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Deusdedit
Archbishop of Canterbury
Enthroned unknown
Reign ended 14 July 664
Predecessor Honorius
Successor Wighard
Consecration 655
Personal details
Birth name Frithona
Born unknown
England
Died 14 July 664
Sainthood
Feast day 14 July
Venerated in Eastern Orthodox Church
Roman Catholic Church
Anglican Communion

Deusdedit (died 14 July 664) was the sixth (and first Saxon) Archbishop of Canterbury.

Contents

Life

A late post-Conquest tradition says he was originally known as Frithona, possibly a corruption of Frithuwine.[1][notes 1] He was consecrated by Ithamar, Bishop of Rochester, on 26 March 655 AD.[3] He was the first native born archbishop, as he was a West Saxon.[1][4] He probably owed his appointment to the see of Canterbury to a collaboration between Eorcenberht of Kent and Cenwalh of Wessex.[1] The name Deusdedit means "dedicated to God."[5] or, more literally, "God has given".

The see of Canterbury seems, at this time, to have been passing through a period of comparative obscurity;[6] for during the nine years of the pontificate of Deusdedit, all the new English Bishops, with one exception, were consecrated by Celtic or foreign Bishops. Deusdedit, however, did found a nunnery in the Isle of Thanet and had some share in the foundation of Medeshamstede Abbey, later Peterborough Cathedral, in 657.[7] Deusdedit was long overshadowed by Agilbert, who was bishop to the West Saxons.[8]

The Synod of Whitby which debated whether the Northumbrian Church should follow the Roman or the Celtic Church, was held in 664.[9] Due to his affliction with the plague, Deusdedit does not appear to have been present for the victorious Romanist party and his death took place only a few months later.[10] He was regarded as a saint after his death, and his feast day is 14 July.[11] He was buried in the church of St. Augustine's in Canterbury, but was translated to the new abbey church in 1091.[6]

Notes

  1. ^ The modern historian Peter Hunter Blair gives the name as Frithonas.[2]

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c Brooks Early History of the Church of Canterburyp. 67-69
  2. ^ Blair World of Bede p. 118
  3. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 213
  4. ^ Hindley A Brief History of the Anglo-Saxons p. 45
  5. ^ Ashely The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens p. 218-219
  6. ^ a b Thacker "Deusdedit (d. 664)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  7. ^ Hindley A Brief History of the Anglo-Saxons p. 96
  8. ^ Stenton Anglo-Saxon England p. 122
  9. ^ Hindley A Brief History of the Anglo-Saxons: The beginnings of the English nation p. 79-81
  10. ^ Stenton Anglo-Saxon England p. 129
  11. ^ Delaney Dictionary of Saints p. 177

References

  • Ashely, Mike The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens New York: Carroll & Graff 1998 ISBN 0-7967-0692-9
  • Blair, Peter Hunter (1990). The World of Bede (Reprint of 1970 ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-39819-3.  
  • Brooks, Nicholas (1984). The Early History of the Church of Canterbury: Christ Church from 597 to 1066. London: Leicester University Press. ISBN 0-7185-0041-5.  
  • Delaney, John P. (1980). Dictionary of Saints (Second Edition ed.). Garden City, N.Y: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-13594-7.  
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.  
  • Hindley, Geoffrey (2006). A Brief History of the Anglo-Saxons: The Beginnings of the English Nation. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers. ISBN 978-0-78671-738-5.  
  • Stenton, F. M. (1971). Anglo-Saxon England (Third ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-280139-5.  
  • Thacker, Alan (2004). "Deusdedit (d. 664)" (fee required). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/7560.   accessed 7 November 2007

External links

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Honorius
Archbishop of Canterbury
655–664
Succeeded by
Wighard
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