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Dexter, Kansas
—  City  —
Location of Dexter, Kansas
Coordinates: 37°10′46″N 96°42′58″W / 37.17944°N 96.71611°W / 37.17944; -96.71611Coordinates: 37°10′46″N 96°42′58″W / 37.17944°N 96.71611°W / 37.17944; -96.71611
Country United States
State Kansas
County Cowley
Area
 - Total 0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
 - Land 0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,211 ft (369 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 364
 - Density 1,309.4/sq mi (505.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67038
Area code(s) 620
FIPS code 20-17925[1]
GNIS feature ID 0469581[2]

Dexter is a city in Cowley County, Kansas, United States. The population was 364 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

Early in the 20th century Dexter became the focus of research that would confirm the existence of an abundance of naturally occurring and readily available helium. In May 1903, a newly drilled natural gas well was found to contain a nonflammable gas. Researchers at the University of Kansas found the “Dexter gas” contained only 15 percent methane and 72 percent nitrogen, causing the gas to be nonflammable. In addition they discovered helium within an “inert residue” in the gas and, after expanding their research to other wells throughout Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma, published a paper in 1907 saying that helium could be extracted from natural gas. Helium did not have any practical applications at the time, but by 1917 the federal government was sponsoring extensive research into the possibility of using helium in airships.

Geography

Dexter is located at 37°10′46″N 96°42′58″W / 37.179373°N 96.715987°W / 37.179373; -96.715987 (37.179373, -96.715987).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.7 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 364 people, 119 households, and 81 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,309.4 people per square mile (501.9/km2). There were 133 housing units at an average density of 478.4/sq mi (183.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.03% White, 0.27% African American, 5.22% Native American, 0.82% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.10% of the population.

There were 119 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.43.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,656, and the median income for a family was $39,286. Males had a median income of $25,536 versus $18,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,615. About 14.1% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.4% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
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