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Doha
الدوحةad-Dawḥa
From top: Qatar University, Museum of Islamic Art, Doha Skyline, Souq Waqif, The Pearl
Location of the municipality of Doha within Qatar.
Coordinates: 25°17′12″N 51°32′0″E / 25.28667°N 51.533333°E / 25.28667; 51.533333Coordinates: 25°17′12″N 51°32′0″E / 25.28667°N 51.533333°E / 25.28667; 51.533333
Country Qatar
Municipality Ad Dawhah
Established 1850
Area
 - City 132 km2 (51 sq mi)
Population (2004)[1]
 - City 339,847
 Density 2,574/km2 (6,690/sq mi)
 Metro 998,651
Time zone AST (UTC+3)

Doha (Arabic: الدوحة‎, ad-Dawḥa or ad-Dōḥa, literally: "the big tree" or "the sticky tree") is the capital city of the state of Qatar. Located on the Persian Gulf, it had a population of 998,651 in 2008,[2], and is also one of the municipalities of Qatar. Doha is Qatar's largest city, with over 80% of the nation's population residing in Doha or its surrounding suburbs, and is also the economic centre of the country.

Doha also serves as the seat of government of Qatar, which is ruled by Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani. Doha is home to the Education City, an area devoted to research and education. Doha was the site of the first ministerial-level meeting of the Doha Development Round of World Trade Organization negotiations. The city of Doha also held the 2006 Asian Games, which was the largest Asian Games ever held.

Contents

History

The Emiri Diwan.

In 1825, the city of Doha was founded under the name Al-Bida. The name "Doha" came from the Arabic ad-dawha, "the sticky tree." The reference is to the fact that they smoked a lot of sticky tree in the original fishing village, on the eastern coast of the Qatar peninsula. It might have been derived from "dohat" ,Arabic for bay or gulf,referring to the doha bay area surrounding corniche. In 1825, during the war between Qatar and Bahrain, Doha had been severely damaged and Abu Dhabi was helping Bahrain. The following year, the Ottomons made Sheikh Thani bin Muhammed the Hakim of Doha, and he ultimately became Hakim of Qatar.[3] In 1882, al Rayyan built the Al Wajbah fortress, in southwestern Doha. The following year, Sheikh Qassim led a Qatari army to victory against the Ottomans.

The city was made capital of the British protectorate of Qatar in 1916, and when the nation gained independence in 1971, Doha remained the capital of Qatar. The British placed the Al Thani family in control as they were traditionally the administrators and clerks of the city, much to the distaste of another prominent family; the Al Kawaris. Based in Al Wakra, Al Kawari claimed to be descendant the "first son" of Muhammed, and rightful rulers. This claim was backed up by the fact that "Thani" of course is derived from the Arabic word for two, "Ethnain", and as a result they were more entitled to the throne than the Al Thani family. However such a claim has never been proven.

In 1917, the Al Kout fortress, which is located in the center of the city, was built by Sheikh Abdulla Bin Qassim Al-Thani. Still, during the early 20th century, much of Qatar's economy depended on fishing and pearling, and Doha had about 350 pearling boats. However, after the introduction of the Japanese cultured pearls in the 1930s, the whole region, including the town of Doha, suffered a major depression and Qatar became a poor country, plunged into poverty. This lasted until in the late 1930s, when oil was discovered. However, the exploration and exportation was halted due to the second world war. Today the nation as a whole produces over 800,000 barrels of oil daily. In 1969, the Government House opened. Today it is considered to be Qatar's most prominent landmark.

In 1973 the University of Qatar opened, and in 1975 the Qatar National Museum opened in what was originally the ruler's palace in 1912. The Al Jazeera Arabic satellite television news channel began broadcasting in 1996, with headquarters and broadcast center in Doha. Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani currently rules in what some consider to be Qatar's most beautiful city.

Climate

Doha features an arid climate. It is situated in the Arabian Peninsula, and as such its climate is very hot. Temperatures average over 40 degrees Celsius (104 °F) from May to September, and humidity is variable. Dewpoints can reach above 25 degrees Celsius in the summer. During the summer months, the city averages almost no precipitation, and less than an inch (25 mm) during other months.[4] Rainfall is scarce (average 70 mm per year), falling on isolated days mostly between October to March. During cool winter nights the temperature can rarely drop below 7 degrees Celsius.

Climate data for Doha
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 22.0
(72)
23.0
(73)
26.0
(79)
31.0
(88)
38.0
(100)
40.5
(105)
40.8
(105)
40.1
(104)
38.0
(100)
35.0
(95)
29.5
(85)
24.0
(75)
Average low °C (°F) 12.5
(55)
13.0
(55)
16.0
(61)
20.5
(69)
24.5
(76)
27.5
(82)
29.0
(84)
28.5
(83)
26.0
(79)
23.0
(73)
19.0
(66)
14.8
(59)
Rainfall mm (inches) 12.5
(0.49)
17.0
(0.67)
16.0
(0.63)
9.0
(0.35)
3.5
(0.14)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.0
(0.04)
3.0
(0.12)
12.0
(0.47)
74.0
(2.91)
Avg. rainy days 4 4 5 4 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 4 24
Source: Allmetsat[5] July 5, 2008

Demographics

Fanar Islamic Centre, Souq Waqif

The demography of Doha is unusual in that the majority of residents are expatriates, with Qatari nationals forming a minority. The largest portion of expatriates in Qatar are from South Asian countries, mainly Pakistan, India, Srilanka, Nepal, Philippines, Bangladesh and Indonesia, with large amounts of expatriates also coming from the Levant Arab countries, North Africa, and East Asia. Doha is also home to expatriates from the United States, Canada, France, South Africa, United Kingdom, and Australia as well as many other countries from all over the world.

In the past, expatriates in Qatar were not allowed to own land; however, now people who are not Qatari citizens can buy land in several areas of Doha, including the West Bay Lagoon, the Qatar Pearl and the new Lusail City. Ownership by foreigners in Qatar entitles them to a renewable residency permit, which allows them to live and work in Qatar.

Each month tens of thousands emigrate to Qatar, and as a result, Doha has witnessed explosive growth rates in population. Doha's population currently stands at around one million [6], with the population of the city more than doubling in the past decade. Due to the high influx of expatriates, the Qatari housing market saw a shortage of supply which led to a rise in prices and increased inflation. The gap in the housing market between supply and demand has narrowed however, and property prices have fallen in some areas following a period which saw rents triple in some areas [7].

Several churches have recently been constructed in Doha following decrees by the Emir for the allocation of land to churches. In March 2008, the first Catholic Church in Doha, Our Lady of the Rosary, was opened. As a sign of respect to the local population Christian symbols are not displayed on the outside of the building. Today, several churches exist in Doha, including the Malankara Orthodox Church, Marthomite Church, CSI Church, Syro-Malankara Church and the Pentecostal Church.

Year Population Metro
1986 217,294[3]
1992 313,639[3] [8]
2001 299,300[9]
2004 339,847 [10] 612,707
2005 400,051[11][12][13]
2008 998,651[14]

Districts

The following is a list of some of Doha's more prominent districts:

Doha's skyline seen from the south side of Doha Bay, with the Museum of Islamic Art in the foreground.

Economy

Construction along the Doha Corniche

Much of Qatar's oil and natural gas wealth is visible in Doha, which is the economic centre of Qatar. Doha is home to the headquarters of the country's largest oil and gas companies, including Qatar Petroleum, Qatargas and RasGas. Doha's economy is built on the revenue the country has made from its oil and natural gas industries, and the Qatari government is rapidly trying to diversify the Qatari economy in order to move away from this dependence on oil. As a result, Doha is currently experiencing a very large boom, with the city developing very rapidly - this is mostly the result of Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa's modernization program.

Like the nearby city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates, Doha's economy is moving away from its dependency on the oil and natural gas industries, although unlike Dubai, Doha's main focus is not tourism. Doha is seeing huge amounts of growth, with the population of the city increasing by more than 30,000 between 2004 and 2006; this has caused a boom in the real estate sector, with real estate prices skyrocketing [15]. According to the BBC, as of late January 2007, Doha is now a more expensive city than Dubai in terms of real estate prices. This rate of growth has led to projects such as the Lusail City project, which is being constructed north of Doha and will eventually house 200,000 people. Construction is also booming in Doha, a result of increasing corporate and commercial activity in Doha. This is most visible with the changing skyline of the city, as Doha has over 50 towers currently being constructed, the largest of which is the Dubai Towers. At the same time, 39 new hotels are joining Qatar's booming tourism market, adding about 9,000 new rooms by 2009.

Qatar Airways is headquartered in the Qatar Airways Tower in Doha.[16]

Some key projects in Doha include:

Transportation

The city of Doha in Qatar has recently been undergoing a huge expansion to its transportation network, including the addition of new highways, the construction of a new airport, and the planned construction of a metro system. This has all been as a result of Doha's massive growth in a short space of time, which has resulted in huge congestion on its roads.

Roads

Doha has a comprehensive road network made up primarily of two and three lane dual-carriageways. As a result of Doha being a relatively young city, Doha's roads are wide and usually include service roads and large central dividers. While traditionally roundabouts have been used as intersections in the city, this has recently changed as a result of the huge load on the city's road networks. Many major roundabouts have been removed and instead either replaced with traffic lights or with underpasses and overpasses. Furthermore, many major thoroughfares in the city are being converted into highways in order to accommodate the huge increase of traffic on the city's roads.

Highways

There are five main highways connecting Doha to its neighboring cities. These are the Dukhan highway to the west of the city, the Al-Shamal Road, connecting Doha to the north of the country, the Al-Khor Expressway, connecting Doha to the northern town of Al-Khor, and the Wakrah/Messaid Road, connecting Doha to the south of the country. Finally, Salwa Road runs through south Doha and connects the city to the Saudi border to the south of the country.

These highways are all currently undergoing expansion, and are being expanded within Doha itself.

Doha Expressway (D-Ring Road/Al Shamal Road)

The Al Shamal-Road has traditionally connected to the D-Ring Road in Doha, a three-lane dual carriageway that connects the city on a north-south axis. However, as a result of congestion, the D-Ring Road is being converted into a major highway through the city, and its name has been changed to the Doha Expressway, connecting Doha as a whole and connecting Doha with the north of Qatar. Several phases of the Expressway have been completed, including the Al Shamal Bridge, the Landmark Interchange, the Gharaffa Interchange, and the Midmac/Salwa Road Interchange.

The Al Shamal Road is also undergoing significant expansion as part of the Doha Expressway project. The Road is being expanded into a four-lane highway (a total of eight lanes) with major interchanges which will better serve the country than the existing two-lane dual carriageway. Furthermore, the new Doha Expressway will connect Doha with the planned Qatar-Bahrain Friendship Bridge at al-Zubarah, connecting the two Gulf states in a similar manner Bahrain and Saudi Arabia are currently connected.

Lusail Expressway

The Lusail expressway is expected to connect the new city of Lusail, currently being constructed north of Doha, to central Doha, along with connecting the Pearl to the mainland. The expressway is expected to take the path along the former Istiqlal Road, now Lusail St., and will be a 4-lane dual carriageway passing through the city. The expressway will extend from Lusail City, through Rainbow roundabout, Qatar Sports Club roundabout, and the fire department roundabout.

Dukhan Highway

The existing Dukhan highway has been undergoing a reconstruction project for several years, with new interchanges having been constructed and the road being significantly expanded. In the future, it is planned to expand the highway so that it connects directly into Doha through a system of underpasses and overpasses, with plans to replace the Tilted Roundabout, the Markhiya Roundabout, and the TV Roundabout, all major roundabouts in Doha, with underpasses and overpasses.

Salwa Highway

The Salwa Highway project's first phase has been completed. This phase involved the expansion of the highway, which connects Doha to the southwestern town of Salwa on the Saudi Arabian border, into a four-lane highway with grade separated interchanges. The rest of Salwa Road is expected to be expanded and upgraded, from the recently completed Industrial Interchange to the Jaidah flyover, including the construction of an underpass at the Ramada signals, Doha's busiest traffic light intersection. This project is not expected to commence until after the completion of the Doha Expressway.

F-Ring Road

The F-Ring Road will be the sixth ring road in Doha, and is being constructed as part of the transportation network leading to the New Doha International Airport. The new highway will connect the airport to the Corniche at the new Ras Abu Aboud interchange, currently under construction, and will involve a new ring road south of the E-Ring Road.

Bus System

An extensive bus system, operated by the government-owned Mowasalat company, currently operates in the city of Doha. The bus system covers many areas of the city, and there are stops throughout the city. The bus system is mainly used by lower-income groups, and does not attract many from the higher-income groups in the city, which has resulted in increased congestion on the roads of Doha, as most people prefer cars.

The main bus station is located in the Souqs area of downtown Doha, and services operate to all major towns in Qatar.

Taxis

The Mowasalat company operates all taxis in Qatar under its Karwa brand, with thousands of taxis operating in the capital. There are many taxi stands in the city, and while in the past difficulties arose in finding taxis due to the small number of taxis on the roads following the launch of the company, today this has become less of an issue.

Fares start at QR5.00, and the majority of taxis are well-equipped, comfortable sedans including cars such as the Toyota Camry and the Ford Mondeo.

Airport taxis, found at the Doha International Airport, are also available, in the form of the Ford Freestar.

Port

The Doha Port is among the country's largest ports, and is located just off the Doha Corniche. The port is the main seaport servicing Doha, although plans for a new port are underway due to the port's location in central Doha and the resultant traffic and pollution problems, the proposed location of the port is near the town of Al Wakra, just south of the New Doha airport.

Air

Doha International Airport is Qatar's only international airport. It is the hub of Qatar Airways, and is served by many other international airlines. Because of the rapid growth in Qatar and the rapid growth of Qatar Airways, many now consider the airport too small and unable to properly handle all of the traffic that goes through the airport. This problem was recently addressed with a large expansion that was made in anticipation of the 15th Asian Games. In order to accommodate increased traffic, the airport's facilities was expanded significantly, including the construction of a separate terminal dedicated to first and business class passengers, and expansion of the current terminal. Furthermore, new stands have been constructed on the opposite side of the runway to handle additional air traffic. These changes have temporarily eased the problem, but because of the airport's small size and limited space for expansion, this has not been enough to permanently solve the problem of the airport crowding.

A new airport, the New Doha International Airport, is being constructed near the existing airport (about 3 miles east[17]), and should solve the problems the current airport has.[18] The first phase of the airport should be completed in late 2009 or early 2010 along with the second phase, and will be able to accommodate 25 million passengers annually. Upon the completion of the third phase in 2015, the airport is expected to be able to handle up to 50 million passengers annually.[19] The new airport is located further away from the central areas of the city than the current airport, reducing noise and environmental pollution.[17] The total cost of the New Airport is $22 billion.

In comparison with other major airports around the world, it will be one of the largest in the world:[17]

  • Charles de Gaulle - 3,254 hectares
  • New Doha International Airport - 2,200 hectares
  • Hong Kong - 1,225 hectares
  • Heathrow - 1,210 hectares
  • Narita - 1,065 hectares

The Al Udeid Air Base, a major U.S. Air Force airbase, is located southwest of Doha.

Education

Education has been a major focus of the Qatari government in recent years. In addition to Qatar University, established in 1973, the government has solicited other universities to establish campuses in Doha, most notably at Education City.

Education City is one of the main project of the non-profit organization Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development. It has also launched the World Innovation Summit for Education - WISE - a global forum that brings together education stakeholders, opinion leaders and decision makers from all over the world to discuss educational issues. The first edition will be held in Doha, Qatar from November 16th to 18th 2009.

A key player in the educational field in Qatar is the Supreme Council of Communication and Information Technology ictQATAR. Through its e-education program, ictQATAR is bringing together the power of education and ICT in Qatar.

Doha is also home to many international schools established for its expatriate communities, with dozens of different private schools currently operating in the city, such as

Schools within and around Doha:

Universities/colleges within Education City: (See Education City)

Other Universities/colleges around Doha:

Sports

Jet ski riders, a common view near the Doha Corniche during evenings
Jassim bin Hamad Stadium, the venue for the final match of Asian Games Football Tournament
View of the ASPIRE dome

Doha is home to a number of sports stadiums, many of which were renovated in preparation for the 15th Asian Games, held in December 2006, which Doha spent $2.8 billion for preparation. Doha also hosted the 3rd West Asian Games in December 2005. Doha is also expected to host the 2011 Asian Indoor Games; Doha will also host the finals for the 2011 AFC Asian Cup. Qatar is aiming to be the region's sports capital. Doha's major football club are Doha Red Feet - who play at the 22,000 capacity Grand Marha Stadium. They are managed by ex Everton player Roger Kenyon.

Sports venues in Doha and its suburbs include:

ASPIRE Academy, launched in 2004, is a sports academy which aims to create world-class athletes. It is situated in the Doha Sports City Complex, which also includes the Khalifa International Stadium, the Hamad Aquatic Centre and the Aspire Tower.

The MotoGP motorcycling grand prix of Doha is held annually at Losail International Circuit, located just north of the city.

Under-construction stadiums/sport facilities:

The Wall Stadium would become the world's largest underground stadium, dwarfing the Fjellhallen ice-hockey arena in Norway, and would be the main venue for the 2011 AFC Asian Cup[23]. The stadium is estimated to cost 20 million dollars. The stadium will have the latest technology and roads leading to the stadium will be easy. While the New Paralympic stadium south of the new City of Lusail will be the most advance Paralympic stadium.

In 2001 Qatar also became the first country in the Middle East to hold a women's tennis tournament: Qatar holds both the Qatar Open for Women and the ladies ITF tournament. Since 2008 and at least for 3 years, the Sony Ericsson Championships (equivalent to the ATP's season-ending Championships) takes place in Doha, in the Khalifa International Tennis Complex, and features record prize money of $4.45 million (check of $1,485,000 for the winner, which represents the largest single guaranteed payout in women's tennis today [24]).

Doha submitted a bid for the 2016 Olympics.[25] It already had more than 70% of the venues ready that were used during the Asian Games in 2006. If Doha had won, an olympic village would have been constructed and would have had the shape of a dove and been 67 hectares in size with a capacity of 18,000 people, housing officials, athletes and coaches.[26] (See Doha 2016 Olympic bid) On June 4, 2008, the city was eliminated from the shortlist for the 2016 Olympic Games.

In November 2009, Doha will host the The Oryx Cup World Championship. This is a hydroplane boat race in the H1 Unlimited season. The race will take place in Doha Bay on the Persian Gulf. The H1 Unlimited and the Qatar Marine Sports Federation (QMSF) agreed to have the final race of the 2009 H1 Unlimited unlimited hydroplane season in Doha. Ten of the fastest racing boats in the world will travel to Doha November 2009 for the inaugural Oryx Cup event—the H1 Unlimited World Championship—as a result of an Agreement in Principal reached January 9 between the ABRA and the QMSF.

In May 2000, Qatar placed a bid for the 2022 FIFA World Cup, seeking to bring the event to the region for the first time. As a result of Qatar's harsh summers and the small population of the country, the bid contains several unique elements which are unprecedented in World Cup history. The bid proposes that all stadiums constructed to host the World Cup would be built as air conditioned indoor venues should Qatar win the bid, in order to ensure that the event can be held in summer. Furthermore, the bid proposes that all venues would be located within Doha, as Qatar's other cities and towns are too small to be capable of handling the influx of people which accompanies the World Cup.

Twin towns

See also

References

  1. ^ Qatar 2004 Census
  2. ^ Doha 2016 Summer Olympics Bid
  3. ^ a b c Doha - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  4. ^ Doha weather information
  5. ^ "Climate". Allmetsat. http://en.allmetsat.com/climate/oman-emirates-qatar-bahrain.php?code=41170. Retrieved July 5, 2008. 
  6. ^ http://www.gamesbids.com/english/bids/dha2016.shtml
  7. ^ http://www.business24-7.ae/Articles/2009/6/Pages/08062009/06092009_a7cd774da2cb4b1eb50cc316ad01ad8c.aspx
  8. ^ Capital Doha Population 484
  9. ^ Doha
  10. ^ Sudan Airways - Doha
  11. ^ Sheraton Doha Hotel & Resort | Hotel discount bookings in Qatar
  12. ^ SightSeeBySpace.com - Capitals of the World - Qatar, Doha - Doha capital city of Qatar
  13. ^ http://www.hotelsdoha.eu/
  14. ^ Doha 2016 Summer Olympic Games Bid
  15. ^ http://www.qsa.gov.qa/Eng/publication/annabs/2009/demographics_social_2009/Population-2009.xls
  16. ^ "Worldwide Offices." Qatar Airways. Retrieved on 9 February 2009.
  17. ^ a b c AirguideOnline.com: Global Perspectives - Qatar's New Doha International Airport
  18. ^ New Doha International Airport presents credentials at leading industry forum, AME Info, 2006-09-26
  19. ^ Information on the New Doha International Airport
  20. ^ SkyscraperCity - View Single Post - U/C: the Wall Stadium (MZ& Partners)
  21. ^ SkyscraperCity - View Single Post - Doha votes to host the olympics 2016 !!!
  22. ^ GamesBids.com - Olympic Bid News and Information Website
  23. ^ SkyscraperCity - View Single Post - #News: Qatar bids to host 2011 Asian Cup
  24. ^ http://www.sonyericssonwtatour.com/3/newsroom/stories/?ContentID=1482 "Season to End in Doha 2008-2010" on the Sony Ericsson WTA Tour website
  25. ^ Information on 2016 Olympic Games Bids
  26. ^ Doha 2016

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Modern buildings in Doha along the Corniche
Modern buildings in Doha along the Corniche

Doha is the capital of Qatar. It is a modern and rapidly developing city and, considering the money being poured into construction, Doha looks set to become one of the premier cities in the Gulf within a few years.

Get in

By plane

Doha International Airport (IATA: DOH) (ICAO: OTDB) is the biggest in the country and is becoming increasingly important in the Gulf Region. Local carrier Qatar Airways is building a worldwide network from there and already connects the city with destinations in Africa, Europe and Asia.

If you're already in or around the Gulf region, the cheapest way to fly to Doha is with Air Arabia [1], but you will almost certainly have to break your journey in Sharjah, the airline's hub in the United Arab Emirates.

By car

Saudi Arabia is the only country that borders Qatar and it can be difficult to obtain permits to drive through Saudi Arabia.

There are plans to build bridges linking Qatar with both Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates in the future.

Get around

Bus

In late 2005, a public bus service, with two different routes, was introduced as the city's first mode of public transport. By March 2006, there were six routes running, but it is still a limited service. They are operated by Mowasalat [2]. These buses operate on an erratic schedule and you can stand in the heat for hours waiting for one. The main bus station is a large open lot adjacent to the Gold Souq.

Taxi

The only other way to get around without your own vehicle is by taxi. The air-conditioned green taxis are operated by the Mowasalat transport company known as "Karwa" taxis. The other kind of taxis are "limousine" taxis, which are unmarked - and thus almost impossible to stop - and may well be your only choice when staying at an international hotel. They are more expensive (can cost twice as much as the Karwas), and may not feature a meter. If you feel secure about the price, you may negotiate it up front. Otherwise, insist on a meter.

The demand for taxis exceeds the supply and waiting times can vary greatly. Trying to obtain one during morning business hours requires about 24 hours notice. In other circumstances it may take 90 minutes or more to get an on-call taxi, and stopping one may be impossible in many places. The only places where you are guaranteed to find a taxi (normal or limousine) are at major malls, the airport and international hotels.

Occasionally, a local driver will offer to give you a ride if he or she sees you on the side of the road. It is customary to offer some money at the end, though sometimes they will refuse to take it. You can tell when someone is offering if they slow down and flash their headlights at you; beckon them over with a wave in response.

Museum of Islamic Arts on the Corniche
Museum of Islamic Arts on the Corniche

Museums

Museum of Islamic Arts [3] - is located on Doha's port. Housed in a building designed by I.M. Pei, the museum houses artefacts from Muslim dynasties all over Asia, Africa and Europe. Also present are items from the Al-Thani dynasty, as well as art from all parts of the Middle East.

Qatar National Museum [4]- housed in a former royal palace, visitors can see the former residence of the Sheikhs. In addition to this, the museum houses artifacts from traditional Qatar. Due to renovations the Qatar National Museum is closed indefinitely.

Cultural Heritage

Al Koot Fort - Built in 1880, during the Ottoman period, this big white fort is located in what is now the parking lot of Souq Waqif. At the time it was built, however, the fort was located on the outskirts of the city. Though the fort was formerly used as an ethnographic museum, the building is now currently closed, though still a popular place to take photos.

Clock Tower - located next to the Grand Mosque, this old clock tower features Arabic numerals on its face. The tower is also located on a hill, and as such offers some wonderful views of the Corniche.

Doha Heritage Village - located along the Corniche in Al Rumeilia Park, is a skanzen based on a traditional Qatari village. Visitors can expect to see weaving, pearl trading, and a dhow (traditional boat). Also holds occasional festivals and activities.

Souq Waqif - Another place that is very worth going is Souq Waqif, the renovated Arabic market quarter. You can easily wander around the maze-like corridors for hours. The Souq is organized more or less by what is sold. There is a section of spice shops, another of textiles, and even a quarter where they sell falcons. Also look for places to buy souvenirs, sit down to smoke a Sheesha, or enjoy food at one of the restaurants bordering it.

Orry stands tall on Doha's Corniche
Orry stands tall on Doha's Corniche

Corniche - The visual highlight of Doha is Al-Corniche, a long seaside promenade that curves around Doha Bay and affords pretty views of Palm Tree Island and the city's skyscrapers. In the afternoons you will see plenty of locals strolling along the Corniche, often trying to get out of the way of the odd crazy Western ex-pat on rollerblades. It's also a good place for jogging or cycling. If you're looking to have the scenery all to yourself, go on a Friday morning.

There are several parks close to the Corniche which are ideal for families, as well as several statues. Of note is a giant statue of Orry, the Oryx who was the mascot for the 15th Asian Games, which took place in Doha from December 1-15, 2006. On the south end of the Corniche is a large Oyster and Pearl statue and near the Museum of Islamic Art is the Water Pots fountain.

Doha Zoo - located near the Sports City complex, the Doha Zoo features a variety of animals, including the Oryx, Qatar's national animal.

Rumeila Park - A landscaped park on Doha Corniche with an outdoor theatre, art gallery, water features, children’s play area and skateboard/rollerblading half-pipe. There are several shops, a cafeteria and public toilets in the park which used to be known as Al Bidda Park. Midway along the corniche, the unfenced Rumeilah (Al-Bidda) Park has some fun attractions for children, including a Ferris wheel, boats and the only train in Arabia since Lawrence (albeit a miniature one).

Aladdin's Kingdom - an outdoor entertainment park, has a roller coaster, dodgem cars and go-karts (for which you need a driving licence!). Some days are allocated for women or families only, so ring first - or do as the locals do, and listen for the screams. Admission is free but you pay a small fee for each ride.

Jungle Zone - offers 3500 sq m of animal-themed children's attractions. Qatar's most popular indoor theme park located at Hyatt Plaza, near Khalifa Stadium in the booming city of Doha, offers fun and excitement for kids and family-alike to enjoy.

Palm Tree Island - A five-minute boat ride from Corniche promenade, this sand bar lapped by turquoise waters is the focal point of Doha Bay and a great way to escape the city's throngs. Fringed with soft sand beaches, the island features fairground rides, watersports, a quad bike track and camel rides to keep little ones amused. Refuel in cafes by the water's edge or with an inexpensive seafood lunch at the restaurant.

Do

Doha has a reputation for not being the most exciting place on earth, however, there are a variety of activities, areas and events to take part in.

Doha Debates

The Qatari government has worked hard to make Doha an educational center in the Middle East. One of the benefits of this is the Doha Debates [5], where top political and academic minds in the Arab world come together to discuss difficult issues in the Arab World. Past debates have discussed whether Palestinians risk becoming their own worst enemy, whether the Sunni-Shia conflict damages Islam's reputation as a religion of peace, or if Muslims are failing to combat extremism.

The debates are always very thought-provoking and a good window to understanding the current state of the Arab world. Tickets are extremely limited but can be obtained from the website above.

The Ras-Naswa sheesha cafe on the Corniche
The Ras-Naswa sheesha cafe on the Corniche

Sheesha

A typical Middle Eastern activity in the afternoons is to find a sheesha cafe and smoke some fruit-flavoured tobacco. One of the best places in Doha is Ras-Naswa at the non-Sheraton end of the Corniche. Located in a picturesque old-style building reminiscient, in colour and texture if not grandeur, of the red Mughal structures in India, Ras-Naswa has a nice outdoor garden and serves decent Middle Eastern food.

Buy

You can buy pretty much anything you want in Doha, apart from pork products and alcohol (except with a license or in the major hotels). Shopping is a major leisure pursuit of many Qataris and expats, and you can expect cheaper prices than Dubai. As with most of the Middle East, be prepared to bargain.

Canal inside in the Villaggio Mall
Canal inside in the Villaggio Mall

Malls

Typically, most malls in Doha are open from 10am to 10pm Saturday through Thursday. Most will be closed on Friday mornings but will open up during the evening, when they'll be the most crowded. Also, be aware that some malls schedule "Family Days", where single men will be turned away at the door. In practice, however, most Westerners will be allowed in, but brown-skinned persons (particularly Asians) will be turned away.

City Center-Doha is the largest shopping center in Qatar. Located in West Bay, the modern part of the city on the Northern end of the Corniche, it offers a fantastic shopping experience, including several jewelry and perfume stores. For entertainment there is a large multiplex theater, a bowling alley, a children's arcade, as well as an indoor ice skating rink. There are several eating options including two food courts as well as several sit-down restaurants. Finally, the mall is home to a large Carrefour supermarket.

Villaggio is one of Doha's newest malls, located near the Aspire Center. The mall is designed to look like Venice in terms of architecture. The mall is home to many western stores, as well as a large Carrefour. The food court is home to several Western-style fast food restaurants, as well as several sit-down options. For entertainment, there is currently a long canal offering gondola rides for 15 QR and an ice-skating rink for 30 QR. A cinema is in the works for the future.

Hyatt Plaza is located near Sports City and the newer Villaggio in the Western suburbs. This shopping mall is comparatively smaller than others, but as a plus it is always less crowded. There is a good sized food court and a large children's playland called "Jungle Zone."

Landmark Shopping Mall [6] focuses mostly on clothing, jewelry, and cosmetics. There is also a Carrefour market for groceries. It is located in the northern suburbs.

The Mall is Qatar's first shopping mall.

Souq Waqif
Souq Waqif

Souqs

The best shopping experiences, however, are to be had in the various souqs (markets). Not far from the Corniche near an HSBC branch and a landmark spiral tower is the Souq Waqif (also referred to as the Iranian Souq or Old Souq), a good place to pick up souvenirs and to see falcons for sale with a pleasant ambience. Another souq worth visiting is the Omani Souq on Haloul St, parallel to Salwa Road. There you can buy things like spices, incense and woven baskets. Next door is a vegetable market.

The Gold Souq, near HSBC by the bus station, is the place to buy gold and jewelry.

Drinks

Because of the restricted availability of alcohol in Qatar, you cannot drink alcohol at restaurants except those that are part of international hotels.

Doha Pearl fountain with Al-Bandar restaurant complex in the background [Photo: Rolf Palmberg]
Doha Pearl fountain with Al-Bandar restaurant complex in the background [Photo: Rolf Palmberg]

Given the population diversity in Doha, there is a large variety of different types of cuisine, including Indian, Thai, Chinese, Italian, Korean and, of course, typical Middle Eastern food.

American Food

Among the American fast food chains in Doha are McDonald's, KFC, Hardee's, Arby's, Burger King and Dairy Queen. Pizza places include Pizza Hut, Little Caesar's and Pizza Inn. Many of these are located in the major shopping centers or at the intersection of C-Ring and Salwa Road. Though known by the locals as Ramada Junction, (due to the Ramada being there), most Westerners jokingly refer to it as "Cholesterol Corner" due to the high number of fast food and other restaurants within a block or less of it.

There are also more upscale American chains, including TGI Fridays (in the Landmark and Villaggio shopping malls), Applebee's, Chili's, Fuddruckers, Bennigan's and Ponderosa Steakhouse.

Finally, Starbucks are very common in the malls around Doha

Indian

Doha is home to a large Indian population. As such, the city center is full of small Indian restaurants.

The Garden was previously a very popular restaurant, but the entire area surrounding it near has been bulldozed to make way for a small theme park.

There are many other excellent Indian restaurants in Doha, however. Perhaps the best cheap one is "Tasty Buds," a small cafe adjacent to a gas station on Rayyan Road on the western outskirts of Doha (about 3 km west of Education City). This is a chain restaurant and has several locations around town, as does another excellent cheap Indian place, "Hot Chicken." For more upscale Indian fare, try Bukhara on Rayyan Road near Globe Roundabout(just ask for directions to Bennigans, as it is adjacent).

Middle Eastern Food

Turkey Central on Al-Mirghab St. offers good, cheap Middle Eastern fare. The portions are large (try the Mixed Grill or Shish Tawooq) and the appetizers are excellent, particularly the chili labneh. To get there, turn right off C Ring Road just after Hardee's if you're heading away from City Centre. Across the street from Turkey Central and a little further east toward Hardee's is a good small Thai restaurant, Thai Snack. For Persian food, try Shebestan on al-Sadd Street just east of C Ring Road. Many good restaraunts in the Souq Waqif, or old Souq, are also worth trying. Perhaps the best include Tagine (Moroccan food) and Le Gourmet, particularly good for sheesha and a cup of tea. These are not as inexpensive as Turkey Central but have good atmosphere.

Seafood

Best Fish a little further down Al-Mirghab St. sells good local fish dishes at reasonable prices, and has just been redecorated inside. The Grilled Hammour with garlic butter is recommended. For the best fish in town at upscale prices, try the Fish Market at the Movenpick Hotel.

Drink

Alcohol is only available in bars attached to international hotels such as the Ramada, Rydges, the Ritz-Carlton etc. Effective 2009, you will need a license to drink in these establishments, so casual tourists will probably have a dry trip to the city. That being said, there is an excellent Irish pub with frequent live music in the basement of the Sheraton on the Corniche near City Center Mall.

To purchase alcohol outside these bars, you must have a Residence Permit and apply for a liquor licence. When you have that, you can purchase a certain amount of alcohol each month (equalling 10% of your salary) from one bottle shop on the outskirts of town know as Qatar Distribution Company (QDC).

It is not permitted to bring alcohol into the country and customs at Doha airport will confiscate any alcohol they find - all bags are x-rayed and a receipt is issued for you to reclaim your goods when you leave the country.

Soft drinks and other non-alcoholic beverages are readily available.

Sleep

There are quite a few four- and five-star international chain hotels in Doha and there are scores of new five-star hotels on the rise, such as the Ritz-Carlton, Four Seasons, and Intercontinental.

  • Al Muntazah Plaza Hotel [7]. Al Muntazah Plaza Hotel has fully furnished 2/3 bedrooms apartments as well as standard hotel rooms, situated on the prestigious. Al-Muntazah Road convenient for the corniche, city center, airport, supermarkets and the shopping centers.
  • Shezan Hotel. Shezan Hotel is located in the center of Doham quite small with 60 rooms and a restaurant serving a range of Pakistani and international delicacies.
  • InterContinental [8]. The InterCon is five minutes up the coast from the town center and directly across the road from the seemingly never open Alladin's Kingdom amusement park. The pool and beach complex at are large, quiet and relaxing. The restaurants are nothing special, but the rooms are great and the nightlife decent.
  • Marriott [9]. The Marriott is in a slightly out of the way location, but since nowhere in Doha is really walkable, that's not a huge strike against it. It has two towers of excellent four-star rooms and a selection of restaurants few hotels can match: the Mexican is acceptable, the pan-Asian quite good, the buffet nothing special, and the Indian really great. Alcohol is available in the restaurants, but there is no cocktail lounge or bar. There is a disco attached to the hotel that has a door policy to match Studio 54 at its 1970s peak (again though, showing up in a Maserati will get you whisked inside).
  • Mercure Doha [10]. A four-star hotel belonging to the Accor group. Located pretty much in the town center, it has a sauna, a swimming pool and various restaurants. Shuttle buses go regularly from and to the airport. Its location means you can actually walk around and see things just outside the door (unlike most Doha hotels, which are someone isolated), but it is also a little less tranquil.
  • Oasis. This has been demolished to make way for newer hotels. Run-down, but reliable, if a bit out of the way and home to smarmy types. It may be closed shortly.
  • Ramada, [11]. A comfortable four-star hotel with a few pleasant surprises. The Indian restaurant is one of the best in town (and, because it's in a hotel, it serves alcohol). The pub-turn-disco on the hotel's 1st floor is a large club that on weekends comes alive under the guidance of a Filipino cover band and hundreds of Asian workers letting lose after a hard 6-day work week. The Library Bar, on the hotels top floor, has a small, slightly worn clubby field populated by large-bellied ex-pats. But the beer is cold and the mural around the walls is something to behold. The Ramada will be opening a second tower in 2007 that promises more restaurants, bars and nightlife.
  • Merweb Hotel, Al-Sadd Road. Newish, pleasant three-star hotel.
  • Mövenpick Tower & Suites [12], West Bay, P.O. Box 22752, Doha, Qatar. An impressive new landmark in Doha, this 26 storey tower is located at the entrance to West Bay, just 15 minutes drive from Doha International Airport.�With 350 contemporary rooms and suites providing comfortable accommodation for short and long-term guests, facilities also include conference rooms for up to 270 delegates and outstanding restaurants confirming our renowned gastronomic excellence. Extensive recreation facilities complete the services offered.
  • Four Seasons, [13]. Located on the water near the City Center shopping mall, the Four Seasons is the first five-star hotel in town. It has a great but expensive Italian restaurant and a decent cigar/cocktail lounge just off the lobby. The pool and beach area are for hotel guests and spa members only.
  • The Ritz-Carlton, [14]. The Ritz-Carlton is a 10-minute drive north of the heart of Doha, along the Gulf Coast. It has great service and luxury rooms, all for the price you'd expect to pay at a Ritz-Carlton. The pool complex is large and landscaped to look an oasis, complete with fake rocks and waterfall. There's also a swim-up bar in the pool. The cigar bar/cocktail lounge is small, but the balcony has great views of the marina and pool. Friday brunch at the Ritz is exeptionally good. There is a disco located on the grounds, but only hotel guests, club members, and people driving Italian supercars are allowed in.
  • Sheraton, [15]. The Sheraton is an architectural and minor cultural landmark in Doha. It is situated at one end of the Corniche, making it visible from that long, waterfront road and walkway. It is also shaped like a pyramid with an Imperial Star Destroyer stuck on top. It has also been in town longer than any other international hotel. That doesn't mean it is at all shabby -- it just has more character than most modern hotel towers.
  • Grand Hyatt Doha, P.O Box 24010. (West Bay Lagoon), + 974 448 1234 (doha.grand@hyatt.com) [16]. Most of the suites & rooms have breathtaking views of the Persian Gulf and feature balconies or terraces.
  • All Hotels Qatar [17]

Get out

Desert Safari

If you want to get out of the city, the desert awaits. Whereas you could take your rental car out to the sand dunes, unless you are familiar with the route or GPS, you run the risk of damaging your rental car and getting lost. The alternative is to go through one of Qatar's many tour companies, which can arrange a trip. This will cost you several hundred Qatari riyals, and may require a minimum of four persons to join in the fun. At international hotels, the receptionists will advise you, and hire a driver for you. Otherwise, there are several tour companies that can arrange a trip by phone or via their website:

  • Al Mazaya Tourism [18]
  • Arabian Adventures [19]
  • Black Pearl [20]
  • Gulf Adventures [21]
  • Qatar International Adventures [22]

Beyond sand dune trips, several of these will always arrange for overnight desert camping, excursions to historical sites, and city tours.

Singing Sand Dunes

In the desert 40 km southwest of Doha are the so-called Singing Sand Dunes. This is one of the few places on Earth that has "singing" sand. When the humidity is low and the wind blows along the sand an eerie hum sound can be heard. This sound can be amplified by running across the sand, or by sledding down it. Since the dunes are located a bit off road, you may want a GPS to arrive. The coordinates are N250 02.446' E510 24.540'.

Other cities

Doha is really the big apple of Qatar, and the country's other cities are quite small. Still, for those who want to see more the country, they can be quite rewarding.

Al-Khor is about 50 km north of Doha. It also features a corniche, as well as a museum and several watchtowers.

Al-Wakra is about 12 km south of Doha. It features an old mosque, as well as several popular beaches.

Umm Salal Muhammad is about 15 km north of Doha. It features an old fort and mosque.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Wikipedia

Proper noun

Doha

  1. The capital city of Qatar

Translations


Simple English

Doha
الدوحةad-Dawḥa
From top: Qatar University, Museum of Islamic Art, Doha
Coordinates: 25°17′12″N 51°32′0″E / 25.28667°N 51.533333°E / 25.28667; 51.533333Coordinates: 25°17′12″N 51°32′0″E / 25.28667°N 51.533333°E / 25.28667; 51.533333
Country Qatar
Municipality Ad Dawhah
Established 1850
Area
 - City 132 km2 (51 sq mi)
Population (2004)[1]
 - City 339,847
 Density 2,574/km2 (6,690/sq mi)
 Metro 998,651
Time zone AST (UTC+3)

Doha (Arabic: الدوحة;, Ad-Dawḥah or Ad-Dōḥah) is the capital city of Qatar. It has a population of 400,051 (2005), and is at 25.3° N 51.5333° E, on the Persian Gulf. The city is home to Doha International Airport and the major oil and fishing industries. Doha is also home to Education City, an area devoted to research and education. Doha was the host of the 2006 Asian Games, a major Asian sporting event.

Borders

It is bordered by Saudi Arabia on its South and the Persian gulf on its North, East and West.

References








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