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Diethylenetriamine: Wikis


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IUPAC name
Other names N-(2-aminoethyl)-1,2-ethanediamine
CAS number 111-40-0 Yes check.svgY
Molecular formula C4H13N3
Molar mass 103.17 g/mol
Density 0.955 g/cm³
Melting point

-35 °C

Boiling point

206 °C

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Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Diethylenetriamine (DETA) is a colourless hygroscopic liquid, soluble in water and hydrocarbons. Diethylenetriamine is an analogue of diethylene glycol. It has similar chemical behavior as ethylene diamine and has similar uses. It is a weak base and its aqueous solution is alkaline. It is used in oil industry, as a solvent for sulfur and extraction of acid gas.


Use in explosives

Due to its similarity to ethylenediamine, diethylenetriamine can also be used to sensitize nitromethane, making a liquid explosive compound similar to PLX. This compound is cap sensitive with an Explosive Velocity of around 6200 m/s and is discussed in patent #3,713,915. Mixed with unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine it was used as Hydyne, a propellent for liquid-fuel rockets.

See also


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