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Diet (assembly): Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In politics, a diet is a formal deliberative assembly. The term is derived from Medieval Latin dietas, and ultimately comes from the Latin dies, "day". The word came to be used in this sense because assemblies met on a daily basis which is reflected in the German language use of Tagung (Meeting) and -tag (day, as in Montag—i.e. Monday—or parliament, council or other law-deliberating chamber, as in Bundestag, or Reichstag).

Historic uses

In this sense, it commonly refers to the Reichstag assemblies of the Holy Roman Empire; see Reichstag (institution), Diet of Augsburg, Diet of Nuremberg, Diet of Regensburg, Diet of Speyer and Diet of Worms.

Since the Second Peace of Thorn of 1466, a German language Prussian diet Landtag was held in the lands of Royal Prussia, a province of Poland in personal union with the King of Poland.

The assemblies of the Hungarian nobility, customarily called together every three years in Pozsony, were also called "Diéta" in the Habsburg Empire before the 1848 revolution.

The Riksdag of the Estates was the diet of the four estates of Sweden, from the 15th century until 1866. The Diet of Finland was the successor to the Riksdag of the Estates in the Grand Duchy of Finland, from 1809 to 1906.

The Swiss Diet was known as Tagsatzung.

In other countries the name of the comparable assembly came from the generality of the States:

Until 1953, the Danish parliament was called the Rigsdag and had two chambers.

Current use

  • The modern German parliament, called the Bundestag, literally means "Federal Diet"; the derivation is that "-tag" (in that form, only used as a second part of a compositum) in German means "assembly," indicating the Latin-derived meaning. The term is rarely if ever translated into English in English-language texts, even on first reference.
  • The parliaments of the German federated states (Länder) are mostly named Landtag, literally means " State Diet".
  • The name of the Swedish parliament is the Riksdag, which being cognate to German Reichstag literally means "Diet/Assembly of the Realm".
  • The Japanese Parliament (the Kokkai) is conventionally called the Diet in English, indicating the heavy Prussian influence on the Meiji Constitution, Japan's first modern written constitution.
  • Some universities refer to the period of formal examination and the conclusion of an academic term as an examination diet.
  • In Croatia name of the parliament is Hrvatski sabor ( Croatian diet/assebmbly/parliament, Sabor comes from words: sabrati se/ to gather/to assemble )

See also

Simple English

for diets related to nutrition, see diet

A diet is some form of assembly. People in the assembly meet (originally they did that daily, hence the name) to discuss and decide things. Common examples are the Diet of Worms or the Diet of Speyer.

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