Diastole: Wikis

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Heart during ventricular diastole.

Diastole (pronounced /daɪˈæstəli/) is the period of time when the heart fills with blood after systole (contraction). Ballistics accurately describes diastole as recoil opposed to coil or systole. Ventricular diastole is the period during which the ventricles are relaxing, while atrial diastole is the period during which the atria are relaxing. The term diastole originates from the Greek word διαστολη, meaning dilation.[1]

Contents

Inside the heart

During ventricular diastole, the pressure in the (left and right) ventricles drops from the peak that it reaches in systole. When the pressure in the left ventricle drops to below the pressure in the left atrium, the mitral valve opens, causing accumulated blood from the atrium to flow into the ventricle. An easy way to think about this, though untrue, is that diastole is a sump that induces suction of blood into the heart to prepare for the next pump of systole. The heart is actually filled by the momentum of the blood flowing from the previous systolic cycle, with the "atrial kick" serving as a way to "hoist" the ventricular myocardium over the mass of blood contained within the chamber just prior to systole.

Inside the arteries

The adjective "diastolic" is used to refer to filling of the heart with blood between muscle contraction. It is used to describe the opposite portion of the cardiac cycle related to contraction. More typically it is used as one component of measurement of blood pressure. "Diastolic pressure" refers to the lowest pressure within the arterial blood stream occurring during each heart beat. The other component of blood pressure is systolic pressure, which refers to the highest arterial pressure during each heart beat.

When blood pressure is stated for medical purposes, it is usually summarized as a "ratio" of systolic to diastolic pressure; for example: 120/80 mmHg. However, this is not a true ratio: it cannot be reduced into lower terms.

Time definition of diastole

Time variables of diastole may be split left and right. The left heart time variable of diastole is Aortic Valve close to Aortic Valve open. The right heart time variable is Pulmonic Valve close to Pulmonic Valve open. Both are readily adapted to the Wiggers diagram.

See also

References

  1. ^ Diastole. Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. 24 August 2008.

External links

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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German

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Diastole

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Pronunciation

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Etymology

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Noun

Diastole f. (genitive Diastole, plural Diastolen)

  1. (physiology) diastole

Antonyms


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