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Douglas County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Douglas County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Seat Lawrence
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

474 sq mi (1,229 km²)
457 sq mi (1,183 km²)
18 sq mi (46 km²), 3.71%
PopulationEst.
 - (2007)
 - Density

113,488
248.3/sq mi (95.9/km²)
Founded August 25, 1855
Named for Stephen A. Douglas
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Douglas county kansas courthouse.jpg
Douglas County Courthouse in Lawrence
Website www.douglas-county.com

Douglas County (county code DG) is a county located in northeast Kansas, in the Central United States. The county's population—one of the fastest-growing in the state of Kansas—was estimated to be 113,488 in the year 2007, making it the fifth-largest in the state.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Lawrence,[2] and the entire county is included in the Lawrence, Kansas, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

Douglas County was opened for settlement on May 15, 1854 and was named for Stephen A. Douglas, a Senator from Illinois. The county was practically at the center of the Bleeding Kansas years as leaders in Lecompton, the territorial capital, wanted Kansas to be a slave state and leaders in Lawrence wanted Kansas to be a free state. Because of this, multiple events took place including the draft of the Lecompton Constitution, admitting Kansas as a slave state; the Sacking of Lawrence and the Battle of Black Jack.

Government

Douglas County is currently served by county commissioners Charles Jones, Bob Johnson and Jere McElhaney.

Democratic State Representatives of the County include: Tony Brown (10th District), Tom Davis (43rd District), Barbara Ballard (44th District) and Ann Mah (53rd District). Republican State Representatives that represent the County include: Anthony Brown (38th District), Tom Sloan (45th District) and William Prescott (59th District). All three State Senators that represent the County are Democrats and include: Marci Francisco (2nd District), Tom Holland (3rd District) and Anthony Hensley (19th District).

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 474 square miles (1,229 km²), of which 457 square miles (1,183 km²) is land and 18 square miles (46 km²), or 3.71%, is water.[3] Much of its northern boundary is defined by the Kansas River which flows through Lawrence and provides hydropower at the Bowersock Dam.

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Townships

Douglas County is divided into nine townships. The city of Lawrence is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Clinton 14325 531 7 (17) 80 (31) 26 (10) 24.41% 38°54′18″N 95°24′20″W / 38.905°N 95.40556°W / 38.905; -95.40556
Eudora 21700 Eudora 5,571 43 (113) 128 (49) 2 (1) 1.57% 38°55′42″N 95°6′15″W / 38.92833°N 95.10417°W / 38.92833; -95.10417
Grant 27650 442 10 (27) 43 (16) 0 (0) 0.74% 39°0′8″N 95°13′19″W / 39.00222°N 95.22194°W / 39.00222; -95.22194
Kanwaka 36075 1,317 12 (30) 114 (44) 8 (3) 6.69% 38°57′37″N 95°23′16″W / 38.96028°N 95.38778°W / 38.96028; -95.38778
Lecompton 39175 Lecompton 1,761 20 (51) 90 (35) 2 (1) 2.45% 39°2′31″N 95°24′27″W / 39.04194°N 95.4075°W / 39.04194; -95.4075
Marion 44700 836 5 (12) 185 (72) 1 (0) 0.52% 38°49′4″N 95°24′35″W / 38.81778°N 95.40972°W / 38.81778; -95.40972
Palmyra 54225 Baldwin City 5,760 27 (70) 212 (82) 2 (1) 0.79% 38°47′0″N 95°10′40″W / 38.783333°N 95.17778°W / 38.783333; -95.17778
Wakarusa 74400 2,237 19 (49) 119 (46) 2 (1) 1.81% 38°55′49″N 95°14′43″W / 38.93028°N 95.24528°W / 38.93028; -95.24528
Willow Springs 79500 1,409 10 (26) 141 (54) 1 (0) 0.54% 38°47′23″N 95°18′17″W / 38.78972°N 95.30472°W / 38.78972; -95.30472
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/places2k.html. 

Historic Townships

The county originally had only four townships. Lecompton comprised the area of Lecompton, Kanwaka and Clinton townships; Washington took the place of Marion and Willow Springs townships; Wakarusa comprised both Wakarusa and Eudora townships and Calhoun was the original name of Palmyra township. Grant township was annexed from Jefferson County in 1874.

Map of Douglas County, 1889. From History of Kansas.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • Interstate 70, as part of the Kansas Turnpike, runs east to west just north of Lawrence.
  • U.S. Highway 59 runs north to south through the middle of the county and the middle of Lawrence.
  • U.S. Highway 40 virtually follows the Oregon Trail heading west out of Lawrence.
  • U.S. Highway 56 runs east to west in the southern half of the county, going through Baldwin City and skirts the Santa Fe Trail.
  • K-10 runs from the I-70 Lecompton Exchange along the south and west border of Lawrence to US-59 then north until 23rd Street where it heads east out of town into Johnson County.
  • Other major highways include: US-24 which is in Grant township leading from Leavenworth to Jefferson County; K-32 starts just outside of Lawrence and leads into Leavenworth County and K-33 is in extreme southeast Douglas County and leads into Franklin County.

Parks and Events

Scenic view of Rural Douglas County

Clinton Lake, completed in 1980, offers boating, fishing and other water sports and various parks surrounding the lake provides camping and trails for mountain biking, hiking and horseback riding. The Wakarusa Music and Camping Festival was held there every June from 2004 to 2008.

Lone Star Lake is a small country lake to the southwest of Lawrence offers fishing, boating and camping. Just northwest of Baldwin City is Douglas State Fishing Lake which provides hunting, fishing and limited camping. Other parks around the county include Black Jack Park which includes the Ivan Boyd Prairie Preserve and Robert Hall Pearson Memorial Park, Broken Arrow Park in Lawrence and Wells Overlook Park just south of Lawrence.

Other events in the county include the Maple Leaf Festival in Baldwin City every third full weekend in October. Lecompton's Territorial Days take place every year in June and Lawrence has many parades throughout the year including Christmas and St. Patrick's Day.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1860 8,637
1870 20,592 138.4%
1880 21,700 5.4%
1890 23,961 10.4%
1900 25,096 4.7%
1910 24,724 −1.5%
1920 23,998 −2.9%
1930 25,143 4.8%
1940 25,171 0.1%
1950 34,086 35.4%
1960 43,720 28.3%
1970 57,932 32.5%
1980 67,640 16.8%
1990 81,798 20.9%
2000 99,962 22.2%

Douglas County's population was estimated to be 112,123 in the year 2006, an increase of 11,984, or +12.0%, over the previous six years;[4] it has the second fastest growing and fifth largest population in the state (Johnson County has the fastest growing and largest population).

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[3] there were 99,962 people, 38,486 households, and 21,167 families residing in the county. The population density was 219 people per square mile (84/km²). There were 40,250 housing units at an average density of 88 per square mile (34/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.09% White, 4.24% Black or African American, 2.56% Native American, 3.12% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.20% from other races, and 2.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.27% of the population.

There were 38,486 households out of which 27.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.10% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.00% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county the population was spread out with 20.40% under the age of 18, 26.40% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 16.90% from 45 to 64, and 7.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 98.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,547, and the median income for a family was $53,991. Males had a median income of $35,577 versus $27,225 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,952. About 6.20% of families and 15.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.00% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Map of Douglas County (map legend)

Incorporated cities

Name and population (2007 estimate):

Unincorporated places

Education

Unified school districts

Douglas County is served by seven school districts.

Universities and Colleges

The University of Kansas's main campus is located in Lawrence as is Haskell Indian Nations University. Baker University, the state's oldest college, is located in Baldwin City.

See also

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References

  1. ^ [1], United States Census Bureau
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php.  Annual estimates of the population to 2006-07-01. Released 2007-03-22. Six year change is from 2000-07-01 to 2006-07-01.

External links

Official sites

Additional information


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Douglas County, Kansas
Map
File:Map of Kansas highlighting Douglas County.png
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded August 25, 1855
Seat Lawrence
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 3.71%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2006)
 - Density

112123
Time zone Central : UTC-6/-5
Website: www.douglas-county.com
Named for: Stephen A. Douglas

Douglas County (county code DG) is located in northeast Kansas, in the Central United States. The county's population—one of the fastest-growing in the state of Kansas—was estimated to be 112,123 in the year 2006, making it the fifth largest in the state.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Lawrence, and the entire county is included in the Lawrence, Kansas Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,229 km² (474 sq mi), of which 1,183 km² (457 sq mi) is land and 46 km² (18 sq mi), or 3.71%, is water.GR2 Much of its northern boundary is defined by the Kansas River which flows through Lawrence and provides hydropower at the Bowersock Dam.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Douglas County's population was estimated to be 112,123 in the year 2006, an increase of 11,984, or +12.0%, over the previous six years;[1] it has the second fastest growing and fifth largest population in the state (Johnson County has the fastest growing and largest population).

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,GR2 there were 99,962 people, 38,486 households, and 21,167 families residing in the county. The population density was 84/km² (219/sq mi). There were 40,250 housing units at an average density of 34/km² (88/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 86.09% White, 4.24% Black or African American, 2.56% Native American, 3.12% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.20% from other races, and 2.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.27% of the population.

There were 38,486 households out of which 27.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.10% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.00% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county the population was spread out with 20.40% under the age of 18, 26.40% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 16.90% from 45 to 64, and 7.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 98.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,547, and the median income for a family was $53,991. Males had a median income of $35,577 versus $27,225 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,952. About 6.20% of families and 15.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.00% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Map of Douglas County (map legend)

Incorporated cities

Name and population (2004 estimate):

Unincorporated places

Townships

Douglas County is divided into nine townships. The city of Lawrence is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Clinton 14325 531 7 (17) 80 (31) 26 (10) 24.41% 38°54′18″N, 95°24′20″W
Eudora 21700 Eudora 5,571 43 (113) 128 (49) 2 (1) 1.57% 38°55′42″N, 95°6′15″W
Grant 27650 442 10 (27) 43 (16) 0 (0) 0.74% 39°0′8″N, 95°13′19″W
Kanwaka 36075 1,317 12 (30) 114 (44) 8 (3) 6.69% 38°57′37″N, 95°23′16″W
Lecompton 39175 Lecompton 1,761 20 (51) 90 (35) 2 (1) 2.45% 39°2′31″N, 95°24′27″W
Marion 44700 836 5 (12) 185 (72) 1 (0) 0.52% 38°49′4″N, 95°24′35″W
Palmyra 54225 Baldwin City 5,760 27 (70) 212 (82) 2 (1) 0.79% 38°47′0″N, 95°10′40″W
Wakarusa 74400 2,237 19 (49) 119 (46) 2 (1) 1.81% 38°55′49″N, 95°14′43″W
Willow Springs 79500 1,409 10 (26) 141 (54) 1 (0) 0.54% 38°47′23″N, 95°18′17″W
Sources: Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files. U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.
A farm in rural Douglas County

Education

Unified school districts

  • Perry-Lecompton USD 343 (Web site)
  • Baldwin City USD 348 (Web site)
  • Eudora USD 491
  • Lawrence USD 497

See also

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

  • List of cities in Kansas
  • List of unified school districts in Kansas
  • List of colleges and universities in Kansas

References

See also: Geographic references and United States Census, 2000
  1. ^ a b Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. Annual estimates of the population to 2006-07-01.

External links

Official sites

Additional information

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Douglas County, Kansas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Douglas County, KansasRDF feed
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County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Kansas  +
Short name Douglas County  +

This article uses material from the "Douglas County, Kansas" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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