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City of Djibouti
Jibuti
Ville de Djibouti
Location of Djibouti City in Djibouti
Coordinates: 11°36′N 43°10′E / 11.6°N 43.167°E / 11.6; 43.167
Country Republic of Djibouti
Founded 1888
Elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population
 - Total 623,891

The City of Djibouti (Arabic: جيبوتي‎, Somali: Jabuuti, French: Ville de Djibouti) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Djibouti. It lies on a peninsula that divides the Gulf of Aden from the Gulf of Tadjoura.

Djibouti city has the same status as the country's five regions. The metropolitan territory borders the Arta Region to the south and west, and the Gulf of Tadjourah/Gulf of Aden to the north. The city is home to a population of around 400,000 people, its planned centre having been divided into the former European and African quarters.

The Djibouti-Addis Ababa Railway runs from the city to Addis Ababa, while it is also home to the Djibouti-Ambouli International Airport. Northwest of the city centre lies the city's port, used for international trade, for fishing, and by ferries to Obock and Tadjoura.

One travel writer describes Djibouti as having an identity problem, "it is the sedentary capital of a nomadic people, an African city designed like a European settlement and a kind of French Hong Kong in the Red Sea."[1] Features of Djibouti City include beaches along its eastern shore and the large Central Market, the national stadium Stade du Ville, the Presidential Palace and Hamouli Mosque.

History

Founded as a seaport in 1888 by the Spaniard Eloi Pino, Djibouti became the capital of French Somaliland in 1891, replacing Tadjourah. It has remained the capital for the succeeding colonial government of French Territory of the Afars and the Issas, as well as for the independent country of Djibouti.

During two days in April 2004, over 100 mm of rainfall inundated Djibouti. As a consequence, the Ambouli River burst its banks on 12 April killing 53 people and rendering another 1,500 homeless, who had been living in the river's wadis, or dry watercourses. These homeless included Somali and Oromo refugees from neighboring countries.[2]

Climate

Djibouti is generally very hot and dry year round.

Weather data for Djibouti
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34
(93)
34
(93)
37
(99)
38
(100)
44
(111)
47
(117)
47
(117)
47
(117)
44
(111)
39
(102)
36
(97)
34
(93)
47
(117)
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
29
(84)
31
(88)
32
(90)
34
(93)
37
(99)
41
(106)
39
(102)
36
(97)
33
(91)
31
(88)
29
(84)
33
(91)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
26
(79)
28
(82)
30
(86)
31
(88)
29
(84)
29
(84)
27
(81)
25
(77)
23
(73)
27
(81)
Record low °C (°F) 19
(66)
18
(64)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
21
(70)
18
(64)
17
(63)
17
(63)
Precipitation mm (inches) 10
(0.39)
13
(0.51)
25
(0.98)
13
(0.51)
5
(0.2)
0
(0)
3
(0.12)
8
(0.31)
8
(0.31)
10
(0.39)
23
(0.91)
13
(0.51)
131
(5.16)
Source: BBC Weather [3] 2009-08-23

References

  1. ^ Africa on a Shoestring (London: Lonely Planet, 2004), p. 698.
  2. ^ "Affected Populations in the Horn of Africa Region (As of May 31st 2004)" OCHA Regional Support Office for Central and East Africa, p. 10 (accessed 15 January 2009)
  3. ^ "Average Conditions Djibouti, Djibouti" (in English). BBC Weather. http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/world/city_guides/results.shtml?tt=TT000150. Retrieved August 23 2009.  

Coordinates: 11°35′17″N 43°08′42″E / 11.588°N 43.145°E / 11.588; 43.145

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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English

Proper noun

Djibouti City

  1. A name sometimes used of the city of Djibouti, the capital of the Republic of Djibouti.

Translations


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