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Directory of the Northern Ireland Troubles: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The whole of Northern Ireland has, in some way, been caught up in the Troubles and subsequent peace process. While not a comprehensive guide, the following directory lists and provides links to articles about the main players in this country.

Contents

Main articles

Paramilitaries

Anti-terrorist laws in both Ireland and the UK proscribe (ban) membership of a number of republican and loyalist groups organised in Northern Ireland. Several other smaller paramilitary factions have appeared throughout the Troubles as well as cover-names used to deflect responsibility for attacks.

Note: In this context, operational refers to the period during which the 'official' paramilitary campaign was conducted.

Republicans

Name Initials Operational
Saor Éire 1967–1975
Provisional Irish Republican Army PIRA 1969–2005
Official Irish Republican Army OIRA 1969–1972
South Derry Independent Republican Unit SDIRU 1973–1978
Irish National Liberation Army INLA 1974–1998
South Armagh Republican Action Force SARAF 1975–1977
Irish People's Liberation Organisation IPLO 1986–1992
Continuity Irish Republican Army CIRA 1994–
Real Irish Republican Army RIRA 1997–

Umbrella groups

Loyalists

Name Initials Operational
Ulster Protestant Volunteers UPV 1966–1969
Ulster Volunteer Force
Red Hand Commandos
UVF
RHC
1966–2007
1972–2007
Ulster Defence Association
Ulster Freedom Fighters
UDA
UFF
1971–2007
Ulster Resistance UR 1986–?
Loyalist Volunteer Force LVF 1997–2005
Orange Volunteers OV 1998–
Red Hand Defenders RHD 1998–

Umbrella groups


In the table below:

  • The period of activity for republican groups is shown in green.
  • The period of activity for loyalist groups is shown in orange.
  • The period of ceasefire is shown in grey.
Group Year
70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99
Provisional IRA
Official IRA
UVF
UDA
INLA
IPLO
Continuity IRA
Real IRA
LVF

Security forces

United Kingdom

Northern Ireland

Republic of Ireland

Political parties

Listing includes brief summary of ideology and position on the Good Friday Agreement 1998.

Nationalist/Republican

Unionist/Loyalist

Other

Political structures

Northern Ireland government

1921-1972

1998-

Northern Ireland legislatures

1921-1972
The Parliament of Northern Ireland:

1972-1998

1998-

Republic of Ireland government

United Kingdom government

Peace process

Co-operative bodies

Key steps in the peace process

Cultural and religious organisations

Nationalist

Unionist


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