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Dhirendra Nath Ganguly
Born March 26, 1893(1893-03-26)
Kolkata, India
Died November 18, 1978 (aged 85)
Kolkata, India
Other name(s) Dhiren Ganguly or D.G
Years active 1919 - 1978

Dhirendra Nath Ganguly (Bengali: ধীরেন্দ্রনাথ গাঙ্গুলী) (26 March 1893 - 18 November 1978), better known as Dhiren Ganguly or D.G , was a Dadasaheb Phalke Award winning and Padma Bhushan recipient film enterpreneur/actor/director of Bengali Cinema. He had set up a number of film production companies: Indo British Film company, British Dominion Films, Lotus Film Company. Later, he directed films for New Theatres. He produced many movies in comedy genre. He was born in Calcutta and died in the same city.

Contents

Early life

Ganguly studied in the Visva Bharati University in Shantiniketan. He became a headmaster of State Art School in Hyderabad. He released a book of photographs of his make-up techniques called Bhavki Abhibyakti in 1915. He also taught this art to C.I.D. officers in both British India and independent India. [1]

Career

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Indo British Film Company

Ganguly's photography book brought him in contact of J. F. Madan, who agreed to invest in his films.[1] Ganguly and Madan Theatres' manager Nitish Lahiri formed the Indo British Film Co, the first film production company owned by Bengalis, in 1918.[2] Bilat Ferat (1921) (The England Returned), a silent comedy film directed by Nitish Lahiri, was the first production from this company.[1] They released another two movies in 1922: Yashoda Nandan and Sadhu Aur Shaitan.[2]

Lotus Film Company

Ganguly founded Lotus Film Company in Hyderabad and also established a film studio and two cinema houses with the help of Nizam. In 1924, he was a distributor of Razia Begum, a film made in Bombay. This film portrayed a Muslim princess who fell in love of a Hindu. This enraged Nizam and he ordered Ganguly to leave Hyderabad.[1]

British Dominion Films

Ganguly returned to Calcuta and eventually formed another film production company British Dominion Films. Actor Pramathesh Barua invested in this venture and also acted in a film produced by this company. However, with the arrival talkies and new sound technologies, this film company failed.[1]

Talkies era

Ganguly joined Barua Pictures company of Pramathesh Barua. But, soon both of them joined B. N. Sircar's New Theatres.

Recognition

Filmography

Director

  • Cartoon (1949)
  • Shesh Nibedan (1948)
  • Srinkhal (1947)
  • Daabi (1943)
  • Ahuti (1941)
  • Karmakhali (1940)
  • Path-Bhule (1940)
  • Abhisarika (1938)
  • Achin Priya (1938)
  • Hal Bangla (1938)
  • Country Girl (1936) (Hindi: Dehati Ladki)
  • Dwipantar (1936)
  • Bidrohi (1935)
  • Excuse Me, Sir (1934)
  • Halkatha (1934)
  • Mastuto Bhai (1934)
  • Night Bird (1934)
  • Charitraheen (1931)
  • Takay Ki Na Hay (1931) (English title: Money Makes What Not)
  • Alik Babu (1930) (English title: Master Liar)
  • Flames of Flesh (1930) (Bengali title: Kamonar Agun)
  • Bimata (1923) (Hindi title: Bijoy Basant, English title: Stepmother)
  • Chintamani (1923)
  • The Marriage Tonic (1923)
  • Sati Simantini (1923)
  • Vijay and Basanta (1923)
  • Yayati (1923)
  • Yashoda Nandan (1922) (Hindi title: Shri Radha Krishna)
  • Hara Gouri (1922)
  • Indrajeet (1922)
  • Lady Teacher (1922)

Actor

  • Shesh Nibedan (1948)
  • Bondita (1945)
  • Hal Bangla (1938)
  • Excuse Me, Sir (1934)
  • Mastuto Bhai (1934)
  • Maraner Pare (1931) (English title: After the Death)
  • Takay Ki Na Hay (1931) (English title: Money Makes What Not)
  • Panchasar (1930) (English title: Blind God / Five Arrows)
  • Alik Babu (1930) (English title: Master Liar)
  • Shankaracharya (1927) (English title: Renaissance of Hinduism)
  • Yashoda Nandan (1922) (Hindi title: Shri Radha Krishna)
  • Lady Teacher (1922)
  • Sadhu Aur Shaitan (1922)
  • Bilet Pherat (1921) (English title: The England Returned)

Writer

  • Shesh Nibedan (1948) (screenplay)
  • Bilet Pherat (1921) (English title: The England Returned) (writer)

Producer

  • Flames of Flesh (1930) (Bengali title: Kamonar Agun)
  • Bilet Pherat (1921) (English title: The England Returned)

References

  1. ^ a b c d e pp 950-951, Google books preview from 'Arts of Transitional India Twentieth Century', by Vinayak Purohit, ISBN 0861321383
  2. ^ a b History of Bengali Cinema from BFJA Awards website

External links


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