The Full Wiki

Dianthus: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dianthus
Dianthus plumarius flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Dianthus
L.
species

About 300 species; see text

Dianthus alpinus
Sweet William Dwarf, Dianthus barbatus
Dianthus caryophyllus seed heads
Dianthus superbus

Dianthus is a genus of about 300 species of flowering plants in the family Caryophyllaceae, native mainly to Europe and Asia, with a few species extending south to north Africa, and one species (D. repens) in arctic North America. Common names include carnation (D. caryophyllus), pink (D. plumarius and related species) and sweet william (D. barbatus). The name Dianthus is from the Greek words dios ("god") and anthos ("flower"), and was cited by the Greek botanist Theophrastus.

The species are mostly perennial herbs, a few are annual or biennial, and some are low subshrubs with woody basal stems. The leaves are opposite, simple, mostly linear and often strongly glaucous grey-green to blue-green. The flowers have five petals, typically with a frilled or pinked margin, and are (in almost all species) pale to dark pink. One species, D. knappii, has yellow flowers with a purple centre.

Dianthus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Cabbage Moth, Double-striped Pug, Large Yellow Underwing and The Lychnis. Also three species of Coleophora case-bearers feed exclusively on Dianthus; C. dianthi, C. dianthivora and C. musculella (which feeds exclusively on D. suberbus).

The colour pink may be named after the flower. The origin of the flower name 'pink' may come from the frilled edge of the flowers: the verb "pink" dates from the 14th century and means "to decorate with a perforated or punched pattern" (maybe from German "pinken" = to peck). Source: Collins Dictionary. The verb sense is also used in the name of pinking shears.

Selected species

  • Dianthus alpinus - Alpine Pink
  • Dianthus amurensis - Amur Pink
  • Dianthus anatolicus
  • Dianthus arenarius - Sand Pink
  • Dianthus armeria - Deptford Pink
  • Dianthus barbatus - Sweet William
  • Dianthus biflorus
  • Dianthus brevicaulis
  • Dianthus burgasensis
  • Dianthus callizonus
  • Dianthus campestris
  • Dianthus capitatus
  • Dianthus carthusianorum - Carthusian Pink
  • Dianthus caryophyllus - Carnation or Clove Pink
  • Dianthus chinensis - China Pink
  • Dianthus cruentus
  • Dianthus deltoides - Maiden Pink
  • Dianthus erinaceus
  • Dianthus freynii
  • Dianthus fruticosus
  • Dianthus furcatus
  • Dianthus gallicus - French Pink or Jersey Pink
  • Dianthus giganteus
  • Dianthus glacialis
  • Dianthus gracilis
  • Dianthus graniticus
  • Dianthus gratianopolitanus - Cheddar Pink
  • Dianthus haematocalyx
  • Dianthus japonicus
  • Dianthus kladovanus
  • Dianthus knappii
  • Dianthus lusitanus
  • Dianthus microlepsis
  • Dianthus moesiacus
  • Dianthus monspessulanus - Fringed pink
  • Dianthus myrtinervius - Albanian Pink
  • Dianthus nardiformis
  • Dianthus nitidus
  • Dianthus pavonius
  • Dianthus petraeus
  • Dianthus pinifolius
  • Dianthus plumarius - Garden Pinks, Wild pink
  • Dianthus pungens
  • Dianthus repens - Boreal Carnation
  • Dianthus scardicus
  • Dianthus seguieri - Sequier's Pink
  • Dianthus simulans
  • Dianthus spiculifolius
  • Dianthus squarrosus
  • Dianthus subacaulis
  • Dianthus superbus - Large Pink
  • Dianthus sylvestris
  • Dianthus urumoffii
  • Dianthus zonatus

Cultivation

There are also many hybrids, eg. D. x allwoodii (D. plumarius × D. caryophyllus), which may be further crossed, eg D. x allwoodii 'Alpinus' (D. x allwoodii with D. alpinus). [1]

References

Advertisements

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Noun

Singular
Dianthus

Plural
uncountable

Dianthus (uncountable)

  1. (botany) A genus of about 300 species of flowering plants in the family Caryophyllaceae, including carnations, pinks, and sweet william.

Translations


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Unassigned core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales
Familia: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Dianthus
Species: D. alpinus - D. amurensis - D. armeria - D. anatolicus - D. arenarius - D. atrorubens - D. barbatus - D. brevicaulis - D. biflorus - D. callizonus - D. campestris - D. carthusianorum - D. crinitus - D. cruentus - D. deltoides - D. freynii - D. furcatus - D. gallicus - D. giganteus - D. glacialis - D. gracilis - D. graniticus - D. gratianopolitanus - D. haematocalyx - D. knappii - D. microlepis - D. monspessulanus - D. myrtinervius - D. nardiformis - D. pavonius - D. petraeus - D. plumarius - D. rupicola - D. seguerii - D. serpyliifolius - D. spiculifolius - D. subacaulis - D. suendermannii - D. superbus - D. sylvestris - D. webbianus

Name

Dianthus L.

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Nelken
English: Pinks
Français: Œillets
Italiano: Garofano
Magyar: szegfű
Nederlands: Anjer
‪Norsk (nynorsk)‬: Nellik
Polski: Goździk
Svenska: Nejliksläktet

Simple English

Dianthus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Dianthus
L.
species

About 300 species; see text

Dianthus is a genus of about 300 species of flowering plants in the family Caryophyllaceae, found mainly in Europe and Asia, with a few species found south to north Africa, and one species (D. repens) in Arctic North America. Common names include carnation (D. caryophyllus), pink (D. plumarius and related species) and sweet william (D. barbatus). The name Dianthus is from the Greek words dios ("god") and anthos ("flower"), and was mentioned by the Greek botanist Theophrastus.

=Selected species

=

  • Dianthus alpinus - Alpine Pink
  • Dianthus amurensis - Amur Pink
  • Dianthus anatolicus
  • Dianthus arenarius - Sand Pink
  • Dianthus armeria - Deptford Pink
  • Dianthus barbatus - Sweet William
  • Dianthus biflorus
  • Dianthus brevicaulis
  • Dianthus callizonus
  • Dianthus campestris
  • Dianthus capitatus
  • Dianthus carthusianorum - Carthusian Pink
  • Dianthus caryophyllus - Carnation or Clove Pink
  • Dianthus chinensis - China Pink
  • Dianthus cruentus
  • Dianthus deltoides - Maiden Pink
  • Dianthus erinaceus
  • Dianthus freynii
  • Dianthus fruticosus
  • Dianthus furcatus
  • Dianthus gallicus - French Pink or Jersey Pink
  • Dianthus giganteus
  • Dianthus glacialis
  • Dianthus gracilis
  • Dianthus graniticus
  • Dianthus gratianopolitanus - Cheddar Pink
  • Dianthus haematocalyx
  • Dianthus japonicus
  • Dianthus knappii
  • Dianthus lusitanus
  • Dianthus microlepsis
  • Dianthus monspessulanus - Fringed pink
  • Dianthus myrtinervius - Albanian Pink
  • Dianthus nardiformis
  • Dianthus nitidus
  • Dianthus pavonius
  • Dianthus petraeus
  • Dianthus pinifolius
  • Dianthus plumarius - Common Pink
  • Dianthus pungens
  • Dianthus repens - Boreal Carnation
  • Dianthus scardicus
  • Dianthus seguieri - Sequier's Pink
  • Dianthus simulans
  • Dianthus spiculifolius
  • Dianthus squarrosus
  • Dianthus subacaulis
  • Dianthus superbus - Large Pink
  • Dianthus sylvestris
  • Dianthus zonatus
Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found
Wikimedia Commons has images, video, and/or sound related to:
Simple English Wiktionary has the word meaning for:


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message