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Docent is a title at some European universities to denote a specific academic appointment within a set structure of academic ranks below professor (i.e. professor ordinarius). Docent is also at some universities generically used for a person who has the right to teach.

Contents

Germany and Switzerland

In Germany and in the German-speaking part of Switzerland, Dozent or Hochschuldozent denotes an academic appointment at a university or similar institution, at a mid level ranking of seniority.

The title of Privatdozent is used (with certain conditions) by those who successfully have completed a Habilitation, thereby denoting that its holder has the right to independently teach without being supervised by a professor. In this way, a Privatdozent may be for instance hold an appointment as Hochschuldozent or Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter, or even Professor.

Central and Eastern Europe

In many countries, with academic traditions that stem from German-speaking countries, "docent" is an academic appointment below that of a professor. This is the situation in Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Russia, Serbia and Slovakia.

In Poland the title of docent formerly was mandatory in order to become a profesor (i.e. full professor). This is no longer a requirement and this title nearly vanished in the last 20 years. Currently this title may be given to a person on non-scientist duty (teacher/instructor). Only a person on scientist duty may apply for the title of profesor, therefore docent is the highest title for teachers and instructors.

In countries such as Lithuania, Bulgaria, Estonia, Macedonia, Serbia, Russia and Ukraine "docent" is used as an academic title.

Northern Europe

In Finland and Sweden, docent (Finnish dosentti, Swedish docent), is an academic title conferred to a person fulfilling requirements similar to German Privatdozent. Such persons are usually expected to give lectures on their specialities if their professional activities permit this. Most docents are employed at the university where they are docents, but usually in a different position (often with the title Lecturer, which is equivalent to Associate Professor)[citation needed].

In Sweden, there used to be both stipendiary (docentstipendiat) and non-stipendiary (oavlönad docent) docent positions. A stipendiary docent both held the docent title (for life), and benefited from a stipend that paid for his or her salary at the university for up to six years. The non-stipendiary alternative was solely an academic title (also for life). Today only the non-stipendiary docent title exists. It is in most cases awarded to people employed as Associate Professors with a distinguished international reputation in research or scholarship after a rigorous review of their research; as such, Docent is a higher title than Associate Professor (not all Associate Professors become Docents), roughly corresponding to the British title Reader - in English it is officially translated as Reader by some universities[1].

In Finland, the docent title is solely an academic title for life and it is a rank between Lecturer and full Professor, i.e. it is similar to an Associate Professor according to the American universities. In addition to teaching, Docents are involved in research and supervising post-graduate students. To be awarded the docent title, a candidate has to have a doctor’s degree or have corresponding scientific competence and, in addition, have acquired advanced scientific skills as well as educational skills[citation needed].

In Norway, the title docent (Norwegian: dosent) was used for positions immediately below full professors and above Associate Professors (førsteamanuensis) until 1985. The requirements were the same as for full university professors, but until then, each department usually only had one professor and other academics with similar qualifications were appointed as docents. Hence, docents could be seen as professors without chair (Professor extraordinarius). All docents were lifted to full Professor status in 1985 when the title was abolished at the universities[citation needed].

In Denmark, docent is a appointment ranking between Lecturer (equivalent to Associate Professor) and full Professor[citation needed].

South Africa

In South Africa, the Afrikaans word dosent refers to any full-time university lecturer, independent of rank, as opposed to a lektor which is used to describe lecturers at Technikon and College level.

Turkey

In Turkey, doçent (='associate professor') is an academic appointment ranking between assistant professor and professor[citation needed].

References

  1. ^ http://www.lth.se/fileadmin/lth/omlth/personalfragor/Readership_instruct_060925.pdf
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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Wikitravel:Docents article)

From Wikitravel

Wikitravellers have knowledge about our destinations that sometimes goes beyond what can be included in a guide. Often, visitors to Wikitravel have a very specific question that is not answered by our usual guide format. To connect these folks, it would be great to make an explicit connection between some articles and contributors.

Docents for a particular destination are listed in the left-hand navigation area on the destination's page, underneath the search box and above the toolbox.

If you are curious which destinations currently have docents, here is a current list.

Becoming a docent

To become a docent for a destination, add the following template to the end of an article:

{{hasDocent|Username}}

Replace "Username" with your actual user name. If you have a divided user name, like John Smith, you need to put an underscore instead of a space: John_Smith instead of John Smith.

If there is already a docent listed, add your name on the next line:

{{hasDocent|Username}}
{{hasDocent|User2}} 

At your user page, indicate how you would like to be contacted: on your talk page, via email, IM, IRC, etc. Link back to [[Wikitravel:Docents]] so people can understand the idea better.

Currently, there is no limit on the number of docents for a destination, but attempts should be made to keep the total number of docents under 3 - 5 depending on the size of the destination.

Unbecoming a docent

If you decide you no longer want to be a docent, or you plan on being away for more than a week or two, just remove your username. But if you aren't going to visit Wikitravel frequently, but are still willing to help, ask people to reach you by email.

If a docent has been unreachable for one month, without making note of his or her absence, their name can be removed from the docent list.

Nominating a docent

If you notice a user who seems to have a lot of good insider knowledge about a destination and you think they would be a great docent, put a comment on their talk page:

You sure seem to know a lot about [[insert place name here]], have you considered becoming a [[Wikitravel:Docents|Docent]]? --~~~~
  • Docents should create a Docent section on their user page. In that area they can indicate how they would like to be contacted: on their talk page, via email, IM, IRC, etc. Link back to [[Wikitravel:What is a docent?]] to help people better understand the whole idea.
  • Docents should try to integrate information back into the guide.
  • Docents are not "in charge" of an article. They have the same control over article content as any contributor. Issues should still be settled on the appropriate talk pages.
  • Wikitravel:What is a docent? - Information for users about docents

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