Padres' starter Mark Thurmond. Though the Padres would pull back even, chasing Dan Petry in the fourth inning in the process, the Tigers retook the lead on a Rusty Kuntz sacrifice fly, and doubled it on a solo homer by Parrish.

A "Sounds of the Game" video was made during the Series by MLB Productions and played on TV a number of times since then. When Kirk Gibson came to bat in the eighth inning, in a situation that might call for San Diego reliever Goose Gossage to pitch around him, Anderson was seen and heard yelling to Gibson, "He don't want to walk you!" and making a swing-the-bat gesture. As Anderson had suspected, Gossage threw a fastball inside, and Gibson was ready. He "swung from the heels", and launched it into Tiger Stadium's right field upper deck, effectively clinching the series.

Tony Gwynn flied out to Larry Herndon to end the game and send Detroit into a wild victory celebration.

The team led its division wire-to-wire, from opening day and every day thereafter, culminating in the World Series championship. This had not been done since the 1927 New York Yankees.

1987 AL East Champions

After a pair of third-place finishes in 1985 and 1986, the 1987 Tigers faced lowered expectations - which seemed to be confirmed by an 11–19 start to the season. However, the team hit its stride thereafter and gradually gained ground on its AL East rivals, eventually finishing with the best record in the Majors. This charge was fueled in part by the acquisition of pitcher Doyle Alexander from the Atlanta Braves in exchange for minor league pitcher John Smoltz. Alexander started 11 games for the Tigers, posting 9-0 record and a 1.53 ERA. Smoltz, a Lansing, Michigan native, went on to have a long and still productive career, mostly with the Braves, winning the Cy Young Award in 1996. The Tigers won the division this year but possibly gave up some of their future. The Tigers had a great season but despite their improvement, they entered September neck-and-neck with the Toronto Blue Jays. The two teams would square off in seven hard-fought games during the final two weeks of the season. All seven games were decided by one run, and in the first six of the seven games, the winning run was scored in the final inning of play. At Exhibition Stadium, the Tigers dropped three in a row to the Blue Jays before winning a dramatic extra-inning showdown.

The Tigers entered the final week of the 1987 season 3.5 games behind. After a series against the Baltimore Orioles, the Tigers returned home trailing by a game and swept the Blue Jays. Detroit clinched the division in a 1–0 victory over Toronto in front of 51,005 fans at Tiger Stadium on Sunday afternoon, October 4. Frank Tanana went all nine innings for the complete game shutout, and outfielder Larry Herndon gave the Tigers their lone run on a second-inning home run. Detroit finished the season a Major League-best 98–64, two games ahead of Toronto.

In what would prove to be their last postseason appearance until 2006, the Tigers were upset in the 1987 American League Championship Series by the Minnesota Twins (who in turn won the World Series that year) four games to one. The Twins won the Series in Game 5 at Tiger Stadium 9–5.

A new approach (1988–93)

Despite their 1987 division title victory, the Tigers proved unable to build on their success. In 1988, the team spent much of the season in first place in the AL East, only to slump late in the season and finish second at 88–74, one game behind division-winning Boston. In 1989, the team collapsed to a 59–103 record, worst in the majors. The franchise then attempted to rebuild using a power-hitting approach, with sluggers Cecil Fielder, Rob Deer and Mickey Tettleton joining Trammell and Whitaker in the lineup (fitting for the team with the most 200+ home run seasons in baseball history).[5] In 1990, Fielder led the American League with 51 home runs (becoming the first player to hit 50 since George Foster in 1977), and finished second in the voting for AL Most Valuable Player. He hit 44 home runs in 1991, and would hit at least 28 in the next four seasons. Behind the hitting of Fielder and others, the Tigers improved, posting winning records in 1991 (84–78) and 1993 (85–77). However, the team lacked quality pitching (despite Bill Gullickson's 20 wins in 1991), and its core of key players began to age, setting the franchise up for decline. Their minor league system was largely barren of talent, as well, producing only a few everyday players (Travis Fryman, Bobby Higginson) during the 1990s. In 1992, the franchise was sold to Mike Ilitch, who also owns the Detroit Red Wings and is President and CEO of Little Caesars Pizza.

Declawed: The Randy Smith era

From 1994 to 2005, the Tigers did not post a winning record. This was by far the longest sub-.500 stretch in franchise history; prior to this, the team had not gone more than four consecutive seasons without a winning record. The team's best record over that time was 79–83, recorded in 1997 and 2000. In 1996, the Tigers lost a then-team record 109 games, under new general manager Randy Smith, who served the team from 1996 to 2002. In 2003, the Tigers shattered that mark, losing an American League-record 119 games, eclipsing the previous record of 116 losses set by the 1916 Philadelphia Athletics (and just .008 of a point ahead of the 1916 A's .257 percentage). On August 30, 2003, the Tigers' defeat at the hands of the Chicago White Sox caused them to join the 1962 New York Mets as the only modern MLB teams to lose 100 games before September. They avoided tying the 1962 Mets' modern MLB record for losses (120) only by winning five of their last six games of the season, including three out of four against the Minnesota Twins (who had already clinched the Central Division, into which the Tigers had moved in 1998, and were resting their stars).

The entrance sign of Comerica Park

In 2000, the team left Tiger Stadium, then tied with Fenway Park as the oldest active baseball stadium, in favor of the new Comerica Park. This capped an argument lasting more than a decade about whether or not a new stadium was needed to keep the club competitive.

Soon after it opened, Comerica Park drew criticism for its deep dimensions, which made it difficult to hit home runs; the distance to left-center field (395 ft), in particular, was seen as unfair to hitters. This led to the nickname "Comerica National Park."[6] In 2003, the franchise largely quieted the criticism by moving in the left-center fence to 370 feet, taking the flagpole in that area out of play, a feature carried over from Tiger Stadium. In 2005, the team moved the bullpens to the vacant area beyond the left-field fence and filled the previous location with seats.

In late 2001, Dave Dombrowski, former general manager of the 1997 World Series champion Florida Marlins, was hired as team president. In 2002, the Tigers started the season 0–6, prompting Dombrowski to fire the unpopular Smith, as well as manager Phil Garner. Dombrowski then took over as general manager and named bench coach Luis Pujols to finish the season as interim manager. The team finished 55–106. After the season was over, Pujols was let go.

Most losses in American League history

Dombrowski hired popular former shortstop Alan Trammell to manage the team in 2003. With fellow '84 teammates Kirk Gibson and Lance Parrish on the coaching staff, the rebuilding process began. The 2003 season was a complete morass; Dombrowski gave Trammell another chance the following season. The Tigers came within one loss of tying the 1962 New York Mets for the most losses in modern major league history, and were the only American League team in recent history to seriously threaten the 1916 Philadelphia Athletics for the lowest winning percentage in modern history. For this reason, they have been described as possibly "the worst team of all time without a good excuse."[7] Mike Maroth went 9–21 for the 2003 Tigers and became the first pitcher to lose 20 games in more than 20 years.[8] Tigers' pitchers Maroth, Jeremy Bonderman (6–19), and Nate Cornejo (6–17) were #1, #2, and #3 in the major leagues in losses for 2003—the only time in major league history that one team has had the top three losers.

Designated hitter/left fielder Dmitri Young is the one member of the 2003 Tigers to have a truly good year, with a .297 batting average, 29 home runs, and .537 slugging percentage. According to Win Shares, the Tigers would have had about six fewer wins without him.[7]

While the 2003 Tigers rank as the third worst team in major league history based on loss total, they fare slightly better based on winning percentage.

Rebuilding the franchise (2004–05)

2004

Under Dombrowski, the Tigers demonstrated a willingness to sign marquee free agents. In 2004, the team signed or traded for several talented but high-risk veterans, such as Iván Rodríguez, Ugueth Urbina, Rondell White and Carlos Guillén, and the gamble paid off. The 2004 Tigers finished 72–90, a 29-game improvement over the previous season, and the largest improvement in the American League since Baltimore's 33-game improvement from 1988 to 1989. However, the team was still sub-.500.

2005

Prior to the 2005 season, the Tigers spent a large sum for two prized free agents, Magglio Ordóñez and Troy Percival. On June 8, 2005, the Tigers traded pitcher Ugueth Urbina and infielder Ramon Martinez to the Philadelphia Phillies for Plácido Polanco (and later signed him for 4 years). The Tigers stayed on the fringes of contention for the American League wild card for the first four months of the season, but then faded badly, finishing 71–91. The collapse was perceived as being due both to injuries and to a lack of player unity; Rodriguez in particular was disgruntled, taking a leave of absence during the season to deal with a difficult divorce. Trammell, though popular with the fans, took part of the blame for the poor clubhouse atmosphere and lack of continued improvement, and he was fired at the end of the season.

A highlight of the 2005 campaign was Detroit's hosting of the Major League Baseball All-Star Game, its first since 1971. In the Home Run Derby, Rodriguez finished second, losing to the Phillies' Bobby Abreu.

In October 2005, Jim Leyland, who managed Dombrowski's 1997 World Series–winning Marlins club, replaced Trammell as manager; two months later, in response to Troy Percival's '05 arm problems, closer Todd Jones, who had spent five seasons in Detroit (1997–2001), signed a two-year deal with the Tigers. Veteran left-hander Kenny Rogers also joined the Tigers from Texas in late 2005. These offseason additions set the stage for the resurgence of "Tiger Fever" in Detroit and its environs the following year.

The return of the Tigers (2006 American League Championship)

After years of futility, the 2006 season showed signs of hope. After an early season tirade by Jim Leyland, the team exploded and quickly rose to the top of the AL Central. The team reached a high point when they were 40 games over .500, but a second half swoon started to raise questions about the team's staying power. On August 27, a 7–1 victory over the Cleveland Indians gave the Tigers their 82nd victory and their first winning season since 1993. On September 24, the Tigers beat the Kansas City Royals 11–4 to clinch their first playoff berth since 1987. A division title seemed inevitable. All that was required was one win in the final five games of the season, which included three games against the Royals, whom the Tigers had manhandled much of the season. Unfortunately, the Tigers lost all five games and the division title went to the Minnesota Twins. The Tigers were the AL wild card winner, the first time a team from the AL Central had won the honor. The playoffs saw the Tigers beat the heavily favored New York Yankees 3 games to 1 in the ALDS and sweep the Oakland Athletics in the 2006 ALCS - thanks to a walk-off home run in Game 4 by Right Fielder Magglio Ordonez - to advance to the World Series before losing to the St. Louis Cardinals. The Tigers had a great season despite the loss to the Cardinals in the World Series. The Tigers brought back the excitement for professional baseball in Detroit, an excitement that was lost since the 1980s. Justin Verlander won the AL Rookie of the Year and the Tigers went 7-1 in their first 8 playoff games, beating the heavily favored New York Yankees 3 games to 1 and sweeping the AL West Champion Oakland A's who had just beaten the Minnesota Twins. The Tigers entered the World Series excited and pretty well favored over the St. Louis Cardinals whose record was around 15 games worse than the Tigers. Although the Tigers lost, the fans were excited to finally be back to the World Series and were excited about Tigers teams to come. Even up to today, the Tigers sell out Comerica Park and Detroit is excited about the Tigers due to the success and hope that was brought back to Detroit about the Tigers chance at winning another World Series title.

2007 season and beyond

2007

Tigers opening day 2007; view from section 124

In the offseason, the Tigers traded for outfielder Gary Sheffield, who had been a part of the 1997 Marlins team managed by Jim Leyland, and signed third baseman Brandon Inge,[9] starting pitcher Jeremy Bonderman[10] and shortstop Carlos Guillén[11] to four-year contracts. The Tigers returned 22 of 25 players from their World Series roster.

In addition to free-agent acquisitions, Dombrowski has developed a productive farm system, Justin Verlander and Joel Zumaya being the most notable rookie contributors to the 2006 team. Andrew Miller, who was drafted in 2006, was called up early in the 2007 campaign and pitched in the starting rotation, and minor-leaguer Cameron Maybin, an athletic five-tool outfielder, was ranked #6 in Baseball America's 2007 Top-100 Prospects.[12]

The Tigers suffered from injuries in the 2007 season, especially to their pitching staff. Kenny Rogers did not start until late June because of a blood-clot removal in his throwing arm. Other pitchers who were injured included Tim Byrdak, Edward Campusano, Fernando Rodney, Jair Jurrjens,and Joel Zumaya. Early in April, the Tigers also lost their backup catcher, Vance Wilson, for the season. Wilfredo Ledezma and Mike Maroth were traded to Atlanta and St. Louis, respectively.

On June 12, Justin Verlander pitched a no-hitter against the Milwaukee Brewers. It was the first Tiger no-hitter since Jack Morris in 1984 against the Chicago White Sox on the year the Tigers won the 1984 World Series, and the first no-hitter at home by a Tiger since Virgil Trucks did it in 1952. It was also the first in Comerica Park history.

Five players represented Detroit in the 2007 MLB All-Star Game. Carlos Guillén, Magglio Ordóñez, Plácido Polanco, Iván Rodríguez and Justin Verlander joined American League manager Jim Leyland in the All-Star game.

As of July 18, the Tigers had sold 2,712,393 tickets at Comerica Park for the 2007 season, setting a new single-season home attendance record for the team. The previous record had been 2,704,794 customers at Tiger Stadium in 1984.[13] The team would draw 3,047,133 customers over the entire season, the third-highest attendance in the American League for 2007.[14] The Tigers had the best record in baseball in mid-July and were playing great. All of a sudden, the Tigers lost a few players to injuries and started to play poorly and began to fade from contention. Eventually, the Tigers gave up their division lead to the Cleveland Indians and were officially eliminated from playoff competition on September 26, 2007, when the New York Yankees clinched a wild card berth, making the playoffs for the 13th consecutive year.

2008

Expectations for the Tigers were high going into the 2008 season, with the franchise having traded for prominent talent in Edgar Rentería (from the Atlanta Braves) and Miguel Cabrera and Dontrelle Willis (from the Florida Marlins). However, the Tigers (who now boasted the second-highest team payroll in the majors at over $138 million[15]) began the regular season by losing seven straight games.

After a slow start, the Tigers climbed back and halfway through the regular season, they were 42–40. On July 30, 2008, the Tigers traded 13 time all star Ivan Rodriguez to the New York Yankees for relief pitcher Kyle Farnsworth. In the end the Tigers finished miserably, slumping to a lowly 74–88 after a long and harsh season. Things weren't snapping too well or together for the Boys of TigerTown and they finished that way after a loss to the AL champion Chicago White Sox on September 30, with a score of 8–2. The Tigers also lost closer Todd Jones to retirement on September 25, 2008, and as the commentators on FSN Detroit put it: "Keep your arms and legs inside the car, the Roller Coaster has come to a complete stop." Despite the disappointing season, the team set another attendance record in 2008, drawing 3,202,654 customers to Comerica Park; the total was third-highest in the American League and eighth-highest in MLB overall for that year.

2009

In the 2009 season, the Detroit Tigers came into the season with measured expectations, predicted by some media to finish last in the AL Central.[16] This was because they lost Edgar Renteria, Gary Sheffield, and a few other players. However, the Tigers started very hot, quickly gaining the lead of the AL Central and keeping it. This was fueled by the success of pitching. In the past, the Tiger bats had fueled the success but this year the combination of the pitching, defense, and offense. The Tigers acquired Edwin Jackson from the 2008 AL Champion Tampa Bay Rays and called up rookie Rick Porcello. Porcello has been an ace on the mound, fueling the Tigers with 9 wins and a 4.40 ERA. In addition, the Tigers acquired catcher Gerald Laird and gold-glove shortstop Adam Everett. Also, Tigers pitcher Justin Verlander pitched with great success, delivering the stuff he did in 2006 on the way to winning the AL Rookie of the Year award. Verlander's 98-mph fastball returned and so did his wicked curveball and changeup. Verlander won 8 straight games before a loss to the St. Louis Cardinals. Edwin Jackson posted a great record and a good ERA and Rick Porcello pitched great, starting with an 8-3 record. Armando Galarraga, who had a great season in 2008, delivered many passable pitching performances, but often didn't get the needed run support. The Tigers looked to have finally restored Dontrelle Willis after he pitched a 1-hitter against the hot Texas Rangers, but after a few poor starts he was sent back to the disabled list due to a reported "anxiety disorder".[17] Due to the loss of Willis, the Tigers called up rookie Alfredo Figaro who has pitched unevenly in his first few games. The biggest surprise of the 2009 season for the Detroit Tigers was that they had one of the better bullpens in baseball, owing to the maturation and development of the younger players. The bullpen has been fueled by set-up man Joel Zumaya, who has regained his 103-mph fastball in addition to new off-speed pitches and new closer (former relief pitcher) Fernando Rodney, who has a 100-mph fastball and a great changeup and curveball and was 19 for 19 in save attempts through mid-July. Even though the Tigers had excellent pitching, the offense they were known for in recent years has been lacking, especially for a slump of Magglio Ordoñez and the loss of Carlos Guillen. Many of the player with high averages in the 2008 season, such as Placido Polanco and Curtis Granderson, are hitting in the low to mid .200 range. Brandon Inge has admirably helped fill the deficit with career-best hitting statistics. The Tigers also used the power of Curtis Granderson, Miguel Cabrera, and Marcus Thames along with the newly successful Inge. This is helped too by great contact and on base percentage players, Placido Polanco and Gerald Laird. Also, the Tigers have one of the better defenses in baseball, committing few errors. The Tigers ended the season on October 6 with a 6-5 loss in 12 innings to the Minnesota Twins in the tie-breaker game to win the AL Central, leaving the Tigers with a 86–77 record. The Tigers spent 146 days in first place and became the first team in Major League history to lose a three game lead with four games left to play.[18]

Best seasons in Detroit Tigers history

Best Seasons in Detroit Tigers history
Rank Year Wins Losses Win %   Finish
1 1934 101 53 .656 Lost 1934 World Series to Cardinals
3 1915 100 54 .649 2nd in AL behind Red Sox
4 1909 98 54 .645 Lost 1909 World Series to Pirates
5 1984 104 58 .642 Won 1984 World Series over Padres
6 1968 103 59 .636 Won 1968 World Series over Cardinals
7 1961 101 61 .623 2nd in AL behind Yankees
8 1950 95 59 .617 2nd in AL behind Yankees
9 1935 93 58 .616 Won 1935 World Series over Cubs
10 1907 92 58 .613 Lost 1907 World Series to Cubs
11 1987 98 64 .605 Lost 1987 ALCS to Twins
12 1946 92 62 .597 2nd in AL behind Red Sox
13 1908 90 63 .588 Lost 1908 World Series to Cubs
14 2006 95 67 .586 Lost 2006 World Series to Cardinals
15 1940 90 64 .584 Lost 1940 World Series to Reds
16 1911 89 65 .578 2nd in AL behind A's
17 1937 89 65 .578 2nd in AL behind Yankees

Worst seasons in Detroit Tigers history

Worst Seasons in Detroit Tigers history
Rank Year Wins Losses Win %
1 2003 43 119 .265
2 1952 50 104 .325
3 1996 53 109 .327
4 2002 55 106 .342
5 1975 57 102 .358

Rivalries and Fan Base

The Tigers' rivalries with other baseball franchises have changed throughout the years, with no one rivalry standing out. Some rivalries are with nearby teams, including the Cleveland Indians, Chicago White Sox, Kansas City Royals, and Toronto Blue Jays - the latter a holdover from when the Tigers competed in the AL East. There are numerous Tigers fans in Ontario, due in part to Detroit's proximity to Windsor and the fact that the Tigers once had a minor league team in London. Sarnia, Ontario also has a large Detroit Tigers fanbase. Some are rivalries for first place during the regular season, with all American League teams until 1969, with American League East teams from 1969 to 1997, and with American League Central teams from 1998 until the present. Finally, some are rivalries with National League teams the Tigers have faced repeatedly in the World Series, the Chicago Cubs (four times) and St. Louis Cardinals (three times). Had the Cubs beaten the Padres in the 1984 NLCS, they would have faced the Tigers for a fifth time in the World Series.

Home Attendance at Comerica Park

Home Attendance at Comerica Park
Year Total Attendance
2001 1,921,305
2002 1,503,623
2003 1,368,245
2004 1,917,004
2005 2,024,485
2006 2,595,937
2007 3,047,139
2008 3,202,645
2009 2,567,185

[19]

Detroit Tigers fans in popular culture

  • In the 1980s CBS TV series Magnum, P.I., the main character Thomas Magnum (played by Tom Selleck) wore a Detroit Tigers hat on many episodes. Selleck was born in Detroit and is a Tigers fan in real life.[20]
  • Detroit rap group D12 uses an Old English D in their logo, and the group as well as their fans often wear Detroit Tigers hats at concerts, often to show their loyalty to Detroit or simply the group itself.
  • Michigan raised documentary filmmaker Michael Moore appears in a Detroit Tigers hat in many of his films.[21]
  • In the 1987 film RoboCop, during the warehouse scene, Clarence Boddicker (Kurtwood Smith) states that the Tigers are playing that evening and he never misses a game.
  • Alice Cooper is an admitted Detroit Tigers fan. In his autobiography, he recalls going to a Tigers double header as a child and says that he'll check the scores of the Tigers game when watching television.
  • Michigan native actor Jeff Daniels is also a big fan and he wrote a theme song for them in 1993. (see section below for further details).
  • Actor and Detroit native J. K. Simmons is a Tigers fan. He was spotted at the August 25, 2009 Tigers/Angels game in Anaheim, California wearing a Tigers hat.
  • Rapper Eminem is from Detroit. He often wears Tigers hats and shirts. His video "Beautiful" featured footage of the final demolition of Tiger Stadium.

Rally cry

During the 1968 season, the team was cheered on by the phrase, "Go Get 'Em Tigers." The previous year, "Sock It To 'Em, Tigers!" was also popular in the city as the Tigers' close pennant race with Boston coincided with the release of the single "Sock It To Me, Baby!" by Mitch Ryder & The Detroit Wheels.

During the 1984 World Championship Run, the team was cheered on to the well known cry, "Bless You Boys," a phrase coined (in sarcasm) by Al Ackerman, a Detroit sports anchor legend.[22]

For the 2006 season, with the team going into July with the best record in baseball, the phrase "Restore the Roar" (a phrase first introduced in 1990 by then-Detroit Lions Head Coach Wayne Fontes) began to catch on, referring to the fact that the Tigers had not had a winning season since 1993 and seem to be returning to their former glory. Another 2006 phrase found in several Detroit commercials was "Who's your Tiger?". A popular rally cry for the Detroit Pistons has also been adapted for the Tigers, resulting in "Deee-troit Base-ball!".

A second rally cry also caught on in the Tigers' dugout in 2006. In a June game vs. the New York Yankees, Tigers pitcher Nate Robertson was featured on FSN Detroit's "Sounds of the Game", in which the TV station will mic a player on the bench or a coach. To appease the fans, Nate began to stuff Big League Chew bubble gum into his mouth, hoping to spark a late-inning rally. The trend has caught on, with Jeremy Bonderman, Zach Miner and Justin Verlander all chewing from time to time. The Tigers came back to tie the game, and the phrase "It's Gum Time" has become a new "Rally-cap" for all of Tigertown.

Additionally, the chant of local panhandler James Van Horne, who patrols the streets around Comerica Park yelling out "Eat 'Em Up Tigers! Eat 'Em Up!", has begun to make its way into the park. The chant originated in 1968 when the Tigers won their third World Series, "Eat 'em Up" referring to the St. Louis Cardinals. People have even been seen wearing homemade shirts with the cheer written on the back as far away as Miller Park in Milwaukee.[23]

During the 2006 playoffs the phrase "Team of Destiny" appeared on several home made signs, and became a rallying cry for the post season. The signs featured the blackletter "D" in place of the standard "D" in destiny.

In 2009, the team used the phrase "Always a Tiger" as its slogan.

Facts

Founded: 1894
Owner(s): Mike Ilitch (Private)
General Manager: Dave Dombrowski
Manager: Jim Leyland
Uniform Colors: Navy blue, white, orange, gray
Logo Design:
  • Olde English D. The one used as the primary logo, which also features on the home jersey, is a more rounded version, while the cap logo is more pointed and decorative.
Team Mascot: Paws, a tiger.
Team Motto(s):
  • "Always a Tiger" (Since 2009)
  • "Who's Your Tiger?" (2006–2008)
  • "Home Again" (in reference to the team's move to Comerica Park)
Theme Song(s):
  • "Tiger Rag"
  • "Go Get 'Em Tigers"- Written and recorded during the '60's.
  • "Lifelong Tiger Fan Blues"- A song written by Jeff Daniels in 1993, with numerous versions recorded since, including an updated version in 2006 after the Tigers' ALDS win.
  • "Bless You Boys"- Theme song for the 1984 season.
  • "Talkin' Baseball"- (Detroit version) c. 1984 (Trammell, Whitaker, Parrish), once available at the "The Old Ball Park" on Merriman and Five Mile.
Local Television Affiliates: Fox Sports Detroit
Announcers: Mario Impemba, Rod Allen
Local Radio Affiliates: see Detroit Tigers Radio Network
Announcers: Dan Dickerson, Jim Price
Spring Training Facility: Joker Marchant Stadium, Lakeland, FL

Uniforms and logos

See also: Major League Baseball#MLB uniforms (including image of baseball-cap logos of the 30 MLB franchises)

The Tigers have worn essentially the same home uniform since 1934 — solid white jersey with navy piping down the front and a Gothic script or blackletter (often called Old English) "D" on the left chest, white pants, navy hat with white Old English "D". When they play away, the D on their hats is orange, with the word "DETROIT" across the shirt. A version of the team's Old English D was first seen on Tigers uniforms in 1904, after using a simple block D in 1903. The Old English D appeared frequently after that until being established in 1934.[24] In 1960, the Tigers changed their uniform to read "Tigers", but the change only lasted one season before the traditional uniform was reinstated.

In 1995, the Tigers introduced an alternate jersey, solid navy with the team's alternate logo (a tiger stepping through the "D") on the chest. It was worn a few times and then abandoned.[25]

The Tigers are the only team in Major League Baseball to have a color on their road uniforms that is not on their home uniforms (orange).

The Tigers use slightly different versions of the initial logo on the cap and jersey.

Detroit Tigers logo.svg Detroit Tigers Insignia.svg
Primary logo
2006–present
(Jersey logo 1934–1959,
1961–present)
Cap logo
1924–present. For away games, the D on their hats is orange.

Baseball Hall of Famers

Detroit Tigers Hall of Famers
Affiliation according to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
Detroit Tigers

Sparky Anderson
Earl Averill
Ed Barrow
Jim Bunning

Ty Cobb
Mickey Cochrane
Sam Crawford
Larry Doby
Charlie Gehringer

Goose Goslin
Hank Greenberg
Bucky Harris
Harry Heilmann
Whitey Herzog

Waite Hoyt
Hughie Jennings
Al Kaline
George Kell
Heinie Manush

Eddie Mathews
Hal Newhouser
Al Simmons
Sam Thompson

Names in Bold Inducted as Tigers
* Has no insignia on his cap due to playing at a time when caps bore no insignia.

Ford C. Frick Award recipients

Detroit Tigers Ford C. Frick Award recipients
Affiliation according to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum

Ernie Harwell

Names in Bold received the award based primarily on their work as broadcasters for the Tigers.

Retired numbers

This is how the Retired and Honored names are displayed at Comerica Park:

In left field:

Detret23.PNG
Willie
Horton

OF: 1963-77


Retired 2000
Detretcobb.PNG
Ty
Cobb

OF: 1905-26
M: 1921-26

Honored 2000
Detret5.PNG
Hank
Greenberg

1B: 1930-46


Retired 1983
Detret2.PNG
Charlie
Gehringer

2B: 1924-42
Coach: 1942
GM: 1951-53
Retired 1983
Detret16.PNG
Hal
Newhouser

P: 1939-53


Retired 1997
Detret6.PNG
Al
Kaline

OF: 1953-74


Retired 1980

In right field:

Honored 2000
Detrethm.PNG
Harry
Heilmann

OF: 1914-29

Heinie
Manush

OF: 1923-27
Honored 2000
Detretjc.PNG
Hughie
Jennings

M: 1907-20

Sam
Crawford

OF: 1903-17
Honored 2000
Detretck.PNG
Mickey
Cochrane

C: 1934-37
M: 1934-38
George
Kell

3B: 1946-52
Honored 2000
Detretharwell.png
Ernie
Harwell

Broadcaster:
1960–2002



Honored 2000
Detretbrick.PNG







Retired 1997
Detret42.PNG
Jackie
Robinson

Retired by
all of MLB



Players with retired numbers (and Ty Cobb) also have statues of themselves that sit behind their names, which are painted on the left-center field wall.

National Avenue, which runs behind the third-base stands at the Tigers' previous home Tiger Stadium, was renamed Cochrane Avenue for Mickey Cochrane. Cherry Street, which runs behind the left-field stands at Tiger Stadium, was renamed Kaline Drive for Al Kaline.

Cochrane's number 3 has not been retired for him nor has it been retired for Dick McAuliffe or Alan Trammell. The number 3 was taken out of circulation after Alan Trammell's retirement, and again after his dismissal as manager, but Gary Sheffield began wearing #3 with Trammell's public approval upon joining the team before the 2007 season (Sheffield had previously worn the numbers 1, 5, 10, and 11)[27]. Sheffield was released from the Tigers prior to the 2009 season, and the number was not reissued. The number 1, last worn by Lou Whitaker, has also not been retired nor has it been issued since Whitaker retired in 1995. The Number 47, last worn by Jack Morris, has also not been retired, nor has it been issued since Morris left the Tigers after the 1990 season. Number 11, last worn by former manager Sparky Anderson, has not been retired nor reissued since his 1995 retirement.

Current roster

Detroit Tigers 2010 Spring Training roster
40-man roster Spring Training
non-roster invitees
Coaches/Other
Pitchers
Catchers

Infielders

Outfielders

Designated hitters

  • None specified
Pitchers

Catchers

Infielders

Manager

Coaches

60-day disabled list

  • None


* Not on active roster
† 15-day disabled list
Roster updated March 9, 2010
TransactionsDepth Chart
More rosters

Minor league affiliations

Broadcasters

Ernie Harwell, Tigers play-by-play announcer from 1960–2002, is honored with a statue at Comerica Park in Detroit.

Radio

The Tigers' current flagship radio stations are Detroit sister stations WXYT-AM (1270 AM) and WXYT-FM (97.1 FM).[28] Dan Dickerson does play-by-play and former Tigers catcher Jim Price does color commentary.[29] Games are carried on both stations unless a conflict with Detroit Lions or Detroit Red Wings coverage arises, in which case only WXYT-AM serves as the Tigers' flagship.

Television

The Tigers' current exclusive local television rights holder is Fox Sports Detroit.[30] Mario Impemba does play-by-play with former outfielder Rod Allen handling color commentary.[29] Since 2008, the only locally produced game aired on broadcast television is the Tigers' home opener, which is aired on WJBK, simulcasted from Fox Sports Detroit.

Former

World Series Victories

World Series Losses

Franchise records

Season records

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.sportslogos.net/logo.php?id=777
  2. ^ "World Series Game 7 Played on Saturday, October 16, 1909 (D) at Bennett Park". Retrosheet. http://retrosheet.org/boxesetc/B10160DET1909.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-12. 
  3. ^ Detroit Tigers and Chicago Cubs Picked to Repeat Major League Victories, Los Angeles Times, April 12, 1936
  4. ^ Detroit Tigers Point to Pennant in 1940, Sid Feder, The Evening Independent, St. Petersburg, FL, September 29, 1938
  5. ^ Home Run Records by a Team During a Single Season
  6. ^ Comerica Park fair to hitters, pitchers | MLB.com: News
  7. ^ a b "2003 Detroit Tigers Baseball Graphs Review". BaseballGraphs.com. http://www.baseballgraphs.com/teams/tigers.html. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  8. ^ "Pitchers With 20 or More Losses in a Season". Baseball-Reference.com. http://www.baseball-reference.com/friv/20gameLosers.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  9. ^ Tigers, Inge agree to four-year extension
  10. ^ Bonderman agrees to four-year deal
  11. ^ Tigers sign Guillen to four-year deal
  12. ^ 2007 Top 100 Prospects
  13. ^ Tigers surpass all-time attendance record
  14. ^ Baseball-Reference.com: Detroit Tigers attendance
  15. ^ Fox Sports on MSN: 2008 MLB team payrolls
  16. ^ Sporting News' 2009 MLB predictions, Sporting News, Chris Bahr, April 3, 2009
  17. ^ Willis back on DL with anxiety disorder, MLB.com, Nate Latsch, June 18, 2009
  18. ^ Tigers Face Historic Collapse in Baseball Tiebreaker With Twins
  19. ^ [1] ESPN MLB Attendance Report
  20. ^ Picture of Thomas Magnum (played by Tom Selleck) wearing a Detroit Tigers hat
  21. ^ Cover of DVD set of The Awful Truth featuring Michael Moore in a Detroit Tigers hat
  22. ^ Bless You Boys: A Celebration of the '84 Tigers
  23. ^ Eat Em Up Detroit
  24. ^ [2] USAToday.com, "Tigers' historic D emblematic of pride"
  25. ^ ESPN.com: UniWatch, "One and done"
  26. ^ See List of Major League Baseball retired numbers#Similar honors.
  27. ^ Beck's Blog: Trammell on Sheffield wearing No. 3
  28. ^ Detroit Tigers Radio Affiliates
  29. ^ a b Detroit Tigers Broadcasters' Biographies
  30. ^ Multichannel News March 19, 2008 FSN Detroit Nets Pro Sports 3 pointer

Further reading

External links


Simple English

File:Tigers opening day2
Tigers opening day 2007; view from section 326

The Detroit Tigers are a Major League Baseball team in Detroit, Michigan. Their team plays at Comerica Park. Their manager is Jim Leyland, and they are owned by Mike Ilitch.

Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message