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The Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) is a postbaccalaureate degree conferred upon successful completion of a doctoral level professional or postprofessional physical therapy education program. The specific nomenclature "DPT" is not a substitute or alternative for the physical therapist clinical designator "PT."[1] There remains significant criticism[2] regarding the granting of a doctoral level degree for a field that until 1998 only required a bachelors degree.[3] The concern centers around both the need for such a degree and the possibility that physical therapists may incur substantial student debt with an extended education that pays no greater than it did when only a bachelors degree was required.[4]

The Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) degree serves as a credential, conferred by 189 of the nation's 200 accredited physical therapy degree programs.[5] It signifies completion of the current requirements needed to enter the profession and represents the completion of a comprehensive program and the fulfillment of high standards of clinical performance in professional preparation.[citation needed]

The DPT degree was created by the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA). Their Vision 2020 states that "By 2020, physical therapy will be provided by physical therapists who are doctors of physical therapy, recognized by consumers and other health care professionals as the practitioners of choice to whom consumers have direct access for the diagnosis of, interventions for, and prevention of impairments, functional limitations, and disabilities related to movement, function, and health."[6]

Contents

Professional degree (the entry-level)

The "first professional" DPT is the current degree conferred upon successful completion of a physical therapist professional (entry-level) education program in the United States. This program prepares the graduate to enter the practice of physical therapy. The entry-level DPT Program is designed for individuals just entering the field of physical therapy for the first time. This three year program prepares students holding a bachelor’s degree in a field other than physical therapy to become a licensed physical therapist.[citation needed]

Transition degree

The "transition" DPT is the degree conferred upon successful completion of a postprofessional physical therapist education program. The "transition" DPT is intended for licensed physical therapists who are already practicing clinicians and typically offers a continuing education which includes current topics in physical therapy practice. Several universities offer postprofessional "transition" DPT programs. Most of these are completed in one to two years of part-time, or they may be completed online.[7][8]

Advanced clinical science degree

The "advanced clinical science" doctorate (eg, DPTSc or DScPT, DHSc, ScD PT, etc.) is one of several degrees conferred by institutions upon successful completion of a postprofessional physical therapist education program. This program is intended to provide an experienced clinician with advanced knowledge, behaviors, and clinical skills, usually in a specific specialty area. These programs may include specialization, certification, or clinical residencies.[citation needed]

Australia

The University of Melbourne and Bond University in Australia are now offering a doctor of physical therapy degree as a first professional degree in physical therapy.[citation needed]

Pakistan

There are 4 Institutes offering DPT in PAKISTAN

The Riphah International University,and Isra College of Rehabilitation Sciences(Isra University Hyderabad) Hyderabad, Mayo Hospital Lahore and The university of Faisalabad in Pakistan are currently offering a doctor of physical therapy degree as a first professional degree in physical therapy.

Iran

Iranian Physiotherapists have begun their activities about DPT. In Iran nearly all practitioners are called Dr except PTs. Iranian Physiotherapists hope to achieve to government agreement for DPT course.[citation needed] In Iran T-DPT was approved by Health Ministry in May 2009 and PTs are perpering for participating in DPT's level.

References

  1. ^ American Physical Therapy Association: "DPT Degree FAQs", Retrieved on 10 November 2008
  2. ^ American Physical Therapy Association: "DPT Degree FAQs", Retrieved on 06 June 2009
  3. ^ Credential Creep, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 22 June 2007, pp. A10-12
  4. ^ The Future of PT: Rehab Management: [1], Retrieved on 08 December 2008
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ American Physical Therapy Association:"APTA Vision Sentence for Physical Therapy 2020", Retrieved on 10 November 2008
  7. ^ [3]
  8. ^ [4]
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The Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) is a post-baccalaureate three-year degree conferred upon successful completion of a professional (entry-level) doctoral level professional or post-professional (transition) physical therapist education program for the licensed physical therapist. The Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) degree is conferred by 206 of the nation's 213 US accredited professional physical therapist degree programs. This degree signifies completion of post-baccalaureate requirements needed to enter the profession and represents the completion of a comprehensive 3-year program and the fulfillment of high standards of clinical internship[1].

As a part of its vision, the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) passed in 2000, Vision 2020 that states: "By 2020, physical therapy will be provided by physical therapists who are doctors of physical therapy, recognized by consumers and other health care professionals as the practitioners of choice to whom consumers have direct access for the diagnosis of, interventions for, and prevention of impairments, functional limitations, and disabilities related to movement, function, and health."

Contents

Professional degree (the entry-level)

The professional (entry-level) DPT degree is the current degree conferred by 96% of physical therapist professional programs upon successful completion of a three-year post-baccalaureate degree program in the United States, that prepares the graduate to enter the practice of physical therapy. Admission requirements for the program include completion of an undergraduate degree that includes fulfillment of specific prerequisite coursework, volunteer experience or other exposure to the profession, completion of a standardized graduate examination (eg, GRE), letters of reference, personal goals statement, passing the national licensure examination and meeting the requirements of the state(s) in which the physical therapist practices. The physical therapist curriculum consists of foundational sciences (ie, anatomy, cellular histology, neuroscience, kinesiology, physiology, exercise physiology, pathology, pharmacology, radiology/imaging, medical screening), behavioral sciences (communication, social and psychologic factors, ethics and values, law, business and management sciences, clinical reasoning, evidence-based practice) and clinical sciences (cardiovascular/pulmonary, endocrine and metabolic, gastrointestinal and genitourinary, integumentary, musculoskeletal, neuromuscular), and physical therapist practice (patient/client management model, prevention, wellness, and health promotion, practice management, management of care delivery, social responsibility and advocacy, and core values). In addition, learners under the supervision of licensed physical therapists, engage in full-time clinical practice by managing patients/clients with a variety of conditions across the lifespan and with an expectation of providing safe, competent, and effective physical therapy.

Transition degree

The post-professional [2] DPT (Transitional) degree] is conferred upon successful completion of a post-professional physical therapist education program. The "transition" DPT is intended for licensed physical therapists that hold the bachelor, master, or certificate degrees at the professional (entry-level) level. This program is designed to provide contemporary knowledge and skill for licensed physical therapists associated with evidenced-based and best clinical practice. This program enables licensed physical therapists to obtain knowledge that is commensurate with current professional DPT graduates. Much of the core curricular content is consistent among post-professional DPT programs including, but not limited to, pharmacology, radiology/imaging, medical screening and diagnosis, evidence-based practice, administration and management, and professionalism and ethics. There are more than 70 physical therapist programs that offer post-professional DPT (Transitional) degree programs through classroom instruction, distance learning, or a combination of both.

Advanced clinical science degree

The "advanced clinical science" doctorate (e.g., DPTSc or DScPT, DHSc, ScDPT) is one of several degrees conferred by academic institutions upon successful completion of a post-professional physical therapist education program. This program is intended to provide an experienced clinician with advanced knowledge, clinical skills, and professional behaviors, usually in a specific specialty practice area. These programs typically culminate work that contributes new knowledge to clinical practice in the profession. Completion of these advanced clinical science doctoral programs may include credentialed clinical residencies and lead to ABPTS clinical specialization or other advanced certifications.

Australia

The University of Melbourne and Bond University in Australia are now offering a doctor of physical therapy degree as a first professional degree in physical therapy.[citation needed]

United Kingdom

Some UK universities now offer a DPT as a post-professional qualification, the qualifying degree remains Bachelor or Master of Science, Physiotherapy (with honours). The Doctor of Physiotherapy in the UK differs from a US clinical doctarate in that it is a 5-year post-professional Physiotherapy specific research programme. Other UK institutions prefer to offer generic ProfD (Professional Doctorate) as this is recognised across may professions from Veterinary Medicine to Pharmacy. It is soon to be convention for all UK physiotherapy consultants to have earned a post-professional doctorate (PhD, DHSc, ProfD, DPT etc.) although the ever-changing NHS landscape makes it difficult to predict where the profession will be in 10 years.

Pakistan

There are 5 Institutes offering DPT in Pakistan: the Riphah International University, Isra College of Rehabilitation Sciences (Isra University Hyderabad), Mayo Hospital Lahore( King Edward Medical University, Lahore) and the University of Faisalabad. The Isra Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences-Karachi,Isra University (two years Post Professional Doctor of Physical Therapy t-DPT),Sargodha university,also started DPT in Pakistan are currently offering a doctor of physical therapy degree as a first professional degree in physical therapy.

Iran

Iranian Physiotherapists have begun their activities about DPT. Iranian Physiotherapists hope to achieve to government agreement for DPT course.[citation needed] In Iran T-DPT was approved by Health Ministry in May 2009 and PTs are perpering for participating in DPT's level.

Egypt

Egyptian Physiotherapists have begun their activities about DPT. They are qualified to achieve the target soon by supporting from the government.

References


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