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Dicksonia
Dicksonia antarctica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pteridophyta
Class: Pteridopsida
Order: Cyatheales
Family: Dicksoniaceae
Genus: Dicksonia
L'Hér.
Species

See text.

Dicksonia is a genus of tree ferns in the order Cyatheales. It is regarded as related to Cyathea, but is considered more primitive, dating back at least to the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods. The fossil record includes stems, pinnules, and spores.

The genus contains 20-25 species, distributed from Mexico to Uruguay and Chile, St. Helena, New Zealand, Australia, Indonesia, New Guinea, and the Philippines. New Guinea has the greatest diversity, with five species.

An easily cultivated species of Dicksonia is D. Antarctica, the soft tree fern.[1]

The genus was first described by Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle in 1788. The name honors James Dickson, a prominent nurseryman and botanist.[1]

Species

  • Dicksonia antarctica, Soft Tree Fern, Tasmanian Tree Fern. Australia.
  • Dicksonia arborescens, St. Helena
  • Dicksonia archboldii, New Guinea
  • Dicksonia baudouini, New Caledonia
  • Dicksonia berteriana, Juan Fernandez Islands
  • Dicksonia blumei, Indonesia, Philippines
  • Dicksonia brackenridgei, Fiji, Samoa
  • Dicksonia externa, Juan Fernandez Islands
  • Dicksonia fibrosa, Woolly Tree Fern, Kuripaka or Wheki-ponga. New Zealand.
  • Dicksonia grandis, New Guinea
  • Dicksonia herbertii, Northeastern Queensland, Australia
  • Dicksonia hieronymi, New Guinea.
  • Dicksonia lanata, Tuokuro. New Zealand.
  • Dicksonia lanigera, New Guinea.
  • Dicksonia mollis, Indonesia.
  • Dicksonia sciurus, New Guinea.
  • Dicksonia sellowiana, Xaxim, Samambaiuçu (in Portuguese). Southern Mexico through Central America and Northern South America to Bolivia and Uruguay.
  • Dicksonia squarrosa, New Zealand Tree Fern, Slender Tree Fern, Rough Tree Fern, Wheki. New Zealand.
  • Dicksonia steubelii, Northern Peru.
  • Dicksonia thyrsopteroides, New Caledonia.
  • Dicksonia youngiae, Bristly Tree Fern. Australia.

References

  1. ^ a b Dicksonia antarctica – the soft tree fern. Australian National Botanic Gardens. 2008
  • Large, M.F. and J.E. Braggins Tree Ferns. Timber Press, Inc. (2004).
  • Lobin, Wolfram. List of the American Dicksonia Species. Scientific Authority of Germany, Bonn 2001.

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: Smith et al. 2006

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Pteridophyta
Classis: Pteridopsida
Ordo: Cyatheales
Familia: Dicksoniaceae
Subfamilia: Dicksonioideae
Genus: Dicksonia
Species: D. antarctica - D. arborescens - D. archboldii - D. baudouini - D. berteriana - D. blumei - D. brackenridgei - D. domingensis - D. externa - D. fibrosa - D. grandis - D. herbertii - D. hieronymi - D. lanata - D. lanigera - D. mollis - D. sciurus - D. sellowiana - D. squarrosa - D. stuebelli - D. thyrsopteroides - D. youngiae

Name

Dicksonia L'Hér., 1789

Type locality: St Helena 1771

Synonyms

Balantium Kaulfuss, 1824

References

Large & Braggins: Tree Ferns ISBN 0 643 09076 2


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