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City of Djibouti
Jibuti
Ville de Djibouti
Location of Djibouti City in Djibouti
Coordinates: 11°36′N 43°10′E / 11.6°N 43.167°E / 11.6; 43.167
Country Republic of Djibouti
Founded 1888
Elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population
 - Total 623,891

The City of Djibouti (Arabic: جيبوتي‎, Somali: Jabuuti, French: Ville de Djibouti) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Djibouti. It lies on a peninsula that divides the Gulf of Aden from the Gulf of Tadjoura.

Djibouti city has the same status as the country's five regions. The metropolitan territory borders the Arta Region to the south and west, and the Gulf of Tadjourah/Gulf of Aden to the north. The city is home to a population of around 400,000 people, its planned centre having been divided into the former European and African quarters.

The Djibouti-Addis Ababa Railway runs from the city to Addis Ababa, while it is also home to the Djibouti-Ambouli International Airport. Northwest of the city centre lies the city's port, used for international trade, for fishing, and by ferries to Obock and Tadjoura.

One travel writer describes Djibouti as having an identity problem, "it is the sedentary capital of a nomadic people, an African city designed like a European settlement and a kind of French Hong Kong in the Red Sea."[1] Features of Djibouti City include beaches along its eastern shore and the large Central Market, the national stadium Stade du Ville, the Presidential Palace and Hamouli Mosque.

History

Founded as a seaport in 1888 by the Spaniard Eloi Pino, Djibouti became the capital of French Somaliland in 1891, replacing Tadjourah. It has remained the capital for the succeeding colonial government of French Territory of the Afars and the Issas, as well as for the independent country of Djibouti.

During two days in April 2004, over 100 mm of rainfall inundated Djibouti. As a consequence, the Ambouli River burst its banks on 12 April killing 53 people and rendering another 1,500 homeless, who had been living in the river's wadis, or dry watercourses. These homeless included Somali and Oromo refugees from neighboring countries.[2]

Climate

Djibouti is generally very hot and dry year round.

Weather data for Djibouti
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34
(93)
34
(93)
37
(99)
38
(100)
44
(111)
47
(117)
47
(117)
47
(117)
44
(111)
39
(102)
36
(97)
34
(93)
47
(117)
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
29
(84)
31
(88)
32
(90)
34
(93)
37
(99)
41
(106)
39
(102)
36
(97)
33
(91)
31
(88)
29
(84)
33
(91)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
26
(79)
28
(82)
30
(86)
31
(88)
29
(84)
29
(84)
27
(81)
25
(77)
23
(73)
27
(81)
Record low °C (°F) 19
(66)
18
(64)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
21
(70)
18
(64)
17
(63)
17
(63)
Precipitation mm (inches) 10
(0.39)
13
(0.51)
25
(0.98)
13
(0.51)
5
(0.2)
0
(0)
3
(0.12)
8
(0.31)
8
(0.31)
10
(0.39)
23
(0.91)
13
(0.51)
131
(5.16)
Source: BBC Weather [3] 2009-08-23

References

  1. ^ Africa on a Shoestring (London: Lonely Planet, 2004), p. 698.
  2. ^ "Affected Populations in the Horn of Africa Region (As of May 31st 2004)" OCHA Regional Support Office for Central and East Africa, p. 10 (accessed 15 January 2009)
  3. ^ "Average Conditions Djibouti, Djibouti" (in English). BBC Weather. http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/world/city_guides/results.shtml?tt=TT000150. Retrieved August 23 2009.  

Coordinates: 11°35′17″N 43°08′42″E / 11.588°N 43.145°E / 11.588; 43.145

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Africa : East Africa : Djibouti : Djibouti
Street scene, Djibouti
Street scene, Djibouti

Djibouti (جيبوتي) is the capital city of Djibouti and has a population of around 400,000.

Understand

The city was founded in 1888 and was designated the capital of French Somaliland three years later. The city has some beaches along its eastern shore.

Get in

By plane

Ambouli Airport (JIB) serves the city, and there are regular flights by Air France (to Paris-CDG), Ethiopian Airways (Addis Abeba) and Kenya Airways (Nairobi via Addis Abeba) flights.

By train

There is a frequent service connecting the city with Addis Ababa - a journey of more than 700km, taking around 24 hours, with a stopover about halfway, in Dire Dawa. Reservations are strongly recommended.

Get around

Get around by Green TaxiCabs. Some people will tell you to avoid the taxi's with the drivers chewing Khat. Khat is not a narcotic, but a stimulant (more mild than Meth, or Coke). It gives the local Djiboutians and Somalis something called Merran ..(The Somali word for Energy)

Taxis range from 500fr to any amount, depending on how far you go ...

Some Guidelines:

Camp Lemonier to Downtown 1500FR Downtown to Kempinski 2000 Base to Kempinski 2500 ...

Again, negotiate and you may get a lower price, but I have better things to do than to argue over 500fr (3AMerican dollars)

  • Beaches on the eastern shore.
  • Kempinski Palace.  edit
  • Djibouti Palace Kempinski, Ilot Du Heron P.O. Box 1960, +253 32555 5. Expensive but luxurious.  edit

Eat

French and Somalian influences make up some of the food in Djibouti.

  • Club Hermes. Underground club, low key. Good security at the door. 1,000 Djiboutian francs per beer.  edit
  • Sham's. Decent DJ, small dance floor. 1,000 Djiboutian francs/beer and 1,500 Djiboutian francs for mixed drinks.  edit
  • Club Menelik. Inside the Menelik Hotel, security is good here. Drinks are 1,000 Djiboutian francs/beer & 1,500 Djiboutian francs/mixed drink. The music here ranges widely but often times consists of '90's to current hip-hop & R&B.  edit
  • La Galette. La Galette. Wonderful Underground Club ...1000 Franc Beers, 1500 Franc Mixed Drinks and 1000 Francs for Sheesha (hookah) ...This place is awesome!! Updated Mar 30, 2009 from somebody who just left after spending 7 months there  edit
  • La Oasis. Nice place with a second, smaller bar upstairs... Very fun place......  edit
  • Le Maries. Nice place with a dancefloor in the front alongside a bar .. In the back are a bunch of couches where all the Sheesha smoking takes place (Again 1000 francs to participate) ...  edit
  • Golden Club. This place holds a special place in my heart... 1000 Franc Beers, Pool for 500 Francs and a dancefloor ... The Best Sheesha in Djibouti here also (of course, for 1000 francs) ...No trip is complete without stopping in  edit

Budget

somebody has loaded clubs in the accommodation field!

Stay safe

All cab rides are different (none is the same); make sure you go with someone who knows the city, otherwise you will pay way more than needed, just like in any other city in the world.

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Simple English

City of Djibouti
Ville de Djibouti
European Quarter, Djibouti City
Coordinates: 11°36′N 43°10′E / 11.6°N 43.167°E / 11.6; 43.167
Country Republic of Djibouti
Founded 1888
Population
 - Total 400,000 (est)

The city of Djibouti is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Djibouti. It lies on a peninsula between the Gulf of Aden and the Gulf of Tadjoura. Djibouti is home to about 400,000 people.

Features of Djibouti City include beaches, a large Central Market, the national stadium Stade du Ville, the Presidential Palace and Hamouli Mosque. The Djibouti-Addis Ababa Railway runs from the city to Addis Ababa. Djubouti is also home to the Djibouti-Ambouli International Airport.

History

Djibouti was founded as a seaport in 1888. The city became the capital of French Somaliland in 1891. It replaced Tadjourah as the capital.


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