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     High income      Upper-middle income      Lower-middle income      Low income
     Advanced economies      Emerging and developing economies (not least developed)      Emerging and developing economies (least developed)Classifications by the IMF and the UN
World map indicating the Human Development Index (based on 2007 data, published on October 5, 2009)[citation needed]
     0.950 and Over      0.900–0.949      0.850–0.899      0.800–0.849      0.750–0.799      0.700–0.749      0.650–0.699      0.600–0.649      0.550–0.599      0.500–0.549      0.450–0.499      0.400–0.449      0.350–0.399      under 0.350      not available
(Color-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems.
.Developing country is a term generally used to describe a nation with a low level of material well being.^ Developing countries in the Third World are generally at a very low level.
  • Vision for the Future, Part 2: Ophthalmology Continuing Education: Twinning of National Ophthalmology Societies 24 September 2009 23:33 UTC www.icoph.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is often a term used to describe a nation with a low level of material well being.
  • Developing Countries - Topics - Breitbart.com 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC topics.breitbart.com [Source type: News]

^ India being developing country?
  • WikiAnswers - Why is India a developing country 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is no single internationally-recognized definition of developed country, and the levels of development may vary widely within so-called developing countries, with some developing countries having high average standards of living.^ But the average for developing countries is still half that of high-income countries (table 6.1).
  • World Development Indicators 2005 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC devdata.worldbank.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Why is india called a developing country?
  • WikiAnswers - Why is India a developing country 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Standards of living, while low in comparison to developed countries, do vary tremendously among developing countries.
  • AG EC 450 - Economic Conditions in Developing Countries 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC 450.aers.psu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1][2]
.Some international organizations like the World Bank use strictly numerical classifications.^ The Uruguay Round of talks from 1986 to 1994 led to numerous changes and updates to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the precursor to the World Trade Organization.
  • Health Care in the Developing World 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC world.phrma.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1988 TWAS facilitated the establishment of the Third World Network of Scientific Organizations (TWNSO), a non-governmental alliance of some 150 scientific organizations in the South.
  • The Academy of Sciences for the Developing World 15 September 2009 6:06 UTC www.ictp.it [Source type: Academic]

^ Extrinsic factors, real or used as justification geopolitical or commercial interest that it creates compared to other countries; place of the country in a historical and cultural system; inadequate reforms imposed in counterpart with financing of last resort, by multilateral organizations (like the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank ) to get out of situations of deficit and in debtedness in which the country is placed.
  • Bambooweb: Underdeveloped nations 24 September 2009 23:33 UTC www.bambooweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The World Bank considers all low- and middle- income countries as "developing". In its most recent classification, economies are divided using 2008 Gross National Income per capita.^ Lower–middle income countries .
  • The Internet in developing nations 18 September 2009 5:43 UTC outreach.lib.uic.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Currently, developing country per capita emissions are low but their populations are large.
  • Climate change and developing country growth | vox - Research-based policy analysis and commentary from leading economists 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.voxeu.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It also can offer free memberships to a number of conservationists in developing countries, i.e., middle- or low-income economy countries according to the definitions of the World Bank.
  • IITA - Developing Country Resources 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.iita.org [Source type: Academic]

.In 2008, countries with GNI per capita below US$11,905 were considered developing.^ Beijing 2008 Stadium — Authority: 143 Spiegel Online China to see large rise of contributions to UN budget in new year Xinhua … adding that China , as a developing country whose per capital income is below 7000 US dollars, is entitled to enjoy the adjustments for low-income … China shows no tolerance for dissidence ...
  • Developing Country Articles, Posts, Blogs, Videos - Technorati 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC technorati.com [Source type: General]

^ The central argument is that developing country food security is a legitimate interest to consider when evaluating the operation of the U.S. patent system and possible alternatives to current patent policy.
  • The U.S. Patent System and Developing Country Access to Biotechnology: Does the Balance Need Adjusting? 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.rff.org [Source type: Academic]

^ As the 2002 United Nations' Human Development report notes, if the per capita energy consumption of developing countries were to rise to even half of that of the advanced industrial economies, the energy reserves of this finite planet soon would be exhausted [12].
  • Molecular Manufacturing and the Developing World 15 September 2009 6:06 UTC www.kurzweilai.net [Source type: Academic]

[3] .Other institutions use less specific definitions.^ And it > helps companies and other public and private institutions design and > develop high quality software using advanced software development > techniques.
  • [Idlelo2] Fwd: [FOSS-PDI] Free software in developing countries vital to future prosperity, good governance: UNU 24 September 2009 23:33 UTC mailman.dst.gov.za [Source type: Reference]

^ Other considerations include the role of U.S. Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) in the review of research conducted abroad and the process used by the U.S. government for issuing assurances of compliance to institutions located abroad.
  • Ethical and Policy Issues in International Research: Clinical Trials in Developing Countries - Chapter 5 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC govinfo.library.unt.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Specifically, if you are submitting an application with direct costs in each year of $250,000 or less, use the modular budget format described in the PHS 398 application instructions.
  • PAR-05-100: Brain Disorders in the Developing World: Research Across the Lifespan 15 September 2009 6:06 UTC grants1.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Countries with more advanced economies than other developing nations, but which have not yet fully demonstrated the signs of a developed country, are grouped under the term newly industrialized countries.^ Some focus on developing country markets, while others focus more broadly.
  • Lecture 20 --Technology in Developing Countries 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC classes.maxwell.syr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Countries with more advanced economies than other developing nations, but which have not yet fully demonstrated the signs of a developed country, are grouped under the term newly industrialized...
  • Developing Countries - Topics - Breitbart.com 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC topics.breitbart.com [Source type: News]

^ When developing countries are more technology advanced than the developed world, why use these terms?
  • usken.no – VoIP news! » Blog Archive » Make Norway a developing country! 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.usken.no [Source type: General]
  • usken.no – VoIP news! » Blog Archive » Make Norway a developing country! 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.usken.no [Source type: General]

[4][5][6][7]

Contents

Definition

.Kofi Annan, former Secretary General of the United Nations, defined a developed country as follows.^ The crisis is an opportunity to achieve greater transparency on all fronts, including banking practices in rich countries that facilitate tax evasion in developing nations.
  • Guatemala News | Let Developing Nations Rule 18 September 2009 5:43 UTC guatemala-times.com [Source type: News]

^ In Johannesburg, what we're trying to do is change the way people act about development," says Nitin Desai, the secretary-general of WSSD. "My expectation is that on Sept.
  • Developing world wants action, not talk, at summit | csmonitor.com 15 September 2009 6:06 UTC www.csmonitor.com [Source type: News]

^ The United States is the top source of private capital to developing countries, averaging $36 billion annually between 1997 and 2000.

."A developed country is one that allows all its citizens to enjoy a free and healthy life in a safe environment."^ The crisis is an opportunity to achieve greater transparency on all fronts, including banking practices in rich countries that facilitate tax evasion in developing nations.
  • Guatemala News | Let Developing Nations Rule 18 September 2009 5:43 UTC guatemala-times.com [Source type: News]

^ These have the notion that developing countries should undertake lesser reduction commitments as compared to developed countries, and the commitments should allow for policy space to pursue their development strategies.
  • Choike - TWN news: New developing-country group on NAMA demands respect for SDT and flexibilities 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.choike.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's people may be suppressed, dissent and free speech not allowed, and folks made to work for a few cents an hour - but China ain't no developing nation.
  • Opening ceremony for CARIFESTA [Archive] - Bahamas Issues Bahamian Web Community 24 September 2009 23:33 UTC www.bahamasissues.com [Source type: Original source]

[8] But according to the United Nations Statistics Division,
There is no established convention for the designation of "developed" and "developing" countries or areas in the United Nations system.[2]
And it notes that
The designations "developed" and "developing" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular country or area in the development process.[9]
The UN also notes
In common practice, Japan in Asia, Canada and the United States in northern America, Australia and New Zealand in .Oceania, and Europe are considered "developed" regions or areas.^ This is Europe responding with effective solutions to help farmers in Africa and in other developing regions."
  • EU@UN - Global Food Price Rise: EU Commission proposes special financing facility worth €1 billion to help developing country farmers 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.europa-eu-un.org [Source type: News]

^ Moreover, although the recommendations in this report focus principally on clinical trials conducted by U.S. researchers or sponsors in developing countries, it will be important to consider their application to other areas of research.
  • Ethical and Policy Issues in International Research: Clinical Trials in Developing Countries - Chapter 1 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC bioethics.georgetown.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ This comparatively buoyant growth among developing countries is led by East Asia, South Asia, and Eastern Europe and Central Asia , where regional GDP grew respectively by 8.3, 6.6 and 6.8 percent in 2004.
  • WB Report: Developing Country Growth Fastest in 30 Years 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.china.org.cn [Source type: News]

.In international trade statistics, the Southern African Customs Union is also treated as a developed region and Israel as a developed country; countries emerging from the former Yugoslavia, except for Slovenia, are treated as developing countries; and countries of eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (code 172) in Europe are not included under either developed or developing regions.^ Are independent developing country artisans and producers excluded from Fair Trade?
  • Are independent developing country artisans and producers excluded from Fair Trade?: Sustainable Business: WorldofGood.com by eBay 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC community.worldofgood.com [Source type: General]

^ Again, it should be noted that the countries of the former Soviet Union are not included here.
  • AG EC 450 - Economic Conditions in Developing Countries 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC 450.aers.psu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Resources for developing country and free trade .
  • developing country and free trade Resources | BNET 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC resources.bnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10]
According to the classification from IMF before April 2004, all the countries of Eastern Europe (including Central European countries which still belongs to "Eastern Europe Group" in the UN institutions) as well as the former Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.) countries in Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan) and Mongolia, were not included under either developed or developing regions, but rather were referred to as "countries in transition"; however they are now widely regarded (in the international reports) as "developing countries". In the 21st century, the original Four Asian Tigers[11] regions (Hong Kong,[11][12] Singapore,[11][12] South Korea,[11][12][13][14] and Taiwan[11][12]) are considered "developed" region or areas, along with Cyprus,[12] Israel,[12] Malta,[12] and Slovenia,[12] are considered "newly developed countries".
.The IMF uses a flexible classification system that considers "(1) per capita income level, (2) export diversification—so oil exporters that have high per capita GDP would not make the advanced classification because around 70% of its exports are oil, and (3) degree of integration into the global financial system."^ Per capita Income: .
  • Yemen (Developing Country) « ASFA APES Demographic Blog – Middle East 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC omeo00.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Taiwan is not listed in the World Bank income classification list but is considered high-income.
  • PAR-08-113: Brain Disorders in the Developing World: Research Across the Lifespan (R21) 15 September 2009 6:06 UTC grants.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Taiwan is not listed in the World Bank income classification list but is considered high-income .
  • PAR-08-112: Brain Disorders in the Developing World: Research Across the Lifespan (R01) 15 September 2009 6:06 UTC grants.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

[15]
.The World Bank classifies countries into four income groups.^ The World Bank Group's political risk insurance arm, the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency, supports developing country financial sectors by providing guarantees to foreign banks that help inject much-needed liquidity into these markets.
  • INN: WORLD BANK GROUP: World Bank Group Boosts Support for Developing Countries; Developing Country Economic Growth Seen Falling by More than Expected (11/11/2008) 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.insurancenewsnet.com [Source type: News]

^ As of January 2007, countries classified as developing countries for this purpose are those whose economies are listed by the World Bank as "Low income," "Lower Middle Income," or "Upper Middle Income" in the World Development Report 2007 .
  • International Society for Environmental Epidemiology 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.iseepi.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to the World Bank : Classifications and data reported for geographic regions are for low-income and middle-income economies only.
  • Traveling in developing countries - CouchSurfing Wiki 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC wiki.couchsurfing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Low income countries have GNI per capita of US$975 or less.^ These are all countries with relatively low levels of per capita income.
  • AG EC 450 - Economic Conditions in Developing Countries 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC 450.aers.psu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They refer to countries that have relatively low levels of per capita income.
  • AG EC 450 - Economic Conditions in Developing Countries 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC 450.aers.psu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Per capita Income: .
  • Yemen (Developing Country) « ASFA APES Demographic Blog – Middle East 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC omeo00.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Lower middle income countries have GNI per capita of US$976–$3,855. Upper middle income countries have GNI per capita between US$3,856–$11,905. High income countries have GNI above $11,906. The World Bank classifies all low- and middle-income countries as developing but notes, "The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development.^ We are all in a world of hurt economically, all of us.
  • About Developing the High Country Brand 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC highcountrypress.com [Source type: News]

^ The net outflow of people from developing countries to high-income economies has grown considerably.
  • World Development Indicators 2005 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC devdata.worldbank.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Currently, developing country per capita emissions are low but their populations are large.
  • Climate change and developing country growth | vox - Research-based policy analysis and commentary from leading economists 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.voxeu.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status."^ Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status.
  • Traveling in developing countries - CouchSurfing Wiki 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC wiki.couchsurfing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The views expressed in this paper are the views of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), its Board of Directors, or the governments they represent.
  • Developing Country Experience With Price And Profit Regulation 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.adbi.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While these concerns are important, the debate does not adequately reflect the interests of the developing countries.
  • Biotechnology and Sustainable Agriculture: Developing Country Perspectives 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.biotech-info.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3]

Measure and concept of development

.The development of a country is measured with statistical indexes such as income per capita (per person) (GDP), life expectancy, the rate of literacy, et cetera.^ One measures the development of a country with statistical indexes such as income per inhabitant, the rate of illiteracy, and access to water.
  • Bambooweb: Underdeveloped nations 24 September 2009 23:33 UTC www.bambooweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Per capita Income: .
  • Yemen (Developing Country) « ASFA APES Demographic Blog – Middle East 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC omeo00.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ GDP-per-capita income data by country is put out by the CIA ( 01U6 ).
  • Developing Nations 18 September 2009 5:43 UTC home.windstream.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The UN has developed the HDI, a compound indicator of the above statistics, to gauge the level of human development for countries where data is available.^ Unfortunately the available data indicate that this is not possible.
  • Population Constraints in Developing Nations 18 September 2009 5:43 UTC home.windstream.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Background: Increasing collaboration between industrialised and developing countries in human research studies has led to concerns regarding the potential exploitation of resource deprived countries.
  • Ethical review of health research: a perspective from developing country researchers 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC jme.bmj.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It also plans to draw on the knowledge and experiences of countries to develop guidelines for cost-effective data collection and estimation.
  • World Development Indicators 2005 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC devdata.worldbank.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Developing countries are in general countries which have not achieved a significant degree of industrialization relative to their populations, and which have, in most cases a medium to low standard of living.^ Standards of living, while low in comparison to developed countries, do vary tremendously among developing countries.
  • AG EC 450 - Economic Conditions in Developing Countries 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC 450.aers.psu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In general, all these things are scarce in developing countries, which largely explains their low standards of living.
  • AG EC 450 - Economic Conditions in Developing Countries 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC 450.aers.psu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most exports originate from industrial countries.
  • Agriculture in Developing Countries: 15 September 2009 6:06 UTC www.focusweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is a strong correlation between low income and high population growth.^ There is thus a potential virtuous circle of rapid growth in intraregional trade, leading to increased domestic demand and higher real incomes and to even more rapid growth in intraregional trade.
  • Regional and Country Highlights - Developing Asia and the Pacific - ADB.org 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.adb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The difference between exporters and nonexporters appears to hold both in countries with high levels of Internet coverage (e.g., Slovenia and Slovakia) and countries with very low levels of coverage (e.g., Tajikistan and Uzbekistan).
  • Has the Internet increased trade? Developed and developing country evidence | Economic Inquiry | Find Articles at BNET 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC findarticles.com [Source type: News]

^ Social scientists typically divide countries into two groups, developed nations and developing nations, based on wealth, social progress and low-population growth, among other criteria.
  • Held Captive: Developing Nations | The Humane Society of the United States 18 September 2009 5:43 UTC www.hsus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The terms utilized when discussing developing countries refer to the intent and to the constructs of those who utilize these terms.^ The developing countries do benefit from these programs.
  • Congress Should Extend Developing Country Trade Preferences 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.heritage.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The terms utilized when discussing 'developing nations' refer to the intent and to the constructs of those who utilize these terms.
  • Bambooweb: Underdeveloped nations 24 September 2009 23:33 UTC www.bambooweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even the more advanced developing countries, such as India and Brazil, could suffer significant competitive disadvantages if these preferences were eliminated.
  • Congress Should Extend Developing Country Trade Preferences 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.heritage.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Other terms sometimes used are less developed countries (LDCs), least economically developed countries (LEDCs), "underdeveloped nations" or Third World nations, and "non-industrialized nations". Conversely, the opposite end of the spectrum is termed developed countries, most economically developed countries (MEDCs), First World nations and "industrialized nations".
.To moderate the euphemistic aspect of the word developing, international organizations have started to use the term Less economically developed country (LEDCs) for the poorest nations which can in no sense be regarded as developing.^ Many of the developing countries aren't developing at all in economic terms.
  • AG EC 450 - Economic Conditions in Developing Countries 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC 450.aers.psu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This term, and the term less-developed countries, are the two most popular.
  • AG EC 450 - Economic Conditions in Developing Countries 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC 450.aers.psu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However there is paucity of data from the developing countries regarding this aspect.
  • ISPUB - Patients With Hematological Disorders Requiring Admission To Medical Intensive Care Unit In A Developing Country: Characteristics, Survival And Prognostic Factors 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.ispub.com [Source type: Academic]

That is, LEDCs are the poorest subset of LDCs. .This may moderate against a belief that the standard of living across the entire developing world is the same.^ Although access is very much improved, there are still inequalities of information exchange and increasing concern that information may be able to get into the developing world, but it is harder to get information out.
  • ALPSP - Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.alpsp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Such an early application of this technology, which was entirely absent in the majority of the world, indicated a new approach to scientific development in a Latin American country.
  • PLoS Computational Biology: Computational Biology in Cuba: An Opportunity to Promote Science in a Developing Country 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.ploscompbiol.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Developing countries across the world received $275 billion of FDI in 2004, of which the share of the top ten was $189.8 billion.
  • FDI inflows: India among top ten developing nations 18 September 2009 5:43 UTC www.indianrealtynews.com [Source type: News]

.The concept of the developing nation is found, under one term or another, in numerous theoretical systems having diverse orientations — for example, theories of decolonization, liberation theology, Marxism, anti-imperialism, and political economy.^ Much of e-commerce infrastructure involves progressive moves on the legislative and regulatory fronts by government agencies and industry organizations, but the Internet seems to have become a political football in many developing nations, with various government agencies vying with one another for control of Internet traffic and revenues.
  • e-OTI: How Real Is the Internet Market in Developing Nations? 18 September 2009 5:43 UTC www.isoc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Countries with more advanced economies than other developing nations, but which have not yet fully demonstrated the signs of a developed country, are grouped under the term newly industrialized...
  • Developing Countries - Topics - Breitbart.com 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC topics.breitbart.com [Source type: News]

^ However, it is a developing nation without the infrastructure, sanitation and health care system that Americans are accustom.
  • Avoiding Disease in Afghanistan - Associated Content - associatedcontent.com 24 September 2009 23:33 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

Criticism of the term 'developing country'

.There is criticism of the use of the term ‘developing country’.^ In developing countries, there is more disparity .
  • Lecture 20 --Technology in Developing Countries 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC classes.maxwell.syr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Second, there was a realization among donor countries that aid was becoming ever more complex with new instruments and players with increasing criticisms over the effectiveness of aid.
  • Fridays Academy: Aid and Growth - Developing Country Experience 1950 - 2005 | Building Capacity through Rethinking Development 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC blogs.worldbank.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite current emphasis on health insurance expansions in developing countries, inefficient consumer incentives for over-use of medical care are an important counterbalancing concern.
  • High-Powered Incentives in Developing Country Health Insurance: Evidence from Colombia's Régimen Subsidiado 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC papers.nber.org [Source type: Academic]

.The term implies inferiority of a 'developing country' compared to a 'developed country', which many such countries dislike.^ Many of the developing countries aren't developing at all in economic terms.
  • AG EC 450 - Economic Conditions in Developing Countries 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC 450.aers.psu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such systems are incomplete or nonexistent for many developing countries.
  • Control of Cardiovascular Diseases in Developing Countries: Research, Development, and Institutional Strengthening 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The News I type the name of a developing country, or city in such, that I want to visit, into a news search engine, such as Yahoo News , every few days for a month or so.

.It assumes a desire to ‘develop’ along the traditional 'Western' model of economic development which a few countries, such as Cuba, have chosen not to follow.^ A few examples of a developing country?
  • WikiAnswers - Why is India a developing country 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although the Bermuda Principles and Fort Lauderdale agreement emphasize open access to data from large genomic studies, the authors explained, there are few, if any, real-life examples of how such data release models apply to research in developing countries.
  • MalariaGEN Researchers Address Data Policies for Developing Country GWAS | GenomeWeb Daily News | Informatics | GenomeWeb 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.genomeweb.com [Source type: Academic]

^ According to this model, current dementia prevalence in developing countries would correlate inversely with infant mortality at the time that those at risk were born.
  • 10/66 Dementia Research Group > The Context > Developed/Developing Country Differences 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.alz.co.uk [Source type: Academic]

Thus Cuba remains classed as 'developing' due to its low gross national income but has a lower infant mortality rate and higher literacy rate than the USA.[16]
.The term 'developing' implies mobility and does not acknowledge that development may be in decline or static in some countries, particularly those southern African states worst affected by HIV/AIDS. The term implies homogeneity between such countries which vary wildly.^ Why does China have a developing country?
  • WikiAnswers - Is china a developing country 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: News]

^ Even the more advanced developing countries, such as India and Brazil, could suffer significant competitive disadvantages if these preferences were eliminated.
  • Congress Should Extend Developing Country Trade Preferences 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.heritage.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some 16,000 people signed up to attend, including more than 50 world leaders, mostly from developing countries.
  • The Seattle Times: Nation & World: Developing nations bristle at U.S. control of Internet 18 September 2009 5:43 UTC seattletimes.nwsource.com [Source type: News]

.The term also implies homogeneity within such countries when wealth (and health) of the most and least affluent groups varies wildly.^ Such distributions exist in most countries.
  • e-OTI: The Internet Society and Developing Countries 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.isoc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Menon believes that the G20 is "here to stay" and their challenge is to stay "firm, focussed and faithful" while expanding the group to include least developed countries (LDCs).
  • PAPDA: G20, the developing country coalition 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.papda.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Finally, they provide access to the wealth of scientific and technical expertise found within firms and institutions in developing countries."
  • Biotechdaily - Biotech Companies with Developing Country Partners Better Positioned to Innovate and Thrive 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.biotechdaily.com [Source type: Academic]

List of emerging and developing economies

The following are considered emerging and developing economies according to the International Monetary Fund's World Economic Outlook Report, October 2009.[17]

Developing countries not listed by IMF

Graduated developing countries (Four Asian Tigers) - Now considered developed

Typology and names of countries

.Countries are often loosely placed into four categories of development.^ "Firms have started to collaborate with developing countries, but developed countries' governments need to realize that the innovation landscape is changing and innovation policies need to take that into account."
  • Biotechdaily - Biotech Companies with Developing Country Partners Better Positioned to Innovate and Thrive 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.biotechdaily.com [Source type: Academic]

^ By practicing double standards these perverted NGOs will conveniently ignore the over-deforestation that has taken place in the developed countries which continues till today.
  • Perverted Views of Anti-Developing Country(ADC) Environmentalists 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.ceopalmoil.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ New authors and higher quality papers Much good research is done in developing countries but academics are often unable to translate this into publishable papers because their sources, methodologies or background literature is out of date.
  • Discussions 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC dgroups.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Each category includes the countries listed in their respective article.^ Tags: 2009- LIST- Categories: Art & Literature > Childrens Literature > Views: 22 Language: English developed countries developing countries From: eliwalker .
  • developing countries - docstoc 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Views: 48 Add to My Docs Not Relevant Good Result Categories: Views: 48 Language: 2009-LIST-OF-DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES From: akgame .
  • developing countries - docstoc 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The term "developing nation" is not a label to assign a specific, similar type of problem.^ It is for this reason that in most cases it is better not to develop a standard economic and political prescription and make recommendations without first analyzing the specificities of each nation.
  • http://www.zeromillion.com/econ/developing-nations.html 18 September 2009 5:43 UTC www.zeromillion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Structuring the Economic and Political Systems of Developing Nations Pursuant to the Works of Econom 18 September 2009 5:43 UTC www.zeromillion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You are a public policy analyst assigned to help study the problems of a developing nation in Africa or Asia .

^ For this type of market, the nation must license the capability to produce such products, perhaps in an indigenous firm or in a joint venture between a local firm and a developed country firm.
  • Patenting and Access to Clean Energy Technologies in Developing Countries 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.wipo.int [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  1. Newly industrialized countries (NICs) are nations with economies more advanced and developed than those in the developing world, but not yet with the full signs of a developed country.^ In most nations of the developing world, the "formal" economy is not growing at all.
    • Population Constraints in Developing Nations 18 September 2009 5:43 UTC home.windstream.net [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Developing countries are more in need of antibiotics than ever .
    • Antibiotic resistance and the developing world - SciDev.Net 15 September 2009 6:06 UTC www.scidev.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In developing countries, there is more disparity .
    • Lecture 20 --Technology in Developing Countries 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC classes.maxwell.syr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [4][5][6][7] .NIC is a category between developed and developing countries.^ This second part demonstrates that even if the preconditions and requirements naturally varies a lot between developing countries, there are several aspects that are common and needs to be recognized.
    • Government Innovators Network: Trade Facilitation from a Developing Country Perspective, 2003 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.innovations.harvard.edu [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Rather the approach should take account of national circumstances (e.g., current state of technology in the country) and the development stage of countries (e.g., there are development reasons that justify a differentiation between developed and developing countries).
    • Switchboard, from NRDC :: Jake Schmidt's Blog :: Starting to Read from the Same Book on Sectoral Approaches for Developing Countries 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC switchboard.nrdc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The letter says that the draft text is flawed, as it does not provide the necessary balance between the positions of developing and developed countries.
    • North tactics to split developing-country alliances exposed 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.twnside.org.sg [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It includes Brazil, the People's Republic of China, India, Malaysia, Mexico, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand and Turkey.
  2. Big Emerging Market (BEM) economies, a label with various meanings.^ South Africa is an emerging candidate in the global BPO market that is still dominated by India.
    • Tic & Développement - Hypercapitalism in a developing country 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.tic.ird.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It includes case studies from South Africa, Indonesia, and India.
    • mHealth: A Developing Country Perspective | The Communication Initiative Network 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.comminit.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ South Africa: an emerging “new economy” .
    • Tic & Développement - Hypercapitalism in a developing country 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.tic.ird.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Jeffrey Garten identified, Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, South Africa, Poland, Turkey, India, Indonesia, the People's Republic of China, and South Korea as the Big 10 BEMs.
  3. Countries with long-term civil war or large-scale breakdown of rule of law ("failed states") (e.g.^ At the other end of the scale, we have China with over 1.3 billion people and India with now over 1 billion.
    • AG EC 450 - Economic Conditions in Developing Countries 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC 450.aers.psu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It includes case studies from South Africa, Indonesia, and India.
    • mHealth: A Developing Country Perspective | The Communication Initiative Network 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC www.comminit.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Economist article looks at six countries: Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, India, South Africa, and South Korea .
    • Lecture 20 --Technology in Developing Countries 19 January 2010 18:39 UTC classes.maxwell.syr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Democratic Republic of Congo, Afghanistan, Haiti, Somalia) or non-development-oriented dictatorship (North Korea, Myanmar, Zimbabwe).
  4. Some developing countries have been classified as "Developed countries" such as South Africa, and Turkey by the CIA, and Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Brunei, Estonia, Equatorial Guinea, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Trinidad and Tobago by the World Bank.

References

  1. ^ Sullivan, Arthur; Steven M. Sheffrin (2003). Economics: Principles in Action. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458: Pearson Prentice Hall. pp. 471. ISBN 0-13-063085-3. http://www.pearsonschool.com/index.cfm?locator=PSZ3R9&PMDbSiteId=2781&PMDbSolutionId=6724&PMDbCategoryId=&PMDbProgramId=12881&level=4. 
  2. ^ a b "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings (footnote C)". United Nations Statistics Division. revised 17 October 2008. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49regin.htm#ftnc. Retrieved 2008-12-30. 
  3. ^ a b "Country Classification". World Bank. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/DATASTATISTICS/0,,contentMDK:20420458~menuPK:64133156~pagePK:64133150~piPK:64133175~theSitePK:239419,00.html. Retrieved July 20, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b Paweł Bożyk (2006). "Newly Industrialized Countries". Globalization and the Transformation of Foreign Economic Policy. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 0-75-464638-6. 
  5. ^ a b Mauro F. Guillén (2003). "Multinationals, Ideology, and Organized Labor". The Limits of Convergence. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-69-111633-4. 
  6. ^ a b Waugh, David (3rd edition 2000). "Manufacturing industries (chapter 19), World development (chapter 22)". Geography, An Integrated Approach. Nelson Thornes Ltd.. pp. 563, 576–579, 633, and 640. ISBN 0-17-444706-X. 
  7. ^ a b Mankiw, N. Gregory (4th Edition 2007). Principles of Economics. ISBN 0-32-422472-9. 
  8. ^ http://www.unescap.org/unis/press/G_05_00.htm
  9. ^ http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49.htm
  10. ^ "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings (footnote C)". United Nations Statistics Division. revised 17 October 2008. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49regin.htm#ftnc. Retrieved 2008-12-30. 
  11. ^ a b c d e http://www.businesspme.com/uk/articles/economics/78/East-Asian-Tigers-.html
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h IMF Advanced Economies List. World Economic Outlook, Database—WEO Groups and Aggregates Information, April 2009.
  13. ^ http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1018.html
  14. ^ http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/98c62f1c-850f-11dd-b148-0000779fd18c.html
  15. ^ "Q. How does the WEO categorize advanced versus emerging and developing economies?". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/faq.htm#q4b. Retrieved July 20, 2009. 
  16. ^ "The World Factbook". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html. 
  17. ^ IMF Emerging and Developing Economies List. World Economic Outlook Database, October 2009.
  18. ^ a b c World Economic Outlook, International Monetary Fund, April 2009, second paragraph, line 9-11.

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Up to date as of December 22, 2010

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