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Doniphan County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Doniphan County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Seat Troy
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

397 sq mi (1,028 km²)
392 sq mi (1,016 km²)
5 sq mi (13 km²), 1.23%
PopulationEst.
 - (2006)
 - Density

7,865
20.1/sq mi (7.7/km²)
Founded August 25, 1855
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Doniphan County Courthouse Troy Kansas.jpg
The Doniphan County Courthouse in Troy
Website www.dpcountyks.com

Doniphan County (county code DP) is a county located in Northeast Kansas, in the Central United States. The population was estimated to be 7,865 in the year 2006.[1] Its county seat is Troy[2] and its most populous city is Wathena. The county along with Buchanan, Andrew, and DeKalb counties in Missouri is included in the St. Joseph Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had an estimated population of 122,306 in 2006.

Contents

History

Doniphan County was established August 25, 1855, and organized on September 18, 1855. It is named for the U.S. cavalry commander Colonel Alexander W. Doniphan (1808-1887) of Liberty, Missouri, who played an important part in the Mexican-American War. He was a zealous partisan in the failed effort made to extend slavery into Kansas.

See also: Doniphan County history reprinted from William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas (Chicago: A.T. Andreas, 1883).

Law and government

Doniphan County is served by a Board of County Commissioners composed of one elected official from each of three districts. The commissioners serve four-year terms with the 2nd and 3rd district elections following two years after the 1st district election. The board is responsible for setting the county's policies, procedures, and budgets as well as overseeing functions of their respective road and bridge shops. In addition, the board acts as the Board of County Canvassers and canvasses votes cast at each election. The county has adopted comprehensive county planning and zoning codes. The cities are governed by mayors and city councils. Government services are paid for through a sales tax, property tax, and an ad valorem tax mill levy.

Although the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 to allow the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with the approval of voters, Doniphan County has remained a prohibition, or "dry", county.[3]

In Presidential elections, Doniphan County has voted Republican for at least the last thirteen elections,[4] and possibly since statehood.[5] In the last four Presidential elections, the Republican candidate has received over 60% of the vote.[6]

Geography

Doniphan County is located in the northeastern corner of the state—it is bordered by Nebraska to the north and Missouri to the east. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 397 square miles (1,028 km²), of which 392 square miles (1,016 km²) is land and 5 square miles (13 km²), or 1.23%, is water.[7]

Geographic features

The Missouri River defines the border in the north and east. Eight barge lines travel the river, and a Port Authority is located across the river in Saint Joseph, Missouri. The river provides much of the water for the eastern part of the county. Interior cities, such as Troy and Highland, receive their water from underground wells. The Wolf River flows through western portions of the county and north into the Missouri River.

Major highways

The only major highway serving the county is U.S. Highway 36, an east/west route traveling through St. Joseph. Troy, Elwood, and Wathena lie along this route. Kansas state highways K-7, K-20, K-120, K-137, and K-238 serve other areas of the county. K-7 has been designated a scenic byway. (See the map below.)

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1860 8,083
1870 13,969 72.8%
1880 14,257 2.1%
1890 13,535 −5.1%
1900 15,079 11.4%
1910 14,422 −4.4%
1920 13,438 −6.8%
1930 14,063 4.7%
1940 12,936 −8.0%
1950 10,499 −18.8%
1960 9,574 −8.8%
1970 9,107 −4.9%
1980 9,268 1.8%
1990 8,134 −12.2%
2000 8,249 1.4%

Doniphan County's population was estimated to be 7,865 in the year 2006, a decrease of 383, or -4.6%, over the previous six years.[1]

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[7] there were 8,249 people, 3,173 households, and 2,183 families residing in the county. The population density was 21 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 3,489 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.85% White, 2.00% Black or African American, 1.21% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.40% from other races, and 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.16% of the population.

There were 3,173 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 11.80% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,537, and the median income for a family was $39,357. Males had a median income of $28,096 versus $19,721 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,849. About 9.00% of families and 11.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 12.50% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Map of Doniphan County (map legend)

Incorporated cities

Name and population (2004 estimate):

Unincorporated places

See also: List of extinct towns and post offices

Townships

Doniphan County is divided into nine mostly rural townships. The three townships with the greatest population lie along U.S. Highway 36. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the township include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Burr Oak 09500 153 2 (5) 81 (31) 2 (1) 2.73% 39°51′17″N 94°58′19″W / 39.85472°N 94.97194°W / 39.85472; -94.97194
Center 11700 Troy 1,743 11 (28) 162 (63) 2 (1) 1.31% 39°47′35″N 95°5′30″W / 39.79306°N 95.09167°W / 39.79306; -95.09167
Independence 33850 342 4 (9) 96 (37) 0 (0) 0.01% 39°42′13″N 95°11′8″W / 39.70361°N 95.18556°W / 39.70361; -95.18556
Iowa 34400 Highland 1,694 8 (20) 216 (83) 2 (1) 1.05% 39°53′12″N 95°15′3″W / 39.88667°N 95.25083°W / 39.88667; -95.25083
Marion 44675 226 5 (13) 45 (17) 1 (1) 2.84% 39°43′29″N 94°59′43″W / 39.72472°N 94.99528°W / 39.72472; -94.99528
Union 72125 360 4 (10) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.09% 39°42′14″N 95°16′27″W / 39.70389°N 95.27417°W / 39.70389; -95.27417
Washington 75600 Wathena,
Elwood
3,066 36 (94) 85 (33) 4 (1) 4.30% 39°45′39″N 94°55′38″W / 39.76083°N 94.92722°W / 39.76083; -94.92722
Wayne 76100 226 2 (6) 92 (36) 1 (0) 0.73% 39°40′56″N 95°4′57″W / 39.68222°N 95.0825°W / 39.68222; -95.0825
Wolf River 80275 439 3 (8) 145 (56) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°46′54″N 95°14′26″W / 39.78167°N 95.24056°W / 39.78167; -95.24056
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/places2k.html.  

Education

Unified school districts

Colleges and universities

Highland Community College 
This was the first college established in the state when the Highland University charter was granted by the Territorial Legislature in 1858. Over time the college lost its affiliation with the Presbyterian Church and changed its name several times before becoming a regional rural community college. (Web site)

Points of interest

Native American Heritage Museum, 2 miles east of Highland 
Originally a Presbyterian Mission built in 1845 to educate Iowa and Missouri Sac and Fox children, the museum was rehabilitated to showcase the arts and history of the emigrant tribes in northeastern Kansas. (Web site)
Nelson Rodgers House, in Troy 
Built in 1856, this one-and-a-half story center-gable house constructed of hand-hewn timbers is the first and oldest remaining house in Troy.
Four-state Lookout, in White Cloud 
This viewing platform provides a panoramic view of the Missouri River valley, including Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, and (possibly) Iowa.
Townsite of Old Doniphan 
On July 4, 1804 the Lewis and Clark Expedition camped near an uninhabited Kanza Indian village on Independence Creek. The former town of Doniphan was established in the vicinity of the campsite.

See also

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References

  1. ^ a b "Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php.   Annual estimates of the population to 2006-07-01. Released 2007-03-22. Six year change is from 2000-07-01 to 2006-07-01.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2004. http://www.ksrevenue.org/abcwetdrymap.htm. Retrieved 2007-01-21.  
  4. ^ David Leip's Presidential Atlas (Maps for Kansas by election)
  5. ^ Geographie Electorale
  6. ^ The New York Times electoral map (Zoom in on Kansas)
  7. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

Official sites

General county information

Additional information


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Doniphan County, Kansas
Map
File:Map of Kansas highlighting Doniphan County.png
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded August 25, 1855
Seat Troy
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 1.23%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2006)
 - Density

7865
Time zone Central : UTC-6/-5
Website: www.dpcountyks.com
The Doniphan County Courthouse in Troy

Doniphan County (county code DP) is a county located in Northeast Kansas, in the Central United States. The population was estimated to be 7,865 in the year 2006.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Troy. The county along with Buchanan, Andrew, and DeKalb counties in Missouri is included in the St. Joseph Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had an estimated population of 122,306 in 2006.

Contents

History

Doniphan County was established August 25, 1855 and organized on September 18, 1855. It is named for the U.S. cavalry commander Colonel Alexander W. Doniphan (1808-1887) of Liberty, who played an important part in the Mexican-American War. He was a zealous partisan in the failed effort made to extend slavery into Kansas.

See also: Doniphan County history reprinted from William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas (Chicago: A.T. Andreas, 1883).

Law and government

Doniphan County is served by a Board of County Commissioners composed of one elected official from each of three districts. The commissioners serve four-year terms with the 2nd and 3rd district elections following two years after the 1st district election. The Board is responsible for setting the county's policies, procedures, and budgets as well as overseeing functions of their respective Road and Bridge Shops. The Board also acts as the Board of County Canvassers and canvass votes cast at each election. The county has adopted comprehensive county planning and zoning codes. The cities are governed by mayors and city councils. Government services are paid for through a sales tax, property tax, and ad valorem tax mill levy.

Although the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 to allow the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with the approval of voters, Doniphan County has remained a prohibition, or "dry", county.[2]

Geography

Doniphan County is located in the northeastern corner of the state—it is bordered by Nebraska to the north and Missouri to the east. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,028 km² (397 sq mi), of which 1,016 km² (392 sq mi) is land and 13 km² (5 sq mi), or 1.23%, is water.GR2

Geographic features

The Missouri River defines the border in the north and east. Eight barge lines travel the river, and a Port Authority is located across the river in Saint Joseph. The river provides much of the water for the eastern part of the county. Interior cities, such as Troy and Highland, receive their water from underground wells. The Wolf River flows through western portions of the county and north into the Missouri River.

Major highways

The only major highway serving the county is U.S. Highway 36, an east/west route traveling through St. Joseph. Troy, Elwood, and Wathena lie along this route. Kansas state highways K-7, K-20, K-120, K-137, and K-238 serve other areas of the county. K-7 has been designated a scenic byway. (See the map below.)

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Doniphan County's population was estimated to be 7,865 in the year 2006, a decrease of 383, or -4.6%, over the previous six years.[1]

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,GR2 there were 8,249 people, 3,173 households, and 2,183 families residing in the county. The population density was 8/km² (21/sq mi). There were 3,489 housing units at an average density of 3/km² (9/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 94.85% White, 2.00% Black or African American, 1.21% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.40% from other races, and 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.16% of the population.

There were 3,173 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 11.80% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,537, and the median income for a family was $39,357. Males had a median income of $28,096 versus $19,721 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,849. About 9.00% of families and 11.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 12.50% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Map of Doniphan County (map legend)

Incorporated cities

Name and population (2004 estimate):

Unincorporated places

See also: List of extinct towns and post offices

Townships

Doniphan County is divided into nine mostly rural townships. The three townships with the greatest population lie along U.S. Highway 36. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the township include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Burr Oak 09500 153 2 (5) 81 (31) 2 (1) 2.73% 39°51′17″N, 94°58′19″W
Center 11700 Troy 1,743 11 (28) 162 (63) 2 (1) 1.31% 39°47′35″N, 95°5′30″W
Independence 33850 342 4 (9) 96 (37) 0 (0) 0.01% 39°42′13″N, 95°11′8″W
Iowa 34400 Highland 1,694 8 (20) 216 (83) 2 (1) 1.05% 39°53′12″N, 95°15′3″W
Marion 44675 226 5 (13) 45 (17) 1 (1) 2.84% 39°43′29″N, 94°59′43″W
Union 72125 360 4 (10) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.09% 39°42′14″N, 95°16′27″W
Washington 75600 Wathena,
Elwood
3,066 36 (94) 85 (33) 4 (1) 4.30% 39°45′39″N, 94°55′38″W
Wayne 76100 226 2 (6) 92 (36) 1 (0) 0.73% 39°40′56″N, 95°4′57″W
Wolf River 80275 439 3 (8) 145 (56) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°46′54″N, 95°14′26″W
Sources: Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files. U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.

Education

Unified school districts

Colleges and universities

Highland Community College 
This was the first college established in the state when the Highland University charter was granted by the Territorial Legislature in 1858. Over time the college lost its affiliation with the Presbyterian Church and changed its name several times before becoming a regional rural community college. (Web site)

Points of interest

Native American Heritage Museum, 2 miles east of Highland 
Originally a Presbyterian Mission built in 1845 to educate Iowa and Missouri Sac and Fox children, the museum was rehabilitated to showcase the arts and history of the emigrant tribes in northeastern Kansas. (Web site)
Nelson Rodgers House, in Troy 
Built in 1856, this one-and-a-half story center-gable house constructed of hand-hewn timbers is the first and oldest remaining house in Troy.
Four-state Lookout, in White Cloud 
This viewing platform provides a panoramic view of the Missouri River valley, including Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, and (possibly) Iowa.
Townsite of Old Doniphan 
On July 4, 1804 the Lewis and Clark Expedition camped near an uninhabited Kanza Indian village on Independence Creek. The former town of Doniphan was established in the vicinity of the campsite.

See also

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

  • List of cities in Kansas
  • List of unified school districts in Kansas
  • List of colleges and universities in Kansas

References

See also: Geographic references and United States Census, 2000

Notes:

  1. ^ a b Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. Annual estimates of the population to 2006-07-01.
  2. ^ Map of Wet and Dry Counties. Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue (November 2004). Retrieved on 2007-01-21.

External links

Official sites

General county information

Additional information

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Doniphan County, Kansas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Doniphan County, KansasRDF feed
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County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Kansas  +
Short name Doniphan County  +

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