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Do 27
Do 27 in Swiss Air Force markings
Role STOL light utility aircraft
Manufacturer Dornier Flugzeugbau GmbH
First flight 27 June 1955
Status In civilian use
Primary user Luftwaffe
Number built 628
Developed from Dornier Do 25

The Dornier Do 27 was a German single-engine STOL utility aircraft, manufactured by Dornier GmbH (later DASA Dornier, Fairchild-Dornier). Configuration was a classic high-wing, "tail-dragger" aircraft with fixed landing gear.

Contents

History

The Do 27 was developed from the Do 25, an aircraft originally designed to a Spanish military requirement for a light utility aircraft.

The Do 27 seated four to six and the original prototype first flew in Spain on 27 June 1955.[1] Most production aircraft were built in Germany, the first taking flight on 17 October 1956. The remainder (50) were manufactured in Spain by Construcciones Aeronauticas (CASA) as the CASA-127.

The German Luftwaffe (Air Force) and Heer (Army) ordered a total of 428 of the Do 27A and Do 27B (with dual controls).[2]

A later version with the same basic specifications but equipped with wider track landing gear was known as the Do 27Q-5. The aircraft was offered as a twin-float seaplane, the Do 27S-1, and with a larger engine (254 kW/340 hp Lycoming GSO-480-B1B6) and a three-blade propeller as the Do 27H-2.

In addition to the military operators in Germany and Spain, a few were manufactured for other military and civilian operators.

The Do 27 was notable for being the first mass-produced aircraft in Germany after World War II. It was appreciated for its relatively wide, comfortable cabin and excellent short-field performance.

Variants

Do 27 used by Bernhard Grzimek
  • Do 27A : Five-seat single-engine STOL utility transport aircraft.
  • Do 27B : Dual-control version.
  • Do 27H : Civil or military version, powered by a 254 kW (340 hp) Avco Lycoming GSO-480 piston engine.
  • Do 27Q-5 : Six-seat civil version.
  • Do 27Q-5(R) : Restricted category version of the Do 27Q-5.
  • Do 27Q-6 : Similar to the Do 27Q-5.
  • Do 27S : Floatplane version. Only one prototype was built.
  • Do 27T : One prototype fitted with a Turbomeca Astazou II turboprop engine.

Military Operators

Specifications (Do 27Q-5)

Luftwaffe Do 27 on display in the Deutsches Museum

Data from Macdonald Aircraft Handbook [3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 or 2
  • Capacity: 4-6 passengers
  • Length: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
  • Wingspan: 12 m (39 ft 5 in)
  • Height: 2.80 m (9 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 19.4 m² (208.7 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 1,073 kg (2,365 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 1,850 kg (4,080 lb)
  • Powerplant:Lycoming GO-480-B1A6 6-cylinder piston engine, 201 kW (270 hp)

Performance

See also

Related development

Comparable aircraft

Related lists

References

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Notes

  1. ^ Jackson 1976, p. 10.
  2. ^ Donald 1997, p. 341
  3. ^ Green 1964, p. 31.

Bibliography

  • Donald, David (Editor) (1997). The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Aerospace Publishing. p. 341. ISBN 1-85605-375-X.  
  • Green, William. Macdonald Aircraft Handbook. London. Macdonald & Co. (Publishers) Ltd., 1964.
  • Jackson, Paul A. German Military Aviation 1956-1976. Hinckley, Leicestershire, UK: Midland Counties Publications, 1976. ISBN 0-904597-03-2.

External links


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