Director of the Joint Staff: Wikis

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Lt. Gen. Lloyd J. Austin III, nominated to be Director of the Joint Staff

The Director of the Joint Staff is a three-star officer who assists the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff with the management of the Joint Staff, an organization composed of approximately equal numbers of officers contributed by the Army, the Navy and Marine Corps, and the Air Force, who have been assigned to assist the Chairman with the unified strategic direction, operation, and integration of the combatant land, naval, and air forces. The Director also chairs meetings of the Operations Deputies, a subsidiary body comprising the Director and a three-star delegate from each service who preview or resolve issues before they are escalated to the level of the four-star Joint Chiefs of Staff.[1]

The Director of the Joint Staff is selected by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in consultation with the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and subject to the approval of the Secretary of Defense.[1] As with all three- and four-star positions, the Director's appointment is subject to Senate confirmation. The position of Director is considered one of the most desirable three-star billets in the United States military establishment.[2]

The previous Director of the Joint Staff was General Stanley A. McChrystal, U.S. Army.[3] Lieutenant General Lloyd J. Austin III has been nominated to succeed him.[4]

List of Directors of the Joint Staff

This is a complete list of the Directors of the Joint Staff.[5] An asterisk (*) indicates an acting Director.

Of the 39 former Directors of the Joint Staff as of 2009, 28 were later promoted to four-star rank while on active duty, as was one acting Director; and a 29th former Director was promoted to that rank upon retirement. Moreover, 20 of the previous 21 Directors were promoted to four-star rank within a year of leaving the Joint Staff.

Incumbent Service Start End Notes
1 Maj. Gen. Alfred M. Gruenther USA September 17, 1947 September 19, 1949 Promoted to general, 1951.
2 Rear Adm. Arthur C. Davis USN September 20, 1949 November 1, 1951 Retired as admiral, 1955.
3 Lt. Gen. Charles P. Cabell USAF November 2, 1951 April 23, 1953 Promoted to general, 1958.
4 Lt. Gen. Frank F. Everest USAF April 24, 1953 March 18, 1954 Promoted to general, 1957.
5 Lt. Gen. Lemuel Mathewson USA March 19, 1954 March 14, 1956
6 Vice Adm. Bernard L. Austin USN March 15, 1956 March 31, 1958
7 Lt. Gen. Oliver S. Picher USAF April 1, 1958 March 31, 1960 Retired May 1960
8 Lt. Gen. Earle G. Wheeler USA April 1, 1960 February 24, 1962 Promoted to general, 1962.
9 Vice Adm. Herbert D. Riley USN February 25, 1962 February 23, 1964
10 Lt. Gen. David A. Burchinal USAF February 24, 1964 July 31, 1966 Promoted to general, 1966.
11 Lt. Gen. Andrew J. Goodpaster USA August 1, 1966 March 31, 1967 Promoted to general, 1968.
12 Lt. Gen. Berton E. Spivy USA April 1, 1967 July 31, 1968 Promoted to general, 1968.
13 Vice Adm. Nels C. Johnson USN Aug 1, 1968 July 19, 1970
14 Lt. Gen. John W. Vogt USAF July 20, 1970 April 7, 1972 Promoted to general, 1972.
* Rear Adm. Mason B. Freeman USN April 8, 1972 June 11, 1972
15 Lt. Gen. George M. Seignious II USA June 12, 1972 May 31, 1974
16 Vice Adm. Harry D. Train II USN June 1, 1974 June 30, 1976 Promoted to admiral, 1978.
17 Lt. Gen. Ray B. Sitton USAF July 1, 1976 June 30, 1977
18 Vice Adm. Patrick J. Hannifin USN July 1, 1977 June 20, 1978
* Maj. Gen. John A. Wickham Jr. USA July 1, 1978 August 21, 1978
19 Lt. Gen. John A. Wickham Jr. USA August 22, 1978 June 22, 1979 Promoted to general, 1979.
20 Vice Adm. Carl Thor Hanson USN June 22, 1979 June 30, 1981
21 Lt. Gen. James E. Dalton USAF July 1, 1981 June 30, 1983 Promoted to general, 1983.
22 Lt. Gen. Jack N. Merritt USA July 1, 1983 June 30, 1985 Promoted to general, 1985.
23 Vice Adm. Powell F. Carter Jr. USN July 1, 1985 August 14, 1987 Promoted to admiral, 1987.
24 Lt. Gen. Robert W. RisCassi USA August 15, 1987 November 30, 1988 Promoted to general, 1988.
25 Lt. Gen. Hansford T. Johnson USAF December 1, 1988 September 20, 1989 Promoted to general, 1989.
* Maj. Gen. Gene A. Deegan USMC September 21, 1989 September 26, 1989
26 Lt. Gen. Michael P.C. Carns USAF September 27, 1989 May 16, 1991 Promoted to general, 1991.
27 Lt. Gen. Henry Vicellio Jr. USAF May 17, 1991 December 1, 1992 Promoted to general, 1992.
28 Vice Adm. Richard C. Macke USN December 1, 1992 July 17, 1994 Promoted to admiral, 1994.
* Maj. Gen. Charles T. Robertson Jr. USAF July 19, 1994 July 24, 1994 Promoted to general, 1998.
29 Lt. Gen. Walter Kross USAF July 25, 1994 July 12, 1996 Promoted to general, 1996.
* Maj. Gen. Stephen T. Rippe USA July 13, 1996 September 13, 1996
30 Vice Adm. Dennis C. Blair USN September 14, 1996 December 12, 1998 Promoted to admiral, 1999.
31 Vice Adm. Vernon E. Clark USN December 12, 1999 July 26, 1999 Promoted to admiral, 1999.
32 Lt. Gen. Carlton W. Fulford Jr. USMC July 26, 1999 July 14, 2000 Promoted to general, 2000.
33 Vice Adm. Scott A. Fry USN July 2000 October 2001
34 Lt. Gen. John P. Abizaid USA October 16, 2001 January 23, 2003 Promoted to general, 2003.
35 Lt. Gen. George W. Casey Jr. USA January 2003 October 2003 Promoted to general, 2003.
36 Vice Adm. Timothy J. Keating USN October 13, 2003 October 2004 Promoted to admiral, 2004.
37 Lt. Gen. Norton A. Schwartz USAF October 2004 August 2005 Promoted to general, 2005.
38 Lt. Gen. Walter L. Sharp USA August 2005 May 2008 Promoted to general, 2008.
* Maj. Gen. Stephen M. Goldfein USAF May 2008 August 2008
39 Lt. Gen. Stanley A. McChrystal USA August 2008 June 10, 2009 Promoted to general, 2009.
* Rear Adm. Bruce E. Grooms USN June 10, 2009 present
40 Lt. Gen. Lloyd J. Austin III USA

See also

References

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