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Dinkelsbühl
View of the old town from the church tower
View of the old town from the church tower
Coat of arms of Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl is located in Germany
Dinkelsbühl
Coordinates 49°4′15″N 10°19′10″E / 49.07083°N 10.31944°E / 49.07083; 10.31944
Administration
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Middle Franconia
District Ansbach
Lord Mayor Dr. Christoph Hammer (CSU)
Basic statistics
Area 75.19 km2 (29.03 sq mi)
Elevation 442 m  (1450 ft)
Population 11,584  (31 December 2006)
 - Density 154 /km2 (399 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate AN
Postal code 91550
Area code 09851
Website dinkelsbuehl.de
Paritätische Reichsstadt Dinkelsbühl
Mixed Imperial City of Dinkelsbühl
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
Stem duchy of Franconia
1351–1802
Capital Dinkelsbühl
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 - City founded before 1083
 - Gained Reichsfreiheit 1351
 - Peace of Augsburg September 25, 1555
 - Thirty Years' War 161848
 - Peace of Westphalia 1648
 - Mediatised to Bavaria 1802

Dinkelsbühl is a historic city in Bavaria, Germany and a former Free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire. Now it lies in the district of Ansbach, north of Aalen.

Contents

History

Fortified by the emperor Henry V, Dinkelsbühl received in 1305 the same municipal rights as Ulm, and obtained in 1351 the position of a Free Imperial City. Its municipal code, the Dinkelsbühler Recht, published in 1536, and revised in 1738, contained a very extensive collection of public and private laws.

During the Protestant Reformation, Dinkelsbühl was notable for being — eventually along only with Ravensburg, Augsburg and Biberach an der Riß — a Mixed Imperial City (German: Paritätische Reichsstadt) where the Peace of Westphalia caused the establishment of a joint CatholicProtestant government and administrative system, with equality offices (German: Gleichberechtigung) and a precise and equal distribution between Catholic and Protestant civic officials. This status ended in 1802, when these cities were annexed by the Kingdom of Bavaria

Every summer Dinkelsbühl celebrates the city's surrender to Swedish Troops during the Thirty Years' War. This reenactment is played out by many of the town's residents. It features a whole array of Swedish troops attacking the city gate and children dressed in traditional garb coming to witness the event. This historical event is called the "Kinderzeche" and can in some aspects be compared with the "Meistertrunk" in Rothenburg.

Main sights

Dinkelsbühl is still surrounded by the old medieval walls and towers. There exist a lot of outstanding attractions. The image of this town is very typical for a German town of the 15th to early 17th century.

  • St. George's Minster is a beautiful masterpiece of the gothic style in the late 15th century ( by Nikolaus Eseler )
  • St. Paul's, now a Protestant church, was rebuilt in the 19th century in the style of the far late Roman architectural style.

Originally it was part of a former monastery.

  • the Castle of the Teutonic Order, with a rococo chapel
  • The so-called Deutsches Haus, the ancestral home of the counts of Drechsel-Deufstetten, is a fine specimen of the German renaissance style of wooden architecture.
  • situated in front of the Minster is the monument to Christoph von Schmid (1768-1854), a 19th century writer of stories for the young
  • Museum of the 3rd Dimension, the former city mill
  • theHistorical Museum, is showing historical findings and reconstructions of ancient houses of the city. In 2008 the complete museum gets a new domicile in the so called "Steinerne Haus" from the 14th century.
  • the church of St. Vincent, 2 km outside the city

Gallery

References

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