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Dominican Republic
República Dominicana  (Spanish)
Flag Coat of arms
Motto"Dios, Patria, Libertad"  (Spanish)
("God, Fatherland, Liberty")
AnthemHimno Nacional
Capital
(and largest city)
Santo Domingo
19°00′N 70°40′W / 19°N 70.667°W / 19; -70.667
Official language(s) Spanish
Ethnic groups  73% Multiracial, 16% White, 11% Black[1]
Demonym Dominican
Government Democratic Republic[1][2] or Representative Democracy[2]
 -  President Leonel Fernández[2]
 -  Vice President Rafael Alburquerque[2]
Independence From Spain
 -  Date December 1, 1821[2] 
 -  Date From Haiti:
February 27, 1844[2] 
 -  Date From Spain:
August 16, 1865[2] 
Area
 -  Total 48,442 km2 (130th)
18,704 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.7[1]
Population
 -  2009 estimate 10,090,000[3] (80th)
 -  2002 census 8,562,541[4] 
 -  Density 208.2/km2 (57th)
539.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $78.314 billion[5] 
 -  Per capita $8,672[5] 
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $44.716 billion[5] 
 -  Per capita $4,952[5] 
Gini (2005) 49.9[1] (high
HDI (2007) 0.777[6] (medium) (90th)
Currency Peso[2] (DOP)
Time zone Atlantic (UTC-4[1])
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .do[1]
Calling code +1-809, +1-829, +1-849
.Sources for:
  • area, capital, coat of arms, coordinates, flag, language, motto, and names:[2].^ The flag of the Dominican Republic consists of two red and two blue sections divided by a white cross centered with the Dominican coat of arms.
    • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    For an alternate area figure of 48,730 km2:[1]
  • calling code 809, Internet TLD :[1]
.The Dominican Republic (Spanish: República Dominicana, pronounced [reˈpuβlika ðominiˈkana]) is a nation on the island of Hispaniola, part of the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean region.^ It occupies 48,730 square kilometers, making it the second largest island of the Greater Antilles, and supports a population of 8.9 million inhabitants.
  • GlobaLex - Guide to Legal Research in the Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.nyulawglobal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Dominican Republic (DR) comprises the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, which it shares with Haiti.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The mountains of the Dominican Republic divide the country into northern, central, and southwestern regions.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The western third of the island is occupied by the nation of Haiti, making Hispaniola one of two Caribbean islands that are occupied by two countries.^ Dominican Republic A country in the Caribbean, the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ West Indies, on the eastern two thirds of the island of Hispaniola .
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^ It shares with Haiti the island of Hispaniola, occupying two thirds of the eastern side of the island.
  • GlobaLex - Guide to Legal Research in the Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.nyulawglobal.org [Source type: Original source]

.Both by area and population, the Dominican Republic is the second largest Caribbean nation (after Cuba), with 48,442 square kilometres (18,704 sq mi) and an estimated 10 million people.^ The population is estimated at 3.6 million.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It occupies 48,730 square kilometers, making it the second largest island of the Greater Antilles, and supports a population of 8.9 million inhabitants.
  • GlobaLex - Guide to Legal Research in the Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.nyulawglobal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The majority of the unions in the FTZs were affiliated with the National Federation of Free Trade Zone Workers or with FEDOTRAZONAS. FEDOTRAZONAS estimated that fewer than 10 percent of the workers in the FTZs were unionized.
  • Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2][7]
.Inhabited by Taínos since the seventh century, the territory of the Dominican Republic was reached by Christopher Columbus in 1492 and became the site of the first permanent European settlement in the Americas, namely Santo Domingo, the country's capital and Spain's first capital in the New World.^ Santo Domingo, Capital (1781 Miles) .
  • Women Seeking Men in the Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC amigos.com [Source type: General]

^ The city was the site of the signing of the Dominican Republic's first constitution in 1844.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The capital and largest city is Santo Domingo .
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Santo Domingo stand, among other firsts in the Americas, the first university, cathedral, and castle, the latter two in the Ciudad Colonial area, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.^ Santo Domingo was a walled city, modeled after those of medieval Spain, and for three decades was the seat of Spanish power and culture in the New World.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The capital, Santo Domingo, was the first permanent European settlement in the New World and was established by Spain in 1496.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Compared to the French forced labour plantation colony on the western side of the island, which had become the wealthiest in the New World, the Spanish colony of Santo Domingo remained poor and derelict.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2][8]
.After three centuries of Spanish rule, with French and Haitian interludes, the country became independent in 1821 but was quickly taken over by Haiti.^ Originally a Spanish colony and later under Haitian rule, the Dominican Republic gained independence in 1844.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By 1804 the black African slaves in the western portion of the island (now Haiti) rebelled against the French and ruled the entire island.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1838 a small group of Spanish-speaking Dominican intellectuals from Santo Domingo organized a secret society called La Trinitaria to overthrow the Haitian rule.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Victorious in the Dominican War of Independence in 1844, Dominicans experienced mostly political turmoil and a brief return to Spanish rule over the next 72 years.^ Originally a Spanish colony and later under Haitian rule, the Dominican Republic gained independence in 1844.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1838 a small group of Spanish-speaking Dominican intellectuals from Santo Domingo organized a secret society called La Trinitaria to overthrow the Haitian rule.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Dominican Republic gained its independence in 1844 after a successful revolt against Haitian rule, but its political history remained stormy, with foreign intervention in the country's affairs from the late 1800s to the middle part of this century.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The United States occupation of 1916–1924, and a subsequent, calm and prosperous six-year period under Horacio Vásquez Lajara, were followed by the military dictatorship of Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina until 1961. The last civil war was ended by the 1965 United States occupation of the Dominican Republic, and was followed by the authoritarian rule of Joaquin Balaguer, 1966 – 1978. Since then, the Dominican Republic has moved toward representative democracy,[1] and has been led by Leonel Fernández for most of the time after 1996.
.The Dominican Republic has adopted economic liberalism, and has the second largest economy in the Caribbean.^ Dominican Republic A country in the Caribbean, the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola.
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^ Santo Domingo, the oldest continuous European settlement in the Americas, is the capital and largest city of the Dominican Republic.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Dominican Republic is among the fastest-growing economies in Latin America.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9][10] .Though long known for sugar production, the economy is now dominated by services.^ Tourism is also important to the economy, and the service sector is now the country's largest employer.
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[1] The country's economic progress is exemplified by its advanced telecommunication system.[11] .Nevertheless, unemployment,[1] government corruption, and inconsistent electric service remain major Dominican problems.^ Some Dominicans call it the Wall of Shame and argue that the country needs basic services, such as dependable electricity and transportation, not expensive monuments to Columbus.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to the World Bank's worldwide governance indicators, government corruption was a serious problem.
  • Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The country also has "marked income inequality".[1]
International migration greatly affects the country, as it receives and sends large flows of migrants. .Haitian immigration and the integration of Dominicans of Haitian descent are major issues; the total population of Haitian origin is estimated to be 800,000.[12] A large Dominican diaspora exists, most of it in the United States, where it comprises 1.3 million.^ The population is estimated at 3.6 million.
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^ Most sugarcane workers were Haitian or of Haitian descent.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The capital, Santo Domingo, has over 2.14 million people, while the population of other large cities, including Santiago de los Caballeros, La Romana, and San Pedro de Macorís, ranges from 124,000 to 364,000.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13] They aid national development as they send billions of dollars to their families, accounting for one-tenth of the Dominican GDP.[1][14]
.The Dominican Republic has become the Caribbean's largest tourist destination; the country's year-round golf courses are among the top attractions.^ Dominican Republic A country in the Caribbean, the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dominican Republic visa Top 5 requested .
  • Dominican Republic Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Dominican Visas Online. 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC dominican-republic.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Dominican Republic is a hurricane-prone country.
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[11] .In this mountainous land is located the Caribbean's highest mountain, Pico Duarte, as is Lake Enriquillo, the Caribbean's largest lake and lowest elevation.^ Or climb to the summit of the Caribbean’s highest mountain, Pico Duarte.

^ The highest point in the Caribbean is Pico Duarte, which reaches an elevation of over 10,414 feet (3,175 meters) and has alpine forests near the summit.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pico Duarte, at 10,128 feet the highest mountain in the West Indies, is within this range.
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[15] .Quisqueya, as Dominicans often call their country, has an average temperature of 26 °C (79°F) and great biological diversity.^ The Dominican Republic boasts an average temperature between 78 and 88 degrees Fahrenheit.

^ Some Dominicans call it the Wall of Shame and argue that the country needs basic services, such as dependable electricity and transportation, not expensive monuments to Columbus.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11]
.Music and sport are of the highest importance in Dominican culture, with merengue as the national dance and song and baseball the favorite sport.^ Add to this its colonial charm and infectious music and dance which are at the heart of Dominican culture.  .
  • Book cheap holidays to the Dominican Republic & find holiday deals 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.thomascook.com [Source type: General]

^ Santo Domingo's modern Cultural Plaza with its four museums, National Theater, and National Library is the scene of many artistic, musical, and theatrical productions.
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^ Baseball is the national sport, and all games draw large crowds.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]

Contents

History

The Taínos

.The Arawakan-speaking Taínos moved into Hispaniola, displacing earlier inhabitants,[16] circa A.D. 650. The Taínos called the island Kiskeya or Quisqueya ("mother of the earth").^ The Taínos, the legend continues, were the ultimate victims--pushed into extinction, wiped clean from the face of the Earth, a very dramatic statement, but not true.
  • A Chronology of Taino Cultural and Biological Survival 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.centrelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed] They engaged in farming and fishing,[17] and hunting and gathering.[16] The fierce Caribs drove the Taínos to the northeastern Caribbean during much of the 15th century.[18] .The estimates of Hispaniola's population in 1492 vary widely, including one hundred thousand,[19] three hundred thousand,[16] and four hundred thousand to two million.^ The population is estimated at 3.6 million.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were two women in the 32-member Senate, 33 women in the 178-member House of Representatives, three women in the cabinet, and five women on the 16-seat Supreme Court.
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^ Consequently, thousands of Dominican-born persons of Haitian descent were functionally stateless; one estimate placed the number at between 600,000 and one million persons.
  • Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20] .By 1492 the island was divided into five Taíno chiefdoms.^ Soon after, the French colony of Saint Domingue was established which divided the island into two distinctive cultures -- The French on the western side of the island and the Spanish on the eastern [4] .
  • GlobaLex - Guide to Legal Research in the Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.nyulawglobal.org [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]
.The Spanish arrived in 1492. After initially friendly relations, the Taínos resisted the conquest, led by the female Chief Anacaona of Xaragua and her husband Chief Caonabo of Maguana, as well as Chiefs Guacanagarix, Guamá, Hatuey, and Enriquillo.^ Male immigrants from Iberia to the Indies outnumbered females by a 17:1 ratio through 1539, although more Spanish females began arriving afterward.
  • A Chronology of Taino Cultural and Biological Survival 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.centrelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The latter's successes gained his people an autonomous enclave for a time on the island. .Nevertheless, within a few years after 1492 the population of Taínos had declined drastically, due to smallpox and other diseases that arrived with the Europeans,[21] and from other causes discussed below.^ The death rate in the first quarter century of European occupation was, no doubt, staggering, as it was among other Native populations elsewhere, but especially in the tropics.
  • A Chronology of Taino Cultural and Biological Survival 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.centrelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It wasn’t until Christopher Columbus’ famous voyage in 1492 that Europeans arrived on the island and enslaved the Taino Indians in order to harvest the gold discovered on the island.

^ Seventy-three percent of the population is mixed race—combinations of descendants of Spaniards and other Europeans, West African slaves, and natives.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The decline continued, and by 1711 the Taíno numbered just 21,000.[22] The last record of pure Taínos in the country was from 1864. Due to intermarriage over the centuries, many Dominicans have Taíno ancestry.^ Consequently, thousands of Dominican-born persons of Haitian descent were functionally stateless; one estimate placed the number at between 600,000 and one million persons.
  • Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In particular there were strong prejudices against Haitians, which disadvantaged many Haitians and Dominicans of Haitian ancestry, as well as other foreigners of dark complexion.
  • Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The aim is to demonstrate that Taíno cultural and biological survival in Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico has in fact been documented over the past five centuries.
  • A Chronology of Taino Cultural and Biological Survival 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.centrelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[23][24] .Remnants of the Taino culture include their cave paintings,[25] as well as pottery designs which are still used in the small artisan village of Higüerito, Moca.^ Many escaped into the mountains to coexist with the Maroons , where still today many non African plants are used medicinally , plants that were once part of the Taino pharmacology.
  • A Chronology of Taino Cultural and Biological Survival 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.centrelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many escaped into the mountains to coexist with the Maroons, where still today many non African plants are used medicinally, plants that were once part of the Taino pharmacology.
  • A Chronology of Taino Cultural and Biological Survival 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.centrelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As a consequence of the New Laws (1542) that gave the Aboriginal People total freedom, some small villages were created in which surviving groups of Tainos and their descendants resided in.
  • A Chronology of Taino Cultural and Biological Survival 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.centrelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Spanish rule

.Christopher Columbus arrived on Hispaniola on December 5, 1492, during the first of his four voyages to America.^ Christopher Columbus made his first landing in the New World December 5, 1492, on the northwest coast of an island he named Hispaniola.
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^ Though most of the Tainos of Hispaniola now comprised of Haiti and the Dominican Republic) vanished in the Americas first genocide, there are many traces left of them today.
  • A Chronology of Taino Cultural and Biological Survival 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.centrelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Christopher Columbus first discovered the island in 1492, he named it La Isla Española, which became Hispaniola.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He claimed the island for Spain and named it La Española.^ When Christopher Columbus first discovered the island in 1492, he named it La Isla Española, which became Hispaniola.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1492, when Columbus first landed, he named the island La Isla Española, which later changed to Hispaniola.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1496 Bartholomew Columbus, Christopher's brother, built the city of Santo Domingo, Europe's first permanent settlement in the "New World". The Spaniards created a plantation economy on the island.^ The capital and largest city is Santo Domingo .
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The capital, Santo Domingo, was the first permanent European settlement in the New World and was established by Spain in 1496.
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^ On the north coast are La Isabela, Columbus' first settlement in the New World (1493); Sosua, settled by Jewish refugees from Germany in 1939; and Macao, 95 miles from Santo Domingo, noted for its beautiful, long beach.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19] .The colony was the springboard for the further Spanish conquest of America and for decades the headquarters of Spanish power in the hemisphere.^ Santo Domingo was a walled city, modeled after those of medieval Spain, and for three decades was the seat of Spanish power and culture in the New World.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Colonial Zone of Santo Domingo is one of the great treasures of Spanish America today, with many original buildings intact and restored.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Christopher was buried in Santo Domingo upon his death in 1506.
.The Taínos nearly disappeared, above all, from European infectious diseases to which they had no immunity.^ The DR has consistently interpreted all Haitians as being ‘in transit', especially if they have no papers, arguing that they are migrant workers.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other causes were abuse, suicide, the breakup of family, starvation,[16] enslavement, forced labor, torture, war with the Spaniards, changes in lifestyle, and even miscegenation.^ One NGO program reported that it successfully removed 8,449 children from exploitive labor conditions and prevented 16,990 children from entering the labor force .
  • Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The government's new police chief implemented changes that diminished the level of killings and other abuse carried out by security forces and in some cases prosecuted those suspected of misconduct.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although the law prohibits torture, beating, and physical abuse of detainees and prisoners, members of the security forces, primarily police, continued such practices.
  • Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Laws passed for the Indians' protection (beginning with the Laws of Burgos, 1512–1513[26]) were never truly enforced.^ In June of 1547 Dr. Montano was given the responsibility of seeing the new laws (to protect the Indians) were enforced on Hispaniola.
  • A Chronology of Taino Cultural and Biological Survival 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.centrelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Yet as stated above, the Taínos did survive. .Some scholars believe that las Casas exaggerated[27] the Indian population decline in an effort to persuade King Carlos to intervene, and that encomenderos also exaggerated it, in order to receive permission to import more African slaves.^ Nearly every royal document dealing with the importation of African slaves to Hispaniola in the sixteenth century mandates ratios of one female to every three males--or more.
  • A Chronology of Taino Cultural and Biological Survival 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.centrelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps in more ways than one, the Indians were treated “like Negroes” and were included in African categories- not because of their color but because of their status .
  • A Chronology of Taino Cultural and Biological Survival 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.centrelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Non-African Hispanics tend to show relatively even European/Native American admixture with some showing more (even all) European, and others more (even all) Native American 5/27/04.
  • A Chronology of Taino Cultural and Biological Survival 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.centrelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Moreover, censuses of the time omitted the Indians who fled into remote communities,[23] where they often joined with runaway Africans (cimarrones), producing Zambos. Also, Mestizos who were culturally Spanish were counted as Spaniards, some Zambos as black, and some Indians as Mulattos.[23]
After her conquest of the Aztecs and Incas, Spain neglected her Caribbean holdings. .French buccaneers settled in western Hispaniola, and by the 1697 Treaty of Ryswick, Spain ceded the area to France.^ From 1607 forward France began to advance and colonize the western side of Hispaniola by taking over large portions of land belonging to Spain and converting them into agricultural developments, raising cattle, and stimulating an economy of French commercial goods [3] .
  • GlobaLex - Guide to Legal Research in the Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.nyulawglobal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492, the Dominican Republic was colonized by Spain until 1795 when, pursuant to the Treaty of Basle, which ended the war between France and Spain sparked by the French Revolution, Spain ceded to France the eastern side of the island, giving to France control over the entire island of Hispaniola [2] .
  • GlobaLex - Guide to Legal Research in the Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.nyulawglobal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The French colony which flourished on the western one-third of the island was officially recognized by Spain in 1697 under the Treaty of Ryswick.
  • GlobaLex - Guide to Legal Research in the Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.nyulawglobal.org [Source type: Original source]

.France created the wealthy colony Saint-Domingue there, with a population 90% slave, and overall four times as populous (500,000 to 125,000) as the Spanish area at the end of the 18th century.^ Soon after, the French colony of Saint Domingue was established which divided the island into two distinctive cultures -- The French on the western side of the island and the Spanish on the eastern [4] .
  • GlobaLex - Guide to Legal Research in the Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.nyulawglobal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The colony sank into poverty and in 1697 Spain ceded the western end of the island (which became known as Saint-Domingue, now Haiti) to France.
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^ The population of the Spanish colony grew and by 1777 it was estimated to be around 400,000, with a large proportion being of mixed background: it was calculated as Europeans (100,000), Africans (70,000) European/indigenous mestizos (100,000) African/indigenous mestizos (60,000), African/European mestizos ( mulatos ) (70,000).
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[28]

French rule

.France came to own the whole island in 1795, when by the Peace of Basel Spain ceded Santo Domingo as a consequence of the French Revolutionary Wars.^ Discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492, the Dominican Republic was colonized by Spain until 1795 when, pursuant to the Treaty of Basle, which ended the war between France and Spain sparked by the French Revolution, Spain ceded to France the eastern side of the island, giving to France control over the entire island of Hispaniola [2] .
  • GlobaLex - Guide to Legal Research in the Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.nyulawglobal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I came back to Santo Domingo a week later and am staying s..."
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^ From 1795 to 1844 the Dominican Republic was governed successively by France, Haiti, Spain and then Haiti again, until it finally declared its independence on February 27, 1844.
  • GlobaLex - Guide to Legal Research in the Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.nyulawglobal.org [Source type: Original source]

At the time, Saint–Domingue's slaves, led by Toussaint Louverture, were in revolt against France. .In 1801 they captured Santo Domingo, thus controlling the entire island; but in 1802 an army sent by Napoleon captured Toussaint Louverture and sent him to France as prisoner.^ TOUSSAINT L'OUVERTURE took over the island soon after but the Spanish regained control of the eastern part of the island in 1809.
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^ After Spain by the Treaty of Basel (1795) ceded the colony of Santo Domingo to France, the area now known as the Dominican Republic was conquered by Haitians under Toussaint L'Ouverture .
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^ The island of Hispaniola was divided between France and Spain, with France gaining control of the entire island in 1795.
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.However, Toussaint Louverture's lieutenants, and yellow fever, succeeded in expelling the French again from Saint-Domingue, which in 1804 the rebels made independent as the Republic of Haiti.^ Most of southern Haiti and southwestern parts of the Dominican Republic received at least 200 mm (~8 inches, shown in yellow) of rain.
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^ A bloody revolution on the French-held western end of the island in 1791 led to the establishment of Haiti as an independent country.
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^ The Dominican Republic declared its independence from Spain in 1821, although in the following year it was again annexed by Haiti.
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.Eastwards, France continued to rule Spanish Santo Domingo.^ Santo Domingo, the oldest continuous European settlement in the Americas, is the capital and largest city of the Dominican Republic.
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^ The armed forces continued to provide troops to support the National Police in its nightly patrols of Santo Domingo, Santiago, and other areas of the country.
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^ In November 1821 the Spanish lieutenant governor proclaimed Santo Domingo's new status as the independent state of Spanish Haiti (Haiti Español).
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.In 1808, following Napoleon's invasion of Spain, the criollos of Santo Domingo revolted against French rule and, with the aid of Great Britain (Spain's ally) and Haiti,[29] returned Santo Domingo to Spanish control.^ The resident French commander was able to fend off the attacks of Jean Jacques Dessalines , but in 1808 the people revolted and in 1809, with the aid of an English squadron, ended French control of the city of Santo Domingo.
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^ Passenger and cargo ships call at Santo Domingo, Puerto Plata, Haina, and Port-au-Prince (Haiti) on an irregular basis.
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^ The Dominican Republic declared its independence from Spain in 1821, although in the following year it was again annexed by Haiti.
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[30]
Juan Pablo Duarte is widely considered the architect of the Dominican Republic and its independence from Haitian rule in 1844.

The Ephemeral Independence and Haitian occupation

After a dozen years of discontent and failed independence plots by various groups, Santo Domingo's former Lieutenant–Governor (top administrator), José Núñez de Cáceres, declared the colony's independence, on November 30, 1821. He requested the new state's admission to Simón Bolívar's republic of Gran Colombia, but Haitian forces, led by Jean-Pierre Boyer, invaded just nine weeks later, in February 1822.[31]
As Toussaint Louverture had done two decades earlier, the Haitians abolished slavery. .But they also nationalized most private property, including all the property of landowners who had left in the wake of the invasion; much Church property; as well as all property belonging to the former rulers, the Spanish Crown.^ The university is considered the nation's best, and is supported by the Catholic Church and both public and private endowments.
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^ Spanish colonial landowners - who as Europeans were forbidden to own property under the Haitian Constitution - were forcibly relieved of their holdings.
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Boyer also placed more emphasis on cash crops grown on large plantations, reformed the tax system, and allowed foreign trade. .But the new system was widely opposed by Dominican farmers, although it produced a boom in sugar and coffee production.^ Although sugarcane is the chief crop and sugar is an important export, sugar production has sharply declined in recent years.
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^ Founded in 1575, the city is situated in a region that produces rice, sugar, fruit, potatoes, livestock, and coffee.
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^ This new Code constitutes a profound transformation of the criminal procedure system in the Dominican Republic.
  • GlobaLex - Guide to Legal Research in the Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.nyulawglobal.org [Source type: Original source]

.All levels of education collapsed; the university was shut down, as it was starved both of resources and students, since young Dominican men from 16 to 25-years-old were drafted into the Haitian army.^ In September a private security officer shot and killed 22-year-old student Alexandra Nunez Rodriguez at a popular Santo Domingo nightclub.
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^ Since 2004 the Venezuelan embassy received multiple complaints from trafficked Venezuelans victimized by a Dominican-Venezuelan company named Literatura Universal.
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^ Spanish is taught as a foreign language in all grades, and four years of French are offered at the secondary level.
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.Boyer's occupation troops, who were largely Dominicans, were unpaid, and had to "forage and sack" from Dominican civilians.^ However, Afro-Dominicans who had just won their freedom resented being forced to grow cash crops under Boyer's Code Rural.
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.Haiti imposed a "heavy tribute" on the Dominican people.^ Unfortunately, 59 people died as a result in Haiti and 8 in the Dominican Republic mainly from flooding and mudslides.
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^ These rainbands are rotating counter-clockwise around the storm and bringing heavy rainfall into Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
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[32]:page number needed .Many whites fled Santo Domingo for Puerto Rico and Cuba (both still under Spanish rule), Venezuela, and elsewhere.^ Originally a Spanish colony and later under Haitian rule, the Dominican Republic gained independence in 1844.
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^ Games during both seasons are played at Quisqueya Stadium in Santo Domingo, and at stadiums in Santiago de los Caballeros, San Pedro de Macor í s, and La Romana.
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^ Passenger and cargo ships call at Santo Domingo, Puerto Plata, Haina, and Port-au-Prince (Haiti) on an irregular basis.
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In the end the economy faltered and taxation became more onerous. Rebellions occurred even by Dominican freedmen, while Dominicans and Haitians worked together to oust Boyer from power. Anti-Haitian movements of several kinds — pro-independence, pro-Spanish, pro-French, pro-British, pro-United States — gathered force following the overthrow of Boyer in 1843.[32]:page number needed

Independence

Flag of the Trinitaria from 1844 to 1849
.In 1838 Juan Pablo Duarte founded a secret society called La Trinitaria, which sought the complete independence of Santo Domingo without any foreign intervention.^ Games during both seasons are played at Quisqueya Stadium in Santo Domingo, and at stadiums in Santiago de los Caballeros, San Pedro de Macor í s, and La Romana.
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^ Passenger and cargo ships call at Santo Domingo, Puerto Plata, Haina, and Port-au-Prince (Haiti) on an irregular basis.
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^ In practice, however, the police conducted illegal searches and seizures, including raids without warrants on private residences in many poor Santo Domingo neighborhoods.
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[33]Ramón Matías Mella and Francisco del Rosario Sánchez, despite not being among the founding members of La Trinitaria, were decisive in the fight for independence. .Duarte and they are the three Founding Fathers of the Dominican Republic.^ Shop for local handicrafts and artwork , or precious stones such as amber or larimar found only in the Dominican Republic.
  • Punta Cana Vacation Packages - Apple Vacations - Vacations for Families, Weddings, Luxury, Groups, Golf, Honeymoons,Spa and more 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.applevacations.com [Source type: General]

^ SAN JUAN (full name, San Juan de la Maguana), located in west-central Dominican Republic, was founded in 1508.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.January 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] On February 27, 1844, the Trinitarios (Trinitarians), declared the independence from Haiti.^ The Dominican Republic declared its independence from Spain in 1821, although in the following year it was again annexed by Haiti.
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^ This made it easier for Dominicans to declare independence from Haiti, on 27 February 1844.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They were backed by Pedro Santana, a wealthy cattle rancher from El Seibo, who became general of the army of the nascent Republic.^ This protection generally applied to individuals who gained access to the refugee process and had been issued proof that they were refugees or had applications pending.
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^ In March 1861, Santana gave the Dominican Republic back to Spain.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A revolt broke out in 1844, the Haitians were defeated, a constitution was promulgated, and a republic was established under Pedro Santana .
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.The Dominican Republic's first Constitution was adopted on November 6, 1844, and was modeled after the United States Constitution.^ The city was the site of the signing of the Dominican Republic's first constitution in 1844.
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^ Originally a Spanish colony and later under Haitian rule, the Dominican Republic gained independence in 1844.
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^ Population growth is a continuing problem in the Dominican Republic, and emigration to the United States, particularly to New York City, has been high.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17]
.The decades that followed were filled with tyranny, factionalism, economic difficulties, rapid changes of government, and exile for political opponents.^ Section 3 Respect for Political Rights: The Right of Citizens to Change Their Government .
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Threatening the nation's independence were renewed Haitian invasions occurring in 1844, 1845–49, 1849–55, and 1855–56.[32]:page number needed
.Meanwhile, archrivals Santana and Buenaventura Báez held power most of the time, both ruling arbitrarily.^ For many years (1930-1961), this group held what little economic power was not monopolized by the ruling Trujillo family.
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.They promoted competing plans to annex the new nation to another power: Santana favored Spain, and Báez the United States.^ Also in 2004 the country agreed to join in a free-trade area with the United States and most Central American nations.
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^ Population growth is a continuing problem in the Dominican Republic, and emigration to the United States, particularly to New York City, has been high.
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^ The first president of the independent state was Pedro Santana, a powerful cattle rancher, who served for three terms between 1844 and 1861.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The voluntary colony and the Restoration republic

General Gregorio Luperón, Restoration hero and later President of the Republic
.In 1861, after imprisoning, silencing, exiling, and executing many of his opponents and due to political and economic reasons, Santana signed a pact with the Spanish Crown and reverted the Dominican nation to colonial status, the only Latin American country to do so.^ Originally a Spanish colony and later under Haitian rule, the Dominican Republic gained independence in 1844.
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^ Also in 2004 the country agreed to join in a free-trade area with the United States and most Central American nations.
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^ Approximately 800 Dominican students attend universities in the U.S. annually, and several hundred also study in Europe (especially Spain) and in neighboring Latin American countries, particularly Mexico and Venezuela.
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His ostensible aim was to protect the nation from another Haitian annexation.[34] But opponents launched the War of the Restoration in 1863, led by Santiago Rodríguez, Benito Monción, and Gregorio Luperón, among others. .Haiti, fearful of the re-establishment of Spain as colonial power on its border, gave refuge and supplies to the revolutionaries.^ Torre del Homenaje, part of Ozama Fortress, was erected in 1503, and reflects the power of colonial Spain.
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[34] The United States, then fighting its own Civil War, vigorously protested the Spanish action. After two years of fighting, Spain abandoned the island in 1865.[34]
.Political strife again prevailed in the following years; warlords ruled, military revolts were extremely common, and the nation amassed debt.^ When he returned the following year on his second voyage, he found that the Indians had revolted against Spanish abuse, and had destroyed his small garrison.
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.It was now Báez's turn to act on his plan of annexing the country to the United States, where two successive presidents were supportive.^ Also in 2004 the country agreed to join in a free-trade area with the United States and most Central American nations.
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^ The 1982 elections brought Dr. Salvador Jorge Blanco to the presidency in an orderly succession, and a growing strength in the country's democratic institution has been demonstrated.
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^ In October the president established a National Commission against Trafficking in Persons to combat trafficking via interagency cooperation acting on a national plan.
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[17][31][35] U.S. President Grant desired a naval base at Samaná and also a place for resettling newly freed Blacks.[36] .The treaty, which included U.S. payment of $1.5 million for Dominican debt repayment, was defeated in the United States Senate in 1870[31] on a vote of 28–28, two-thirds being required.^ Unable to preserve order, Báez himself negotiated a treaty of annexation with the United States, which the Dominicans approved but which the U.S. Senate failed to ratify.
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^ Population growth is a continuing problem in the Dominican Republic, and emigration to the United States, particularly to New York City, has been high.
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^ It is advisable to contact the Embassy of the Dominican Republic in Washington, D.C. or one of the Dominican Republic's consulates in the United States for specific information regarding customs requirements.
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[37][38]
Ulises 'Lilís' Heureaux, President of the Republic 1882–84, 1886–99
Báez was toppled in 1874, returned, and was toppled for good in 1878. A new generation was thence in charge, with the passing of Santana (he died in 1864) and Báez from the scene. .Relative peace came to the country in the 1880s, which saw the coming to power of General Ulises Heureaux.^ The emerging sugar interests found an ally in the person of General Ulises Heureaux when he came to power in 1882.
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^ General Ulises Heureaux .
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[39]
"Lilís", as the new president was nicknamed, enjoyed a period of popularity. .He was, however, "a consummate dissembler", who put the nation deep into debt while using much of the proceeds for his personal use and to maintain his police state.^ Many persons with prior criminal records allegedly were incorporated into police ranks, either under false names or with identification or recommendations from other state institutions, such as the army.
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^ Unlike in the previous year, the National Journalists' Union did not record any killings of journalists in the country; however, it reported that civil, police, and military authorities, criminals, and other persons assaulted or threatened more than 40 journalists during the year.
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^ In addition persons who are undocumented cannot obtain the national identification card (cedula) or a voting card.
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Heureaux became rampantly despotic and unpopular.[39][40] In 1899 he was assassinated. .However, the relative calm over which he presided allowed improvement in the Dominican economy.^ The political climate, however, remained uneasy, with the economy stagnant, and from 1978 to 1986 the Dominican Revolutionary party (PRD) held power.
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^ The economy worsened, however, under Mejía, and he failed to win a second term in 2004, as voters elected his predecessor, Leonel Fernández, to the presidency.
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.The sugar industry was modernized,[41] and the country attracted foreign workers and immigrants, both from the Old World and the New.^ There were conflicting reports that sugarcane plantations around the country had ceased the practice of transporting new undocumented workers from Haiti.
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^ The city's modern port handles most of the country's exports, which include molasses, timber, cattle, and sugar.
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^ The opening of the National Theater in August 1973 signaled the beginning of a new cultural era for the country; the theater now draws artists and groups from around the world.
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From 1902 on, short-lived governments were again the norm, with their power usurped by caudillos in parts of the country. .Furthermore, the national government was bankrupt and, unable to pay Heureaux's debts, faced the threat of military intervention by France and other European creditor powers.^ The Early Twentieth Century The republic was hopelessly bankrupt by 1905 and faced intervention by European powers.
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[42]

U.S. interventions and occupation

.U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt sought to prevent European intervention, largely to protect the routes to the future Panama Canal, as the canal was already under construction.^ The country occupies a strategic position on major sea routes leading from Europe and the USA to the Panama Canal.
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^ U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt arranged a U.S. customs receivership.
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.He made a small military intervention to ward off the European powers, proclaimed his famous Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, and in 1905 obtained Dominican agreement for U.S. administration of Dominican customs, then the chief source of income for the Dominican government.^ The Early Twentieth Century The republic was hopelessly bankrupt by 1905 and faced intervention by European powers.
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^ The collection of Dominican customs revenues was controlled by the U.S. from 1905 to 1940.
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^ Military Crisis Management: U.S. Intervention in the Dominican Republic, 1965 .
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A 1906 agreement provided for the arrangement to last 50 years. The United States agreed to use part of the customs proceeds to reduce the immense foreign debt of the Dominican Republic, and assumed responsibility for said debt.[17][42]
.After six years in power, President Ramón Cáceres (who had himself assassinated Heureaux)[39] was assassinated in 1911. The result was several years of great political instability and civil war.^ A subsequent investigation resulted in the firing of several other police officers, including Colonel Antonio Cepeda Urena, who had served as director of the city's police detachment.
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^ There were kaleidoscopic changes in the presidency and a long (1882-99), ruthless dictatorship under Ulíses Heureaux, ended by his assassination and followed by more revolutions.
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^ The first president of the independent state was Pedro Santana, a powerful cattle rancher, who served for three terms between 1844 and 1861.
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U.S. mediation by the William Howard Taft and Woodrow Wilson administrations achieved only a short respite each time. A political deadlock in 1914 was broken after an ultimatum by Wilson telling Dominicans to choose a president or see the U.S. impose one. .A provisional president was chosen, and later the same year relatively free elections put former president (1899–1902) Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra back in power.^ In Dec., 1962, in their first free election since 1924, the Dominicans elected Juan Bosch president by a substantial majority.
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^ The Partido Reformista remained in power after the 1990 elections with Joaquín Balaguer as President.
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In order to achieve a more broadly supported government, Jimenes named opposition individuals to his Cabinet. But this brought no peace and, with his former Secretary of War Desiderio Arias maneuvering to depose him and despite a U.S. offer of military aid against Arias, Jimenes resigned on May 7, 1916.[43]
The 1916 occupation by U.S. Marines
.Wilson thus ordered the U.S. occupation of the Dominican Republic.^ Columbus then ordered the construction of a new city, La Isabela, near the present city of Puerto Plata on the north coast of the Dominican Republic.
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.U.S. Marines landed on May 16, 1916, and had control of the country two months later.^ The USA assumed fiscal control, but disorder continued and the country was occupied (1916–24) by US marines.
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^ Disorder continued, however, and the country was occupied by U.S. marines in 1916.
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^ A naval mission, chiefly composed of U.S. Marines, governed the country from 1916 to 1924.
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.The military government established by the U.S., led by Rear Admiral Harry Shepard Knapp, was widely repudiated by Dominicans.^ Under an accord with the Vatican in 1954, Roman Catholicism was formally established as the state religion, and the Dominican Government provides some financial support to the church.
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^ A constitutional government was established (1924), but this was overthrown by Rafael TRUJILLO , whose military dictatorship lasted from 1930 to 1961.
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^ On his assassination, President Juan Bosch established (1962–63) a democratic government, until he was deposed by a military junta.
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.Some Cabinet posts had to be filled by U.S. naval officers, as Dominicans refused to serve in the administration.^ Women held three cabinet posts in the Fernandez administration.
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Censorship and limits on public speech were imposed. .The guerrilla war against the U.S. forces was met with a vigorous, "often brutal" response.^ Between January and June, the NGO Reporters Without Borders reported more than 25 threats of violence against journalists or physical attacks on news organization in which those responsible were often security forces.
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[43]
.But the occupation regime, which kept most Dominican laws and institutions, largely pacified the country, revived the economy, reduced the Dominican debt, built a road network that at last interconnected all regions of the country, and created a professional National Guard to replace the warring partisan units.^ Also in 2004 the country agreed to join in a free-trade area with the United States and most Central American nations.
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^ All-Inclusive Value Plus The Barcelo Dominican Beach is set on the most beautiful beach with vibrant turquoise sea, and gentle breezes rustling through...
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^ For the most part, apparel that is suitable for a Washington, DC summer is appropriate all year in the Dominican climate.
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[43]
Opposition to the occupation continued, however, and after World War I it increased in the U.S. as well. .There, President Warren G. Harding (1921–23), Wilson's successor, worked to end the occupation, as he had promised to do during his campaign.^ At year's end there were some indications that the government was working to develop a system to issue birth certificates to the children of nonresidents, a central component of the court's ruling.
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U.S. government ended in October 1922, and elections were held in March 1924.[43]
The victor was former president (1902–03) Horacio Vásquez Lajara, who had cooperated with the U.S. He was inaugurated on July 13, and the last U.S. forces left in September. .Vásquez gave the country six years of good government, in which political and civil rights were respected and the economy grew strongly, in a peaceful atmosphere.^ Although the law provides for these rights, and the government generally respected these provisions in practice, there were some exceptions.
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^ The constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the government generally respected this right in practice.
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^ The law provides for freedom of speech and of the press, and the government generally respected these rights in practice.
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[43][44] hahahaha

The Trujillo Era

Rafael Leónidas Trujillo ruled the Dominican Republic from 1930 to 1961.
When Vásquez attempted to win another term, opponents rebelled in February, 1930, in secret alliance with the commander of the National Army (the former National Guard), General Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina, by which the latter remained 'neutral' in face of the rebellion. Vásquez resigned. .Trujillo then stood for election himself, and in May was elected president virtually unopposed, after a violent campaign against his opponents.^ In August 2004 President Leonel Fernandez of the Dominican Liberation Party (PLD) was elected for a second (nonconsecutive) term, and in May the PLD won majorities in both chambers of Congress during congressional and municipal elections.
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^ General Rafael Trujillo was elected president in 1930 with 95 per cent of the vote.
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[44]
.There was considerable economic growth during Trujillo's long and iron-fisted regime, although a great deal of the wealth was taken by the dictator and other regime elements.^ There are deposits of nickel, bauxite, gold, silver, and other minerals, and mining is of growing economic importance.
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^ The preponderance of the Trujillos in both the economic realm and in government ended with the dictator's assassination in 1961, but some of the established social patterns continue to linger.
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There was progress in healthcare, education, and transportation, with the building of hospitals and clinics, schools, and roads and harbors. Trujillo also carried out an important housing construction program and instituted a pension plan. .He finally negotiated an undisputed border with Haiti in 1935, and achieved the end of the 50-year customs agreement in 1941, instead of 1956. He made the country debt-free in 1947,[17] a proud achievement for Dominicans for decades to come.^ The convicted traffickers remained free at year's end.
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^ The Dominican Association for Rehabilitation, which had 17 branches around the country, received a subsidy from the Ministry of Public Health to provide rehabilitation assistance to persons with disabilities.
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^ With all of these vacation options, it's the allure of the Dominican people , with their warm hearts, friendly smiles, and pride in their country that will keep you coming back again and again.
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This was accompanied by absolute repression and the copious use of murder, torture, and terrorist methods against the opposition. .Moreover, Trujillo's megalomania was on display in his renaming after himself the capital city Santo Domingo to "Ciudad Trujillo" (Trujillo City),[17] the nation's—and the Caribbean's—highest mountain Pico Duarte (Duarte Peak) to "Pico Trujillo", and many towns and a province.^ The capital and largest city is Santo Domingo .
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^ There are 30 senators, one for each province and the National District (the city of Santo Domingo).
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^ He named the new city Santo Domingo in honor of his favorite saint, Dominic.
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Some other places he renamed after members of his family.
.In 1937 Trujillo (who was himself one-quarter Haitian),[45] in an event known as the Parsley Massacre or, in the Dominican Republic, as El Corte (The Cutting),[46] ordered the Army to kill Haitians living on the Dominican side of the border.^ The Dominican Republic is a representative constitutional democracy with a population of approximately 9.2 million, including an estimated 650,000 to one million undocumented Haitians.
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^ All-Inclusive The Sirenis Resort is a hotel complex situated on the eastern side of the Dominican Republic on the Uvero Alto-Macao beach in the...
  • Punta Cana Vacation Packages - Apple Vacations - Vacations for Families, Weddings, Luxury, Groups, Golf, Honeymoons,Spa and more 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.applevacations.com [Source type: General]

.The Army killed an estimated 17,000 to 35,000 Haitians over six days, from the night of October 2, 1937 through October 8, 1937. To avoid leaving evidence of the Army's involvement, the soldiers used machetes rather than bullets.^ Consequently, thousands of Dominican-born persons of Haitian descent were functionally stateless; one estimate placed the number at between 600,000 and one million persons.
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^ The Dominican Republic is a representative constitutional democracy with a population of approximately 9.2 million, including an estimated 650,000 to one million undocumented Haitians.
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^ As of October the Migration Directorate reported more than 300 applications, nearly all made by Haitians.
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[31][45][47] .The soldiers of Trujillo were said to have interrogated anyone with dark skin, using the shibboleth perejil (parsley) to tell Haitians from Dominicans when necessary; the 'r' of perejil was of difficult pronunciation for Haitians.^ In particular there were strong prejudices against Haitians, which disadvantaged many Haitians and Dominicans of Haitian ancestry, as well as other foreigners of dark complexion.
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^ Police regulations permit the confiscation of vehicles offering transportation to illegal immigrants, which makes it difficult for all dark-skinned people to get around.
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^ In particular there were strong prejudices against Haitians, which disadvantaged many Haitians and Dominicans of Haitian ancestry, as well as other foreigners of dark complexion (see section 1.d.
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[46] As a result of the massacre, the Dominican Republic agreed to pay Haiti US$750,000, later reduced to US$525,000.[34][44]
On November 25, 1960 Trujillo killed three of the four Mirabal sisters, nicknamed Las Mariposas (The Butterflies). The victims were Patria Mercedes Mirabal (born on February 27, 1924), Argentina Minerva Mirabal (born on March 12, 1926), and Antonia María Teresa Mirabal (born on October 15, 1935). Minerva was an aspiring lawyer who was extremely opposed to Trujillo's dictatorship since Trujillo had begun to make rude sexual advances towards her. .The sisters have received many honors posthumously, and have many memorials in various cities in the Dominican Republic.^ Remnants of wrecked vessels can be found along these reefs and shed light on the many cultures that have sought the beauty of the Dominican Republic.

Salcedo, their home province, changed its name to Hermanas Mirabal Province (Mirabal Sisters Province). .The International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women is observed on the anniversary of their deaths.^ In its October session, the IACHR held a hearing on the situation of violence against women in the country.
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^ As of October, the unit received 9,950 cases of gender violence, of which 8,596 were against women.
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.For a long time, the US supported the Trujillo government, as did the Catholic Church and the Dominican elite.^ The authoritarianism of the Trujillo period continued under Balaguer, who enjoyed the support of the right, the military, and the Church.
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^ The university is considered the nation's best, and is supported by the Catholic Church and both public and private endowments.
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^ The Dominican Republic is officially Roman Catholic, but many other denominations maintain churches in the country.
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.This support persisted despite the assassinations of political opposition, the massacre of Haitians, and Trujillo's plots against other countries.^ Trujillo ordered the army massacre of between 20,000 and 25,000 unarmed Haitians living on the Haitian-Dominican border, justifying the action as a reprisal for Haiti's supposed support for Dominican exiles plotting to overthrow his regime.
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^ In particular there were strong prejudices against Haitians, which disadvantaged many Haitians and Dominicans of Haitian ancestry, as well as other foreigners of dark complexion.
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^ Military officers and other officials regularly collect bribes in return for releasing Haitians suspected of being in the country illegally.
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The US believed Trujillo was the lesser of two or more evils.[46] .The U.S. finally broke with Trujillo in 1960, after Trujillo's agents attempted to assassinate the Venezuelan president, Rómulo Betancourt.^ The Balaguer-Bosch Era Joaquín Balaguer , who had been named president by Trujillo in 1960, initiated democratization measures and withstood attempts by the Trujillo family to regain power.
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[48] Trujillo was assassinated on May 30, 1961.[44]

Post-Trujillo

.A democratically elected government under leftist Juan Bosch took office in February, 1963, but was overthrown in September.^ Leonel Fernandez was elected president in a second round of voting and took office in August.
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^ The major parties are the conservative Social Christian Reformist party, organized by Joaquín Balaguer , the rival and social-democratic Dominican Revolutionary party, organized by Juan Bosch , and the centrist Dominican Liberation party.
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^ In Dec., 1962, in their first free election since 1924, the Dominicans elected Juan Bosch president by a substantial majority.
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.After nineteen months of military rule, a pro-Bosch revolt broke out in April, 1965. U.S. president Lyndon Johnson, concerned over the possible takeover of the revolt by communists who might create a "second Cuba", sent the Marines days later, followed immediately by the Army's 82d Airborne Division and other elements of the XVIIIth Airborne Corps in Operation Powerpack.^ In 1965 civil war broke out again after military supporters of Bosch toppled the government.
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^ The second group is composed of former civil servants and military officials who attained prominence and wealth under previous governments.
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^ On his assassination, President Juan Bosch established (1962–63) a democratic government, until he was deposed by a military junta.
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"We don't propose to sit here in a rocking chair with our hands folded and let the Communist set up any government in the western hemisphere", Johnson said.[49] .The forces were soon joined by comparatively small contingents from the Organization of American States.^ Also in 2004 the country agreed to join in a free-trade area with the United States and most Central American nations.
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^ A cease-fire was negotiated by the Organization of American States (OAS) and in 1965 a compromise agreement was reached.
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.All these remained in the country for over a year and left after supervising elections in 1966 won by Joaquín Balaguer, who had been Trujillo's last puppet-president.^ The Partido Reformista remained in power after the 1990 elections with Joaquín Balaguer as President.
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^ In 1966, with Bosch and Balaguer the leading candidates, an election was held.
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^ In 2000, Hipólito Mejía Dominguez, an agronomist and businessman who was the PRD candidate, won the presidential election; he promised to aid those who had not benefited from the years of growth.
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[17][50]
.Balaguer remained in power as president for 12 years.^ In June 1966, Dr. Joaqu í n Balaguer was elected to a four-year term as president.
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^ The Balaguer-Bosch Era Joaquín Balaguer , who had been named president by Trujillo in 1960, initiated democratization measures and withstood attempts by the Trujillo family to regain power.
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^ The Partido Reformista remained in power after the 1990 elections with Joaquín Balaguer as President.
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.His tenure was a period of repression of human rights and civil liberties, ostensibly to keep pro-Castro or pro-communist parties out of power.^ In the revised police curriculum, both new and existing officers received human and civil rights training as well as increased technical training.
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^ In a revised police curriculum, both new and existing officers received human and civil rights training as well as increased technical training.
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His rule was further criticized for a growing disparity between rich and poor. It was, however, praised for an ambitious infrastructure program, which included large housing projects, sports complexes, theaters, museums, aqueducts, roads, highways, and the massive Columbus Lighthouse, completed in a subsequent tenure in 1992.

1978 to present

In 1978, Balaguer was succeeded in the presidency by opposition candidate Antonio Guzmán Fernández, of the Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD). .Another PRD win in 1982 followed, under Salvador Jorge Blanco.^ The 1982 elections brought Dr. Salvador Jorge Blanco to the presidency in an orderly succession, and a growing strength in the country's democratic institution has been demonstrated.
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.Under the PRD presidents, the Dominican Republic experienced a period of relative freedom and basic human rights.^ However, Afro-Dominicans who had just won their freedom resented being forced to grow cash crops under Boyer's Code Rural.
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^ Originally a Spanish colony and later under Haitian rule, the Dominican Republic gained independence in 1844.
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^ Local human rights observers reported roundups of Haitian and Dominican-Haitian construction workers and other manual laborers.
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.Balaguer regained the presidency in 1986, and was re-elected in 1990 and 1994, this last time just defeating PRD candidate José Francisco Peña Gómez, a former mayor of Santo Domingo.^ Santo Domingo and the municipalities are each governed by a mayor and a municipal council, elected by popular vote for four-year terms.
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^ In June 1966, Dr. Joaqu í n Balaguer was elected to a four-year term as president.
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^ Rising prices resulting from a program of economic austerity cost the PRD its ruling position, and the aging Balaguer again won the presidency in 1986, in 1990, and (for a two-year term) in 1994, but he was barred from running again 1996.
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.The 1994 elections were flawed, bringing on international pressure, to which Balaguer responded by scheduling another presidential contest in 1996.[1] This time Leonel Fernández achieved the first-ever win for the Dominican Liberation Party (PLD), which Bosch founded in 1973 after leaving the PRD (also founded by Bosch).^ Elections in 1996 led to a runoff that was won by the Dominican Liberation party (PLD) candidate, Leonel Fernández Reyna.
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^ In August 2004 President Leonel Fernandez of the Dominican Liberation Party (PLD) was elected for a second (nonconsecutive) term, and in May the PLD won majorities in both chambers of Congress during congressional and municipal elections.
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^ In 2004 President Leonel Fernandez of the Dominican Liberation Party (PLD) was elected for a second (nonconsecutive) term, and in 2006 elections the PLD won majorities in both chambers of Congress.
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Fernández oversaw a fast-growing economy, averaging 7.7% per year, with a drop in unemployment and stable exchange and inflation rates.[51]
.In 2000 the PRD's Hipólito Mejía won the election.^ In 2000, Hipólito Mejía Dominguez, an agronomist and businessman who was the PRD candidate, won the presidential election; he promised to aid those who had not benefited from the years of growth.
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.This was a time of economic troubles,[51] and Mejía was defeated in his re-election effort four years later by Fernández, who won re-election in 2008.[14] Fernández and the PLD are credited with initiatives that have moved the country forward technologically, such as the construction of the Metro Railway ("El Metro").^ The government in the Dominican Republic is structured much like that in the U.S., with a democratic process of elections, three government branches and a presidential term of four years.

^ In 2000, Hipólito Mejía Dominguez, an agronomist and businessman who was the PRD candidate, won the presidential election; he promised to aid those who had not benefited from the years of growth.
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^ Elections in 1996 led to a runoff that was won by the Dominican Liberation party (PLD) candidate, Leonel Fernández Reyna.
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On the other hand, his administrations have also been accused of corruption.[51]

Government and politics

National Palace in Santo Domingo
.The Dominican Republic is a representative democracy or democratic republic,[1][2][14] with three branches of power: executive, legislative, and judicial.^ The government in the Dominican Republic is structured much like that in the U.S., with a democratic process of elections, three government branches and a presidential term of four years.

^ The Dominican Republic is a representative constitutional democracy with a population of approximately 9.4 million, including hundreds of thousands of undocumented Haitians.
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^ Haitians, who represent a substantial minority of up to a million people, form a distinct cultural and linguistic group within the Dominican Republic.
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.The President of the Dominican Republic heads the executive branch and executes laws passed by the Congress, appoints the Cabinet, and is commander in chief of the armed forces.^ The government in the Dominican Republic is structured much like that in the U.S., with a democratic process of elections, three government branches and a presidential term of four years.

^ The military, CESA, CESEP, and CESFRONT are under the secretary of the armed forces; the DNI and the DNCD, which have personnel both from the police and military, report directly to the president.
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^ The military, CESA, and CESEP are under the secretary of the armed forces; the DNI and the DNCD, which have personnel both from the police and military, report directly to the president.
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.The president and vice-president run for office on the same ticket and are elected by direct vote for 4-year terms.^ He enacted a new constitution that set a two-year presidential term limit and provided for direct elections.
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^ General Rafael Trujillo was elected president in 1930 with 95 per cent of the vote.
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.The national legislature is bicameral, composed of a Senate, which has 32 members, and the Chamber of Deputies, with 178 members.^ The legislature is the bicameral National Congress.
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^ There were two women in the 32-member Senate, 33 women in the 178-member House of Representatives, three women in the cabinet, and five women on the 16-seat Supreme Court.
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^ There were two women in the 32-member Senate, 33 women in the 178-member House of Representatives, and five women on the 16-seat Supreme Court.
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[14] .Judicial authority rests with the Supreme Court of Justice's 16-members.^ There were two women in the 32-member Senate, 33 women in the 178-member House of Representatives, three women in the cabinet, and five women on the 16-seat Supreme Court.
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^ There were two women in the 32-member Senate, 33 women in the 178-member House of Representatives, and five women on the 16-seat Supreme Court.
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^ Although judicial authorities initially ordered release of the documents, the executive branch appealed this decision to the Supreme Court on "national security" grounds, but that court ordered the government to provide the requested documents, and the Ministry of Transportation complied with the ruling.
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.They are appointed by a council composed of the President, the leaders of both houses of Congress, the President of the Supreme Court, and an opposition or non–governing-party member.^ In August 2004 President Leonel Fernandez of the Dominican Liberation Party (PLD) was elected for a second (nonconsecutive) term, and in May the PLD won majorities in both chambers of Congress during congressional and municipal elections.
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^ The latter resigned as party leader in 1991, but remained President.
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^ There were two women in the 32-member Senate, 33 women in the 178-member House of Representatives, three women in the cabinet, and five women on the 16-seat Supreme Court.
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.The Court "alone hears actions against the president, designated members of his Cabinet, and members of Congress when the legislature is in session."^ There were two women in the 32-member Senate, 33 women in the 178-member House of Representatives, three women in the cabinet, and five women on the 16-seat Supreme Court.
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^ In its October session, the IACHR held a hearing on the situation of violence against women in the country.
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[14]
.The president appoints the governors of the thirty-one provinces.^ The country is divided into 29 provinces, each administered by a governor appointed by the president.
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.Mayors and municipal councils administer the 124 municipal districts and the National District (Santo Domingo).^ The Santo Domingo district attorney's office reported that in most of abuse cases, the accused was a person close to the child, such as a family member or close family friend.
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^ Santo Domingo and the municipalities are each governed by a mayor and a municipal council, elected by popular vote for four-year terms.
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^ The National Council for Children and Adolescents (CONANI), a noncabinet public agency, coordinates public policy to protect children's human rights and administers the minors' code.
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They are elected at the same time as congressional representatives.[14]
The Dominican Republic has a multi-party political system. .Elections are held every two years, alternating between the Presidential elections, which are held in years evenly divisible by four, and the Congressional and municipal elections, which are held in even-numbered years not divisible by four.^ In 2000, Hipólito Mejía Dominguez, an agronomist and businessman who was the PRD candidate, won the presidential election; he promised to aid those who had not benefited from the years of growth.
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^ Observers also described the 2006 congressional and municipal elections as generally free and fair.
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^ Santo Domingo and the municipalities are each governed by a mayor and a municipal council, elected by popular vote for four-year terms.
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."International observers have found that presidential and congressional elections since 1996 have been generally free and fair."^ Observers also described the 2006 congressional and municipal elections as generally free and fair.
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^ In May observers described the congressional and municipal elections as generally free and fair.
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^ Impartial outside observers assessed both elections as generally free and fair.
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[14] .The Central Elections Board (JCE) of 9 members supervises elections, and its decisions are unappealable.^ In March the Central Elections Board (JCE) ordered officials to refrain from issuing, signing, and copying birth documents for individuals whose parents were foreigners and had not legally proven their residency.
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[14]
.There are many political parties and advocacy groups and, new on the scene, civil organizations.^ There were many privately owned radio and television stations, broadcasting a wide spectrum of political views.
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The three major parties are the conservative Social Christian Reformist Party (Spanish: Partido Reformista Social Cristiano [PRSC]), in power 1966–78 and 1986–96; the social democratic Dominican Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Dominicano [PRD]), in power in 1963, 1978–86, and 2000–04); and the originally leftist, increasingly conservative Dominican Liberation Party (Spanish: Partido de la Liberación Dominicana [PLD]), in power 1996–2000 and since 2004.
.The presidential elections of 2008 were held on May 16, 2008, with incumbent Leonel Fernandez winning with 53% of the vote.^ In August 2004 President Leonel Fernandez of the Dominican Liberation Party (PLD) was elected for a second (nonconsecutive) term, and in May the PLD won majorities in both chambers of Congress during congressional and municipal elections.
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^ In 1997, a new law took effect, allowing expatriate Dominicans to retain their citizenship and vote in presidential elections.
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[52] He defeated Miguel Vargas Maldonado, of the PRD, who achieved a 40.48% share of the vote. Amable Aristy, of the PRSC, achieved 4.59% of the vote. .Other minority candidates, which includes former Attorney General Guillermo Moreno from the Movement for Independence, Unity and Change (Movimiento Independencia, Unidad y Cambio [MIUCA]) and PRSC former presidential candidate and defector Eduardo Estrella obtained less than 1% of the vote.^ The commission includes the three members of the subcommittee, the legal advisor to the president, and members from the National Police, the Ministry of Labor, and the attorney general's office.
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^ The commission includes the three members of the subcommittee, the legal advisor to the president, and members from the National Police, the Ministry of Labor, and the Attorney General's Office.
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Provinces and municipalities

.The Dominican Republic is divided into 31 provinces.^ Administratively, the country is divided into 31 provinces and the National District.
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^ LA VEGA (full name, Concepci ó n de la Vega) is the capital of La Vega Province in west-central Dominican Republic.
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^ A signed health and rabies vaccination certificate from a licensed veterinarian must be presented when importing a pet into the Dominican Republic, or the pet will be quarantined.
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.Santo Domingo, the capital, is designated Distrito Nacional (National District).^ Santo Domingo, Capital (1781 Miles) .
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^ Santo Domingo, Distrito Nacional (1772 Miles) .
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^ Santo Domingo, Distrito Nacional (1775 Miles) .
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The provinces are divided into municipalities (municipios; singular municipio). They are the second-level political and administrative subdivisions of the country.

* The national capital is the city of Santo Domingo, in the Distrito Nacional (DN).

Geography

Map of the Dominican Republic
.The Dominican Republic is situated on the eastern part of the second-largest island in the Greater Antilles, Hispaniola.^ Dominican Republic A country in the Caribbean, the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola.
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^ The DOMINICAN REPUBLIC shares with the Republic of Haiti the tropical island of Hispaniola, one of the Greater Antilles situated between Cuba and Puerto Rico.
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^ The Dominican Republic occupies the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, the second largest (after Cuba) of the Greater Antilles group, and shares a 224-mile border with Haiti to the west.
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.It shares the island roughly at a 2:1 ratio with Haiti.^ The DOMINICAN REPUBLIC shares with the Republic of Haiti the tropical island of Hispaniola, one of the Greater Antilles situated between Cuba and Puerto Rico.
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.The country's area is reported variously as 48,442 km² (by the embassy in the United States)[2] and 48,730 km² (by the U.S. CIA),[1] ) making it the second largest country in the Antilles, after Cuba.^ Also in 2004 the country agreed to join in a free-trade area with the United States and most Central American nations.
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^ Because of the high incidence of fraud in the Dominican Republic and potential delays with Dominican Immigration, the U.S. Embassy strongly recommends that United States citizens travel with passports.
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^ The Dominican Republic occupies the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, the second largest (after Cuba) of the Greater Antilles group, and shares a 224-mile border with Haiti to the west.
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.The country's capital and greatest metropolitan area, Santo Domingo, is located on the southern coast.^ It has three offices in Santo Domingo and another three around the country.
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^ It opened three offices in Santo Domingo and another three at locations around the country.
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^ The armed forces continued to provide troops to support the National Police in its nightly patrols of Santo Domingo, Santiago, and other areas of the country.
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.There are many small offshore islands and cays that are part of the Dominican territory.^ Dominican Republic A country in the Caribbean, the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola.
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^ In particular there were strong prejudices against Haitians, which disadvantaged many Haitians and Dominicans of Haitian ancestry, as well as other foreigners of dark complexion.
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^ In particular there were strong prejudices against Haitians, which disadvantaged many Haitians and Dominicans of Haitian ancestry, as well as other foreigners of dark complexion (see section 1.d.
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The two largest islands near shore are Saona, in the southeast, and Beata, in the southwest. To the north, at distances of 100–200 kilometres (62–120 mi), are three extensive, largely submerged banks, which geographically are a southeast continuation of the Bahamas: Navidad Bank, Silver Bank, and Mouchoir Bank. .Navidad Bank and Silver Bank have been officially claimed by the Dominican Republic.^ Spanish is the official language of the Dominican Republic.

^ The official currency of the Dominican Republic is the Dominican peso.

^ The Dominican Republic is officially Roman Catholic, but many other denominations maintain churches in the country.
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.The country's mainland has four important mountain ranges.^ Four nearly parallel mountain ranges traverse the country from northwest to southeast.
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.The most northerly is the Cordillera Septentrional ("Northern Mountain Range"), which extends from the northwestern coastal town of Monte Cristi, near the Haitian border, to the Samaná Peninsula in the east, running parallel to the Atlantic coast.^ Four nearly parallel mountain ranges traverse the country from northwest to southeast.
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.The highest range in the Dominican Republic — indeed, in the whole of the West Indies — is the Cordillera Central ("Central Mountain Range").^ Palm-fringed shores and inspiring mountain ranges have made the Dominican Republic an oasis for wedding ceremonies and honeymoon escapes.

^ LA VEGA (full name, Concepci ó n de la Vega) is the capital of La Vega Province in west-central Dominican Republic.
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^ Wide rivers, striking mountains and coastal fairways have made the Dominican Republic a refuge for golfers of every aptitude.

.It gradually bends southwards and finishes near the town of Azua, on the Caribbean coast.^ AZUA (full name, Azua de Compostela) is located near the Caribbean Sea about 50 miles west of Santo Domingo.
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.In the Cordillera Central are found the four highest peaks in the Caribbean: Pico Duarte (3,098 metres / 10,164 feet above sea level), La Pelona (3,094 metres / 10,151 feet, La Rucilla (3,049 metres / 10,003 feet) and Pico Yaque (2,760 metres / 9,060 feet).^ Or climb to the summit of the Caribbean’s highest mountain, Pico Duarte.

^ CONSTANZA , 90 miles northwest of Santo Domingo over tortuous mountain roads, offers a scenery and climate change at 4,000 feet above sea level.
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^ SAN JUAN (full name, San Juan de la Maguana), located in west-central Dominican Republic, was founded in 1508.
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Bust of Duarte on top of Pico Duarte, with La Pelona in the background
.In the southwest corner of the country, south of the Cordillera Central, there are two other ranges.^ The Cordillera Central is the largest range and divides the country into almost equal parts.
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.The more northerly of the two is the Sierra de Neiba, while in the south the Sierra de Bahoruco is a continuation of the Massif de la Selle in Haiti.^ In March citizens beat two Haitians, doused them with gasoline, and set them on fire in the rural community of Las Matas de Farfan.
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There are other, minor mountain ranges, such as the Cordillera Oriental ("Eastern Mountain Range"), Sierra Martín García, Sierra de Yamasá and Sierra de Samaná.
.Between the Central and Northern mountain ranges lies the rich and fertile Cibao valley.^ The Dominican Republic is a breathtaking island filled with fertile river valleys, forested mountains and soft, unspoiled beaches.

^ Land and People The land ranges from mountainous to gently rolling, with fertile river valleys.
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^ The largest and most fertile valley, the Cibao, about 150 miles long and 10 to 30 miles wide, is in the upper central part of the country.
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.This major valley is home to the city of Santiago and most of the farming areas in the nation.^ Also in 2004 the country agreed to join in a free-trade area with the United States and most Central American nations.
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^ Major credit cards and traveler’s checks are also accepted at most resort areas and ATMs can be found within the resort areas.

^ The armed forces continued to provide troops to support the National Police in its nightly patrols of Santo Domingo, Santiago, and other areas of the country.
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.Rather less productive is the semi-arid San Juan Valley, south of the Central Cordillera.^ SAN JUAN (full name, San Juan de la Maguana), located in west-central Dominican Republic, was founded in 1508.
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Still more arid is the Neiba Valley, tucked between the Sierra de Neiba and the Sierra de Bahoruco. Much of the land in the Enriquillo Basin is below sea level, with a hot, arid, desert-like environment. .There are other smaller valleys in the mountains, such as the Constanza, Jarabacoa, Villa Altagracia, and Bonao valleys.^ There were also several smaller organizations, both secular and religious, that addressed among other things women's rights, labor issues, and the rights of Haitians.
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Cayo Levantado in Samana Bay is one of the many cays in the D.R.
.The Llano Costero del Caribe ("Caribbean Coastal Plain") is the largest of the plains in the Dominican Republic.^ Wide rivers, striking mountains and coastal fairways have made the Dominican Republic a refuge for golfers of every aptitude.

^ The Dominican Republic’s nine distinct ecological zones cater to a myriad of eco tours and promise the most rewarding excursions in the Caribbean.

^ The Dominican Republic is an impressive display of the Caribbean at its finest.

.Stretching north and east of Santo Domingo, it contains many sugar plantations in the savannahs that are common there.^ Despite the law, the police conducted illegal searches and seizures, including raids without warrants on private residences in many poor Santo Domingo neighborhoods.
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.West of Santo Domingo its width is reduced to 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) as it hugs the coast, finishing at the mouth of the Ocoa River.^ CONANI asserted that three of every 10 children in Santo Domingo had been sexually abused.
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^ On November 10, authorities rescued six trafficked Venezuelans in the Hotel Kay in Santo Domingo.
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Another large plain is the Plena de Azua ("Azua Plain"), a very dry region in Azua Province.
A few other small coastal plains are in the northern coast and in the Pedernales Peninsula.
South shore of Lake Enriquillo, looking northward to the Sierra de Neiba
.Four major rivers drain the numerous mountains of the Dominican Republic.^ What major religions are in the Dominican Republic?
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^ The government in the Dominican Republic is structured much like that in the U.S., with a democratic process of elections, three government branches and a presidential term of four years.

^ Palm-fringed shores and inspiring mountain ranges have made the Dominican Republic an oasis for wedding ceremonies and honeymoon escapes.

The Yaque del Norte is the longest and most important Dominican river. It carries excess water down from the Cibao Valley and empties into Monte Cristi Bay, in the northwest. Likewise, the Yuna River serves the Vega Real and empties into Samaná Bay, in the northeast. Drainage of the San Juan Valley is provided by the San Juan River, tributary of the Yaque del Sur, which empties into the Caribbean, in the south. The Artibonito is the longest river of Hispaniola and flows westward into Haiti.
There are many lakes and coastal lagoons. The largest lake is Enriquillo, a salt lake at 40 metres (130 ft) below sea level, the lowest point in the Caribbean. Other important lakes are Laguna de Rincón or Cabral, with freshwater, and Laguna de Oviedo, a lagoon with brackish water.

Climate

.The climate of the Dominican Republic is mostly tropical.^ What is the climate like in the Dominican Republic?
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^ The DOMINICAN REPUBLIC shares with the Republic of Haiti the tropical island of Hispaniola, one of the Greater Antilles situated between Cuba and Puerto Rico.
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^ Weddings and Honeymoons Palm-fringed beaches, inspiring mountains and vibrant tropical flora have led to the increased popularity of destination weddings in the Dominican Republic.

The annual average temperature is 25 °C (77 °F). At higher elevations, the temperature averages 18 °C (64 °F) while near sea level the average temperature is 28 °C (82 °F). Low temperatures of 0 °C (32 °F) are possible in the mountains while high temperatures of 40 °C (104 °F) are possible in protected valleys. January and February are the coldest months of the year, while August is the hottest month. Some snowflakes can fall in rare occasions on the top of the Pico Duarte.[53]
The wet season along the northern coast lasts from November through January. Elsewhere, the wet season stretches from May through November, with May being the wettest month. Average annual rainfall is 1,500 millimetres (59 in) countrywide, with individual locations in the Valle de Neiba seeing averages as low as 350 millimetres (14 in) while the Cordillera Oriental averages 2,740 millimetres (108 in). The driest portion of the country lies in the west. Tropical cyclones impact the country every couple of years, with 65 percent of the impacts along the southern coast. Hurricanes are most likely between August and October.[53] The last time a category 5 hurricane struck the country was Hurricane David in 1979.[54]

Environmental issues

.Bajos de Haina, 12 miles (19 km) west of Santo Domingo, was included on the Blacksmith Institute's list of the world's 10 most polluted places, released in October 2006, due to lead poisoning by a battery recycling smelter closed in 1999. Cleanup of the site began in 2008, but children continue to be born with high lead levels, causing learning disabilities, impaired physical growth and kidney failure.^ Santo Domingo, Capital (1781 Miles) .
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^ Santo Domingo (1702 Miles) .
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^ Santo Domingo Oest (1781 Miles) .
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[55][56]

Symbols and name

.Some of the important symbols include the flag, the coat of arms, and the national anthem, titled Himno Nacional.^ The flag of the Dominican Republic consists of two red and two blue sections divided by a white cross centered with the Dominican coat of arms.
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.The flag has a large white cross that divides it into four quarters.^ The flag of the Dominican Republic consists of two red and two blue sections divided by a white cross centered with the Dominican coat of arms.
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Two quarters are red and two are blue. Red represents the blood shed by the liberators. Blue expresses God's protection over the nation. The white cross symbolizes the struggle of the liberators to bequeath future generations a free nation. An alternate interpretation is that blue represents the ideals of progress and liberty, whereas white symbolizes peace and unity amongst Dominicans.[57] .In the center of the cross is the Dominican coat of arms, in the same colors as the national flag.^ The flag of the Dominican Republic consists of two red and two blue sections divided by a white cross centered with the Dominican coat of arms.
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The coat of arms pictures a red, white and blue flag-draped shield with a Bible and cross; the shield is surrounded by an olive branch (on the left) and a palm branch (on the right). A blue ribbon above the shield reads, "Dios, Patria, Libertad" (meaning "God, Fatherland, Liberty"). .A red ribbon under the shield reads, "República Dominicana" (meaning "Dominican Republic").^ Originally a Spanish colony and later under Haitian rule, the Dominican Republic gained independence in 1844.
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^ The time in the Dominican Republic is Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) minus four (the same as observed during Daylight Saving Time on the U.S. east coast).
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^ Together they created the Dominican sugar bourgeoisie and under their management the Dominican Republic became a major sugar exporter.
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Out of all the flags in the world, the depiction of a Bible is unique to the Dominican flag.
The national flower is that of the West Indian Mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni).[58] The national bird is the Cigua Palmera or Palmchat (Dulus dominicus).[59]
.For most of its history (up to independence) the colony was known as Santo Domingo,[28] the name of its present capital, and its patron saint, Saint Dominic.^ Santo Domingo, Capital (1781 Miles) .
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^ He named the new city Santo Domingo in honor of his favorite saint, Dominic.
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^ The capital and largest city is Santo Domingo .
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.The residents were called "Dominicanos" (Dominicans), the adjective form of "Domingo", and the revolutionaries named their newly independent country "La República Dominicana". At present, the Dominican Republic is one of two nations worldwide (along with the Central African Republic) with only a demonym–based name.^ The Dominican Republic is a hurricane-prone country.
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^ Remnants of wrecked vessels can be found along these reefs and shed light on the many cultures that have sought the beauty of the Dominican Republic.

^ Originally a Spanish colony and later under Haitian rule, the Dominican Republic gained independence in 1844.
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[60]

Economy

Santo Domingo, the capital of the Republic and its largest city.
.The Dominican Republic has the second largest economy[9] (the largest, according to the U.S. State Department)[14] in Central America and the Caribbean.^ The Dominican Republic’s nine distinct ecological zones cater to a myriad of eco tours and promise the most rewarding excursions in the Caribbean.

^ The Dominican Republic is an impressive display of the Caribbean at its finest.

^ The time zone in the Dominican Republic is Eastern Caribbean Time (GMT- 4hrs.

.It is an upper middle-income developing country,[61] with a 2007 GDP per capita of $9,208, in PPP terms, which is relatively high in Latin America.^ Trujillo professed an admiration for European fascist dictators and developed the Guardia Nacional into one of the largest military forces in Latin America.
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^ While being relatively poor, with an estimated per capita GDP of US $6,300 in 2004, nonetheless the Dominican Republic is wealthier than Haiti (US $1,500 per capita).
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In the trimester of January–March 2007 it experienced an exceptional growth of 9.1% in its GDP, which was actually below the previous year's 10.9% in the same period. Growth was led by imports, followed by exports, with finance and foreign investment the next largest factors.[62]
Santiago de los Caballeros, the second largest city in the country
The D.R. is primarily dependent on natural resources and government services. .Although the service sector has recently overtaken agriculture as the leading employer of Dominicans (due principally to growth in tourism and Free Trade Zones), agriculture remains the most important sector in terms of domestic consumption and is in second place, behind mining, in terms of export earnings.^ Tourism is also important to the economy, and the service sector is now the country's largest employer.
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^ Light industry, expansion of duty-free industrial zones, and tourism are being fostered in the Dominican Republic to diversify a primarily agricultural economy which exports sugar, cocoa, and coffee.
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^ Free-trade zones have led to an increase in light industry, especially the manufacture of textiles and clothing.
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The service sector in general has experienced growth in recent years, as has construction. .Free Trade Zone earnings and tourism are the fastest-growing export sectors.^ Free-trade zones have led to an increase in light industry, especially the manufacture of textiles and clothing.
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^ Light industry, expansion of duty-free industrial zones, and tourism are being fostered in the Dominican Republic to diversify a primarily agricultural economy which exports sugar, cocoa, and coffee.
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^ The majority of the unions in the FTZs were affiliated with the National Federation of Free Trade Zone Workers (FENATRAZONAS) or FEDOTRAZONAS. FEDOTRAZONAS estimated that fewer than 10 percent of the workers in the FTZs were unionized.
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Real estate tourism alone accounted for $1.5 billion in earnings for 2007.[63] Remittances from Dominicans living abroad amounted to nearly $3.2 billion in 2007.[14]
The Naco sector, in Santo Domingo, with a view of Tiradentes Avenue
Economic growth takes place in spite of a chronic energy shortage,[64] which causes frequent blackouts and very high prices. Despite a widening merchandise trade deficit, tourism earnings and remittances have helped build foreign exchange reserves. .The Dominican Republic is current on foreign private debt.^ La Romana itself is Gulf and Western Americas Corporation headquarters in the Dominican Republic, and also the site of the largest privately owned sugar refinery in the world.
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^ Current Dominican Republic News: .
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[citation needed]
.Following economic turmoil in the late 1980s and 1990, during which the gross domestic product (GDP) fell by up to 5% and consumer price inflation reached an unprecedented 100%, the Dominican Republic entered a period of growth and declining inflation until 2002, after which the economy entered a recession.^ The time in the Dominican Republic is Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) minus four (the same as observed during Daylight Saving Time on the U.S. east coast).
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^ Dominican Republic LNG Export and Import Markets to 2015- Analysis and Forecasts of Terminal wise Capacity and Associated Contracts, LNG Trade movements and Prices.
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^ Population growth is a continuing problem in the Dominican Republic, and emigration to the United States, particularly to New York City, has been high.
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[14]
La Trinitaria in Santiago de Los Caballeros is an area of increasing development.
.This recession followed the collapse of the second–largest commercial bank in the country, Baninter, linked to a major incident of fraud valued at $3.5 billion, during the administration of President Hipólito Mejía (2000–2004).^ In August 2004 President Leonel Fernandez of the Dominican Liberation Party (PLD) was elected for a second (nonconsecutive) term, and in May the PLD won majorities in both chambers of Congress during congressional and municipal elections.
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^ In 2000, Hipólito Mejía Dominguez, an agronomist and businessman who was the PRD candidate, won the presidential election; he promised to aid those who had not benefited from the years of growth.
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^ Judicial proceedings in three major bank fraud cases moved forward, although doubts about the pace of progress remained.
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The Baninter fraud had a devastating effect on the Dominican economy, with GDP dropping by 1% in 2003 while inflation ballooned by over 27%. .All defendants, including the star of the trial, Ramon Baez Figueroa, were found guilty and convicted; one subpoena failed to be delivered upon the United States denial of extradition.^ Civil society commentators considered the trial, which began in May, to be a major challenge to impunity; two of the principal defendants, Baninter former president Ramon Baez Figueroa and economist Luis Alvarez Renta, reportedly had strong ties within local political circles.
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^ In some instances, a defendant appeared before the judge on the scheduled trial date, but the trial could not go forward due to the absence of one or more co-defendants.
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^ Unable to preserve order, Báez himself negotiated a treaty of annexation with the United States, which the Dominicans approved but which the U.S. Senate failed to ratify.
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[citation needed]
.According to the 2005 Annual Report of the United Nations Subcommittee on Human Development in the Dominican Republic, the country is ranked #71 in the world for resource availability, #79 for human development, and #14 in the world for resource mismanagement.^ Country dominican republic .
  • Women Seeking Men in the Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC amigos.com [Source type: General]

^ Dominican Republic , republic (2005 est.
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^ The Dominican Republic is a hurricane-prone country.
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.These statistics emphasize national government corruption, foreign economic interference in the country, and the rift between the rich and poor.^ This registration process would not confer nationality but would assist the government in meeting its legal obligation to register all children born in the country.
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^ These unions have been tolerated by the Dominican government, under pressure from foreign agencies and liberal opinion in the US Congress.
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Currency

.The Dominican peso (DOP, or RD$)[65] is the national currency, although United States dollars (USD) and the euro (EUR) are also accepted at most tourist sites.^ The sole monetary unit is the Dominican peso , written RD$.
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^ The official currency of the Dominican Republic is the Dominican peso.

^ Also in 2004 the country agreed to join in a free-trade area with the United States and most Central American nations.
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.The U.S. dollar is implicated in almost all commercial transactions of the Dominican Republic; such dollarization is common in high inflation economies.^ The high school follows a college preparatory program, covering all of the general areas of study, plus Dominican history and Spanish.
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^ Population growth is a continuing problem in the Dominican Republic, and emigration to the United States, particularly to New York City, has been high.
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^ Because of the high incidence of fraud in the Dominican Republic and potential delays with Dominican Immigration, the U.S. Embassy strongly recommends that United States citizens travel with passports.
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The peso was worth the same as the USD until the 1980s, but has depreciated. The exchange rate in 1993 was 14.00 pesos per USD and 16.00 pesos in 2000, but it jumped to 53.00 pesos per USD in 2003. In 2004, the exchange rate was back down to around 31.00 pesos per USD. As of February 2009 the exchange rate was 1 DOP = 0.0281 USD, i.e. 35.65 DOP per USD; 1 DOP = 0.022 euro (EUR, or €); and 1 DOP = 2.74 Japanese yen (JPY, or ¥).[65]

Tourism

The green mountain hills of the Dominican Republic, ideal for biking and bird-watching, are major tourist attractions.
.Tourism is fueling the Dominican Republic's economic growth.^ As touted by the Ministry of Tourism, the Dominican Republic is a land that is truly ‘Inexhaustible.’ .

^ Population growth is a continuing problem in the Dominican Republic, and emigration to the United States, particularly to New York City, has been high.
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^ PRNewswire/ -- U.S. tourists to the Dominican Republic increased by more than 20.3 percent over 1998, according to Dominican Republic tourism officials.
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.For example, the contribution of travel and tourism to employment is expected to rise from 550,000 jobs in 2008—14.4% of total employment or 1 in every 7 jobs—to 743,000 jobs—14.2% of total employment or 1 in every 7.1 jobs by 2018.[66] With the construction of projects like Cap Cana, San Souci Port in Santo Domingo, and Moon Palace Resort in Punta Cana, the Dominican Republic expects increased tourism activity in the upcoming year.^ Americans in Santo Domingo enjoy these activities year round.
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^ What is the climate like in the Dominican Republic?
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^ The Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends Malaria vaccinations for those traveling to Punta Cana and intending on visiting the rural regions of the Dominican Republic.

.Ecotourism has been a topic increasingly important in the nation, with towns like Jarabacoa and neighboring Constanza, and locations like the Pico Duarte, Bahia de Las Aguilas and others becoming more significant in efforts to increase direct benefits from tourism.^ In recent years, San Pedro de Macor í s has become a hotbed for baseball, producing more players per capita for U.S. major league teams than any other town ever.
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^ SAN JUAN (full name, San Juan de la Maguana), located in west-central Dominican Republic, was founded in 1508.
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^ Air-conditioned express buses run daily on regular schedules from Santo Domingo to Bonao, La Vega, Moca, Santiago, Puerto Plata, San Pedro de Macor í s, La Romana, and other towns in the interior.
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Demographics

Population

.The population of the Dominican Republic in 2007 was estimated by the United Nations at 9,760,000,[67] which placed it number 82 in population among the 193 nations of the world.^ Although the number seeking to enter the U.S., Venezuela, Canada, and Europe is increasing, the outflow is partially offset by significant illegal immigration of Haitians (estimated at 600,000) to the Dominican Republic.
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^ International groups estimated that between 30,000 and 50,000 Dominican women worked in prostitution around the world, a substantial portion of whom were victims of trafficking.
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^ Population growth is a continuing problem in the Dominican Republic, and emigration to the United States, particularly to New York City, has been high.
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.In that year approximately 5% of the population was over 65 years of age, while 35% of the population was under 15 years of age.^ While the law prohibits employment of children younger than 14 years of age and places restrictions on the employment of children under the age of 16, child labor was a serious problem.
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^ The penalties for committing rape are 10 to 15 years in prison (or 10 to 20 years in case of rape against a vulnerable person or under other egregious circumstances) and a fine of approximately $3,300 to $6,600 (100,000 to 200,000 pesos).
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There were 103 males for every 100 females in the country in 2007.[1] According to the UN, the annual population growth rate for 2006–2007 is 1.5%, with the projected population for the year 2015 at 10,121,000.
.It was estimated by the Dominican government that the population density in 2007 was 192 per km² (498 per sq mi), and 63% of the population lived in urban areas.^ The Dominican Republic is a representative constitutional democracy with a population of approximately 9.2 million, including an estimated 650,000 to one million undocumented Haitians.
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^ More than half of the Dominican Republic's 8.3 million inhabitants live in towns with populations over 10,000.
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[7] .The southern coastal plains and the Cibao Valley are the most densely populated areas of the country.^ Also in 2004 the country agreed to join in a free-trade area with the United States and most Central American nations.
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^ The nation's population density of 171 persons per square mile makes it the seventh most densely populated country in Latin America, but it does not exceed that of most of the islands of the West Indies.
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^ The largest and most fertile valley, the Cibao, about 150 miles long and 10 to 30 miles wide, is in the upper central part of the country.
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.The capital city, Santo Domingo, had a population of 3,014,000 in 2007. Other important cities are Santiago de los Caballeros (pop.^ In an effort to stem a rise in crime, in June the armed forces began providing troops to support the National Police in its nightly patrols of Santo Domingo, Santiago, and other areas of the country.
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756,098), La Romana (pop. .250,000), San Pedro de Macorís, San Francisco de Macorís, Puerto Plata, and La Vega.^ These included programs to eliminate the employment of children in hazardous agriculture in the rice-growing region around San Francisco de Macoris and the agricultural provinces of Constanza, San Juan de la Maguana, and Barahona.
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^ The Diocese of San Pedro de Macoris continued to promote worker rights in the bateyes and to seek a work contract for cane workers.
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^ The public prosecutor's office transferred the case to San Francisco de Macoris, where it remained active at year's end.
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Per the United Nations, the urban population growth rate for 2000–2005 was 2.3%.[68]
Largest cities of the Dominican Republic by population[69]
Rank City Name Province Pop. Rank City Name Province Pop.
1 Santo Domingo Distrito Nacional 2,987,013 12 Los Alcarrizos Santo Domingo 199,611
2 Santiago Santiago 1,329,091 13 Higüey La Altagracia 141,751
3 Santo Domingo Oeste Santo Domingo 701,847 14 Moca Espaillat 131,733
4 Santo Domingo Este Santo Domingo 624,704 15 San Juan de la Maguana San Juan 129,224
5 Santo Domingo Norte Santo Domingo 286,912 16 Bonao Monseñor Nouel 115,743
6 Puerto Plata Puerto Plata 277,981 17 Baní Peravia 107,926
7 La Romana La Romana 268,987 18 Boca Chica Santo Domingo 99,508
8 San Cristóbal San Cristóbal 220,767 19 Azua Azua 87,024
9 La Vega La Vega 220,279 20 Mao Valverde 81,845
10 San Pedro de Macorís San Pedro de Macorís 217,141 21 Barahona Barahona 79,460
11 San Francisco de Macorís Duarte 198,068 22 Cotuí Sánchez Ramírez 78,149

Ethnicity

The ethnic composition of the Dominican population is 73% multiracial, 16% white, and 11% black.[1] .The multiracial population is primarily a mixture of European and African, with a notable amount of Taíno ancestry as well.^ Spanish discrimination against the African/European mulatto majority population, coupled with restricted trade and other reforms, led to rising resentment.
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^ Despite the African and indigenous ancestral mixtures that constitute the population, Dominicans perceive themselves and Dominican culture as essentially urban, modernist, Catholic, Spanish-European and superior.
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^ Over the following centuries the remaining indigenous Taíno-Arawak increasingly became intermixed with the African and European colonial populations and ceased to exist as a distinct group.
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[23] The country's population also includes a large Haitian minority. Other ethnic groups in the country include West Asians—mostly Lebanese, Syrians and Palestinians. A smaller, yet significant presence of East Asians (primarily ethnic Chinese and Japanese) can also be found throughout the population. Europeans are represented mostly by Spaniards, Germans, Italians, Portuguese, British, and French. There are also tens of thousands of people from the United States.
.A system of racial stratification was imposed on Santo Domingo by Spain, as elsewhere in the Spanish Empire.^ In November 1821 the Spanish lieutenant governor proclaimed Santo Domingo's new status as the independent state of Spanish Haiti (Haiti Español).
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.Its effects have persisted, reaching their culmination in the Trujillo regime, as the dictator used racial persecution and nationalistic fervor against Haitians.^ Consequently it is likely to be out of the reach of all but the most patient and persistent of Haitian asylum seekers.
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^ The Organization of American States (OAS) finally took action against the regime in 1960 but not specifically because of the 1935 massacre or general treatment of Haitian migrants.
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[46][70] A U.N. envoy in October 2007 found racism against blacks in general, and Haitians in particular, to be rampant in every segment of Dominican society.[71] According to a study by the CUNY Dominican Studies Institute, about 90% of the contemporary Dominican population has West African ancestry to varying degrees.[72] However, most Dominicans do not self-identify as black, in contrast to people of West African ancestry in other countries. A variety of terms are used to represent a range of skintones, such as moreno/a (brown), canelo/a (red/brown) ["cinnamon"], indio/a (Indian), blanco/a oscuro/a (dark white), and trigueño/a (literally "wheat colored", or olive skin).[73] The Dominican Republic is not unique in this respect, either. In a 1976 census survey conducted in Brazil, respondents described their skin color in 136 distinct terms.[74][75] .This is also common in the neighboring island of Puerto Rico.^ Dominican Republic Neighboring Countries: Aruba 1.5¢ »  Venezuela 0.4¢ »  Haiti 6.3¢ »  Puerto Rico 0.2¢    Using this phone card to call Dominican Republic will save you money!
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[76]
Ramona Hernández, director of the Dominican Studies Institute at City College of New York asserts that the terms were originally a defense against racism: "During the Trujillo regime, people who were dark skinned were rejected, so they created their own mechanism to fight it." She went on to explain, "When you ask, 'What are you?' they don't give you the answer you want ... saying we don't want to deal with our blackness is simply what you want to hear."[74]

Religion

A Typical paint of oil on canvas made in Dominican Republic
.The Dominican Republic is 95.2% Christian, including 88.6% Roman Catholic and 4.2% Protestant.^ The Dominican Republic boasts an average temperature between 78 and 88 degrees Fahrenheit.

^ Main religions: Christianity (Roman Catholic), syncretic African religions .
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^ Although both societies are Roman Catholic, most Haitians practise the syncretistic African-based religion of Vodun, which Dominicans look down upon.
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Recent immigration, as well as proselytizing, has brought other religions, with the following shares of the population: Spiritist: 2.2%,[77] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: 1.1%,[78] Buddhist: 0.10%, Bahá'í: 0.1%,[77] Islam: 0.02%, Judaism: 0.01%, Chinese Folk Religion: 0.1%,[77] and Dominican Vudu (no census).
.The nation has two patroness saints: Nuestra Señora de la Altagracia (Our Lady Of High Grace) is the patroness of the Dominican people, and Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes (Our Lady Of Mercy) is the patroness of the Dominican Republic.^ Communications in the Dominican Republic is up-to-date and features five morning newspapers, approximately one million telephone lines and high speed Internet access.

^ Adventure ranging from low valleys to high peaks is what establishes the Dominican Republic as an explorer’s dream.

^ Dominican Republic - La Romana .

The Catholic Church began to lose popularity in the late 1800s. This was due to a lack of funding, of priests, and of support programs. During the same time, the Protestant evangelical movement began to gain support. Religious tension between Catholics and Protestants in the country has been rare.
There has always been religious freedom throughout the entire country. Not until the 1950s were restrictions placed upon churches by Trujillo. Letters of protest were sent against the mass arrests of government adversaries. Trujillo began a campaign against the church and planned to arrest priests and bishops who preached against the government. This campaign ended before it was even put into place, with his assassination.
Judaism appeared in the Dominican Republic in the late 1930s. .During World War II, a group of Jews escaping Nazi Germany fled to the Dominican Republic and founded the city of Sosúa.^ Remnants of wrecked vessels can be found along these reefs and shed light on the many cultures that have sought the beauty of the Dominican Republic.

^ After 1879, Cuban sugar planters moved to the Dominican Republic to escape the turmoil of the anti-colonial war on their island.
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^ Over the past decade, the Dominican Republic has become the biggest source of immigration to New York City which today has the largest urban Dominican population apart from Santo Domingo.
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It has remained the center of the Jewish population since.[79]

Languages

.The Dominican Republic is almost entirely Spanish speaking.^ Spanish is the official language of the Dominican Republic.

Due to long-standing and ongoing immigration from Haiti, Haitian Creole is spoken by several hundred thousand Haitian immigrants and their descendants. There is a community of about 8,000 speakers of Samaná English in the Samaná Peninsula. They are the descendants of freed American slaves who arrived in the 19th century.[80] Tourism, American pop culture, the influence of Dominican Americans, and the country's economic ties with the United States motivate other Dominicans to learn English.

Education

.Primary education is officially free and compulsory for children between the ages of 5 and 14, although those who live in isolated areas have limited access to schooling.^ Furthermore, school administrators deny undocumented children access to school, particularly those who appear to be of Haitian ancestry.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Primary schooling is followed by a two–year intermediate school and a four–year secondary course, after which a diploma called the bachillerato (high school diploma) is awarded. Relatively few lower–income students succeed in reaching this level, due to financial hardships and limitation due to location. Most of the wealthier students attend private schools, which are frequently sponsored by religious institutions. Some public and private vocational schools are available, particularly in the field of agriculture, but this too reaches only a tiny percentage of the population.[81]

Health statistics

In 2007 the Dominican Republic had a birth rate of 22.91 per 1000, and a death rate of 5.32 per 1000.[1]
.The prevalence of HIV/AIDS in the Dominican Republic in 2003 stood at an estimated 1.7 percent, with an estimated 88,000 HIV/AIDS-positive Dominicans.^ The Dominican Republic boasts an average temperature between 78 and 88 degrees Fahrenheit.

^ The Dominican Republic is framed by more than 1,000 miles of sugar-soft beaches that are crowned with coconut palms and refreshing trade winds.

^ The enduring history of the Dominican Republic traces as far back as 8,000 years ago to the arrival of the Taino Indians.

[82] A mission based in the United States is helping to combat AIDS in the Dominican Republic.[83] Dengue is endemic to the country, and there are cases of malaria.[84]
.The practice of abortion is illegal in all cases in the Dominican Republic, a ban that includes conceptions following rape, incest, and in situations where the health of the mother is in danger.^ The electricity in the Dominican Republic follows the U.S. standard of 110 Volts/60 Hertz.

This ban was reiterated by the Dominican government in a September 2009 provision of a constitutional reform bill.[85]

Crime

.The Dominican Republic has become a trans-shipment point for Colombian drugs destined to Europe as well as the United States and Canada.^ Weddings and Honeymoons Palm-fringed beaches, inspiring mountains and vibrant tropical flora have led to the increased popularity of destination weddings in the Dominican Republic.

[1][86] Money laundering via the Dominican Republic is favored by Colombian drug cartels for the ease of illicit financial transactions.[1] In 2004 it was estimated that 8% of all cocaine smuggled into the United States had come through the Dominican Republic.[87] .The Dominican Republic responded with increased efforts to seize drug shipments, arrest and extradite those involved, and combat money-laundering.^ The Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends Malaria vaccinations for those traveling to Punta Cana and intending on visiting the rural regions of the Dominican Republic.

^ Weddings and Honeymoons Palm-fringed beaches, inspiring mountains and vibrant tropical flora have led to the increased popularity of destination weddings in the Dominican Republic.

A 1995 report stated that social pressures and poverty—which was then increasing—had led to a rise in prostitution. Though prostitution is legal and the age of consent is 18, child prostitution is a growing phenomenon in impoverished areas. In an environment where young girls are often denied employment opportunities offered to boys, prostitution frequently becomes a source of supplementary income..March 2008" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] UNICEF estimated in 1994 that at least 25,000 children were involved in the Dominican sex trade, 63% of that figure being girls.^ The Dominican Republic is framed by more than 1,000 miles of sugar-soft beaches that are crowned with coconut palms and refreshing trade winds.

[88]

Immigration

In the 20th century, many Arabs (primarily from Lebanon and Syria), Japanese, and, to a lesser degree, Koreans settled in the country as agricultural laborers and merchants. The Chinese, who were fleeing the Chinese Communist People's Liberation Army (PLA), found work in mines and building railroads. The current Chinese Dominican population totals 50,000.[citation needed] The Arab community is rising at an increasing rate. .Estimates are at 3,400.[citation needed] Japanese immigrants, who mostly work in the business districts and markets, are at an estimate of 1,900 living in the country.^ It is estimated that about 650,000 Haitian immigrants now reside permanently but illegally in the country.
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^ However, unlike the Cuban immigrant planters who preceded them, the US corporations did not invest in the country but repatriated their profits, causing local resentment.
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^ According to the UNHCR, as many as 600 recognized Haitian refugees are living in the country, most of whom lack the documentation needed to obtain permission to work legally and to exercise other rights, such as obtaining documentation for their children.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed] The Korean presence is minor but evident, at a population of 500.[citation needed]
In addition, there are descendants of immigrants who came from other Caribbean islands, including St. Kitts and Nevis, Dominica, Antigua, St. Vincent, Montserrat, Tortola, St. Croix, St. Thomas, Martinique, and Guadeloupe. They worked on sugarcane plantations and docks and settled mainly in the cities of San Pedro de Macoris and Puerto Plata. .They are believed to number 28,000. Before and during World War II 800 Jewish refugees moved to the Dominican Republic.^ The Dominican Republic is framed by more than 1,000 miles of sugar-soft beaches that are crowned with coconut palms and refreshing trade winds.

^ The enduring history of the Dominican Republic traces as far back as 8,000 years ago to the arrival of the Taino Indians.

[89]

Illegal Haitian immigration

A border watch tower to control illegal immigration from Haiti, located in the Cordillera Central, Dominican Republic
.Haiti is much poorer than the Dominican Republic.^ The government in the Dominican Republic is structured much like that in the U.S., with a democratic process of elections, three government branches and a presidential term of four years.

^ The Dominican Republic is framed by more than 1,000 miles of sugar-soft beaches that are crowned with coconut palms and refreshing trade winds.

In 2003, 80% of all Haitians were poor (54% in abject poverty) and 47.1% were illiterate. The country of nine million people has a fast-growing population, but over two-thirds of the labor force lack formal jobs. Haiti's per capita GDP (PPP) was $1,300 in 2008, or less than one-sixth of the Dominican figure.[1][90] .As a result, hundreds of thousands of Haitians have migrated to the Dominican Republic, with some estimates of 800,000 Haitians in the country,[12] while others put the Haitian–born population as high as one million.^ The Dominican Republic is framed by more than 1,000 miles of sugar-soft beaches that are crowned with coconut palms and refreshing trade winds.

^ The enduring history of the Dominican Republic traces as far back as 8,000 years ago to the arrival of the Taino Indians.

^ The immensity of shipwrecks and sea creatures found along these shores have qualified the Dominican Republic as one of the top diving locations in the Caribbean.

[91] They usually work at low-paying and unskilled jobs in building construction, household cleaning, and in sugar plantations.[92]
Children of illegal Haitian immigrants are often stateless and denied services, as their parents are denied Dominican nationality because they are deemed to be transient residents, due to their illegal or undocumented status, and the children, though often eligible for Haitian nationality,[93] are denied it by Haiti because of a lack of proper documents or witnesses.[94][95][96][97]
.A large number of Haitian women, often arriving with several health problems, cross the border to Dominican soil during their last weeks of pregnancy to obtain much-needed medical attention for childbirth, since Dominican public hospitals do not refuse medical services based on nationality or legal status.^ As a consequence, many thousands of Haitians born in the Dominican Republic have no official documentation in the form of birth certificates or passports, and thus face severe difficulties in accessing education, health and other services, or legally travelling to other countries.
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^ In May 2005, Haitian nationals were allegedly involved in the murder of a Dominican woman in the north-western town of Hatillo Palma, near the border with Haiti.
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^ After Dominican residents threatened violent reprisals against the Haitian community, Dominican military and police forces began the deportation of over 3,500 men, women and children, forcibly removing them to the border town of Dajabón.
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.Statistics from a hospital in Santo Domingo report that over 22% of childbirths are by Haitian mothers.^ In 1801, Haitian revolutionary leader Toussaint L'Ouverture arrived in the eastern side of the island and proclaimed the abolition of slavery in Santo Domingo.
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[98]
.In 2005 Dominican President Leonel Fernández criticized collective expulsions of Haitians as having taken place "in an abusive and inhuman way".[99] After a UN delegation issued a preliminary report stating that it found a profound problem of racism and discrimination against people of Haitian origins, Dominican Foreign Minister Carlos Morales Troncoso issued a formal statement denouncing it and asserting that "Our border with Haiti has its problems, this is our reality and it must be understood.^ Trujillo ordered the army massacre of between 20,000 and 25,000 unarmed Haitians living on the Haitian-Dominican border, justifying the action as a reprisal for Haiti's supposed support for Dominican exiles plotting to overthrow his regime.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In May 2005, Haitian nationals were allegedly involved in the murder of a Dominican woman in the north-western town of Hatillo Palma, near the border with Haiti.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Few government officials acknowledge the existence of this prejudice; they regularly and publicly assert that there is no discrimination against Haitians or other persons of dark complexion.
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It is important not to confuse national sovereignty with indifference, and not to confuse security with xenophobia".[100]

Emigration

.The first of three, late-20th century emigration waves began in 1961, after the assassination of dictator Trujillo,[101] due to fear of retaliation by Trujillo's allies, and political uncertainty in general.^ Then, in May 1961, a group of Dominican dissidents, armed and trained in the USA, assassinated General Trujillo.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1965, the United States began a military occupation of the Dominican Republic to end a civil war.^ From lush rainforests to dry desserts, the possibilities for adventure in the Dominican Republic are without end.

^ Today, relics from the ancient Taino civilization and structures from the colonial era stand as a monument to the rich history of the Dominican Republic.

Upon this, the U.S. eased travel restrictions, making it easier for Dominicans to obtain U.S. visas.[102] From 1966 to 1978, the exodus continued, fueled by high unemployment and political repression. Communities established by the first wave of immigrants to the U.S. created a network that assisted subsequent arrivals. In the early 1980s, underemployment, inflation, and the rise in value of the dollar all contributed to a third wave of emigration from the island nation. .Today, emigration from the Dominican Republic remains high.^ Over the past decade, the Dominican Republic has become the biggest source of immigration to New York City which today has the largest urban Dominican population apart from Santo Domingo.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Communications in the Dominican Republic is up-to-date and features five morning newspapers, approximately one million telephone lines and high speed Internet access.

^ Adventure ranging from low valleys to high peaks is what establishes the Dominican Republic as an explorer’s dream.

[103] .In 2006, there were approximately 1.3 million people of Dominican descent in the US, counting both native and foreign-born.^ Communications in the Dominican Republic is up-to-date and features five morning newspapers, approximately one million telephone lines and high speed Internet access.

[13]

Culture

Carnaval of La Vega, one of the most famous carnivals in the country
.The culture and people of the Dominican Republic, like its Spanish Caribbean neighbors, is a blend of the cultures of the Spanish colonists, African slaves, and Taíno natives.^ Spanish is the official language of the Dominican Republic.

^ The government in the Dominican Republic is structured much like that in the U.S., with a democratic process of elections, three government branches and a presidential term of four years.

^ Remnants of wrecked vessels can be found along these reefs and shed light on the many cultures that have sought the beauty of the Dominican Republic.

European, African and Taíno cultural elements are most prominent in food, family structure, religion and music. Many Arawak/Taíno names and words are used in daily conversation and for many foods native to the DR.[1]

Cuisine

.Dominican cuisine is predominantly made up of a combination of Spanish and African influences over the last few centuries.^ Despite the African and indigenous ancestral mixtures that constitute the population, Dominicans perceive themselves and Dominican culture as essentially urban, modernist, Catholic, Spanish-European and superior.
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^ This resulted in a population of predominantly mixed Spanish and African descent.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The typical cuisine is quite similar to what can be found in other Latin American countries, but many of the names of dishes are different.^ Many resorts offer these traditional Dominican dishes as well as International fare and specialty cuisine.

.One breakfast dish consists of eggs and mangú (mashed, boiled plantain), a dish that the Dominican Republic shares with Cuba and Puerto Rico.^ The immensity of shipwrecks and sea creatures found along these shores have qualified the Dominican Republic as one of the top diving locations in the Caribbean.

^ Communications in the Dominican Republic is up-to-date and features five morning newspapers, approximately one million telephone lines and high speed Internet access.

^ Robust flavors from Antillean and Creole recipes make up the native dishes of the Dominican Republic.

For heartier versions, mangú is accompanied by deep-fried meat (typically Dominican salami) and/or cheese. Similarly to Spain, lunch is generally the largest and most important meal of the day. Lunch usually consists of rice, meat (such as chicken, beef, pork, or fish), beans, and a side portion of salad. "La Bandera" (literally "The Flag") is the most popular lunch dish; it consists of meat and red beans on white rice. Sancocho is a stew made with seven varieties of meat.
Meals tend to favor starches and meats over dairy products and vegetables. Many dishes are made with sofrito, which is a mix of local herbs and spices sautéed to bring out all of the dish's flavors. Throughout the south-central coast, bulgur, or whole wheat, is a main ingredient in quipes or tipili (bulgur salad). Other favorite Dominican foods are chicharrón, yuca, casabe, pastelitos (empanadas), batata, pasteles en hoja, chimichurris, tostones. Some treats Dominicans enjoy are arroz con dulce (or arroz con leche), bizcocho dominicano (lit. Dominican cake), habichuelas con dulce, flan, frío frío (snow cones), dulce de leche, and caña (sugarcane). The beverages Dominicans enjoy include Morir Soñando, rum, beer, Mama Juana, batida (smoothie), jugos naturales (freshly squeezed fruit juices), mabí, coffee, and Chaca (Maiz con dulce) (or Maiz con leche), the last item being only found in the southern provinces of the country such as San Juan.

Music

.Musically, the Dominican Republic is known for the creation of the musical style called merengue,[104]:376–7 a type of lively, fast-paced rhythm and dance music consisting of a tempo of about 120 to 160 beats per minute (though it varies) based on musical elements like drums, brass, chorded instruments, and accordion, as well as some elements unique to the Spanish-speaking Caribbean, such as the tambora and güira.^ Spanish is the official language of the Dominican Republic.

^ The government in the Dominican Republic is structured much like that in the U.S., with a democratic process of elections, three government branches and a presidential term of four years.

^ The Dominican Republic’s nine distinct ecological zones cater to a myriad of eco tours and promise the most rewarding excursions in the Caribbean.

Its syncopated beats use Latin percussion, brass instruments, bass, and piano or keyboard. Between 1937 and 1950 merengue music was promoted internationally by Dominicans groups like Billo's Caracas Boys, Chapuseaux and Damiron "Los Reyes del Merengue", Joseito Mateo, and others. Radio, television, and international media popularized it further. Some well-known merengue performers include Johnny Ventura, singer/songwriter Juan Luis Guerra, Fernando Villalona, Eddy Herrera, Sergio Vargas, Toño Rosario, Milly Quezada, and Chichí Peralta. Merengue became popular in the United States, mostly on the East Coast, during the 1980s and 90s,[104]:375 when many Dominican artists, among them Victor Roque y La Gran Manzana, Henry Hierro, Zacarias Ferreira, Aventura, Milly, and Jocelyn Y Los Vecinos, residing in the U.S. (particularly New York) started performing in the Latin club scene and gained radio airplay. .The emergence of bachata, along with an increase in the number of Dominicans living among other Latino groups in New York, New Jersey, and Florida have contributed to Dominican music's overall growth in popularity.^ Weddings and Honeymoons Palm-fringed beaches, inspiring mountains and vibrant tropical flora have led to the increased popularity of destination weddings in the Dominican Republic.

[104]:378
Dominican singer Juan Luis Guerra in concert, 2005
Bachata, a form of music and dance that originated in the countryside and rural marginal neighborhoods of the Dominican Republic, has become quite popular in recent years. Its subjects are often romantic; especially prevalent are tales of heartbreak and sadness. In fact, the original name for the genre was amargue ("bitterness", or "bitter music", or blues music), until the rather ambiguous (and mood-neutral) term bachata became popular. Bachata grew out of, and is still closely related to, the pan-Latin American romantic style called bolero. Over time, it has been influenced by merengue and by a variety of Latin American guitar styles.
Dominican rock is also popular. Many, if not the majority, of its performers are based in Santo Domingo.
Particularly among the young, a genre that has been growing in popularity in recent years in the Dominican Republic is Dominican rap. Also known as Rap del Patio ("yard rap") it is rap music created by Dominican crews and solo artists. Originating in the early 2000s with crews such as Charles Family, successful rappers such as Lapiz Conciente, Vakero, Toxic Crow, and R-1 emerged. The youth have embraced the music, sometimes over merengue, merengue típico, bachata, as well as salsa, and, most recently, reggaeton. It must be noted that Dominican rap differs from reggaeton in the fact that Dominican rap does not use the traditional Dem Bow rhythm frequently used in reggaeton, instead using more hip hop-influenced beats. As well, Dominican rap focuses on urban themes such as money, women, and poverty, similarly to American rap.[citation needed]

Sports

Dominican native and Major League Baseball player Albert Pujols
Baseball is by far the most popular sport in the Dominican Republic.[104]:59 The country has a baseball league of six teams.[105] .Its current season began in October 2009 and ends January 28, 2010. After the United States, the Dominican Republic has the second-highest number of Major League Baseball (MLB) players.^ From lush rainforests to dry desserts, the possibilities for adventure in the Dominican Republic are without end.

^ With the sugar estates increasingly needing workers for seasonal labour, many Haitian migrant workers began settling permanently in the Dominican Republic.
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^ Over the last three decades, remittances ( remesas ) from Dominicans living abroad, mainly in the United States, have become increasingly important to the economy.
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Some of these players have been regarded among the best in the game. Ozzie Virgil, Sr. became the first Dominican to play in the league. A few of the others born in the Dominican Republic are: Julian Javier, Pedro Martinez, Manny Ramirez, David Ortiz, Albert Pujols, Juan Marichal, Sammy Sosa. Felipe Alou enjoyed success as a manager, also.
In boxing, the country has produced scores of world-class fighters and several world champions.[106] Basketball also enjoys a relatively high level of popularity. Al Horford, Felipe Lopez, and Francisco Garcia are among the Dominican-born players currently or formerly in the National Basketball Association (NBA). .Olympic gold medalist and world champion over 400 m hurdles Félix Sánchez hails from the Dominican Republic, as does current defensive end for the San Diego Chargers (National Football League [NFL]), Luis Castillo.^ It is not known how many Haitians or Dominicans of Haitian origin currently live in the Dominican Republic.
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[107]

Holidays

Date Name Remarks
January 1 New Year's Day Non-working day.
January 6 Catholic day of the Epiphany Movable.
January 21 Dia de la Altagracia Non-working day. Patroness Day (Catholic).
January 26 Duarte's Day Movable. Founding Father.
February 27 Independence Day Non-working day. National Day.
(Variable date) Holy Week Working days, except Good Friday.
A Catholic holiday.
May 1 Labour Day Movable.
Last Sunday of May Mother's Day
(Variable date) Catholic Corpus Christi Non-working day. A Thursday in May or June
(60 days after Easter Sunday).
August 16 Restoration Day Non-working day.
September 24 Virgen de las Mercedes Non-working day. A Patroness Day (Catholic)
November 6 Constitution Day Movable.
December 24 Christmas eve
December 25 Christmas Day Non-working day. Birth of Jesus Christ
Notes:
  • Non-working holidays are not moved to another day.
  • If a movable holiday falls on Saturday, Sunday or Monday then it is not moved to another day. If it falls on Tuesday or Wednesday, the holiday is moved to the previous Monday. If it falls on Thursday or Friday, the holiday is moved to the next Monday.

Military

Congress authorizes a combined military force of 44,000 active duty personnel. Actual active duty strength is approximately 32,000. However, approximately 50% of those are used for non-military activities such as security providers for government-owned non-military facilities, highway toll stations, prisons, forestry work, state enterprises, and private businesses. The Commander in Chief of the military is the President. The principal missions are to defend the nation and protect the territorial integrity of the country. The army, larger than the other services combined with approximately 20,000 active duty personnel, consists of six infantry brigades, a combat support brigade, and a combat service support brigade. The air force operates two main bases, one in the southern region near Santo Domingo and one in the northern region near Puerto Plata. The navy operates two major naval bases, one in Santo Domingo and one in Las Calderas on the southwestern coast, and maintains 12 operational vessels. In the Caribbean, only Cuba has a larger military force.[14]
The armed forces have organized a Specialized Airport Security Corps (CESA) and a Specialized Port Security Corps (CESEP) to meet international security needs in these areas. The Secretary of the Armed Forces has also announced plans to form a specialized border corps (CESEF). .Additionally, the armed forces provide 75% of personnel to the National Investigations Directorate (DNI) and the Counter-Drug Directorate (DNCD).^ This sub-committee, which is chaired by the Foreign Ministry, then has the responsibility for making a recommendation to the commission whose members are drawn from the Foreign Ministry, the National Department of Investigations, and the Migration Directorate.
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[14]
The Dominican National Police force contains 32,000 agents. The police are not part of the Dominican armed forces, but share some overlapping security functions. Sixty-three percent of the force serve in areas outside traditional police functions, similar to the situation of their military counterparts.[14]

Services and transportation

Boeing 737-800 at Cibao International Airport in Santiago, DR
The Santo Domingo Metro is the first mass transit system in the country, and second in the Caribbean and Central American nations, after the Tren Urbano in San Juan, Puerto Rico. On February 27, 2008 president Leonel Fernandez test rode the system for the first time and free service was offered thereafter several times. Commercial service started on January 30, 2009. Several additional lines are currently being planned. The Santiago light rail system is in planning stages.
.There are two transportation services in the Dominican Republic: one controlled by the government, through the Oficina Técnica de Transito Terrestre (O.T.T.T.) and the Oficina Metropolitana de Servicios de Autobuses (OMSA); and the other controlled by private business, among them, Federación Nacional de Transporte La Nueva Opción (FENATRANO) and the Confederacion Nacional de Transporte (CONATRA).^ The Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends Malaria vaccinations for those traveling to Punta Cana and intending on visiting the rural regions of the Dominican Republic.

^ The government in the Dominican Republic is structured much like that in the U.S., with a democratic process of elections, three government branches and a presidential term of four years.

^ There is no wait time in the Dominican Republic, and resort specialists can assist with every detail of your romantic itinerary.

The government transportation system covers large routes in metropolitan areas, such as Santo Domingo and Santiago.

Communications

The Dominican Republic's commercial radio stations and television stations are in the process of transferring to the digital spectrum via HD Radio and HDTV.
The reported speeds are from 256 kbit/s / 128 kbit/s for residential services, up to 5 Mbit/s / 1 Mbit/s for residential service. For commercial service there are speeds from 256 kbit/s up to 154 Mbit/s. (Each set of numbers denotes downstream/upstream speed; i.e. to the user/from the user.)
The Dominican Republic has a well–developed telecommunications infrastructure, with extensive mobile phone services and landline services. The telecommunications regulator in the country is INDOTEL, Instituto Dominicano de Telecomunicaciones. .The Dominican Republic offers cable Internet and DSL in most parts of the country, and many Internet service providers offer 3G wireless internet service.^ As a consequence, many thousands of Haitians born in the Dominican Republic have no official documentation in the form of birth certificates or passports, and thus face severe difficulties in accessing education, health and other services, or legally travelling to other countries.
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^ With the sugar estates increasingly needing workers for seasonal labour, many Haitian migrant workers began settling permanently in the Dominican Republic.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is not known how many Haitians or Dominicans of Haitian origin currently live in the Dominican Republic.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Projects to extend Wi-Fi hot spots have been made in Santo Domingo.
On February 1, 2007, Verizon changed the names of its wireless services to Claro and CODETEL. The company has been owned since 2006 by Carlos Slim Helú's América Móvil. Claro is now the official name of the Wireless Division, and CODETEL (the original Compañia Dominicana de Teléfonos) is the updated name for the Verizon Dominicana landline and broadband provider.
In 2000 there were 1.6 million phone line subscribers (land and cell users) in the D.R., and Indotel reports that as of June 5, 2009 there are more than 8 million. That represents 80.6% out of the total population of the country. The communication sector generates about 3.0 % of the GDP.[108] Indotel reports 6,807,831 prepaid cell user accounts. For post-pay (under contract users) it reports 994,027 user accounts. For fixed phone lines (non-cell) it reports 678,901 dedicated lines in use for residential services. For business lines it reports 266,341. For public phones/services it reports 13,639. As of the second quarter of 2008, there are no more analog lines in the trunk services by local providers. Indotel reports 2,439,997 Internet users in the country for the end of March 2009.[109]
.In November 2009, the Dominican Republic became the first Latin American country to pledge to include a "gender perspective" in every information and communications technology (ICT) initiative and policy developed by the government.^ The government in the Dominican Republic is structured much like that in the U.S., with a democratic process of elections, three government branches and a presidential term of four years.

^ Wide rivers, striking mountains and coastal fairways have made the Dominican Republic a refuge for golfers of every aptitude.

^ Popular resort beaches and uninhabited shores make the Dominican Republic’s coastline perfect for every vacation agenda.

[110] .This is significant regionally as the Dominican Republic is leading Latin American governments’ thinking around gender and technology as part of the regional eLAC2010 plan.^ Under this government the seeds were sown for the eventual deep involvement of Haitian migrant labour in the Dominican Republic.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The tool the Dominicans have chosen to design and evaluate all the public policies is the APC Gender Evaluation Methodology (GEM).

Highways

.The Dominican Republic has five major highways, which take travelers to every important town in the country.^ Together they created the Dominican sugar bourgeoisie and under their management the Dominican Republic became a major sugar exporter.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The three major highways are Autopista Duarte, Autopista del Este, and Autopista del Sur, which go to the north, east, and western side of the country. There is a new, 106-kilometer toll road that connects Santo Domingo with the country's northeastern peninsula. Travelers may now arrive in the Samaná Peninsula in less than two hours. Most routes interconnecting small towns in the country are unpaved, but improving.

Electricity

Electric power service has been unreliable since the Trujillo era, and as much as 75% of the equipment is that old.[citation needed] The country's antiquated power grid causes transmission losses which account for a large share of billed electricity from generators. The privatization of the sector started under a previous administration of Leonel Fernández.[51] The recent investment in a "Santo Domingo-Santiago Electrical Highway" to carry 345 KV power,[111] with reduced losses in transmission, is being heralded as a major capital improvement to the national grid since the mid-1960s.
During the Trujillo regime, electrical service was introduced to many cities; still, almost 95% of usage was not billed at all. Around half of the Dominican Republic's 2.1 million houses have no meters and so most do not pay or just pay a fixed monthly rate for their electric service.[112]
.Household and general electrical service is delivered at 110 volts alternating at 60 Hz; electrically powered items from the United States work with no modifications.^ The electricity in the Dominican Republic follows the U.S. standard of 110 Volts/60 Hertz.

The majority of the country has access to electricity. Still, in 2007 some areas have outages lasting as long as 20 hours a day. Tourist areas tend to have more reliable power, as do business, travel, healthcare, and vital infrastructure. The situation improved in 2006, with 200 circuits (40% of the total) providing permanent electricity, as 85% of electric demand overall was met and blackouts were reduced from 6.3 hours per day to 3.7.[citation needed] Concentrated efforts were announced to increase efficiency of delivery to places where the collection rate reached 70%.[113] The electricity sector is highly politicized. Some generating companies are undercapitalized and at times unable to purchase adequate fuel supplies.[14]

International rankings

Organization Survey Ranking
Institute for Economics and Peace Global Peace Index[114] 70 out of 144
United Nations Development Programme Human Development Index 90 out of 182
Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 99 out of 180
World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report 95 out of 133

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "CIA – The World Factbook – Dominican Republic". Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/dr.html. Retrieved 2007-06-04. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Embassy of the Dominican Republic, in the United States". http://www.domrep.org/gen_info.html. Retrieved 2009-02-27. 
  3. ^ Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009) (.PDF). World Population Prospects, Table A.1. 2008 revision. United Nations. http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wpp2008/wpp2008_text_tables.pdf. Retrieved 2009-03-12. 
  4. ^ "Presidencia de la República; Generalidades". http://www.presidencia.gob.do/app/pre_nuestro_pais.aspx?id=372. Retrieved 2009-12-14. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Dominican Republic". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2009/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2006&ey=2009&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=243&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=89&pr.y=1. Retrieved 2009-12-11. 
  6. ^ "Human Development Report 2009. Human development index trends: Table G". The United Nations. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2009_EN_Complete.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  7. ^ a b "Estimaciones y Proyecciones de la Población Dominicana por Regiones, Provincias, Municipios y Distritos Municipales, 2008". http://www.conapofa.gov.do/__estimaciones_y_proyecciones/Estimacionesyproyecciones2008.zip. Retrieved 2008-12-25.  Context: Estimaciones; Población en Tiempo Real
  8. ^ "Colonial City of Santo Domingo". http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/526. Retrieved 2009-02-27. 
  9. ^ a b "CIA – The World Factbook – Rank Order – GDP (purchasing power parity)". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2001rank.html. Retrieved 2009-02-27. 
  10. ^ The U.S. State Department calls it the largest (Dominican Republic (12/08). Retrieved 2009-02-27). However, GDP figures from the CIA's The World Factbook indicate that the Dominican Republic is second in PPP GDP, third in nominal terms.
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  107. ^ Listin Diario 2009-06-05
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  109. ^ Indotel garantiza igualdad de género en proyectos tecnológicos realiza en todo el país [2]
  110. ^ Dominican Today, 2009-04-29
  111. ^ Dominican Today 2006-06-01
  112. ^ Listin Diario, 2007-04-11
  113. ^ "Vision of Humanity". Vision of Humanity. http://www.visionofhumanity.org/gpi/home.php. Retrieved 2010-02-04. 

Bibliography

External links

Government
General information
Travel
Social Development
Commercial


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

North America : Caribbean : Dominican Republic
Playa del Cayo Levantado
Location
noframe
Flag
Image:dr-flag.png
Quick Facts
Capital Santo Domingo
Government Representative democracy
Currency Dominican peso (DOP)
Area total: 48,730 km2
land: 48,380 km2
water: 350 km2
Population 9,904,000 (2008 est.)
Language Spanish
Religion Roman Catholic 95%
Electricity 110/60Hz (USA plug)
Calling Code +1-809 +1-829
Internet TLD .do
Time Zone UTC/GMT -4 hours
Not to be confused with the Caribbean island country of Dominica.
.The Dominican Republic is a Caribbean country that occupies the eastern two-thirds of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola.^ The Dominican Republic (DR) comprises the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, which it shares with Haiti.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ HISTORY The island of Hispaniola, of which the Dominican Republic forms the eastern two-thirds and Haiti the remainder, was originally occupied by Tainos, an Arawak-speaking people.

^ Dominican Republic A country in the Caribbean, the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The western one-third of Hispaniola is occupied by the country of Haiti.^ It occupies 2 thirds of the eastern end of the island of Hispaniola, which it shares with the nation of Haiti on the western end.
  • Carnival Masks of the Dominican Republic by Ivan Erickson 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.dominicanmasks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The country of Haiti occupies the western third of the island.
  • The Dominican Republic 16 September 2009 8:58 UTC www.mazalien.com [Source type: General]

^ Hispaniola with Haiti (eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic, western one-third is Haiti) .
  • 1-language.com - The ESL Site: The World Factbook 2002 Online -- Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.1-language.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To the north lies the North Atlantic Ocean, while the Caribbean Sea lies to the south.^ To the north of Hispaniola is the Atlantic Ocean, to the south the Caribbean Sea, to the east Puerto Rico, and to the west Cuba.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's situated in the heart of the Caribbean region, between the Atlantic Ocean at north and Caribbean Sea at south.
  • Embassy of the Dominican Republic, in the United States 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.domrep.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To the north lies the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south rests the Caribbean Sea.
  • Frequently Asked Questions About the Dominican Republic & Buying Property There 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC dominicanrepublicvacationhomes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Administrative divisions 
31 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 district* (distrito); Azua, Bahoruco, Barahona, Dajabón, Distrito Nacional*, Duarte, Elias Pina, El Seibo, Espaillat, Hato Mayor, Independencia, La Altagracia, La Romana, La Vega, Maria Trinidad Sanchez, Monsenor Nouel, Monte Cristi, Monte Plata, Pedernales, Peravia, Puerto Plata, Salcedo, Samana, Sanchez Ramirez, San Cristobal, San José de Ocoa San Juan, San Pedro de Macoris,Santo Domingo, Santiago, Santiago Rodriguez, Valverde
Map of Dominican Republic
Map of Dominican Republic
  • Los Haitises National Park
  • Jaragua National Park
  • National Park Isla Cabritos
  • Armando Bermudez National Park
  • Jose Del Carmen Ramirez National Park
  • Sierra del Bahoruco National Park
  • Parque Nacional del Este
  • Monte Cristi National Park
  • Parque Historico La Isabela

Climate

.Tropical maritime with little seasonal temperature variation.^ Temperatures in the coastal cities average about 78 ° F, with seasonal variations of five to eight degrees.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most visitors to the D.R. head towards the beaches along the coast, where the two "seasons" see little variation in the overall climate.

.There is a seasonal variation in rainfall.^ Rainfall varies regionally, with about two-thirds of the annual 57 inches coming in the May-to-November rainy season.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall .
  • Dominican Republic Facts 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.compassion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The island lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and is subject to severe storms from June to October.^ In the image, Hurricane Gustav is just crossing the Louisiana coast while Tropical Storm Hanna spins near the Turks and Caicos Islands.
  • NASA - Hurricane Season 2008: Gustav (Atlantic Ocean) 16 September 2009 8:58 UTC www.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It experiences occasional flooding and periodic droughts.^ June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts .
  • 1-language.com - The ESL Site: The World Factbook 2002 Online -- Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.1-language.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Terrain

.Rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed.^ The land ranges from mountainous to gently rolling, with fertile river valleys.
  • Dominican Republic News - Breaking World Dominican Republic News - The New York Times 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]
  • Dominican Republic News - Breaking World Dominican Republic News - The New York Times 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

^ The Dominican Republic is a breathtaking island filled with fertile river valleys, forested mountains and soft, unspoiled beaches.

^ The fertile soil in the valleys is conducive to farming, and many of the mountain slopes are covered with forests.
  • DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

History

.Explored and claimed by Columbus on his first voyage in 1492, the island of Hispaniola became a springboard for Spanish conquest of the Caribbean and the American mainland.^ Explored and claimed by Christopher COLUMBUS on his first voyage in 1492, the island of Hispaniola became a springboard for Spanish conquest of the Caribbean and the American mainland.
  • Flag Counter » The Dominican 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC flagcounter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Christopher Columbus first discovered the island in 1492, he named it La Isla Española, which became Hispaniola.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hispaniola became a springboard for Spanish conquest of the Caribbean mainland.
  • Dominican Republic Country Profile - ExpatUniverse.com 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC expatuniverse.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The island was first inhabited by the Taínos, an Arawakan-speaking people who had arrived around A.D. 600. Within a few short years following the arrival of European explorers the population of Tainos had significantly declined.^ Within a few years following the arrival of Europeans, the artisan village of Higüerito, Moca.
  • Top20DominicanRepublic.com - Your Top20 Guide to Dominican Republic! 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.top20dominicanrepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The inhabitants of Hispaniola were displaced by the Taínos , an Arawakan-speaking people, circa A.D. 600.
  • Top20DominicanRepublic.com - Your Top20 Guide to Dominican Republic! 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.top20dominicanrepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The death rate in the first quarter century of European occupation was, no doubt, staggering, as it was among other Native populations elsewhere, but especially in the tropics.
  • A Chronology of Taino Cultural and Biological Survival 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.centrelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1697, Spain recognized French dominion over the western third of the island, which in 1804 became Haiti.^ In 1697, Spain recognized French dominion over the western third of the island, which in 1804 became Haiti.
  • Sai Movement in Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.sathyasai.org [Source type: General]

^ In 1697 the western third of the island, which later became Haiti, was ceded to France; the remainder of the island passed to France in 1795.
  • Dominican Republic -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (In 1804, the western part of the island became the Republic of Haiti.
  • Dominican Republic, Informations map zones Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.colonialtours.com.do [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The remainder of the island, by then known as Santo Domingo, sought to gain its own independence in 1821, but was conquered and ruled by the Haitians for 22 years; it finally attained independence as the Dominican Republic in 1844.
.A legacy of unsettled, mostly non-representative, rule for much of its subsequent history was brought to an end in 1966 when Joaquin Balaguer became president.^ For much of the twentieth century, the government of the Dominican Republic was unsettled and mostly non-representative.
  • Dominican Republic Country Profile - ExpatUniverse.com 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC expatuniverse.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A legacy of unsettled, mostly non-representative, rule for much of its subsequent history was brought to an end in 1966 when Joaquin BALAGUER became president.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A legacy of unsettled, mostly non-representative rule followed, capped by the dictatorship of Rafael Leonidas TRUJILLO from 1930-61.
  • Flag Counter » The Dominican 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC flagcounter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He maintained a tight grip on power for most of the next 30 years when international reaction to flawed elections forced him to curtail his term in 1996. Since then, regular competitive elections have been held in which opposition candidates have won the presidency.^ Since then, regular competitive elections have been held in which opposition candidates have won the presidency.
  • Flag Counter » The Dominican 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC flagcounter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Dominican Republic 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ BALAGUER maintained a tight grip on power for most of the next 30 years when international reaction to flawed elections forced him to curtail his term in 1996.
  • Flag Counter » The Dominican 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC flagcounter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Dominican Republic 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held 16 May 2004 (next to be held in May 2008) Election results: Leonel Fernandez elected president; percent of vote - Leonel Fernandez (PLD) 57.1%, Rafael Hipolito Mejia Dominguez (PRD) 33.7%, Eduardo Estrella (PRSC) 8.7%.
  • Embassy of the Dominican Republic, in the United States 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.domrep.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Dominican economy has had one of the fastest growth rates in the hemisphere.^ The growth of the Dominican economy remains significantly hampered by an ongoing energy shortage, which causes frequent blackouts and high prices.
  • Dominican Republic Country Profile - ExpatUniverse.com 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC expatuniverse.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Dominican Republic, though encompassing only two-thirds of one Caribbean island, is a country of incredible geological and biological diversity second to none in the hemisphere.
  • Peace Corps in Dominican Republic | FAQs | Invitees 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC dominican.peacecorps.gov [Source type: General]

^ After a decade of little to no growth in the 1980s, the Dominican Republic’s economy boomed in the 1990s, expanding at an average rate of 7.7% per year from 1996 to 2000.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Get in

By plane

The main airports (in alphabetical order) are:
  • (AZS) Samana, also known as "El Catey", located between the towns of Nagua and Samana on the north coast
  • (JBQ) "La Isabela" airport in Santo Domingo, mainly for domestic flights but also receives some flights from other Caribbean islands
  • (LRM) La Romana on the south east coast
  • (POP) Puerto Plata, also known as "Gregorio Luperon" on the north coast
  • (PUJ) Punta Cana International in the east, the busiest in the country
  • (SDQ) Santo Domingo, also known as "Las Americas" on the south coast close to the capital city Santo Domingo
  • (STI) Santiago also known as "Cibao International" in Santiago de los Caballeros (the country's 2nd largest city)
You can get flights from Europe via Madrid (MAD) or Paris (CDG). From the US, you can fly from New York, Ft. Lauderdale, Miami, Philadelphia, San Juan, Atlanta or Charlotte. .Most European and Canadian cities have charter flight connections, which operate seasonally.^ The cheapest and most frequent flights depart from gateway cities such as Miami and New York .
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

.You will be charged $10 for a tourist card on arrival.^ Citizens of the countries listed below can stay for a maximum of 90 days with a tourist card which costs US$ 10 and can be purchased at accredited Dominican Consulates worldwide, when purchasing ticket, or on arrival at one of the countrys ports or international airports.
  • Dominican Republic Travel - Dominican Republic Hotels and Resorts - Debbie's Caribbean Resort Reviews 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.debbiescaribbeanresortreviews.com [Source type: General]

^ US, Canadian and most European Nationals do not need a Visa, only a Tourist Card which you will purchase upon arrival at the airport.
  • Dominican Republic Production Support Services | Caribbean Photography Service - Complete Production Service, Location Scouting and Management, Production Management and Logistics, Customs Liaison 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC fotosupport.com [Source type: General]

^ Departure taxes are generally $20.00 U.S.; $10 Tourist Card paid up arrival into Punta Cana.
  • Punta Cana Vacation Packages - Apple Vacations - Vacations for Families, Weddings, Luxury, Groups, Golf, Honeymoons,Spa and more 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.applevacations.com [Source type: General]

.This must be paid in $US or EUROs (€).^ Taxes -- A departure tax of US$20 (£10) is assessed and must be paid in U.S. currency.
  • Fast Facts in Dominican Republic at Frommer's 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.frommers.com [Source type: General]

.Local currency, GBP, etc, will not be accepted.A departure tax of $20 cash is payable on most charter and some scheduled flights.^ Departure taxes are generally $20.00 U.S.; $10 Tourist Card paid up arrival into Punta Cana.
  • Punta Cana Vacation Packages - Apple Vacations - Vacations for Families, Weddings, Luxury, Groups, Golf, Honeymoons,Spa and more 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.applevacations.com [Source type: General]

^ Most flights go into Santo Domingo, but some fly into Puerto Plata.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

^ This card is payable in cash only, travelers checks and credit cards are not accepted.

.If you are flying on a US carrier, the departure tax is always included in the taxes when you purchased your ticket, so you will not have to pay anything when leaving.^ You should always carry proof of your identity.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.fco.gov.uk [Source type: News]
  • Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.fco.gov.uk [Source type: News]

^ The departure tax is US$ 20 as of Dec.
  • Dominican Republic Production Support Services | Caribbean Photography Service - Complete Production Service, Location Scouting and Management, Production Management and Logistics, Customs Liaison 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC fotosupport.com [Source type: General]

^ US, Canadian and most European Nationals do not need a Visa, only a Tourist Card which you will purchase upon arrival at the airport.
  • Dominican Republic Production Support Services | Caribbean Photography Service - Complete Production Service, Location Scouting and Management, Production Management and Logistics, Customs Liaison 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC fotosupport.com [Source type: General]

Taxi fares to nearby hotels are posted just outside the airports.
.Taxi from Airport to Santo Domingo (Ciudad Colonial): it is about $40 (official rate as of October 2008, but sometimes you can get it for around $25-30 Some independent hotels in the city may offer airport pickup for $30-$35. There are no hotel "courtesy shuttles" at the airport.^ The capital and largest city is Santo Domingo .
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Dominican Republic News - Breaking World Dominican Republic News - The New York Times 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

^ Domenican Republic, Santo Domingo, Ciudad colonial, national monument .
  • Dominican republic Images and Stock Photos. 1740 Dominican republic photography and royalty free pictures available to download from over 100 stock photo companies. 16 September 2009 8:58 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ The Santo Domingo Metro 30, 2009.
  • Top20DominicanRepublic.com - Your Top20 Guide to Dominican Republic! 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.top20dominicanrepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This does not exist in the Dominican Republic.^ Australia does not have an Embassy in the Dominican Republic.
  • Travel Advice for Dominican Republic - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.smartraveller.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ Australia does not have an Embassy or Consulate in the Dominican Republic.
  • Travel Advice for Dominican Republic - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.smartraveller.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ The Dominican Republic does not have a large landholding class.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the airport, you can change your US$ and € in Dominican Pesos.^ There's no need to dine amongst crowds of tourists if you stay in Dominican Republic villas, where you can have a personal chef attend to you throughout your stay.
  • Rent villas in Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.lacurevillas.com [Source type: General]

^ All visitors require a tourist card, which can be obtained before travel from the Embassy of the Dominican Republic , or on arrival at the airport at a cost of US$10 or equivalent.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.fco.gov.uk [Source type: News]
  • Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.fco.gov.uk [Source type: News]

^ You got us in your pages; we are pictured with all our contradictions, with all our confusion, in your article.
  • Gay Dominican Republic: New Surprises and Old Fears 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.globalgayz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

But beware! .You may not be able to exchange back local money to US$ and €, so do it before leaving.^ Before you go, organise a variety of ways to access your money overseas, such as credit cards, travellers' cheques, cash, debit cards or cash cards.
  • Travel Advice for Dominican Republic - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.smartraveller.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ The best places to change money are the banks, which offer good exchange rates; keep your receipts, as this allows you to exchange 30 percent of the pesos back into hard currency (dollars or euros) on departure.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

^ Unless it's a public holiday, you won't need advance reservations , but you should arrive at least an hour before the bus leaves to be sure of getting a seat.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

By car

.Cars may be rented through Hertz, Avis, Prestige Car Rentals [1]or other agencies in Santo Domingo and other major cities.^ The capital and largest city is Santo Domingo .
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The capital, Santo Domingo, has over 2.14 million people, while the population of other large cities, including Santiago de los Caballeros, La Romana, and San Pedro de Macorís, ranges from 124,000 to 364,000.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Santo Domingo stand, among other firsts in the Americas , the first university , cathedral , and castle , the latter two in the Ciudad Colonial area, a UNESCO World Heritage Site .
  • Top20DominicanRepublic.com - Your Top20 Guide to Dominican Republic! 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.top20dominicanrepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Gasoline, however, is expensive often costing upward of US$3.50/gallon.^ However, major repairs can mean delays while parts are ordered; this type of service is expensive and quality often only fair.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some roads, especially in remote areas, are fairly dangerous (often without lane divisions) and many people tend not to respect oncoming traffic.^ Although many Dominicans are fairly secular, children are often taught to ask for a blessing from their parents and other relatives when greeting them.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some 6,500 people from many nations were evacuated to safety.
  • Dominican Republic PSYOP - Operation Power Pack 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Among this group, women tend to find jobs more easily than men, especially in rural areas, and are paid less.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, road conditions on most major highways are roughly similar to road conditions in the United States and western Europe.^ Though hugely popular for water and wind sports, baseball is by far the most dominant game in the country, with many famous Dominicans in the Major League Baseball in United States and in other countries.
  • Sai Movement in Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.sathyasai.org [Source type: General]

^ Both times LBJ cancelled the attacks, worrying that a military victory would harm the image of the United States in Latin America and Europe.
  • Dominican Republic PSYOP - Operation Power Pack 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With numerous contributions from writers of distinguished eminence in every department of letters and science in the United States and in Europe...
  • A Chronology of Taino Cultural and Biological Survival 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.centrelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, potholes and rough spots are not rapidly repaired and drivers must be aware that there are a significant number of rough spots even on some major highways.^ Even smallpox, however, did not claim all of the remaining Taínos as some Spaniards claimed in their reports, petitions and testimonies to the crown.
  • A Chronology of Taino Cultural and Biological Survival 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.centrelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Large amounts of money can be lost rapidly and we are aware of a number of cases where British nationals have lost large sums of money playing these games.
  • Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.fco.gov.uk [Source type: News]

^ Although there is some dispute about the actual numbers, by the end of the invasion, more than 3,000 Dominicans and 24 American servicemen had lost their lives.
  • Dominican Republic PSYOP - Operation Power Pack 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, there are a number of very good roads such as DR-1 which is a four lane highway connecting the cities of Santo Domingo and Santiago and can be traveled with no trouble.^ The capital and largest city is Santo Domingo .
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A paved highway connects the city with Santo Domingo.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The capital, Santo Domingo, has over 2.14 million people, while the population of other large cities, including Santiago de los Caballeros, La Romana, and San Pedro de Macorís, ranges from 124,000 to 364,000.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Highway DR-7 is an excellent toll road opened in late 2008. It goes from just east of Santo Domingo north to near Sanchez.^ The modern La Romana International Airport was opened in 2000 and the city is near several other cities, such as San Pedro de Macorís and the national capital, Santo Domingo de Guzmán.

^ This fall, the brand-new Hilton Santo Domingo is scheduled to open on the waterfront.
  • Dominican Republic vacation planner and destination guide 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.cmtravelonline.com [Source type: General]

^ There are excellent beaches on the north, southeast and east coasts, rising up to the mountains.
  • Dominican Republic Holidays: Cheap Holidays in Dominican Republic, Caribbean- lastminute.com 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: General]

.From there, you can go east to the Samana peninsula or west along the northern coast of the DR and costs about US $11. Probably the biggest challenge that an international visitor to the Dominican Republic will face if he or she chooses to rent a car is not so much dealing with automobile traffic, but rather avoiding accidentally running over pedestrians who cross poorly-lit streets and highways in the evening and nighttime hours.^ Highways Dominican Republic has five major highways.
  • Dominican Republic Country Profile - ExpatUniverse.com 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC expatuniverse.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rent villas in Dominican Republic .
  • Rent villas in Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.lacurevillas.com [Source type: General]

^ Questions about properties or the Dominican Republic?
  • Dominican Republic Real Estate - Properties listing, villas homes and condos page 1 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.drparadise.com [Source type: General]

The best recommendation is not to drive after dusk. .Outside of Santo Domingo, the motorbike (motoconcho) is an extremely common form of travel.^ A year later Santo Domingo again declared its independence, forming the Dominican Republic.
  • DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Santo Domingo is one of the extreme examples of the creation of a huge sub-proletariat overnight.
  • Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.normangall.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Travelers are advised to use extreme caution and common sense when venturing out in any foreign destination.

If lost, you can hail a motorbike driver (motochonchista) and ask for directions. You will be taken to your destination by following the bike. A tip is appropriate for such help. .Remember that many of these motorbike drivers look upon road rules as only recommendations.^ But these were only a few groups among a great many others.
  • Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.normangall.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, driving in the Dominican Republic should not be particularly difficult for experienced drivers from North America or Europe.^ Dominican’s drive on the right side of the road and numerous rental agencies provide rental cars for drivers over the age of 25.

^ The North Coast of the Dominican Republic is nicknamed the Amber Coast, because of its rich deposits of semi-precious amber.
  • Dominican Republic Travel - Dominican Republic Hotels and Resorts - Debbie's Caribbean Resort Reviews 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.debbiescaribbeanresortreviews.com [Source type: General]

^ Homosexual activity is not illegal in the Dominican Republic, however gay and lesbian travellers should be aware of local sensitivities, particularly in rural communities.
  • Travel Advice for Dominican Republic - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.smartraveller.gov.au [Source type: News]

By boat

.There is a ferry that travels between Mayagüez in Puerto Rico and Santo Domingo in Dominican Republic.^ Columbus established Santo Domingo in what is now the Dominican Republic.
  • Timeline Dominican Republic 16 September 2009 8:58 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ Dominican republic, Santo Domingo, naive paintings .
  • Dominican republic Images and Stock Photos. 1740 Dominican republic photography and royalty free pictures available to download from over 100 stock photo companies. 16 September 2009 8:58 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ International dialing codes to Dominican Republic – Santo Domingo .
  • International dialing codes to Dominican Republic – Santo Domingo 16 September 2009 8:58 UTC www.timeanddate.com [Source type: News]

.The website says the journey takes 12 hours, leaves Puerto Rico on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays at 8PM, and arrives in Dominican Republic at 8AM the next morning.^ If a movable holiday falls on Saturday, Sunday or Monday then it Friday, the holiday is moved to the next Monday.
  • Top20DominicanRepublic.com - Your Top20 Guide to Dominican Republic! 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.top20dominicanrepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Dominican Republic has become the Caribbean's second largest tourist destination after Puerto Rico ; the country's year–round golf courses are among the top attractions.
  • Top20DominicanRepublic.com - Your Top20 Guide to Dominican Republic! 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.top20dominicanrepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When asked upon arrival why they chose to visit the Dominican Republic, people always say they came for the value, the sun, and the beach.
  • Dominican Republic vacation planner and destination guide 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.cmtravelonline.com [Source type: General]

For prices and bookings, visit the Ferries Del Caribe English website [2].

Get around

.Options for getting around the country include bus service, 'gua-guas' (pronounced "Gwa-Gwas": small battered vans or trucks that serve as a collective taxi running fixed routes that are very cheap but can also very overloaded), domestic air flights and charter air service.^ The Dominican Republic's bus companies provide an excellent, inexpensive service over much of the country.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

^ Taxis are another option for getting around the cities, and by foreign standards are relatively cheap; reputable operators are listed throughout the section.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

^ Several private companies in the capital offer chartered, air-conditioned bus tours.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

There is no rail system in the country. .Most towns and cities have regularly scheduled bus service, if not by one of the big bus companies, than by gua-gua[3].^ The Dominican Republic's bus companies provide an excellent, inexpensive service over much of the country.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

^ Aside from the local colour, they're worth using because they're incredibly cheap and cover far more of the country than the bus companies.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

^ Regular and affordable service is provided by a variety of buses/minibuses/public taxis between most major cities and large towns.
  • Peace Corps in Dominican Republic | FAQs | Invitees 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC dominican.peacecorps.gov [Source type: General]

.The bus lines are most often simple, independently run operations, usually only connecting two cities within a region (Southwest, East, North) or between one city and the capital (with stops made for any towns on the route).^ Private car lines and buses connect outlying cities to one another and to the capital.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Dominican Republic, though encompassing only two-thirds of one Caribbean island, is a country of incredible geological and biological diversity second to none in the hemisphere.
  • Peace Corps in Dominican Republic | FAQs | Invitees 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC dominican.peacecorps.gov [Source type: General]

^ Jamaica rests at southwest; Puerto Rico is at east beyond the 70-mile Mona Passage; the Southern most tip of Florida is 685 miles away.
  • Embassy of the Dominican Republic, in the United States 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.domrep.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Because of the geography of the country, to get from one region of the country to another you have to go through the capital.^ Private car lines and buses connect outlying cities to one another and to the capital.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Drug possession is the one crime you won't be able to bribe your way out of; whatever you do, don't carry any with you into the country.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

^ The article talked about how one effect of globalization is that extremely different countries start to have cultures that are the similar because of the businesses and products there.

.Caribe Tours [4], based out of the capital, is the biggest bus company, and has coverage in most regions that are not well-served by the other 'official' bus companies.^ In addition, you'll find several regional bus companies, though vehicles and drivers tend to vary more in quality.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

^ Several private companies in the capital offer chartered, air-conditioned bus tours.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By bus Caribe Tours (in Santo Domingo tel 809/221-4422) boasts by far the most extensive bus network, while Metro (in Santo Domingo tel 809/566-7126) can get you from the capital to the Cibao , Puerto Plata and the Samana Peninsula.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

Unlike taxis and gua-guas, Caribe Tour rates are fixed by destination and are extremely reasonable due to government subsidies. .Expect to pay under 250 pesos (Dom) or US$10 for even the longest trips.^ For longer trips, you'll often have to transfer guaguas at major towns, but even the longest leg of the trip will cost no more than RD$40; more often, you'll be paying RD$5-10.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

Caribe Tour buses typically run from 7AM to 4PM (with departures approx. every two hours) and cover most major cities. On longer trips, expect a short (10 minute) stop for coffee and lunch. .Buses are fairly luxurious with movies playing for the entire trip and air conditioning (which can be extremely cold - bring a sweater).^ Movies, shown in comfortable, air-conditioned theaters in Santo Domingo, are one of the principal means of entertainment outside the home.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Another option is the slightly more expensive Metrobus bus company [5].^ In addition, you'll find several regional bus companies, though vehicles and drivers tend to vary more in quality.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

^ Aside from the local colour, they're worth using because they're incredibly cheap and cover far more of the country than the bus companies.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

.Metrobus serves the northern and eastern part of the country.^ Dominican Republic A country in the Caribbean, the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The 'unofficial' gua-gua system covers nearly every road on the island for some moderate savings (if you don't mind being packed in).
.Taxi services are available but potentially dangerous when dealing with unlicensed drivers.^ Regular taxis are available at large hotels, as is private call-a-cab service; these taxis operate on a zone system, but drivers are occasionally willing to carry a passenger a short distance, called a carrera , for a minimum fare plus tip.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In all cases, it's a good idea to go with a licensed driver and negotiate a price for your destination before you leave.^ Many of the hotels here are now all inclusive with all meals, snacks, drinks, daytime activities and water sports included in the price you paid for your holiday.
  • Dominican Republic Caribbean Hotel Reviews, Holiday Reviews and Reports 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.realholidayreports.com [Source type: General]

^ Rental Cars: You must be at least 25 years old to rent a car, and you'll need a valid driver's license from your home country or an international driving permit.
  • Punta Cana Vacation Packages - Apple Vacations - Vacations for Families, Weddings, Luxury, Groups, Golf, Honeymoons,Spa and more 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.applevacations.com [Source type: General]

^ You got us in your pages; we are pictured with all our contradictions, with all our confusion, in your article.
  • Gay Dominican Republic: New Surprises and Old Fears 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.globalgayz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Good drivers are often easy to identify by licenses worn around the neck, uniforms, and clean air conditioned vehicles. .When calling a taxi company, you will be given a number to verify your driver.^ If you need to make a phone call to someone in another country and you are not quite sure how to dial the number, then this service should hopefully help you.
  • International dialing codes to Dominican Republic – Santo Domingo 16 September 2009 8:58 UTC www.timeanddate.com [Source type: News]

^ Just register your phone numbers (up to 10 phone lines), save up to 90% on all your domestic and international calls.

^ In addition, you'll find several regional bus companies, though vehicles and drivers tend to vary more in quality.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

.When being picked up, make sure your driver gives you the right number as 'false pickups' are often a prelude to robbery.^ I appreciated that you picked me up and delivered me to any destination including the Air Port.
  • Dominican Republic - Reports/Forums/jerrylabella.com 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.jerrylabella.com [Source type: General]

^ Kristy Engel "If you make the Lord your refuge, if you make the Most High your shelter, no evil will conquer you; no plague will come near your dwelling, for he o...

^ If you cancel your service contract prior to the end of the 2-year agreement, up to a $200 early termination fee will apply.
  • Dominican Republic Hotels: Book Your Dominican Republic Resort Online | BookIt.com� 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.bookit.com [Source type: General]
  • Dominican Republic Vacations and Dominican Republic Vacation Packages | BookIt.com� 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.bookit.com [Source type: General]
  • Plan Your Destination Wedding in the Dominican Republic La Romana | BookIt.com ® Travel Guide 16 September 2009 8:58 UTC www.bookit.com [Source type: General]

.Another way to get out and about is to book an excursion or transfers with Cocotours [6], one of the Dominican Republic's leading inbound tour operators.^ Dominican Airport Transfers Automated Airport Transfers Booking System for the Dominican Republic 'Taking care of your transportation needs in DR' .

^ General Don Pedro Santana who after being elected President of the Dominican Republic, assigned a pension to another Indian woman who claimed to be a descendant of one of the other chiefs under Enriquillo, and also lived in Boya .
  • A Chronology of Taino Cultural and Biological Survival 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.centrelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many tourist that visit us and stay at one of our all inclusive Dominican Republic properties reguest Typical Dominican Republic Food recipes from their chefs.

Cocotours has offices in:
  • La Romana
  • Puerto Plata
  • Punta Cana
  • Samana.

Talk

.The official language of the Dominican Republic is Spanish.^ Spanish is the official language of the Dominican Republic.
  • DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The official language of the Dominican Republic is Spanish and the majority of Dominicans are of mixed European and African decent.
  • The Dominican Republic - Destination Information 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.superclubs.org [Source type: General]

^ Spanish is the official language.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.You will find some Spanish-English bilingual locals especially in Santo Domingo and tourist areas.^ Some English is spoken in Santo Domingo, particularly within the tourist industry.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Santo Domingo stand, among other firsts in the Americas , the first university , cathedral , and castle , the latter two in the Ciudad Colonial area, a UNESCO World Heritage Site .
  • Top20DominicanRepublic.com - Your Top20 Guide to Dominican Republic! 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.top20dominicanrepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Talk the Talk Many people in this lovely land speak English, but you might like for politeness sake to throw in a few Spanish phrases of your own.
  • The Dominican Republic - Destination Information 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.superclubs.org [Source type: General]

.If you speak some Spanish, most Dominicans will try hard to meet you half way and communicate.^ Most doctors speak some English.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ History As you arrive in the Dominican Republic, which occupies the greater part of the island of Hispaniola, you can feel the Spanish influence in the air.
  • The Dominican Republic - Destination Information 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.superclubs.org [Source type: General]

^ Talk the Talk Many people in this lovely land speak English, but you might like for politeness sake to throw in a few Spanish phrases of your own.
  • The Dominican Republic - Destination Information 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.superclubs.org [Source type: General]

.If you have a problem, you can probably find someone who speaks sufficient English (or probably French and possible German, Italian or Russian) to help you out.^ FROM™ Technology is a patent-pending pricing methodology Available ONLY on BookIt.com® FROM™ Technology Fixes Three Huge Problems in Online Travel Find out how FROM™ will change the way YOU search for travel.
  • Dominican Republic Hotels: Book Your Dominican Republic Resort Online | BookIt.com� 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.bookit.com [Source type: General]
  • Plan Your Destination Wedding in the Dominican Republic La Romana | BookIt.com ® Travel Guide 16 September 2009 8:58 UTC www.bookit.com [Source type: General]

^ Talk the Talk Many people in this lovely land speak English, but you might like for politeness sake to throw in a few Spanish phrases of your own.
  • The Dominican Republic - Destination Information 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.superclubs.org [Source type: General]

^ You can either check out our special Dominican Republic holiday bargains below or simply use our search box to help find you the ideal Dominican Republic holiday.
  • Dominican Republic Holidays: Cheap Holidays in Dominican Republic, Caribbean- lastminute.com 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: General]

.Dominicans are quite friendly and will be quite helpful if you are polite and respectful.^ You can either check out our special Dominican Republic holiday bargains below or simply use our search box to help find you the ideal Dominican Republic holiday.
  • Dominican Republic Holidays: Cheap Holidays in Dominican Republic, Caribbean- lastminute.com 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: General]

^ If you are looking to book a flight to Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (SDQ), Expedia.com has several ways to help you.
  • Book Flights to Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (SDQ) - Get Airline Tickets at Expedia 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC flights.expedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hotels About Agoda Rewards Special Offers 24/7 Help You are here : Home → World → Central America and Caribbean → Dominican Republic Hotels .
  • Dominican Republic Hotels - Online hotel reservations for Hotels in Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

.Haitians living in the DR may speak a variation of French and you may hear a few African and Arawakan words interspersed with the Spanish, especially in rural areas.^ Talk the Talk Many people in this lovely land speak English, but you might like for politeness sake to throw in a few Spanish phrases of your own.
  • The Dominican Republic - Destination Information 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.superclubs.org [Source type: General]

^ However, there is still a large segment of the population which lives in urban slums and poor rural areas without electricity or running water.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ About 40 percent of Dominicans live in rural areas such as the village of Honda Valle.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Communication should not be a problem even for those who speak only a minimum of Spanish.^ We were up and running a few days before that but I was the only announcer (my MOS listed "broadcast specialist") and I did not speak Spanish.
  • Dominican Republic PSYOP - Operation Power Pack 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Those invitees who are worried about their current level of Spanish should take comfort that the intensive language training provided to all trainees allows for rapid improvement and extensive practice.
  • Peace Corps in Dominican Republic | FAQs | Invitees 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC dominican.peacecorps.gov [Source type: General]

^ Most servants speak only Spanish, but a few know some English.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If you are traveling to one of the large all-inclusive hotels, you will have no language problems.^ Many tourist that visit us and stay at one of our all inclusive Dominican Republic properties reguest Typical Dominican Republic Food recipes from their chefs.

^ There are dozens of beautiful large, mostly all-inclusive hotels, spread over more than 30 miles (50 km) of beautiful white sand beaches, some of the most beautiful in the world.
  • Dominican Republic Travel - Dominican Republic Hotels and Resorts - Debbie's Caribbean Resort Reviews 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.debbiescaribbeanresortreviews.com [Source type: General]

^ Riu Bachata All Inclusive     Ranks #37 in WhereToStay's traveler index .
  • WhereToStay.com: Dominican Republic Villas, Hotels and Resorts with reviews. 16 September 2009 8:58 UTC www.wheretostay.com [Source type: General]

Buy

.One of the best spots in the Colonial District of Santo Domingo to shop is the several blocks long outdoor mall, El Conde street.^ The vibrant capital Santo Domingo is covered in-depth with detailed background information on its historic forts and churches, and the Zona Colonial as well as the best in Dominican museums, restaurants, and nightlife.
  • Dominican Republic :: Rough Guides Shop 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.roughguides.com [Source type: News]

^ In Santo Domingo stand, among other firsts in the Americas , the first university , cathedral , and castle , the latter two in the Ciudad Colonial area, a UNESCO World Heritage Site .
  • Top20DominicanRepublic.com - Your Top20 Guide to Dominican Republic! 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.top20dominicanrepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The navy operates two major naval bases, one in Santo Domingo and one in Las Calderas on the southwestern coast, and maintains 12 operational vessels.
  • Dominican Republic (06/09) 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It offers everything from street vendors (it is not recommended to eat off these) to knock-off name brand clothing for extremely inexpensive prices. .There are some very pleasant outdoor restaurants that serve as perfect spots to people watch and drink Presidente (their most popular beer).^ There are several Dominican beer brands, but by far the best and most popular is Presidente , served in both normal-sized and surreally large bottles, and comparing favourably with beers from across the world.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

^ Fine local beers sell at prices approximately equal to those in the U.S. Most kinds of soft drinks are bottled here and sold at reasonable prices.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dominican Republic Restaurants Your guide to all the best Dominican Republic food & drink spots when you visit.
  • Dominican Republic Vacations and Dominican Republic Vacation Packages | BookIt.com� 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.bookit.com [Source type: General]

.During the day, there are also several touristy shops where you can buy cheap presents for the family back home including authentic paintings and beautiful jewelry.^ Christopher Columbus landed at Môle Saint-Nicolas , in northwest present-day Haiti, on December 5, 1492, during his first voyage.
  • Top20DominicanRepublic.com - Your Top20 Guide to Dominican Republic! 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.top20dominicanrepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their maps are likewise relatively useless, though there are several excellent ones of the country available, including the 1:600,000 Dominican Republic map published by Berndtson & Berndtson.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

^ During his undergraduate studies, Nathaniel participated in several study abroad programs, including the CIEE Study Centers in Seville, Spain and Santiago, Dominican Republic.
  • Study Abroad with CIEE in Santiago 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.ciee.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Study Abroad with CIEE in Santiago 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ciee.org [Source type: Academic]

.There is also a very nice cigar shop at the end of the mall across from the cathedral.^ However, soon after opening their Indialantic cigar and coffee shop in December 2005, the Malleys discovered there were drawbacks to relying on someone else to transport the tobacco.
  • Articles:Listing Dominican_republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.tobacco.org [Source type: News]

.Clothes, however, are generally very economical and often of good quality.^ However, major repairs can mean delays while parts are ordered; this type of service is expensive and quality often only fair.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fresh foods on the local market are generally in good supply and of adequate quality.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Most prices can be negotiated. .US dollars are accepted in most areas.^ It's impossible to find Dominican pesos outside the country, but visitors are well advised to come armed with a substantial amount of US dollars, as these are the most readily accepted (and exchangeable) foreign currency in the land.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

^ Most tourist establishments accept and sometimes prefer the U.S. dollar because of its strong economic standing.

^ Major credit cards and traveler’s checks are also accepted at most resort areas and ATMs can be found within the resort areas.

  • Beer- Presidente, Brahma, Bohemia
  • Rum- Brugal, Barcelo, Bermudez (Called the Three B's of Dominican Rum)
  • Mama Juana- a mixture of bark and herbs left to soak in rum, red wine and honey.
.Additionally, other imported drinks are available for purchase--at least in the towns and cities--they might not be as readily available out in the countryside.^ In Puerto Plata and other smaller towns, city transit is instead in the form of motoconchos , inexpensive, small-engined motorbikes that ferry you from place to place; they're faster than the publicos but can be dangerous.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

^ In many bateyes, as in many poor areas in other parts of the country, medical assistance either was rudimentary or not readily available.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to providing employment for Dominicans the change in quality of available work has allowed Dominican workers more choice in terms of the wages and working conditions they are willing to accept.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Dominican Republic : Dominican Republic Overview 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Do not drink tap water! Locals, even in the most rural areas, will either boil their water or purchase bottled water.^ Contaminated water must be boiled in rural areas.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite relatively clean drinking water in the Dominican Republic, it is still advised that visitors drink bottled water.

^ However, there is still a large segment of the population which lives in urban slums and poor rural areas without electricity or running water.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Eating salads or other food that may be washed in tap water is not advisable.^ Cut the chicken, with bone, into 12 pieces and wash for 5 minutes under running tap ÊÊÊÊÊ water.

^ Some had resorted to eating the dead after food and water ran out.
  • Timeline Dominican Republic 16 September 2009 8:58 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

Ice is a bad idea as well, except in luxury hotels and restaurants (which produce ice from bottled water). .If you plan on cooking or washing dishes for longer stays, it is a good idea to rinse everything with bottled or boiled water before use.^ Add the rest of the water (depends on what type of rice you use).

Eat

.Food in the Dominican Republic is typical Caribbean fare, with lots of tropical fruits, rice, beans, and seafood.^ Dominican Republic food .

^ The staples of the Dominican diet are beans, rice, chicken, pork, plantains, and tropical fruits.
  • Peace Corps in Dominican Republic | FAQs | Invitees 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC dominican.peacecorps.gov [Source type: General]

^ Dominican Republic food: .

.Most restaurant meals will cost an additional 16% tax plus 10% service - for very good service it is customary to leave an additional 10%.^ Ferries depart Mayaguez three times a week; the cost is US$144 one-way, plus the US$10 entry tax and US$60 for a private cabin.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

^ The Code covers matters regarding income tax, tax on the transfer of industrialized goods and services (ITBIS), and selective consumption tax.
  • GlobaLex - Guide to Legal Research in the Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.nyulawglobal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Tips: A 23% gov't tax is added to all bills, including a 10% service charge.
  • Punta Cana Vacation Packages - Apple Vacations - Vacations for Families, Weddings, Luxury, Groups, Golf, Honeymoons,Spa and more 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.applevacations.com [Source type: General]

Sleep

.Lodging in the Dominican Republic is plentiful, with options ranging from huge, all-inclusive beach resorts to more personal options scattered along the coasts and in the cities, including Moon Palace Casino, Golf & Spa Resort.^ The Dominican Republic would be included later.
  • Timeline Dominican Republic 16 September 2009 8:58 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ See more pictures of Dominican Republic .
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Immediately below are the all-inclusive Dominican Republic resorts, where lodging, meals, activities and more are rolled into one price.
  • Dominican Republic Resorts, Dominican Republic Vacations, Dominican Republic Hotels, Dominican Republic Travel, Dominican Republic Resort 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.resortvacationstogo.com [Source type: General]

.Hotels charge a 25% room tax, so inquire beforehand to determine if that tax is included in the listed room price.^ The tax applies to all international flights, and may be included in the price of the airline ticket.
  • Dominican Republic Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Tips: A 23% gov't tax is added to all bills, including a 10% service charge.
  • Punta Cana Vacation Packages - Apple Vacations - Vacations for Families, Weddings, Luxury, Groups, Golf, Honeymoons,Spa and more 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.applevacations.com [Source type: General]

^ All hotel and restaurant taxes and tips are included in Apple Vacations All-Inclusive Vacations.
  • Punta Cana Vacation Packages - Apple Vacations - Vacations for Families, Weddings, Luxury, Groups, Golf, Honeymoons,Spa and more 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.applevacations.com [Source type: General]

Learn

.Many US universities offer study abroad options for the Dominican Republic.^ Many tourist that visit us and stay at one of our all inclusive Dominican Republic properties reguest Typical Dominican Republic Food recipes from their chefs.

^ The Dominican Republic offers a romantic appeal with its deep turquoise waters, infectious music, delicious food and the perfect balance between privacy and a friendly atmosphere.
  • Plan Your Destination Wedding in the Dominican Republic La Romana | BookIt.com ® Travel Guide 16 September 2009 8:58 UTC www.bookit.com [Source type: General]

^ We offer you a simple, fast and secure way to reserve hotels in Dominican Republic.
  • Dominican Republic Travel - Dominican Republic Hotels and Resorts - Debbie's Caribbean Resort Reviews 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.debbiescaribbeanresortreviews.com [Source type: General]

.The two most common cities hosting exchange students are Santo Domingo and Santigo.^ The capital and largest city is Santo Domingo .
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Santo Domingo stand, among other firsts in the Americas , the first university , cathedral , and castle , the latter two in the Ciudad Colonial area, a UNESCO World Heritage Site .
  • Top20DominicanRepublic.com - Your Top20 Guide to Dominican Republic! 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.top20dominicanrepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The navy operates two major naval bases, one in Santo Domingo and one in Las Calderas on the southwestern coast, and maintains 12 operational vessels.
  • Dominican Republic (06/09) 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Check with local universities for programs and prices. .Spanish language schools are located in major cities and on the north coast as well.^ Major language: Spanish .
  • Dominican Republic Travel - Dominican Republic Hotels and Resorts - Debbie's Caribbean Resort Reviews 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.debbiescaribbeanresortreviews.com [Source type: General]

^ Columbus then ordered the construction of a new city, La Isabela, near the present city of Puerto Plata on the north coast of the Dominican Republic.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hotels in the North Coast from Puerto Plata to Samana, as well as hotels in the capital city of Santo Domingo are operating normally.

Work

.Most companies do not require anything more than a Passport to work.^ These restrictions include a limitation of no more than six hours of daily work, no employment in dangerous occupations or establishments serving alcohol and limitations on nighttime work.

^ These special rules, however, are more in the area of registration and prior import license approval than in marking and labeling requirements.
  • Dominican Republic Country Profile 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.fedex.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Relationships among people are more important than schedules and being late for appointments, and people often spend time socializing rather than working.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are a lot of North American companies [USA] in the country, especially in Santo Domingo and DN (aka National District).^ Subdivisions: 31 provinces and the National District of Santo Domingo.
  • Dominican Republic (06/09) 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Subdivisions: 29 provinces and the National District of Santo Domingo.

^ There are 30 senators, one for each province and the National District (the city of Santo Domingo).
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

There are good opportunities for English speaking employees. .The country has several free zones, lots of them in the call center area.^ UR’s smoking-cessation project will utilize a unique system called “Little Intelligent Communities” or LINCOS that was developed, in part, by UR’s Center for Future Health to bring modern technology to rural and urban areas of developing countries.
  • Articles:Listing Dominican_republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.tobacco.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also in 2004 the country agreed to join in a free-trade area with the United States and most Central American nations.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Select toll free or local numbers from several countries and establish a global presence.

Volunteering

.There are several volunteer opportunities in the Dominican Republic.^ Cosmetic Surgery: The U.S. Embassy in Santo Domingo and the CDC are aware of several cases in which U.S. citizens experienced serious complications or died following elective cosmetic surgery in the Dominican Republic.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There have been reports of fraudulent charges appearing months after card usage in the Dominican Republic.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you are looking to book a flight to Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (SDQ), Expedia.com has several ways to help you.
  • Book Flights to Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (SDQ) - Get Airline Tickets at Expedia 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC flights.expedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many worldwide organizations offer extended travel for anyone willing to volunteer their time to work with locals on projects such as community development, conservation, wildlife sanctuary maintenance & development, scientific research, & education programs.^ Malaria risk is significantly higher for travelers who go on some of the excursions to the countryside offered by many resorts.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The time saved on traveling after the wedding is time that can be spent admiring pristine beaches, crystal clear waters, historical architecture and charming towns, overflowing with local culture.
  • Plan Your Destination Wedding in the Dominican Republic La Romana | BookIt.com ® Travel Guide 16 September 2009 8:58 UTC www.bookit.com [Source type: General]

^ He once again turned to massive public-works projects in an attempt to revitalize the economy, but this time was unsuccessful.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • Orphanage Outreach [7]
  • Dominican Foundation [8]
  • International Student Volunteers Dominican Republic [9]
  • The DREAM Project [10]
  • Peace Corps Dominican Republic [11]
  • IDDI [12]

Stay safe

.The Dominican Republic is generally an extremely safe country.^ Country dominican republic .
  • Women Seeking Men in the Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC amigos.com [Source type: General]

^ Another time, another country: Dominican Republic .
  • Articles:Listing Dominican_republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.tobacco.org [Source type: News]

^ The Dominican Republic is a hurricane-prone country.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, though it has emerged from being a third world country to the status of upper middle class, poverty (though not as bad as next door Haiti), is still rampant and it is best you take common sense precautions.^ Its western third is home to Haiti , making Hispaniola one of two Caribbean islands that are split by two countries , Saint-Martin/Sint Maarten being the other.
  • Dominican Republic Greater Antilles- Dominican Repbulic Vacation Packages 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.jamaicavacationsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ In recent years, an exciting ferment of new ideas, artistic expression, and an eagerness to discover and take part in the best intellectual and cultural developments has emerged.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In middle-class and upper-class families the structure is patriarchal, and the dominant father-figure is the norm.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Do not travel alone in cities if possible as muggings are fairly common. .Streets are largely unlit after dark, even in the capital of Santo Domingo, and are subject to routine power outages.^ The capital and largest city is Santo Domingo .
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The capital, Santo Domingo, has over 2.14 million people, while the population of other large cities, including Santiago de los Caballeros, La Romana, and San Pedro de Macorís, ranges from 124,000 to 364,000.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The South Coast, or Caribbean Coast, has miles of beautiful coastline and beaches, and is also where Santo Domingo, the capital of the Dominican Republic, is located.
  • Dominican Republic Travel - Dominican Republic Hotels and Resorts - Debbie's Caribbean Resort Reviews 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.debbiescaribbeanresortreviews.com [Source type: General]

.Wild dogs are common throughout the country but largely ignore people (feeding these dogs is not recommended as this may induce aggressive behavior).^ These people still make and use a few articles of aboriginal character, while their houses, their methods of agriculture, and, to a large extent, their mode of life, are still quite Indian.
  • A Chronology of Taino Cultural and Biological Survival 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.centrelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Western travelers should dress casually and remove rings and other jewelry when away from tourist destinations, but common tourist destinations, in particular the more expensive, luxury hotels and areas, are very safe.^ Travellers should avoid using or renting motorcycle taxis ( motoconchos ), as they are very dangerous.
  • Dominican Republic Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Canadian currency and traveller's cheques can be exchanged at most commercial banks and exchange booths or offices ( casas de cambio ) and in resort areas and major tourist hotels.
  • Dominican Republic Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Unaccompanied female travellers should exercise caution in dealing with strangers or recent acquaintances, especially regarding the acceptance of rides or other invitations.
  • Dominican Republic Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.Sex tourism is prevalent in the Puerto Plata section of the country, so you may be hassled by young men or women trying to offer you 'services'. A firm 'No' is good enough.^ There are cigar plantations and factories throughout the country, though most congregate around Santiago and the Cibao Valley region, near Puerto Plata.
  • Articles:Listing Dominican_republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.tobacco.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A private nationwide ambulance service, ProMed, operates in Santo Domingo, Santiago, Puerto Plata and La Romana; Telephone number is 809-412-5555.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For example, Punta Cana sustained some damage, while Puerto Plata, which is in the country's North Coast, remained untouched".

.The age of consent is 18, and tourists who have sex with minors may also be prosecuted by their home country.^ Regulations stipulated that children born of parents who were not legal residents of the country and have documentation from their home country may register their child in the book, after which the parents would be given an official report of birth, which does not confer citizenship.
  • Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ VISAS: Visitors who do not obtain a Dominican visa prior to entry must purchase a tourist card upon arrival to enter the country.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ TRAVEL OF CHILDREN AND EXIT REQUIREMENTS: Strict exit requirements apply to minors under 18 years of age (of any nationality) who are residents in the Dominican Republic.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are no laws dictating the maximum amount of alcohol that can be drunk prior to driving.^ The law prohibits forced exile, and there were no reports of its use.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The law prohibits forced or compulsory labor, and there no longer were reports that it occurred.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are no child car seat laws.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

However, there is a 0.5% limit for professional drivers. .Be wary of vehicles, especially during the late evening, as there is a much higher possibility that the driver is intoxicated compared to your home country, due to the lack of law.^ Rental Cars: You must be at least 25 years old to rent a car, and you'll need a valid driver's license from your home country or an international driving permit.
  • Punta Cana Vacation Packages - Apple Vacations - Vacations for Families, Weddings, Luxury, Groups, Golf, Honeymoons,Spa and more 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.applevacations.com [Source type: General]

^ Most Americans prefer these stores over local markets, even though supermarket prices are much higher.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The law prohibits forced or compulsory labor, including by children, but there were reports of trafficking in children within the country.
  • Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is, however, illegal for tourists and visitors to drink drive and you may be penalized for doing so.
The level of professionalism of the National Police is somewhat debatable. .To protect income from tourism the government has established the Polit Tour or "tourist police" [13] which is tasked with the safety of foreign tourists.^ The law provides for the granting of asylum or refugee status in accordance with the 1951 UN Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 protocol, but the government has not established a system for providing protection to refugees.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Tourist Police (POLITUR), a cooperative effort between the National Police, Secretary of the Armed Forces and the Secretary of Tourism, provides a security presence in tourist areas and first response assistance to tourists.
  • Dominican Republic Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Political demonstrations do not generally occur in areas frequented by tourists and are generally not targeted at foreigners.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Travelers should contact this agency if any problems are encountered as they will have a much more positive response than with the national police.^ In response to the public perception of police corruption, the National Police reinstituted a system to provide every police officer with visible identification.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The National Police responded more transparently and effectively to allegations of police misconduct than in past years.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the emphasis on the package vacations that have earned the country so much money, they hold little value for independent travellers.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

Stay healthy

.Malaria can be an issue around rainforests if travelers don't take protective measures such as repellents against mosquito bites.^ Residents and travellers are advised to take appropriate precautions to protect themselves from contracting dengue fever by using mosquito repellent (DEET), and avoiding swampy or low lying areas where mosquitoes are more prevalent.
  • Dominican Republic Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) reminds travellers that the use of personal protective measures against mosquito bites is recommended to prevent getting malaria while visiting certain areas in the Dominican Republic.
  • Dominican Republic Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ The Dominican Republic has worked closely with U.S. law enforcement officials on issues such as the extradition of fugitives and measures to hinder illegal migration.
  • Dominican Republic (06/09) 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Be sure to consult with a physician before departure.
.There is a risk of dengue fever which is contracted through mosquitoes that bite during the day.^ Residents and travellers are advised to take appropriate precautions to protect themselves from contracting dengue fever by using mosquito repellent (DEET), and avoiding swampy or low lying areas where mosquitoes are more prevalent.
  • Dominican Republic Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ ADDITIONAL HEALTH INFORMATION There have been indications of an increase in the incidence of dengue fever in some areas of the Dominican Republic.
  • Dominican Republic Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

No vaccine is available, so again using mosquito repellent is advisable.
.Many of the local foods are safe to eat including the meats, fruits, and vegetables.^ The availability of fresh food, including fruits and vegetables, was severely limited.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many species of useful plants and fruits are common, including rice, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, yam, banana, pineapple, mango, fig, grape, and breadfruit.
  • DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Local tropical fruits, including breadfruit, kumquat (nispero), gump (limoncillo), and guanabana, are plentiful and delicious.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Visitors, however, should not drink any of the local water and should stay with bottled water or other beverages.^ Bottled water and beverages are safe.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fine local beers sell at prices approximately equal to those in the U.S. Most kinds of soft drinks are bottled here and sold at reasonable prices.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Water Sports: Visitors to the Dominican Republic, including to local resort areas, should carefully assess the potential risk of recreational activities.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is important for visitors to stay hydrated in the hot, humid climate. Sunburn and sun poisoning are a great risk. The sun is very bright here. Use at least SPF30 sunblock. Limit sun exposure.
.The country's adult HIV/AIDS prevalence is reaching 2.0% or 1 in 50 adults, which is almost 3 times higher than the USA. Practice safe sex.^ Evidence indicated that assistant prosecutors at times acquiesced in improper police practices rather than insisting they be changed to conform to constitutional standards.
  • Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Respect

Dominicans are kind and peaceful people. .Attempts at speaking Spanish are a good sign of respect for the local people.^ The Spanish were defeated and went on to sign the first treaty between a Native people and a European government in this hemisphere.
  • A Chronology of Taino Cultural and Biological Survival 11 September 2009 9:52 UTC www.centrelink.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Be polite, show respect and do your best to speak the language and you will be treated with kindness.^ La Romana Restaurants Your guide to all the best La Romana food & drink spots when you visit.
  • Plan Your Destination Wedding in the Dominican Republic La Romana | BookIt.com ® Travel Guide 16 September 2009 8:58 UTC www.bookit.com [Source type: General]

^ Dominican Republic Restaurants Your guide to all the best Dominican Republic food & drink spots when you visit.
  • Dominican Republic Hotels: Book Your Dominican Republic Resort Online | BookIt.com� 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.bookit.com [Source type: General]
  • Dominican Republic Vacations and Dominican Republic Vacation Packages | BookIt.com� 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.bookit.com [Source type: General]

.Avoid talking about Haiti. Although relations have improved, many Dominicans, especially the older generation, harbor resentment for Haitians.^ Although some Haitians were brought to the country specifically to work in sugarcane fields, many had no documentation.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In March the JCE prepared an internal memo recommending that Dominican-Haitian activist Sonia Pierre be stripped of her citizenship, an action seen by many as retaliation for her advocacy.
  • Dominican Republic 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although many Dominicans are fairly secular, children are often taught to ask for a blessing from their parents and other relatives when greeting them.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some Dominicans' opinions towards illegal immigrants from Haiti are similar to some Americans' attitudes towards Mexican illegal immigrants.^ Complicating this problem was a widespread attitude of tolerance towards at least some forms of corruption in society.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In roundups aimed at illegal immigrants, the authorities picked up and expelled darker Dominicans as well as Haitians legally resident (see section 1.d.
  • Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Children of illegal Haitian immigrants are often stateless and Haitian nor Dominican citizens.
  • Top20DominicanRepublic.com - Your Top20 Guide to Dominican Republic! 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.top20dominicanrepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Trujillo's government also massacred tens of thousands of Haitians in the 1930's, which fueled the conflict.^ In the early fall of 1937 Trujillo's soldiers used machetes, knives, picks, and shovels to slaughter somewhere between ten thousand and thirty-five thousand Haitian civilians, claiming it was a Dominican peasant uprising.
  • Culture of Dominican Republic - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, History and ethnic relations 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A constitutional government was established (1924), but this was overthrown by Rafael TRUJILLO , whose military dictatorship lasted from 1930 to 1961.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Border clashes with Haiti occurred, and in 1937, Dominican troops massacred thousands of immigrant Haitians.
  • Dominican Republic Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Dominican Republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Gang Wars can erupt along the border, so stay cautious and be sensitive.
.When staying at the luxury resorts or really any place in the Dominican Republic, it is advisable to tip for most services.^ Weddings in the Dominican Republic provide an excellent value for money while offering exotic locations, luxurious all-inclusive resorts and the convenience of combining your wedding and honeymoon into the same tropical destination.
  • Plan Your Destination Wedding in the Dominican Republic La Romana | BookIt.com ® Travel Guide 16 September 2009 8:58 UTC www.bookit.com [Source type: General]

^ Many tourist that visit us and stay at one of our all inclusive Dominican Republic properties reguest Typical Dominican Republic Food recipes from their chefs.

^ The Dominican Republic has a well–developed telecommunications infrastructure, with extensive mobile phone services and landline offers cable Internet and DSL in most parts of the country, and many Internet service providers offer 3G wireless internet service.
  • Top20DominicanRepublic.com - Your Top20 Guide to Dominican Republic! 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.top20dominicanrepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Dominican Republic is still a fairly poor country and by tipping the people who serve you, you are sure to be treated well.^ The Dominican Republic is a fertile, well-watered, mountainous country.
  • DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The country code for the Dominican Republic is 809.
  • Dominican Republic - Recommended resorts, Trip advisor, All Vacation Ideas 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.all-vacation-ideas.com [Source type: General]

^ Another time, another country: Dominican Republic .
  • Articles:Listing Dominican_republic 27 January 2010 23:47 UTC www.tobacco.org [Source type: News]

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Proper noun

Dominican Republic
  1. A country in the Caribbean.

Translations

See also


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 02, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Dominican Republic, which are similar to those in the above article.