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Dom
Total population
ca. 2,158,400 [1]
Regions with significant populations
Middle east, North Africa
 Egypt 1,080,000
 Turkey +400,000
 Greece 200,000–500,000
 Syria 250,000
 Iran 80,000
 Iraq 50,000
 Libya 33,000
 Sudan 20,000–50,000
 Jordan 25,000
 Lebanon 12,000
 Palestinian Authority, Israel 7,200
 Cyprus 1,200
 Kuwait
Languages

Domari, Arabic, Persian, Kurdish, Turkish, Egyptian Arabic, Levantine Arabic, Iraqi Arabic, Greek.

Religion

Islam, Orthodox Christianity

Related ethnic groups

Romani people, Lom people, Domba, other Indo-Aryans

The Dom (or Domi) (Arabic: دومي or دومري‎) of the Middle East are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group. Some authors relate them to the Domba people of India.

They have a rich oral tradition and express their culture and history through music, poetry and dance. Initially it was considered that they are a branch of the Romani people, but recent studies of the Domari language suggest that they departed earlier from the Indian subcontinent,[1] probably around the 6th century.[2]

The majority of the estimated population of 2.2 million live in Turkey, Egypt and Iran with significant numbers in Iraq. Smaller populations are found in Libya and other countries of the Middle East.

The actual population is unknown as some Dom are excluded from national census and others label themselves in national terms rather than as Dom. Nowadays, they speak the dominant languages of their larger societies, but Domari, their national language, continues to be spoken by more insular communities. Iranians and Afghans called them gurbati or kouli, both of which mean "foreigners".

See also

References

External links








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