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Dmitrov (English)
Дмитров (Russian)
—  Inhabited locality  —
Dmitrov-Monastery.jpg
The Cathedral of Sts. Boris and Gleb
Map of Russia - Moscow Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Moscow Oblast on the map of Russia
Dmitrov is located in Moscow Oblast
Location of Dmitrov on the map of Moscow Oblast
Coordinates: 56°21′N 37°32′E / 56.35°N 37.533°E / 56.35; 37.533Coordinates: 56°21′N 37°32′E / 56.35°N 37.533°E / 56.35; 37.533
Coat of Arms of Dmitrov (Moscow oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag of Dmitrov (Moscow oblast).png
Flag
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast
In administrative jurisdiction of MoscowOblast
Administrative center of Dmitrov District
Municipal status
Municipal Status Urban okrug
Statistics
Area 26 km2 (10.0 sq mi)
Population (2002 Census) 62,329 inhabitants[1]
Rank 264
- Density 2,397 /km2 (6,200/sq mi)[2]
Time zone MSK/MSD (UTC+3/+4)
Founded 1154
Dialing code(s) +7 +7 49622
Official website http://www.dmitrov.su/

Dmitrov (Russian: Дми́тров) is a town in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located 65 kilometers (40 mi) to the north of Moscow. It is located on the Yakhroma River and the Moscow Canal, which connects the Russian capital with the Volga River. Population: 61,500 (2004 est.); 62,219 (2002 Census).

Contents

History

The Cathedral of the Assumption in Dmitrov's kremlin was built in 1509–1523.
The Ascension Church dates from the 1760s.

Dmitrov was founded by Yuri Dolgoruky in 1154 deep in the woods at the site where his son Vsevolod was born. Its name is explained by the fact that Vsevolod's patron saint was Saint Demetrius.

In the 13th century, the town marked a point where converged the borders of Muscovy, Tver, and Pereslavl-Zalessky. The town itself belonged to the princes of Galich-Mersky, located much to the north, until 1364, when it was incorporated into Muscovy. Both Dmitry Donskoy and his grandson Vasily II granted Dmitrov as an appanage to their younger sons, so the town was a capital of a tiny principality.

The reign of Ivan III's son Yuri Ivanovich (1503–1533) inaugurated the golden age of Dmitrov. It is during his reign that the black-domed Assumption Cathedral in the kremlin and a smaller monastery cathedral of Sts. Boris and Gleb were built. Thereafter, the town passed to Yuri's brother, Andrey of Staritsa. In 1569, it was seized from Vladimir of Staritsa, added to the Oprichnina and consequently declined. The town suffered further damage during the Time of Troubles, when it was ransacked by the Poles.

The Assumption Cathedral

In 1812, Dmitrov was briefly occupied by the Grand Armée but in 1941 the Wehrmacht soldiers were stopped on the outskirts of the town. The Anarchist prince Peter Kropotkin spent his last years there. In the 1930s, the local kremlin was excavated by Soviet archaeologists. Apart from the Assumption Cathedral, chief landmarks of the Dmitrov District are the cloisters of Sts. Boris and Gleb, of St. Nicholas on the Peshnosha River, and of the Virgin's Nativity at Medvezhya Pustyn', all three dating back to the 16th century.

Transportation

Dmitrov is a railroad junction of the Moscow (Savyolovsky terminal)Savyolovo branch and the Dmitrov–Alexandrov branch. The railroad provides an efficient service to Moscow. Dmitrov is also a cargo port on the Moscow Canal.

International relations

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Twin towns — Sister cities

Dmitrov is twinned with:

Miscellaneous

  • Dmitrov's altitude above sea level is 179 m.
  • In a national competition in 2005, Dmitrov was recognized as the best-run town in Russia.[1]
  • The Russian anarchist Peter Kropotkin died in Dmitorov.

References

  1. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_04_1.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-19.  
  2. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2002 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the Census (2002).

External links


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