Doubs: Wikis

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Doubs
Coat of Arms of Doubs
Location
Location of Doubs in France
Administration
Department number: 25
Region: Franche-Comté
Prefecture: Besançon
Subprefectures: Montbéliard
Pontarlier
Arrondissements: 3
Cantons: 35
Communes: 594
President of the General Council: Claude Jeannerot
PS
Statistics
Population Ranked 51st
 -1999 499,062
Population density: 95/km2
Land area¹: 5234 km2
¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2.

Doubs (Arpitan: Dubs) is a department in eastern France named after the Doubs River. Its pronunciation is [du] (the last two letters are silent).

Contents

History

As early as the 13th century, inhabitants of the northern two-thirds of Doubs spoke the Franc-Comtois language, a dialect of Langue d'Oïl. Residents of the southern third of Doubs spoke a dialect of the Arpitan language. Both languages co-existed with French, the official language of law and commerce, and continued to be spoken frequently in rural areas into the 20th century. They are both still spoken today but not on a daily basis.

Doubs was important as a portal to Switzerland through the pass at Joux. Many famous people, including Mirabeau, Toussaint Louverture and Heinrich von Kleist, were imprisoned in the Château de Joux.

Doubs is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Franche-Comté. The prefecture (capital) is Besançon.

In 1793, the republic of Mandeure was added to the department, and in 1816 the principality of Montbéliard.

Victor Hugo, Gustave Courbet, and Auguste and Louis Lumière are among the famous people born in Doubs.

Geography

Doubs is part of the current region of Franche-Comté and is surrounded by the French departments of Jura, Haute-Saône, and Territoire de Belfort, and the Swiss cantons of Vaud, Neuchâtel, and Jura.

The department is dominated by the Jura mountains, which rise east of Besançon.

Politics

The President of the General Council is Claude Jeannerot of the Socialist Party.

Party seats
Socialist Party 16
Union for a Popular Movement 13
Miscellaneous Left 3
Miscellaneous Right 2
MoDem 1
The Greens 1

Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are called Doubistes.

Tourism

The castles at Joux and Besançon are important tourist destinations.

See also

External links

Coordinates: 47°10′N 06°25′E / 47.167°N 6.417°E / 47.167; 6.417

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Doubs is a Department in Franche- Comté, France.

  • Arc et Senans
  • Baume les Messieurs
  • Beame les Dames
  • Ornans

Understand

Doubs is not the best known of French departments - an advantage for those who don't want to see crowds wherever they go. As far as Europe is concerned, only the Dutch seem really to frequent it in any numbers. This is surprising, in that its natural scenery is very beautiful, obviously lacking the height of Alps or Pyrenees but compensating by delightful rivers and cirques.

  • Doubs -a lovely river winding round the area - best known parts probably the Gorges du Doubs, the Saute du Doube and the river's source, the last two being near the Swiss border.
  • Loue - a beautiful tributary of the Doubs noted for its stunning source scenery, gorges and pretty riverside villages, particularly Ornans with its museum of Courbet in the house where the poet was born [1], Lods and Mouthier-Haute-Pierre.
  • Lison - tributary of the Loue another river with a magnificent source in limestone cliffs.
  • Hérisson - a smaller river but with the Casccades d'Hérisson, a fine series of waterfalls - crowded with picnics on a Sunday.
  • Cirque de Baume - a fascinating horseshoe whose charms are increased by the villages of Baume-les-Dames and Baume-Messieurs, the latter with an abbey.
  • Cirque de Consolacion
  • Cirque du Fer a Cheval
  • Cirque de Ladoye

All these provide spectacular viewpoints and they are not far apart so that a very enjoyable drive can encompass them all.

Get out

You may well not want to - but a trip into the Deartment of Jura or even into Swiss Jura is very feasible.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

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