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Western Bleeding Heart (Dicentra formosa)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Fumariaceae
Genus: Dicentra

See text.


Diclytra Borkh. nom. rej.[1]
Dielytra = orthographic variant of Diclytra[1]
Possible synonym: Lamprocapnos Endl.[2] Possible synonym: Ehrendorferia Fukuhara & Lidén[2]
Possible synonym: Ichtyoselmis Lidén & Fukuhara[2]

Dicentra is a genus of 8 species of herbaceous flowering plants in the family Fumariaceae, native to Asia (one species) and North America. The common name, bleeding heart, is used for many of the species. This name comes from the appearance of the pink flower, which resembles the shape of a heart symbol ♥ with a drop of blood descending. All parts of this plant are poisonous if ingested.

The genus is easily distinguished from other genera with bisymmetric heart-shaped flowers, because the stem lacks leaves and all leaves are in a basal rosette.



The following 4 genera have previously occasionally been included in "Dicentra"

Dactylicapnos Wall. (herbaceous climbers with yellow flowers, Himalaya to SW China) with 13 species

  • Dactylicapnos burmanica (K.R.Stern) Lidén
  • Dactylicapnos grandifoliolata Merrill
  • Dactylicapnos lichiangensis (Fedde) Hand.-Mazz.
  • Dactylicapnos macrocapnos (Prain) Hutchinson
  • Dicentra paucinervia K.R.Stern = Dac. grandifoliolata
  • Dactylicapnos roylei (Hook.f. & Th.) Hutchinson
  • Dactylicapnos scandens (D.Don) Hutchinson.
  • Dactylicapnos schneideri (Fedde) Lidén
  • Dactylicapnos thalictrifolia Wallich
  • Dactylicapnos torulosa (Hook.f. & Th.) Hutchinson
  • Dactylicapnos ventii (Khanh) Lidén
  • Dicentra wolfdietheri Fedde= Dac. torulosa

Lamprocapnos Endlicher (leafy herb with large pink flowers in horisontal racemes, NE China, Korea) with a single species

  • Lamprocapnos spectabilis (L.) Fukuhara. = Dicentra spectabilis - Bleeding Heart, an extremely popular garden plant

Ehrendorferia Lidén (erect robust leafy herbs with yellow or cream erect flowers, Western N America) with 2 species

Ichthyoselmis Lidén (Large leafy herb with serrate leaflets and large drooping cream flowers, China, Burma) with a single species

  • Ichthyoselmis macrantha (Oliver) Lidén



  1. ^ a b International Plant Names Index [1]
  2. ^ a b c GRIN taxonomy [2]

External links



Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies


Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Ordo: Unassigned Eudicots
Ordo: Ranunculales
Familia: Papaveraceae
Subfamilia: Fumarioideae
Tribus: Fumarieae
Genus: Dicentra
Species: D. canadensis - D. cucullaria - D. eximia - D. formosa - D. nevadensis - D. pauciflora - D. peregrina - D. uniflora


Dicentra Bernh., Linnaea 8: 457, 468. 1833, nom. cons.

Type species: D. cucullaria (L.) Bernh.


  • Diclytra Borkh., Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 1(2): 46. 1797, nom. rej.
  • Dielytra Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea 1: 556. 1826, orth. var.
  • Cucularia Raf., Med. Repos. 5: 352. 1808.
  • Bicucullata Juss. ex Borckh., Arch. Bot. Leipzig (Roemer) 1: 46. 1797.
  • Bikukulla Adans., Fam. Pl. (Adanson) 2: 23. 1763.
  • Capnorchis Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4. 1754, nom. rej.
  • Corniveum Nieuwl., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 175. 1914.
  • Diclytra Borkh., Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 1(2): 46. 1797, nom. rej.


  • Farr, E. R. & Zijlstra, G. eds. (1996-) Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). 2009 Nov 11 [1].

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Tränendes Herz
English: Bleeding Heart
Svenska: Lyrblommor
Türkçe: Kızkalbi
中文: 荷包牡丹属


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