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Amanita pantherina, from the Basidiomycota
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Subkingdom: Dikarya
Hibbett, T.Y. James & Vilgalys 2007[1]


Dikarya is a subkingdom of Fungi that includes the phyla Ascomycota and Basidiomycota, both of which in general produce dikaryons, may be filamentous or unicellular, but are always without flagella. The Dikarya are most of the so called "higher fungi", but also include many anamorphic species that would have been classified as moulds in historical literature.[1] Phylogenetically the two phyla regularly group together.[2][3]

See also


  1. ^ a b Hibbett, D.S. et al. (March 2007). "A higher level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi". Mycol. Res. 111 (5): 509–547. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2007.03.004.  
  2. ^ Lutzoni F et al. (2004). "Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits". Amer J Bot 91: 1446–1480. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.10.1446.  
  3. ^ James, T.Y., et al. (2006). "Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny" (PDF). Nature 443: 818–822. doi:10.1038/nature05110. PMID 17051209.  

External links



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