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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Location of the Dogger Bank

Dogger Bank (from dogge, an old Dutch word for fishing boat) is a large sandbank in a shallow area of the North Sea about 100 km (62 mi) off the east coast of England. It extends over approximately 17,600 km2 (6,800 sq mi), with its maximum dimensions being about 260 km (162 mi) from north to south and 95 km (59 mi) from east to west. The water depth ranges from 15–36 metres (49–120 ft), about 20 metres (66 ft) shallower than the surrounding sea.



Geologically, the feature is most likely a moraine, formed during the Pleistocene.[1] At times during the last ice age it was either land joined to the mainland or an island. Fishing trawlers working the area have dredged up large amounts of moor peat, remains of mammoth and rhinoceros, and occasionally Paleolithic hunting artefacts. The bank was part of a large landmass, known as Doggerland, which connected Britain to the European mainland until it was flooded at the end of the last ice age.[2]

In 1931, the largest earthquake ever recorded in the United Kingdom took place below the bank, measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale. Its focus was 23 km beneath the bank, and the quake was felt in countries all around the North Sea, causing damage across eastern England.

Naval battles

The bank has been the site of several naval actions. During the War of American Independence, a Royal Navy squadron fought a Dutch squadron on August 5, 1781 in the Battle of Dogger Bank. During the Russo-Japanese War, Russian naval ships opened fire on British fishing boats in the Dogger Bank incident on October 21, 1904, mistaking them for Japanese torpedo boats. In the First World War, the area saw the second Battle of Dogger Bank, a naval engagement between the Royal Navy and the German High Seas Fleet. In 1966, the German submarine U-Hai sank during a gale, and is one of the worst peacetime naval disasters in German history.


The bank is an important fishing area, with cod and herring being caught in large numbers. It gives its name to the Dogger region used in the BBC Radio 4 Shipping Forecast. Several shipwrecks lie on the bank.

Dogger Bank has been identified as an oceanic environment that exhibits high primary productivity throughout the year in the form of phytoplankton. As such, it has been proposed by various groups to make the area a designated Marine Nature Reserve.[3]

Wind farm

In January 2010, a license to develop a wind farm in Dogger Bank was granted to a consortium of developers. The wind farm is projected to develop up to 9 gigawatts of power, as part of a planned nine zone project of 32 gigawatts. Construction is scheduled to start around 2014 at the earliest. [4]

See also


Coordinates: 54°43′28.63″N 2°46′06.80″E / 54.7246194°N 2.768556°E / 54.7246194; 2.768556


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

DOGGER BANK, an extensive shoal in the North Sea, about 60 m. E. of the coast of Northumberland, England. Over its most elevated parts there is a depth of only about six fathoms, but the depth is generally from ten to twenty fathoms. It is well known as a fishing ground. The origin of the name is obscure; but the middle Dutch dogger signifies a trawling vessel, and was formerly applied generally to the two-masted type of vessel employed in the North Sea fisheries, and also to their crews (doggermen) and the fish taken (dogger-fish). Off the south end of the bank an engagement took place between English and Dutch fleets in 1781. On the night of the 21st of October 1904 during the RussoJapanese War, some British trawlers of the Hull fishing fleet were fired upon by vessels of the Russian Baltic fleet under Admiral Rozhdestvensky on its voyage to the Far East, one trawler being sunk, other boats injured, two men killed and six wounded. This incident created an acute crisis in the relations between Russia and England for several days, the Russian version being that they had seen Japanese torpedo-boats, but on the 28th Mr Balfour, the English prime minister, announced that the tsar had expressed. regret and that an international commission would investigate the facts with a view to the punishment of any responsible parties. The terms were settled on 25th November, the commission being composed of five officers (British, Russian, American and French, and one selected by them), to meet in Paris. On the 22nd of December the four original members, Vice-admiral Sir Lewis Beaumont, Vice-admiral Kaznakov (afterwards replaced by Vice-admiral Dubassov), Rear-admiral Davis and Vice-admiral Fournier, met and chose Admiral Baron von Spaun (AustriaHungary) as the fifth. Their report was issued on the 25th of February 1905. While recognizing that the information received as to a possible attack led the admiral to mistake the trawlers for the enemy, the majority of the commissioners held Rozhdestvensky responsible for the firing and its results, and "being of opinion that there were no torpedo-boats either among the trawlers nor anywhere near" concluded that "the opening of fire was not justifiable," though they absolved him and his squadron from discredit either to their "military qualities" or their "humanity." The affair ended in compensation being paid by the Russian government.

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Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary


Proper noun

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Dogger Bank


Dogger Bank

  1. (nautical) A large sandbank, and associated fishing ground, in the North Sea between Great Britain and Denmark

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