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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dortmund skyline
Dortmund skyline
Coat of arms of Dortmund
Dortmund is located in Germany
Coordinates 51°31′0″N 7°28′0″E / 51.516667°N 7.466667°E / 51.516667; 7.466667
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Arnsberg
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Ullrich Sierau (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 280.4 km2 (108.3 sq mi)
Elevation 152 m  (499 ft)
Population 584,412  (31 December 2008)
 - Density 2,084 /km2 (5,398 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate DO
Postal codes 44001-44388
Area codes 0231, 02304

Dortmund (German pronunciation: [ˈdɔʁtmʊnt]) is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. Its population of 587,830 (20 June 2005) makes it the 7th-largest city in Germany, and 34th-largest in the European Union. The Ruhr river flows south of the city, and the small river Emscher flows through the municipal area. The Dortmund-Ems Canal also terminates in the Dortmund Port, which is the largest European canal port, and links Dortmund to the North Sea. Dortmund is known as Westphalia's "green metropolis." Nearly half the municipal territory consists of waterways, woodland, agriculture and green spaces with spacious parks such as Westfalenpark and the Rombergpark. This contrasts with nearly a hundred years of extensive coal mining and steel milling within the city limits.

Dortmund 1647.



A small village at the location of Dortmund was mentioned in official documents from 880 to 885 as Throtmanni. After being destroyed by a fire the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick I (Barbarossa), rebuilt the town in 1152 and resided there for two years. It became an Imperial Free City in 1220 and during that century, was the "chief city" of the Rhine, Westphalia, the Netherlands Circle of the Hanseatic League.

After 1320, the city appeared in writing as "Dorpmunde", and the 1661 earthquake collapsed the Reinoldikirche. Within the Prussian Province of Westphalia, Dortmund was a district seat within Regierungsbezirk Arnsberg until 1875, after which it was an urban district within the region. During the industrialization of Prussia, Dortmund became a major centre for coal and steel. The first annual Dortmund Sparkassen Chess Meeting was held in 1928.

Under Nazi Germany, the synagogue was destroyed in 1938. Also, the Aplerbeck Hospital in Dortmund transferred mentally and/or physically disabled patients for euthanasia at the Hadamar mental hospital as part of the Action T4 (an additional 229 children were killed in the "Children's Specialist Department", which was transferred from Marburg in 1941). Dortmund bombing targets of the Oil Campaign of World War II included Hoesch-Westfalenhütte AG, the "Hoesch-Benzin GmBH" synthetic oil plant, and the Zeche Hansa coking plant;[1] and bombing destroyed about 80% of the Dortmund homes.[citation needed] The code word Dortmund was radioed to initiate the 1941 Operation Barbarossa campaign against the Soviet Union.

Post-war, buildings such as the Reinoldikirche and Marienkirche (churches) were restored/rebuilt, and extensive parks and gardens were laid out. The LWL-Industriemuseum began in 1969,[2] and the city subsequently became a centre for hi-tech industry.

Main sights

Dortmund city centre

Cultural history tones are set by the churches in the city centre whose towers characterise the skyline of Dortmund. The Reinoldikirche and the Marienkirche are gems of medieval architecture.

The city centre of Dortmund still retains the outline of the medieval city. A ring road marks the former city wall, and the Westen-/Ostenhellweg, part of a medieval salt trading route, is still the major (pedestrian) street bisecting the city centre.

The Old Town Hall
Church of St. Margaret in Eichlinghofen
View of Rombergpark
H-Bahn monorail in Dortmund
Dortmund [left] is north of Cologne, east of Duisburg, southwest of Berlin and Hamburg
  • Reinoldikirche (c. 800)
  • Petrikirche , a Protestant church, the building of which dates from the 14th century. It is famous for the huge carved altar (known as "Golden Miracle of Dortmund"), from 1521. It consists of 633 gilt carved oak figures depicting 30 scenes about Easter.
  • Marienkirche, a Protestant church originally built in 1170-1200 but rebuilt after World War II. The altar is from 1420.
  • Signal Iduna Park: Soccer ground of Borussia Dortmund, formerly known as the Westfalenstadion. Close to it is the Westfalenhalle, a large convention center, the site of several major conventions, trade fairs, ice-skating competitions, concerts and other major events since the 1950s.
  • Hansa Coking Plant
  • Haus Bodelschwingh (13th century), a moated castle
  • Haus Dellwig (13th century), a moated castle partly rebuilt in the 17th century. The façade and the steep tower, and two half-timbered buildings, are original.
  • Haus Rodenberg (13th century), a moated castle.
  • Altes Stadthaus was built in 1899 by Friedrich Kullrich
  • Wasserschloss Bodelschwingh.
  • Romberg Park Gatehouse (17th century), once a gatehouse to a moated castle. Now it houses an art gallery.
  • RWE Tower (120 meters skyscraper - the tallest in Dortmund)
  • Opera House, built in 1966 at the site of the old synagogue which had been destroyed by Nazis in 1938.


Dortmund is home of the sport club Borussia Dortmund which won the UEFA Champions League and the Intercontinental Cup in 1997, as well as the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup against Liverpool in 1966. This made it the first European Cup Winner in Germany. They play at Signal Iduna Park, formerly known as the Westfalenstadion. It was built for the 1974 FIFA Football World Cup and also hosted some matches of 2006 FIFA World Cup, including Italy's 2-0 defeat of Germany in the semi-finals. It is Germany's largest football stadium with a capacity of 82,932 spectators.
Borussia Dortmund also has a women's handball team playing in the first Bundesliga, while the table tennis team and the basketball team SVD 49 Dortmund play their respective second national divisions.

Dortmund is the Olympiastützpunkt for Westphalia.

The Sparkassen Chess-Meeting has been hosted in Dortmund since 1982.


Dortmund Airport is a medium-sized, but quickly growing airport 13 km (8 miles) east of the city centre at the city limit to Holzwickede.[3]

The central train station (Dortmund Hauptbahnhof) is the third largest long distance traffic junction in Germany.

Dortmund Harbor (Hafen) is the largest canal harbor in Europe; almost as large as the harbor on the Rhine River at Duisburg, the world's largest inland port.

Dortmund also serves as a major European and German crossroads for the Autobahnsystem. The Ruhrschnellweg follows old Hanseatic trade routes to connect the city with the other metropolises of the Ruhr Area. Connections to the more distant parts of Germany are maintained by the A1 and the A2 which pass closely to the north and east of the city and cross each other at the Kamener Kreuz interchange northeast of Dortmund.

For public transportation, the city has an extensive Stadtbahn, streetcar and bus system. In April 2008, the newly constructed east-west underground light rail line was opened, completing the underground service in the city centre and replacing the last trams on the surface.[4]

The H-Bahn at T.U. Dortmund University is a hanging monorail built specifically to shuttle passengers between the university's two campuses,[5] which are now also flanked by research laboratories and other high-tech corporations and startups. A nearly identical monorail system transfers passengers at Düsseldorf Airport.[6]


The politics of Dortmund are dominated by the social-democratic SPD. Since World War II, the SPD is the biggest party in the town council (German: Stadtrat). Since the 2004 local election, there are 9 parties and electors' groups in the town council (88 seats; 1999: 82 seats):

Party Party List votes Vote percentage Total Seats Seat percentage
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 92,509 41.3% (-0.3) 36 (+2) 40.9%
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 73,282 32.7% (-9.0) 29 (-5) 33.0%
Alliance '90/The Greens (Grüne) 25,635 11.5% (+2.6) 10 (+2) 11.4%
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 8,591 3.8% (+2.0) 3 (+2) 3.4%
German People's Union (DVU) 6,880 3.1% (+1.1) 3 (+1) 3.4%
Citizens' List (Bürgerliste) 6,874 3.1% (+0.5) 3 (+1) 3.4%
Party of Democratic Socialism-Open List (PDS-OL) 6,346 2.8% (+2.8) 2 (+2) 2.3%
Left Alliance Dortmund (Linkes Bündnis Dortmund) 1,751 0.8% (-0.2) 1 (=) 1.1%
Law and Order Offensive Party (Offensive D) 1,669 0.7% (+0.7) 1 (+1) 1.1%
Town-Greens (Stadtgrüne) 265 0.1% (+0.1) 0 (=) 0.0%
Totals 223,802 100.0% 88 (+6) 100.0%

The lord mayor of Dortmund is Ullrich Sierau (SPD). He leads a coalition made up of SPD and Grüne.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Dortmund is twinned with:[7]

2009 Trabzon



External links

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Dortmund [1] is a city in the North Rhine-Westphalia region in Germany.

Alter Markt
Alter Markt

Get in

By plane

Dortmund airport (DTM) [2] is home of several low-cost airlines (eg. easyJet, Wizzair, Air Berlin) and serves mainly national and european travellers. There is no direct train or tram connection to the airport, however there are shuttle busses between the airport and Dortmund central station or Holzwickede Station.

  • From and to Central Station: A non-stop shuttle-bus can be found opposite the main railway station. The journey lasts 25 - 30 minutes and costs €5.50 per passenger (6-14 y.o. children €2; younger children free). This bus service is not covered by a travelcard.
  • via Applerbeck The 440 bus travels past Applerbeck where passengers can change to the U-bahn U47 which will go to the Hbf via the major U-bahn hub, Stadtgarten. The journey is approximately 45min. Tickets cost 2.30 or a travelcard can be used. This service runs more frequently than the shuttle bus.
  • From Holzwickede Station: A bus service (1€/passenger), runs regularly about every 15 minutes between 5 a.m. and 11 p.m. Trip to the terminal building takes approx. 5 minutes.
  • By taxi: currently costs around 25 Euros to the City Centre. Drivers operate on the meter, if they don't get a different taxi !

By train

Dortmund's central station (Dortmund Hauptbahnhof) is the junction of many railway lines in Germany.

  • Deutsche Bahn [3]

By car

Dortmund can be reached using the motorway (Autobahn) A1, A2, A40, A42, A44 and A45, as well as the (Bundesstraßen) B1, B54 and B236

Get around

Public Transport

Dortmund is part of the VRR (Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr) a cooperation of the regional transportation companies, giving easy access to public transportation in the whole Ruhr District in S-Bahn, regional trains, subways and busses.

Dortmund's central station (Dortmund Hauptbahnhof) is the junction of the national railroad system with the city subway system und the regional train system. From here you can easily get transport into the center or any suburb via subway and bus or to the neighbour cities as Bochum, Essen, Düsseldorf, Münster, Köln (Cologne), Wuppertal and the rest of Northrhine-Westphalia and Germany by different regional or national train-lines.

  • Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr) [4]
  • Deutsche Bahn [5]


Visit the television tower Florian. Take a ride on the H-Bahn.

  • Zoo Dortmund, Mergelteichstr. 80, +49 0231/50 - 28581
  • Rosarium (Deutsches Rosarium VDR), Westfalenpark - An der Buschmühle 3, Tel. +49-231-50-26100 or -26116, Fax +49-231-5026111. This rosarium has a collection of more than 3000 rose species.
  • Hohensyburg Popular destination in the south of Dortmund, Ruins of the Syburg (year 1100) Vincke-Tower and a beautiful view over the Ruhr Valley from the Kaiser-Wilhelm Memorial (end of 19th century)
  • Reinoldikirche* Marienkirche Churches in the city of Dortmund
  • Westfalenpark
  • Rombergpark
  • Fredenbaumpark
  • Museum of Art and Cultural History [6] (Museum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte Dortmund) Hansastraße 3, 44137 Dortmund, Tel +49 231 50-2 55 22, Fax +49 231 50-2 55 11). The Museum building is an old art deco-style municipal savings bank. Apparently the oldest museum of its kind in the Ruhr district and tells the story of everyday life in Dortmund and the rest of Germany for the past 300 years.
  • Museum am Ostwall [7], Ostwall 7, Tel. +49-231-5023247, Fax +49-231-5025244. This museum hosts art objects from the 20th & 21st centuries.
  • Museum of Natural History (Museum für Naturkunde) [8] (Münsterstraße 271, Tel. +49-231-5024856, Fax +49-231-5024852.)
  • German Cookery Book Museum (Deutsches Kochbuchmuseum), An der Buschmühle. Tel. +49-231-5025741.
  • Steinwache’ Memorial and Museum (Mahn- und Gedenk-stätte ‘Steinwache’) [9] (Steinstr. 50 , 44147 Dortmund, Tel +49 2 31 50-2 50 02) The former police station and Gestapo headquarters just north of the central railway station. Hosts the permanent exhibition ‘Resistance and Persecution in Dortmund 1933-45’.
  • The Christmas Market in Dortmund is one of the largest in Germany and host of the largest christmas 'tree' in the world (in fact a collection of many smaller trees). It is open from late November.
  • Borussia Dortmund [10] are former European Champions and one of Germany's top soccer clubs in the Bundesliga.
  • Fan Hall Dortmund [11]
  • Westfalenhallen Dortmund [12]


The center of the city is a shopping mile with impressive stores on everything from clothing and shoes over books and media to electronics or jewelry, stretching along the Hellweg, the Rheinoldi-Church in its center.

Around the big shopping mile the "Hellweg" are a lot of typical "Bierhäuser" and a lot of departments like Saturn, Karstadt (3), Kaufhof and C&A.

Other big Shopping Miles are in the centers of the parts of Dortmund. So a lot of them are around the Hellweg for example in Brackel or Wambel.


If you find yourself in a traditional pub drinking beer and you need some food to accompany your beverage it is the best idea to ask the innkeeper for a "Salzkuchen mit Mett" or a "Mettente".

The "Salzkuchen" is a bagel-like, caraway spiced roll with seasoned mincemeat and onions. The "Mettente", a smoked sausage, normally comes with spicy mustard.

Also you can eat some sausages in one of the typical "Bierhäuser" or in one of the big restaurants.

  • nastraj, Leopoldstr. , [0] 231 / 4862
  • Eiskaffee Roma, Neugasse, [0] 231 / 4863
  • Mykonos, Schönstr. , [0] 231 / 17195
  • Hellas7, Alte Gasse, [0] 231 / 4127
  • Zum Goldenen Anker, Lorchheimer-Str, [0] 231 / 22734
  • Bacchus, Ringstr., [0] 231 / 24687
  • Dilo, Eichenweg, [0] 231 / 29018
  • Drei Groschen Keller, Allers Weg, [0] 231 / 15318
  • Vetter, Promenadeplatz, [0] 231 / 7732
  • Schneider, Breisacherstr. , [0] 231 / 22514
  • Golden Tweenis, Tiergarten, [0] 231 / 23785
  • Brinkhoff, Leisberg, [0] 231 / 72
  • Pamukkale Grill, Luisenstr. 36/Dudenstr., [0] 231 / 163324 City South, Famous Döner Restaurant on the way to Westfalenhalle


  • Kartoffel Lord, Gerberstraße 1 (city center), has tasty Soy-Burgers, Wraps with soy-"meat" and filled potatoes. Many vegan options as well. But beware: The sign at the entrance says "vegetarian cuisine" but the menu contains some dishes with killed sea animals. (example: "Krabben" means crabs)


Dortmund is home of some world famous breweries and you would therefore miss something if you haven't tasted at least some of its "liquid gold".

  • Drink a "Stösschen" in any of the old fashioned pubs. This beer specialty is served in a small glass and can be drunk in about two draughts. The portion varies from innkeeper to innkeeper. Is best relished with a "Salzkuchen mit Mett" (see Eat)
  • Caicco, Kronprinzenstr. 140, Tel./Fax +49-231-9961557.
  • Dortmund City Hotel, Silberstrasse 37-43 44137 Dortmund, 02 31 477966, [13]. checkout: 11:00. Very pleasant hotel and staff. Extremely nice rooms, and central.  edit

Hostel Ruhgebiet [14], 8-bed-dorms from 17€, located in the Kreuzviertel, one of Dortmund's most vibrant areas with many bars and restaurants

Stadthotel Drees [15], 4* city hotel, friendly staff, supernice owners, reasonable prices, near to Westfalenhallen, Westfalenstadion and City

Mercure Grand Hotel Dortmund An Den Westfalenhallen [16] (Lindemannstrasse 88, 44137 Dortmund, (+49)231/91130 ) This 4 star hotel is South of the centre (about 15 to 20 minutes walk, or around 7 Euro in a taxi) but very handy (less than 5 minutes walk) for the Westfalenhallen (Exhibition Centre) and the football stadium.

Mercure Hotel Dortmund City [17] (Kampstrasse 35-37, 44137 Dortmund, (+49)231/58970 ) This 3 star hotel is in the centre of the city, less than 5 minutes from the main station and a few minutes from the main shopping street.

Ibis Dortmund [18] (Märkische Strasse 73, 44141 Dortmund) This Ibis is South of the centre, around 10 to 15 minutes walk away. It is only 1km from the Westfalenhallen and the football stadium.

  • Savoy Hotel, Haupstr, [0] 231 / 1367
  • Kaiserhof, Neugasse, [0] 231 / 15451
  • Carlton Hotel, Kumlbacher Str., [0] 231 / 10855
  • Hotel President, Jahnstr. , [0] 231 / 24690
  • Quality Hotel, Schönfeldstrasse , [0] 231 / 24706
  • Colour Hotel, Alter markt, [0] 231 / 2784
  • Colour Hotel, Kaulbachstrasse , [0] 231 / 18698
  • Concord, Pfaffengrund, [0] 231 / 18897
  • Hotel Union, Nymphenburgerstr., [0] 231 / 29998


Dortmund Tourist and Information Office [19], Königswall 18a, Tel. +49-231-18999222, Fax +49-231-18999333,

  • Happy Happy Ding Dong
  • Hövels Hausbrauerei [20] (Hoher Wall 5, 44137 Dortmund, +49 231 914547) This bar is part of the local Hövels brewery, for those seeking a more authentic local watering hole. The locally brewed beers are on offer, and some great pub grub is served too.
  • Limericks Irish Pub [21] (Kampstrasse 45, 44137 Dortmund, +49 231 160175) This Irish Theme bar is a few minutes walk from the main station, literally cross the road and up the steps and you're right outside. The usual Guinness and Irish style pub grub is on offer, as well as live music at weekends. One of the livelier spots in the city.
  • Lousiana
  • Boomerang Australian pub.
  • Sissi King Kong
  • Uncle Tom's [22] (Arneckestrasse 76, 44130 Dortmund, +49 231 4774303). Typical American furnished bar in the Kreuzviertel where you can get some of the best cocktails in town and a lot of american styled food.
  • Domicil [23] (Hansastr.7-11, 44137 Dortmund) One of the best jazz clubs in Germany and repeatedly voted as one of the "100 best places to listen to jazz" by New York Down Beat Magazine.
  • FZW
  • Justin's [24] (Markt 6-8, 44137 Dortmund) Modern styled club where you can see some celebritys from time to time.
  • Keller
  • Liquid Lounge [25] (Martinstr. 10a, 44137 Dortmund, +49 231 2266501). A crossover bar/club with no admission price where the beautiful people tend to hang out. Saying that a very relaxed door policy generally means no trouble getting in. Quite small and intimate, but well worth a visit if you're into dance music. Easy to find, as it's right next door to Sixx.PM
  • Nightrooms
  • Hösls (Every 3rd Friday: Herbe the Party)
  • Prisma
  • Sixx.PM [26] (Hövelstr., Dortmund, +49 231 16 57 454) One of the main clubs in the city, with a variety of music on offer on different nights. The owners have gone for the industrial look inside, making it very quirky ! Admission ranges from 5 to 8 Euros on standard nights.
  • Spirit Rock, Metal, Heavy Metal, Pop Rock. It's got a reputation for cheap drinks like 1EUR/beer and excellent Foozball ("Kicker"). You'll meet some of the best players there.
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Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary



Wikipedia has an article on:


Proper noun


  1. A city in western Germany.



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Proper noun


  1. Dortmund (city in western Germany)

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