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Domingos Jorge Velho

Domingos Jorge Velho by Benedito Calixto (1923)
Born 1641
Santana de Parnaíba, Brazil
Died 1705 (aged 63–64)
Piancó, Brazil
Occupation Bandeirante

Domingos Jorge Velho (Santana de Parnaíba, captaincy of São Paulo, 1641 — Piancó, captaincy of Paraíba, 1705). Domingos Jorge Velho is well known as one of the most brutal and effective bandeirantes. He was born to Francisco Jorge Velho and Francisca Gonçalves de Camargo. He was responsible for the repression of several indigenous nations in Bahia and especially Piauí, which he is reputed to have been the first colonist to explore. His greater fame, however, is due to his extermination of the Quilombo dos Palmares, in the hinterland of Alagoas, on behalf of João da Cunha Souto Maior, governor of Pernambuco. Velho accepted the assignment and, in 1694, with an army of Indians and mamelucos, white-Indian half-breeds, overran the fortified city of Macacos, on the Serra da Barriga mountain[1].

According to some, he did not speak Portuguese, only the língua geral, a Lingua franca based on Tupian languages spoken in Brazil at that time.[2] However, John Manuel Monteiro, in Os Negros da Terra, contends that Velho not only spoke Portuguese but was indeed literate[3]. Velho is reputed to have had several Indian concubines.


  1. ^
  2. ^ RIBEIRO, Darcy. O Povo Brasileiro, Companhia de Bolso, fourth reprint, 2008 (2008).
  3. ^ Monteiro, John Manuel. Os Negros da Terra. São Paulo, Companhia das Letras, 1994. p. 164.

Further reading

  • Franco, Francisco de Assis Carvalho, "Dicionário de Bandeirantes e Sertanistas do Brasil", Ed. São Paulo University, São Paulo, Ed Itatiaia, Belo Horizonte (1989)


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