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Dogtown
Woodville
—  Unincorporated community  —
Dogtown is located in California
Dogtown
Location in California
Coordinates: 37°56′41″N 122°42′23″W / 37.94472°N 122.70639°W / 37.94472; -122.70639Coordinates: 37°56′41″N 122°42′23″W / 37.94472°N 122.70639°W / 37.94472; -122.70639
Country United States
State California
County Marin County
Government
 - County Board District 4
Steve Kinsey[1]
 - State Senate Mark Leno (D)
 - Assembly Jared Huffman (D)
 - U. S. Congress Lynn Woolsey (D)
Elevation [2] 187 ft (57 m)
Population (2007)
 - Total 30
Time zone PST (UTC−8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP code 94924
Area code(s) 415

Dogtown (originally named Woodville) is an unincorporated community in the rural West Marin[3] region of coastal Marin County, California in the San Francisco Bay Area's North Bay. It lies at an elevation of 187 feet (57 m).[2] With a population of 30,[3][4][5] the town is located beside the Golden Gate National Recreation Area and Point Reyes National Seashore, in the Olema Valley west of the Bolinas Ridge mountain range.[6]

Contents

History

The village, founded by miners and lumberjacks, is located within the original Rancho Punta de los Reyes Sobrante land grant.[7] It was a stagecoach stop along the north-south route. The village includes the historic Nelson Hotel, which was connected by the old North Pacific Coast Railroad to the Bolinas Station, en route to Point Reyes.[5] That railway ran between Mendocino County and a ferry service to San Francisco at Sausalito. The hotel, with nearby guest houses, was later used by the U.S. Army during both World Wars as barracks.[5] There was also a K-8 school, with about 50 pupils. The schoolhouse was located south of the village towards Bolinas, the nearest town.[5][8] An early 20th-century pastime was a trip and picnic to the Copper Mine Gulch, which runs through the town.[6]

The town was originally known as Woodville due to its timber industry, although the sawmills closed by the 1870s.[9] The name was changed to Dogtown, as that was a popular name among locals. Until the name change, the hamlet was simply nicknamed "The Dogtown" by Bolinas residents[8], because the town's residents kept a large number of hunting dogs.[4] The location continues to be labeled "Woodville" on some maps.

The area's economy is agricultural and tourism-based.[4]

Education

Dogtown is presently within the Bolinas-Stinson Union School District which provides K-8 education.[10] Students attend Tamalpais High School in the neighboring Mill Valley School District after 8th grade, as the community has too few students to support a secondary school.

Transportation

The town is accessible by State Route 1, marked as "Shoreline Highway Road" locally, which runs through the community; north to Point Reyes Station and south to Stinson Beach.

There is limited Marin Transit West Marin Stagecoach (route 61e) bus service between Point Reyes Station, Dogtown, Bolinas, and Mill Valley (with some trips to Marin City).[11] The service provides 4 daily round trips on Wednesdays and Fridays.[11] Some students use it to get to Tamalpais High School on the days it operates; these students are some of the service's key users.[11] There is also service on route 62 from Point Reyes Station to Stinson Beach, with one trip continuing as route 68 from Point Reyes Station to the county seat San Rafael through Lagintas-Forest Knolls, San Anselmo and other communities in the San Geronimo Valley.

Due to the town's geographic isolation, residents are, in most cases, taken to hospitals by helicopter instead of by ambulance in emergencies.[3]

Notes

  1. ^ Marin County Board of Supervisors website, home page, accessed May 30, 2008
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Dogtown, Marin County, California
  3. ^ a b c EMS Program, Annual Report 2000, Prehospital Care Information System, Marin County, Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Health Services, April 2001, retrieved September 12, 2007
  4. ^ a b c Dogtown, California Photos and Information, BeachCalifornia.com, retrieved September 18, 2007
  5. ^ a b c d Interview with Margaret Nelson Hall, Oral History Project of the Marin County Free Library, by Carla Ehat & Anne Kent, April 19, 1980, retrieved September 12, 2007
  6. ^ a b TopoQuest map, United States Geological Service, retrieved September 16, 2007
  7. ^ Marin County's Original Ranchos, Marin County, retrieved September 17, 2007
  8. ^ a b Interview with Helen Wilkins and Kenneth Wilkins, by Carla Ehat & Anne Kent, July 18, 1979, retrieved September 12, 2007
  9. ^ Interview with Boyd Stewart, by Carla Ehat & Anne Kent, September 26, 1974, retrieved September 12, 2007
  10. ^ Boundary Map, Bolinas-Stinson Union School District, retrieved September 16, 2007
  11. ^ a b c Catch The Stage, West Marin Stagecoach bus schedule, November 13, 2006, retrieved September 16, 2007
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